an analysis of poverty in cash cropping economies of rural mozambique



Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Новинка

Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants

This book is about a problem that matters 85 percent of the Ethiopian population that not only derive means of livelihood from subsistent agriculture but also account for 89.8 percent of the total poverty. It attempts to look at the rural poverty situation by setting both absolute and food poverty line and computing the poverty head count index (P0), poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2). The other core area the book managed to cover is the underlying causes of rural poverty. It investigated the role of fifteen independent variables in terms of determining the probability of the units of analysis (households) to escape rural poverty. By and large, the book is beyond doubt important for researchers and development practitioners operating in the developing world in general and those of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in particular.
Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Новинка

Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches

Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Sociology - Individual, Groups, Society, grade: Excellent, , course: MSc. in Development Economics, language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia, our day-to-day formal and informal discourses are rarely out of poverty issues that can be linked directly or indirectly. Despite the determined effort of government and development agencies to reduce poverty and ensure sustainable development, poverty remains an everlasting challenge of the world. This study aims to examine rural household poverty and its determining factors using alternative poverty measurement approaches, in case of Gozamin Woreda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region. It used both objective and subjective based poverty analysis approaches, where the survey based analysis and PPA of the study depend on randomly selected 242 and 42 sample households respectively. Using cost of basic needs approach (CBN), the poverty line of the study area is estimated as 19.16 Birr per day per adult equivalent. The study engaged Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) group of poverty measures to assess the incidence, depth and intensity of poverty and decompositions were made across sample Kebeles and socio-economic variables. OLS, logit and censored (Tobit) regression models were also applied to identify determining factors of household consumption expenditure, poverty incidence, depth and severity. PPA findings revealed that, perception of the community towards ...
Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Новинка

Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District

Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...
Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Новинка

Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management

In Iran, although measures related to social security and protection of the poor and vulnerable rural people has a history of at least 40 years, but the achievements of the program in terms of reducing poverty and income vulnerability in rural areas of the country is not striking, thus the fundamental precondition for results in poverty reduction programs is performing systematic scientific studies to identify and analyze poverty.An important part of poverty and hunger live in rural areas, so we can say that success in poverty alleviation programs need to develop scientific studies of poverty in rural areas and constant effort to improve the quantity and quality of these studies
Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Новинка

Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People

The study has aimed at working with the level of income of rural households from different sources and employment of rural household in different topographical strata. An effort has been made in this study to furnish occupation pattern of the members of the rural households. The study has also aimed at measuring extent of poverty of rural households. An analysis has been carried out to explore whether a change in different topography is made, the level of income and employment of rural household pattern is also changed.
Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Новинка

Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions

This is the poverty survey of India in selected region. Here an Institute and small region is selected for the survey of poverty. The survey of poverty can provide us with the economical conditions of every family living in India. There are people belonging to urban as well as rural areas where the poverty is being surveyed. Poverty is surveyed by considering the standard of living of an individual. It is found that the poverty ratio is decreased since last few years but country is still facing the poverty problems, Poverty is not vanished completely. Hence the data is surveyed and some new techniques are mentioned to overcome this poverty problem.
Gift Mweetwa, Thomas Kweku Taylor The Impact of Diversification and Sustainable Livelihood Strategies Gift Mweetwa, Thomas Kweku Taylor The Impact of Diversification and Sustainable Livelihood Strategies Новинка

Gift Mweetwa, Thomas Kweku Taylor The Impact of Diversification and Sustainable Livelihood Strategies

Diversification of economies especially in territorial geographic lagging regions in developing countries has been an issue of concern to policy makers and planners in the recent past. This is in response to the accumulating poverty levels, over dependence on one sector of the economy and increased population needs. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. The Author in this book highlights the lifestyle of people in developing counties as their surviving skills. It stresses out some vital strategies that can be applied to improve the livelihood of people at the time when poverty levels have become rampart.
John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. Новинка

John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania.

Rural-urban migration is becoming a common phenomenon in developing countries. This phenomenon invariably overstretch urban infrastructures. Urban influx is unlikely to cease despite of few employment opportunities available in cities. The main cause of these urban movements is rural poverty. The nature and patterns of these movement may slightly differ across different rural communities due to cultural variations. This book essentially give an in-depth analysis of migration pattern among Maasai in Tanzania, whose livelihood is based greatly on pastoralism. It tries to relate migration theories and the way in which Maasai as a marginalised group tries to utilize and respond to rural-urban dynamics. The central argument in this text is to situate migration as a possible survival or livelihood strategy among pastoral communities. The book has scholarly approach yet quite illuminating for all readers with interest in developmental issues in poor countries.
Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Новинка

Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia

Low income households are faced with various types of risks, increasing their vulnerability to poverty. In Cambodia, conditions of the rural poor - with the majority engaged in agriculture - are characterized by low productivity, limited capacities in terms of land and assets, volatile income sources, fluctuating farm input and output prices, debt and lack of credit worthiness. A microfinance institution operating in rural Cambodia and aiming to offer financial products to a large number of poor households is Angkor Mikroheranhvatho Kampuchea (AMK) Co. Ltd. Through its internal Market and Social Research Department, AMK staff annually collects socio-economic information about selected loan clients (household profiles, cash-flow analysis), as well as non-clients as a control group. Their survey tool includes questions about household's food consumption, main risk sources and coping strategies. The present research study draws information from this AMK survey database. The measures taken are applied to socio-economic cross-sectional data as of 2006/07 and validated with panel data from 2008.A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the effects of the AMK services on its clients influence the household's ability to manage risk. It includes measurement aspects of a forward-looking concept of vulnerability to identify and capture its linkages to risks, shocks, and risk strategies of rural households. Secondly it incorporates the dynamic a...
Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]
Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Новинка

Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone

Many development programmes in the developing world have today been redirected in the name of poverty alleviation. However, what these programmes lack is an efficient monitoring system to track progress from poverty alleviation interventions.This work establishes a customized baseline poverty profile that will serve as a reference point for monitoring Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP).This work is especially suitable for developing countries that have devolved decades of Central Administrative Controls to Local and District Councils. Over the years, monetary parameters were used to assess rural poverty.This work uses non-monitoring indicators grouped into demographic, basic needs, assets, means of livelihood, social services and empowerment structures to determine poverty status of the population in an effort to evaluate the impact of development initiative. The analysis of this work should help local and district council officers to address the central issues in their effort at poverty alleviation. This work is especially useful also to Development Practitioners, Professionals in development and Administrators interested in eradicating poverty in the developing world.
Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Новинка

Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia

Mongolia is an isolated country with a large territory and a small population. Population density of an average of 1.5 persons per square kilometre makes economic growth, human development and environmental sustainability a challenge especially in rural areas. Geographic and social isolation affect rural communities both politically and economically. Isolation results in "information hunger" in rural Mongolia and contributes to poverty growing after the country's transition to market economy in 1990. This work explores the opportunity of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) to address isolation and the lack of information in rural Mongolia. The methodology of the research is based on literature review; qualitative and quantitative evidences are drawn from literature, published and unpublished reports, policy papers as well as internet research. This book is intended for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture and rural development.
Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Новинка

Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation

A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.
Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku Новинка

Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku

Poverty Creek flows through national forest in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, skirting the edge of rural farms and residences before flowing into another creek and eventually joining the New River. More importantly, it symbolizes living on the edge of poverty, and occasionally wading in, which remains a part of the Appalachian experience.Like its namesake, this collection of three-line poems meanders through Virginia's small towns, back roads, college campus bustle, and rural isolation to reveal the beauty and pain of nature and humans intersecting. Part personal experience, part observation, these haiku capture Americana and a spectrum of emotions in small moments, season by season.
Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis Новинка

Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis

Uttar Pradesh was once among the fastest growing regions in India but later it sank into sea of underdevelopment. Being the most populous state in India, a high incidence of poverty in Uttar Pradesh translates into high poverty for India. This study is an attempt to analyze the poverty and inequality situation in Uttar Pradesh using the 50th and 61st rounds of NSS-data. It also attempts to peek into the plausible causes for this development inertia prevalent in Uttar Pradesh.
Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Новинка

Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment

The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), a centrally sponsored scheme of Ministry of the Rural Development, is the largest credit based poverty alleviation programme in the world. Poverty in India is widespread with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. The Union Ministry of Rural Development launched a restructured poverty alleviation programme, SGSY with effect from 1st April, 1999, which has replaced Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and its allied schemes viz., Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Supply of Improved Tool kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA), Ganga kalyan Yojana (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS). This book will cater to the needs of students and policy makers in the field of agricultural and social science for the teaching, research and extension. Students, teachers, research scholars shall find the book useful not only to learn the theoretical aspects, but also to conduct practical courses and research work in rural development.
Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Новинка

Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside

Using a compelling mix of theological reflection, sociological analysis, real-life case studies and personal experience this book explores ways forward for mission in a rural context in both traditional and fresh expressions of church.This insightful book looks at current issues in rural England and explores: The nature of mission with special reference to the rural situation; Ways for the Church to engage with rural culture; Examples of rural fresh expressions of church; Identifying and pruning the things which inhibit mission in the countryside; How all forms of church can work together for the glory of God.This compelling book is an essential read for all who seek to minister in a rural context - whether at a local, diocesan or national level.
Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Новинка

Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh

Microcredit operations began with the specific objective of poverty alleviation in Bangladesh. Poverty is widespread in Bangladesh. It is even more intense among the rural women of the country. Poverty situation improved with the expansion of microcrdit and rural women gained some empowerment as they had their own income through participation in the credit activities. But they are still far from achieving equal status with men because microcredit primarily addresses income poverty and it has inherent weaknesses in facilitating other conditions necessary for full empowerment of women. Not only are the inherent weaknesses, the socio-economic environment of rural Bangladesh, where microcredit functions, is also a big impediment to achieving women empowerment. Therefore, a comprehensive approach, which includes microcredit too, is necessary for further empowering the rural women of Bangladesh. This approach includes social mobilization, awareness-building, regulations enhancing, equitable financial practices and government initiatives.
Uchendu Egbezor Beyond the Primary Commodity Trap. Essays on Politics and Poverty in Africa Uchendu Egbezor Beyond the Primary Commodity Trap. Essays on Politics and Poverty in Africa Новинка

Uchendu Egbezor Beyond the Primary Commodity Trap. Essays on Politics and Poverty in Africa

Beyond the Primary Commodity Trap offers an alternative paradigm for analysing African development from the current "aid and aids" narrative. Taking as its point of departure Africa's failure to extricate itself from over dependence on raw materials and its seeming inability to industrialise, it offers an analysis of the political forces that have shaped and continue to shape Africa's political economy. The book focuses particularly on the endemic poverty in the continent and how it interfaces with politics. Written with the general reader in mind, the book also examines some of the internal dynamics in Africa and how these combine with the continent's history and some other extraneous factors to explain the current conditions of economic poverty and the poverty of leadership in many parts of the continent.
Instaread Summaries Summary of Clinton Cash. by Peter Schweizer . Includes Analysis Instaread Summaries Summary of Clinton Cash. by Peter Schweizer . Includes Analysis Новинка

Instaread Summaries Summary of Clinton Cash. by Peter Schweizer . Includes Analysis

Книга "Summary of Clinton Cash. by Peter Schweizer | Includes Analysis".
Patricia Khomani Information Asymmetries in Social Protection Programmes Patricia Khomani Information Asymmetries in Social Protection Programmes Новинка

Patricia Khomani Information Asymmetries in Social Protection Programmes

Despite various development approaches being utilized in this world, millions of people in developing countries continue to face extreme poverty and high risks of falling into vulnerability due to absence or heavy reduction of income. However, recently new approaches to development in the area of Social Protection seen to have potential in breaking intergenerational cycles of poverty has been moving up the international development agenda. This book therefore argues that, despite such potential, Social Protection Programmes namely, Social Cash Transfers are negatively affected by Information Asymmetries which occur due to absence or weak institutions. This allows agents undertaking the implementation of such programmes to engage in opportunistic behavior resulting in cash transfers being provided to the wrong target group in an unpredictable manner. The analysis made in this book based on New Institutional Economics, will assist to shed more light to ensure effective implementation of Social Cash Transfers in Malawi where such programmes are being piloted by the government. The lessons learnt can also be utilized by other developing Countries.
Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India Новинка

Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A2, University of Limerick (Kemmy Business School), course: MSc in Financial Services, language: English, abstract: This thesis examines the effectiveness of microfinance in the socio-economic development with the major focus on poverty reduction and gender equality (in the sense of women empowerment) in Northern part of India. The purpose of this research is to measure the effectiveness of microfinance in the sense of socio-economic development in the Northern part of India. The aim has been accomplished by using the methods of statistical analysis and through the examination of primary and secondary data. The methods of data analysis that were employed in the research incorporated chi-square tests, independent sample t-tests and binary logistic regressions. The data has been analysed based on the survey of 100 respondents, who were below nationally defined poverty line in Lucknow (Major metropolitan city of North India) and areas nearby. The survey data was divided into two parts i.e. 60% of the respondents were the non-microfinance respondents and remaining 40% were the microfinance recipients. Recommendations regarding the research have been based on the findings from the analysis. Findings of the study have shown that young entrepreneurs who are below poverty line are more likely to apply for the micro loan. This has been explained by the binary logistic regression analysis...
Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis Новинка

Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis

The major purpose of this study is to determine the extent of poverty and ascertain the causes and possible ways for poverty alleviation as perceived by the rural people. Poverty alleviation was measured by computing the change in food availability, sources of drinking water, physical assets, sanitation and increasing scope of income due to involvement in the Chars Livelihoods Programme (CLP).Field work for the study was carried out in Haldia union of Shaghata upazila under Gaibandha district of Bangladesh. Data was collected from January to February 2007 from a randomly selected sample of 102 CLP beneficiaries from a total of 148 through personal contact by using interview schedules, made by the researcher himself, which contained simple and direct questions with different scales. The paired "t" test was used to measure the comparative change of 'before' and 'after' involvement in CLP. Pearson product moment correlation co-efficient was computed in order to explore the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents and their poverty alleviation.
Sarah Elisabeth Schmelzer Poverty in Brazil - What role do racial differences play. Sarah Elisabeth Schmelzer Poverty in Brazil - What role do racial differences play. Новинка

Sarah Elisabeth Schmelzer Poverty in Brazil - What role do racial differences play.

Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: A-, University of Sussex, 35 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The thesis examines the role of race in explaining Brazilian poverty and also analyses the correlates of poverty in Brazil in 2002. It thus provides an actual poverty profile of the Brazilian population with focus on its racial dimension.The thesis is based on large cross-sectional household survey data, the Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD) data sets, and applies best practice techniques of distributional analysis to micro-data.
Tan Kwan Hong The Future of Rural Banking in China. A Pragmatic Discourse on Current Issues, with Policy Recommendations for the Future Tan Kwan Hong The Future of Rural Banking in China. A Pragmatic Discourse on Current Issues, with Policy Recommendations for the Future Новинка

Tan Kwan Hong The Future of Rural Banking in China. A Pragmatic Discourse on Current Issues, with Policy Recommendations for the Future

In the research and analysis of how the future of rural banking in China will look like, the author chooses to adopt a pragmatic and policy-like approach towards the analysis of this issue. Current issues of the rural banking system are being discussed in depth, followed by a range of policy recommendations put forth that attempts to address these issues. It is the sincere wish of the author that the policies mentioned herein will be implemented for the benefit of the millions dependent on the rural banking system for their growth and livelihood.
Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Новинка

Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case

Scientific Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: The main purpose of this essay is to examine the integrations between population variables and rural development in general and food security in particular. A critical review of literature and analysis of secondary data were carried out to understand these dynamic linkages. For all nations, people are the ultimate and the only recipient of development results. Even if the population variables are decisive planning inputs, however, they were ignored and treated as exogenous factors in the process of development planning during the 1950s and 1960s. And so, the resultant problems such as poverty, unemployment, inequality, and other social ills were pervasive and deep-rooted in rural areas of the developing countries. The major reason for this tragedy was belived to be the failure of development theories, policies, and approaches adopted during the 1950s and 60s. It was during the 1970s that the issue of integrating population factors into development planning attracted the attention of some international organizations (such as UN) and vigorously advocated since then. Therefore, so as to balance the pace of the population growth and rural development process, all development actors in Ethiopia should adopt holistic and synergetic approaches in such a way that enhance agricultural productivity and boost investment in rural social a...
George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) Новинка

George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1)

Who will step up to meet the challenge of the next rural crisis?Rural practice presents important yet challenging issues for psychology, especially givenuneven population distribution, high levels of need, limited availability of rural services,and ongoing migration to urban centers. It is critical that mental health professionals andfirst responders in rural areas become aware of recent research, training and approachesto crisis intervention, traumatology, compassion fatigue, disaster mental health, critical incidentstress management, post-traumatic stress and related areas in rural environments.Critical issues facing rural areas include:Physical issues such as land, air, and water resources, cheap food policy, chemicalsand pesticides, animal rights, corruption in food marketing and distribution, and landappropriation for energy development.Quality of life issues such as rural America's declining share of national wealth, problems ofhunger, education, and rural poverty among rural populations of farmers and ranchers.Direct service issues include the need to accommodate a wide variety of mental healthdifficulties, client privacy and boundaries, and practical challenges.Indirect service issues include the greater need for diverse professional activities, collaborativework with professionals having different orientations and beliefs, program developmentand evaluation, and conducting research with few mentors or peer collaborators.Professional training and development issues...
Ю. В. Лысенко Analysis technique and risk assessment of insolvency of machine-building enterprise Ю. В. Лысенко Analysis technique and risk assessment of insolvency of machine-building enterprise Новинка

Ю. В. Лысенко Analysis technique and risk assessment of insolvency of machine-building enterprise

The monograph is devoted to a problem of production and sale of the concentrating and mountain equipment. The economic evaluation of production and sale is opened in the following sequence. The economic essence of the concept «insolvency» of the entity is stated. The reasons of risk of insolvency, its role in diagnostic approaches to solvency analysis of the entity, are called and analysed possibilities of a risk assessment of insolvency of the entity. By means of assessment of a condition the model of the analysis and a risk assessment of insolvency of the entity, an algorithm of its application in the analysis of machine-building enterprise is developed. Assessment of a condition of production and sale is carried out based on huge statistical material on influence of structure and structure of current assets on solvency of machinebuilding enterprise, liquidity of balance and assessment of liquidity and efficiency of cash flows for strengthening and optimization of activities. With use of integration of methods approbation of an analysis technique and a risk assessment of insolvency of machine-building enterprise is carried out and the possibilities of its optimization are considered. In an analysis result, assessment and developed offers the management concept is formulated by liquidity of machine-building enterprise and decrease in risk of insolvency, the principles of its forming and the mechanism of implementation are shown.
R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh Новинка

R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh

In developing economies and particularly in rural areas, many activities that would be classified in the developed world as financial are not monetized: That is, there is no money used to carry them out. This is often the case when people need the services money can provide but do not have dispensable funds required for those services, forcing them to revert to other means of acquiring them. People find creative and often collaborative ways to meet the needs, primarily through creating and exchanging different forms of non-cash value. Common substitutes for cash vary from country to country but typically include livestock, grains, jewelry and precious metals. In the 2000s, the micro finance industry's objective is to satisfy the unmet demand on a much larger scale, and to play a role in reducing poverty. While much progress has been made in developing a viable commercial micro finance sector in the last few decades, several issues remain that need to be addressed before the industry will be able to satisfy massive worldwide demand.
Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Новинка

Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice

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Women and Poverty analyzes the social and structural factors that contribute to, and legitimize, class inequity and women's poverty. In doing so, the book provides a unique documentation of women's experiences of poverty and classism at the individual and interpersonal levels. Provides readers with a critical analysis of the social and structural factors that contribute to women's poverty Uses a multidisciplinary approach to bring together new research and theory from social psychology, policy studies, and critical and feminist scholarship Documents women's experiences of poverty and classism at the interpersonal and institutional levels Discusses policy analysis for reducing poverty and social inequality
David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries Новинка

David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries

Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Information Management, University of Manchester (IDPM), course: MSc Management and Information Systems, language: English, abstract: There has been a gamut of arguments concerning the role of information and communication technologies in reducing poverty and creating sustainable rural development in developing countries. But most of the studies have centred on case study descriptions, with a handful attempting to analyse the outcomes of these initiatives using a framework that addresses the multiple dimensions of the livelihoods of the rural poor. This dissertation takes a view that ICT can contribute to sustainable rural development when it is implemented and assessed through such a framework geared at building the capabilities and assets of the rural folks and improving the links within and between these people and the organisations and institutions that play a role in rural development. It reviews various paradigms of rural ICT in developing countries and goes on to analyse the implementation and contribution of two of such initiatives to rural livelihoods using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. The result revealed that such factors, as the perceptions of practitioners, political contentions and policy environments are the major factors shaping ICT initiatives for the rural poor.
Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh

One of the most basic problems of the present century in the Third World Countries is rural poverty. The rural labour households form the hard core of rural poor and the most of the socially backward classes, such as, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes fall in this category. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture that is contributing about one-fourth of the National Income in the country. The most important feature of them are that they have very little or low productive assets and the major part of their income is derived from casual or irregular employment available in villages in Andhra pradesh.The dimensions of poverty among the rural labour households are reflected by the extent of indebtedness among the households and low consumption levels. The basis of findings of the study, it would be useful to make some suggestions that would help to improve the socio-economic conditions of agricultural labourers. The improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the agricultural labour, the large segment of work force would promote economic welfare in general and ultimate lead the Indian economy on the path of growth with stability.
Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Новинка

Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria

This book is an empirical study of how microfinance impacts on poverty reduction in Nigeria. The book examined conceptual issues in poverty and microfinance with focus on the nature and incidences of the poverty phenomenon, justification for the establishment and growth of microfinance in Nigeria. This book with theoretical and empirical findings investigates the previous attempts by the governments in alleviating poverty and specifically how microfinance have helped in reducing the poverty menace especially since the promulgation of the microfinance banking act in 2005 by the Central bank of Nigeria.
Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Новинка

Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia

In terms of poverty gap, the highest value (i.e.0.472) was obtained in Subsistence Agriculture (SA) livelihoods strategy followed by Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm (SAO) livelihoods strategy. Contrary to this, Semi-commercial Agriculture strategy and Semi-commercial agriculture combined with Off-farm activity (SCAO) found to have relatively low poverty gap value i.e. 0.206 and 0.198 respectively, the latter being the least of all. From this we can understand that the average consumption short fall needed to bring those households below poverty line in SCA and SCAO is 20.6% and 19.8% respectively. Whereas, the average amount of consumption necessary to fill the shortfall of the poor from the poverty line is 47.2% and 46.8% in Subsistence Agriculture and Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm livelihoods strategy, respectively
Satya Chakravarty R. Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being. A Quantitative Approach Satya Chakravarty R. Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being. A Quantitative Approach Новинка

Satya Chakravarty R. Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being. A Quantitative Approach

8186.15 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
“An indispensable reference for all researchers interested in the measurement of social welfare. . .” —François Bourguignon, Emeritus Professor at Paris School of Economics, Former Chief Economist of the World Bank. “. . .a detailed, insightful, and pedagogical presentation of the theoretical grounds of multidimensional well-being, inequality, and poverty measurement. Any student, researcher, and practitioner interested in the multidimensional approach should begin their journey into such a fascinating theme with this wonderful book.” —François Maniquet, Professor, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. A Review of the Multidimensional Approaches to the Measurement of Welfare, Inequality, and Poverty Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being: A Quantitative Approach offers a comprehensive approach to the measurement of well-being that includes characteristics such as income, health, literacy, and housing. The author presents a systematic comparison of the alternative approaches to the measurement of multidimensional welfare, inequality, poverty, and vulnerability. The text contains real-life applications of some multidimensional aggregations (most of which have been designed by international organizations such as the United Nations Development Program and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) that help to judge the performance of a country in the various dimensions of well-being. The text offers an evaluation of how well a society is doing with respect to achievements of all the individuals in the dimensions considered and clearly investigates how achievements in the dimensions can be evaluated from different perspectives. The author includes a detailed scrutiny of alternative techniques for setting weights to individual dimensional metrics and offers an extensive analysis into both the descriptive and welfare theoretical approaches to the concerned multi-attribute measurement and related issues. This important resource: • Contains a synthesis of multidimensional welfare, inequality, poverty, and vulnerability analysis • Examines aggregations of achievement levels in the concerned dimensions of well-being from various standpoints • Shows how to measure poverty using panel data instead of restricting attention to a single period and when we have imprecise information on dimensional achievements • Argues that multidimensional analysis is intrinsically different from marginal distributions-based analysis Written for students, teachers, researchers, and scholars, Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being: A Quantitative Approach puts the focus on various approaches to the measurementof the many aspects of well-being and quality of life. Satya R. Chakravarty is a Professor of Economics at the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India. He is an Editor of Social Choice and Welfare and a member of the Editorial Board of Journal of Economic Inequality.
Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study Новинка

Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study

Based on an empirical exercise, the book analyses the role of Gram Panchayat in rural development in the context of a backward state like Odisha. It documents the experiences of women in local governance and their impact on aspects of rural development. The study notes the significance of women's participation in Gram Panchayat for accelerating the development process and identifies the deficiencies of the existing system of local administration in rural areas which could be considered for policy options.
Sayaka Funada-Classen The Origins of War in Mozambique. a History of Unity and Division Sayaka Funada-Classen The Origins of War in Mozambique. a History of Unity and Division Новинка

Sayaka Funada-Classen The Origins of War in Mozambique. a History of Unity and Division

The independence of Mozambique in 1975 and its decolonisation process attracted worldwide attention as a successful example of "national unity". Yet, the armed conflict that broke out between the government and the guerrilla force in 1977 lasted for sixteen years and resulted in over a million deaths and several million refugees, placing this concept of "national unity" into doubt. For nearly twenty years, Sayaka Funada-Classen interviewed people in rural communities in Mozambique. By examining their testimonies, historical documents, previous studies, international and regional politics, and the changes that various interventions under colonialism brought to the traditional social structure, this book demonstrates that the seeds of "division" had already been planted while the liberation movement was seeking "unity" in the struggle years. Presenting a comprehensive history of contemporary Mozambique, this book is indispensable for Mozambican scholars. It promises to serve as a landmark study not only for historians and the scholars of African studies but also for those who give serious consideration to the problems of conflict and peace in the world.
Millicent Awialie Akaateba The Church and the State as Partners in Rural Health Care Delivery Millicent Awialie Akaateba The Church and the State as Partners in Rural Health Care Delivery Новинка

Millicent Awialie Akaateba The Church and the State as Partners in Rural Health Care Delivery

Health services provision remain an essential part of the responsibilities of governments throughout the world in view of the vital role good health plays in economic development. However, in the developing world, the public sector (government) is no longer able to solely provide sustainable basic infrastructure, including health services in response to the rapidly growing demand due to increasing population growth and weak economies. This book used the Upper East Region of Ghana as a case study to examine the contribution of the Catholic Church (a not-for-profit health care provider) to improving access to health care delivery in rural communities. The research used secondary and primary data sources which produced results indicating the immense health care delivery gap being filled by the Catholic Church in rural Ghana. It outlined several dimensions of health care access and identified public-private partnerships as a viable policy for governments to adopt for improved access to health care. This book is useful to government and nongovernmental actors in rural health delivery, persons in academia or anyone with an interest in Church-State partnerships in rural health delivery.
Junaid Javaid Internationalisation . HRM Practices of Emerging Economies. Multinational Corporations Across Subsidiaries Junaid Javaid Internationalisation . HRM Practices of Emerging Economies. Multinational Corporations Across Subsidiaries Новинка

Junaid Javaid Internationalisation . HRM Practices of Emerging Economies. Multinational Corporations Across Subsidiaries

Project Report from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, University of Bedfordshire, course: MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, language: English, abstract: The current era is very often termed as New Geography of Investments. It has also been examined that Developing and Industrialised Economies are listed first in the categories of top five economies from where MNCs come. UNCTAD (2004) has classified developed economies into two two groups: Newer Industrialised (Singapote, Taiwan and South Korea) which are successful in establishing good track record and sometime also known as outward investors and the second group is of Rapidly Developing Economies (China and India). The core objective of this report is to discover how MNCs are forming their HRM strategies within the emerging econimies and how much they are successful in aligning their HRM practices with their main business strategies and also with operational activities. This report will be useful in the identification and the analysis of travel of ideas between MNCs residing in East and West in relation to the their purpose and opportunity in accordance to the Human Resource (HR) practices and policies cross national transfer. The case study on Alpha Services provide some interesting insight about the way in which emerging economies' MNC strategizing and managing their operations in different regions. It has been understood that Indian MNCs are facing ...
Jan Alexander Linxweiler Sensitive Analysis of Tesla Motors, Inc. Jan Alexander Linxweiler Sensitive Analysis of Tesla Motors, Inc. Новинка

Jan Alexander Linxweiler Sensitive Analysis of Tesla Motors, Inc.

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,3, Post University, course: Financial Modeling, language: English, abstract: The paper will summarize the findings of the sensitivity analysis of Tesla Motors Inc. (Tesla) for the last four years. In doing so, the information presented are described, methodically categorized and then analyzed. In a first step the overall situation of Tesla is analyzed. In a next step, the analysis focuses on different ratios based upon the financial statement, balance sheet and cash flow analysis. Then, additional observations in form of a competitor analysis are introduced. Finally, a conclusion will show that Tesla, while showing great promise, should improve upon its economic efficiency and effectiveness. Therefore, Telsa should provide an adjusted/revised action plan before investors should consider investing in the company.
Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Новинка

Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China

This book is a report on a study which aimed to explore different opinions about the impact of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on accessibility of healthcare for the rural population in two pilot counties of Fujian province in China. The study was a mixed method study based on key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, the participatory matrix ranking method as well as hospital utilisation statistics. The NCMS, which was implemented in China in 2003, is the most recent form of a rural health insurance scheme. It is voluntary and aims to protect rural people from poverty due to illness by reducing out of pocket payments and decreasing catastrophic expenditures. Furthermore, it intends to establish a well managed, well functioning and easily accessible health care system for rural people. The book shows results regarding the structure of the NCMS, the variety of personal circumstances of rural residents, "physical" accessibility, "economical" accessibility, changes in hospital utilisation between 2000 and 2006, and the wishes and the willingness of the rural population to improve the system for the future.
Fabio Ayres, Rangaraj Rangayyan, J.E. Leo Desautels Analysis of Oriented Texture with Applications to the Detection of Architectural Distortion in Mammograms Fabio Ayres, Rangaraj Rangayyan, J.E. Leo Desautels Analysis of Oriented Texture with Applications to the Detection of Architectural Distortion in Mammograms Новинка

Fabio Ayres, Rangaraj Rangayyan, J.E. Leo Desautels Analysis of Oriented Texture with Applications to the Detection of Architectural Distortion in Mammograms

The presence of oriented features in images often conveys important information about the scene or the objects contained; the analysis of oriented patterns is an important task in the general framework of image understanding. As in many other applications of computer vision, the general framework for the understanding of oriented features in images can be divided into low- and high-level analysis. In the context of the study of oriented features, low-level analysis includes the detection of oriented features in images; a measure of the local magnitude and orientation of oriented features over the entire region of analysis in the image is called the orientation field. High-level analysis relates to the discovery of patterns in the orientation field, usually by associating the structure perceived in the orientation field with a geometrical model. This book presents an analysis of several important methods for the detection of oriented features in images, and a discussion of the phase portrait method for high-level analysis of orientation fields. In order to illustrate the concepts developed throughout the book, an application is presented of the phase portrait method to computer-aided detection of architectural distortion in mammograms.Table of Contents: Detection of Oriented Features in Images / Analysis of Oriented Patterns Using Phase Portraits / Optimization Techniques / Detection of Sites of Architectural Distortion in Mammograms
Simionescu Liliana Nicoleta Impact of remittances on CEE countries Simionescu Liliana Nicoleta Impact of remittances on CEE countries Новинка

Simionescu Liliana Nicoleta Impact of remittances on CEE countries

The Impact of Remittances on CEE Countries studies the effect of migration on investment, consumption, and labor productivity growth rate in 12 developing CEE countries. Migrants' remittances are important given the economic context of the receiving countries' economies. Remittances reduce poverty, increase investment, and also they come as an extra income for households. The importance of this book is given by the period analyzed for 12 developing countries, namely the economic context of 12 CEE countries during transition after the collapse of Soviet Union. The period analyzed is between 1990-2010. The temporary migration resulted in remittances are reflected on macroeconomics outcomes of the 12 CEE receiving countries' economies.
Tage Tracy Cash Flow For Dummies Tage Tracy Cash Flow For Dummies Новинка

Tage Tracy Cash Flow For Dummies

1695.74 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The fast and easy way to grasp cash flow management Cash Flow For Dummies offers small business owners, accountants, prospective entrepreneurs, and others responsible for cash management an informational manual to cash flow basics and proven success strategies. Cash Flow For Dummies is an essential guide to effective strategies that will make your business more appealing on the market. Loaded with valuable tips and techniques, it teaches individuals and companies the ins and outs of maximizing cash flow, the fundamentals of cash management, and how it affects the quality of a company's earnings. Cash flow is the movement of cash into or out of a business, project, or financial product. It is usually measured during a specified, finite period of time, and can be used to measure rates of return, actual liquidity, real profits, and to evaluate the quality of investments. Cash Flow For Dummies gives you an understanding of the basic principles of cash management and its core principles to facilitate small business success. Covers how to read cash flow statements Illustrates how cash balances are analyzed and monitored—including internal controls over cash receipts and disbursements, plus bank account reconciliation and activity analysis Tips on how to avoid the pitfalls of granting credit—evaluating customer credit, sources of credit information, and overall credit policy Advice on how to prevent fraud and waste Covers cash-generating tactics when doing business with dot-coms, other start-ups, and bankrupt customers Cash Flow For Dummies is an easy-to-understand guide that covers all of these essentials for success and more.
Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction

This book will contribute immensely to assist potential and existing business men and women especially those those that dwells in the rural areas to improve in their business. it will educate people on how to sustain their livelihoods through the establishment of small business. The book identifies challenges facing these small business owners with a view of creating more jobs, to reduce unemployment rate, crime rate and increase livelihood opportunities as a means of poverty reduction. we are confident that our readers shall found delight in reading this book
Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Новинка

Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction

Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Новинка

Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia

Various studies have been carried out on poverty in Mongolia, by assessing magnitude and determinants of poverty, the effects of the economic transition and natural shocks. However, there is still room to explore the poverty change and its components from static and dynamic perspectives, vulnerability to poverty and its determinants, and the impacts of the current economic policies. This monograph, therefore, considers various aspects of the poverty in Mongolia, including estimations of the actual as well as future-looking poverty, its distributional and growth components, and trade policy impacts on poverty in Mongolia. It provides more up-to-date review of the Mongolian economic growth, income inequality and poverty, using more recent and reliable household data, and should be useful to scholars, policy analysts, and professionals, who are particularly interested in the performances of the Mongolian economy and their latest reviews and analyses.
Scott Herriott Feasibility Analysis for Sustainable Technologies. An Engineering-Economic Perspective Scott Herriott Feasibility Analysis for Sustainable Technologies. An Engineering-Economic Perspective Новинка

Scott Herriott Feasibility Analysis for Sustainable Technologies. An Engineering-Economic Perspective

Feasibility Analysis for Sustainable Technologies will lead you into a professional feasibility analysis for a renewable energy or energy efficiency project. The analysis begins with an understanding of the basic engineering description of technology in terms of capacity, efficiency, constraints, and dependability. It continues in modeling the cash flow of a project, which is affected by the installed cost, the revenues or expenses avoided by using the technology, the operating expenses of the technology, available tax credits and rebates, and laws regarding depreciation and income tax. The feasibility study is completed by discounted cash flow analysis, using an appropriate discount rate and a proper accounting for inflation, to evaluate the financial viability of the project. The elements of this analysis are illustrated using numerous examples of solar, wind and hydroelectric power, biogas digestion, energy storage, biofuels, and energy-efficient appliances and buildings.
Networks of International Trade and Investment. Understanding globalisation through the lens of network analysis Networks of International Trade and Investment. Understanding globalisation through the lens of network analysis Новинка

Networks of International Trade and Investment. Understanding globalisation through the lens of network analysis

In recent decades, the international economy has witnessed fundamental changes in the way manufacturing is organised: products are no longer manufactured in their entirety in a single location. Instead, the production process is often split across a number of stages located in countries that are frequently far apart from each other. By spreading out their manufacturing and supply chain activities globally through international investment and intra-firm trade, Multinational enterprises (MNEs) play a focal role in this reorganisation of production. Our ability to understand the global economy, therefore, requires an understanding of the interdependencies between the entities involved in such fragmented production. Traditional methods and statistical approaches are insufficient to address this challenge. Instead, an approach is required that allows us to account for these interdependencies. The most promising approach so far is network analysis. ‘Networks of International Trade and Investment’ makes a case for the use of network analysis alongside existing techniques in order to investigate pressing issues in international business and economics. The authors put forward a range of well-informed studies that examine compelling topics such as the role of emerging economies in global trade and the evolution of world trade patterns. They look at how network analysis, as both an approach and a methodology, can explain international business and economics phenomena, in particular, in ...
Emerald Group Publishing Limited New Perspectives in Economics. Research from Developing Countries Emerald Group Publishing Limited New Perspectives in Economics. Research from Developing Countries Новинка

Emerald Group Publishing Limited New Perspectives in Economics. Research from Developing Countries

New Perspectives in Economics: Research from Developing Countries is a new collection of topical articles that represent the very highest level of scholarship in the field of economics. A mixture of original research and thought leadership pieces combine to examine the changing economic landscape in developing countries in Africa and Asia in particular. Topics covered, among others include: - Socioeconomic determinants of poverty;- Analysis of financial structure and economic growth;- Growth elasticity of poverty; This book provides researchers, professionals, managers and policy makers with an easy-to-read selection of interesting research articles all of which have been cited by peers within the economics research community.
Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State Новинка

Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State

Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto (-), course: Economics, language: English, abstract: Access to finance is widely acknowledged as a catalyst for the reduction of poverty in rural areas. Along this line, this study investigates the determinants of access to finance in rural areas in Katsina state. A cross-sectional primary data was collected via questionnaire from a sample of 384 respondents. This study used probit modelling approach to analyse the factors that influence access to finance. The study revealed that collateral, financial literacy and gender have significant positive influence on access to finance, while age has an insignificant positive influence on access to finance. In contrast, interest rate and transaction cost have significant negative influence on access to finance. Thus, the study concluded that with the prevailing banking arrangement where collaterals are required and banks charge interest and also some level of literacy is required, rural dwellers will continue to find it difficult in relating with conventional banks. Therefore, the study recommended that rural dwellers should organise themselves into Credit Cooperative Societies, which could be used as Informal Financial Unit for Linkage Banking arrangement. The government (at all level) can also use these associations to channel their agricultural credit. It is also recommended that legal framework, be...
Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Новинка

Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades

Poverty is a global problem which has been taking place across continents with different levels, and has become a major challenge for the development of each region, nation, ethnicity as well as locality. Vietnam - an agricultural-aimed country - with 70% of the population living in rural areas, whose intellectual standards and farming cultivation techniques are still limited, led to the low labor productivity, and low income. Poverty, as a consequence, has still taken place in numerous areas. The problem of poverty, hence, has been the Vietnamese Government's best concerns. To make the poor to break out from poverty is the foremost socio - political objective and mission of the Government. Though it cannot be denied the success of such achievements, poverty reduction programs still remain limited. The Government has, however, still been facing with a number of difficulties and challenges needed to be overcome in order to implement the Millennium Goal of the United Nations, which Vietnam has already committed. These problems raise questions to the Government about how to apply the lessons learnt from the past as well as other nations more effectively in the next period?
Elstner Manja, Primadica Lovina Youth Employment and Income Generation Elstner Manja, Primadica Lovina Youth Employment and Income Generation Новинка

Elstner Manja, Primadica Lovina Youth Employment and Income Generation

The African country of Mozambique has been undertaking a remarkable development process within the past. However, this could not be translated into significantly decreasing poverty- or unemployment rates. Due to a high population growth and large amounts of jobseekers every year, the economy is not able to create a corresponding number of jobs. Especially amongst young the unemployment remains high. Moreover, there seems to be a crucial mismatch between the demand of the labour market and the knowledge provided by the education sector. This work is based on a qualitative field study carried out in Ribáuè, a district located in Nampula province, in the northern part of Mozambique. It wants to shed further light on employment possibilities young people have and aims on fostering a vast image of their situation by examining sectors such as education, agriculture and politics.
Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Новинка

Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India

The exploration of rural agricultural labour households believes significance, as they represent a vulnerable section of the rural population, whose percentage has increased drastically in almost all the states in India. An important trend in large number of theoretical and empirical studies on the functioning of rural labour markets has been appeared to explain the patterns of income, employment, extent of earning and indebtedness prevalent among these households. This book analyzes the trend in wages, inter-district and intra-district differences in wage rate and gender differences among the rural agricultural labour households in rural Orissa with a view to understand their livelihood pattern. The book also analyzes pattern of employment, income, extent of indebtedness and earning prevalent among rural landless labourers and agricultural households in rural Orissa. Further, the book discusses the prevailing contractual arrangement of the rural labour market. This book would be very useful for students, academicians, researchers, activists and policy makers for understanding the dynamics of rural labour market, wage determination, livelihood pattern and development.
Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Новинка

Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia

This work addresses issues of poverty and livelihood strategies of households in urban Ethiopia. It examines incidence, depth and severity of poverty by focusing on income and household situations of households in Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia. It also explores various strategies households employ to cope with poverty, mainly the role of social capital in its form of family relations, neighbour-hood reciprocity and community based self-help organizations. Current policies and strategies of the government, their implementation at local level and implications on the poor households to alleviate poverty are also highlighted. Policy makers and stakeholders who have interest in assisting poverty reduction efforts can be benefited from this work. Also, academicians and researchers who are interested in urban poverty issues may use the book as a reference for further studies.
Debasish Roy Formulation of Transitional Impact Index (TII). A Cross-Country Analysis Debasish Roy Formulation of Transitional Impact Index (TII). A Cross-Country Analysis Новинка

Debasish Roy Formulation of Transitional Impact Index (TII). A Cross-Country Analysis

Document from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Foreign Trade Theory, Trade Policy, , language: English, abstract: Over a quarter of a century has elapsed since the disintegration of former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and former socialist nations from the Eastern Bloc. The erstwhile countries from East Europe, Central and East Asia have gradually adopted economic globalization for transition towards market economies. There has been a plethora of research works in the academic world regarding the apparent success or failure of globalization and transition economies as a whole containing strong arguments in favor and against of globalization. This research paper is aimed at identifying the major prospective markets among the economies in transition across the world. For this purpose, an attempt has been made to formulate an index of transition from socialist to market economy by means of a combination of conventional econometrical and statistical methods based on time - series study for a period of 21 years (1995 - 2015) on 19 major countries in the East European, Central and East Asia (including Russian Federation) which adopted the path of economic globalization by shedding the rigid structures of socialistic or command economy since 1990.The Transitional Impact Index (TII) would help to classify the countries in transition broadly into four categories, viz., countries with Low, Medium, High and Very High levels of 'transitional effect' en - rout...
Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction

Non-farm sector occupies a unique position in rural areas in the socio-economic context of Bangladesh. Developing the non-farm sector in rural areas may strengthen the economy, which is characterized by high rate of unemployment. The purpose of the research was increasing the obtainable growth of rural non-farm activities and find out the barriers what are responsible for horrible economy of RNA. To create employment opportunity according to the growthness. In such circumstances, this study has intended to unfold the development of non-farm sector in rural Bangladesh. For this purpose, the existing condition of non-farm sector, how far it would be possible to create employment opportunity in Baghutia Union under Avainogor Parishad, Jessore District as well as the problem of this sector has been investigated. For this study the qualitative and quantitative information has collected by PRA and structured questionnaire method. Here a model has discovered.This model shows the actual involvement of rural non-farm activities and the growth pattern in a particular area.
Kjurchiski Nikola Public Administration Efficiency in Resource Abundant Countries Kjurchiski Nikola Public Administration Efficiency in Resource Abundant Countries Новинка

Kjurchiski Nikola Public Administration Efficiency in Resource Abundant Countries

In this book is analyzed public administration efficiency in resource economies and also a comparative analysis with the OECD countries is done. Wide scope of public administration is included and measured by new measurement of public administration efficiency called Index of Public Administration Efficiency (IPAE), arose from this work. Efficiency scores calculations and rankings are made for resource economies, and OECD countries, based on this index. Research finds and analyzes the outcomes of these scores. Importance of public administration for the modern state is analyzed. Regression analysis shows that economic freedom significantly influences efficiency, and efficiency influences real GDP per capita (PPP) and human development, but more government spending does not increase public administration efficiency. Also explained what is sovereign wealth funds, and the role of public administration in it.
Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda Новинка

Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda

Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, Addis Ababa University (Regional and Local Development Studies), course: Full Regional and Local Development Studies courses, language: English, abstract: These days, water has become a highly essential ingredient for the rural household's home based productive use of water beyond the usual basic needs of consumption. In recognition of this, this study is aimed at three main objectives: assessment of the home based productive use of water, the factors that affect the productive use and examining the major challenges of rural water supply in the study area. In an attempt to deal with these objectives the study selected Metema Woreda in Ethiopia as a study area from which four kebeles were selected randomly to have 130 household respondents. The major methods of analysis in this study were both descriptive analysis and a logistic model to meet on the aforementioned objectives. The analysis and discussion of the study revealed that water is the prime input for home based productive uses in addition to the usual basic needs of consumption. To this effect, traditional brewery, home gardening, water selling, small ruminants and rural restaurants were the major home based productive uses of water in the study area. Yet the productive use of water in the study area was found to be constrained by demographic and economic characteristics of the households and the physica...
Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Новинка

Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas

Historically, the economic contribution of rural areas to regions was clear: it was the provider of farm produce and other raw materials such as coal. Rural employment was evidently based on the exploitation of natural capital. Today, natural capital still strongly characterises the profile of rural employment in the European Union but its effect now goes far beyond the traditional rural sector of agriculture. There are in fact four drivers of rural employment and rural economic prosperity, and these can be structured by two complementary analytical directions, namely 'production' based on (a) renewable and (b) non-renewable resources, and 'consumption' by (a) non-residents and (b) residents of a territory, hence 'Rural Europe 2+2+'. Thus, whether jobs are created through farming, mining, rural tourism or by attracting incomers who set up new businesses, natural capital is a common theme. However, the financial, human, physical and social capitals of rural areas must be improved in parallel with this via an integrated, territorial development approach. In this way, rural areas can become part of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy in line with the priorities of Europe 2020.

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“An indispensable reference for all researchers interested in the measurement of social welfare. . .” —François Bourguignon, Emeritus Professor at Paris School of Economics, Former Chief Economist of the World Bank. “. . .a detailed, insightful, and pedagogical presentation of the theoretical grounds of multidimensional well-being, inequality, and poverty measurement. Any student, researcher, and practitioner interested in the multidimensional approach should begin their journey into such a fascinating theme with this wonderful book.” —François Maniquet, Professor, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. A Review of the Multidimensional Approaches to the Measurement of Welfare, Inequality, and Poverty Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being: A Quantitative Approach offers a comprehensive approach to the measurement of well-being that includes characteristics such as income, health, literacy, and housing. The author presents a systematic comparison of the alternative approaches to the measurement of multidimensional welfare, inequality, poverty, and vulnerability. The text contains real-life applications of some multidimensional aggregations (most of which have been designed by international organizations such as the United Nations Development Program and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) that help to judge the performance of a country in the various dimensions of well-being. The text offers an evaluation of how well a society is doing with respect to achievements of all the individuals in the dimensions considered and clearly investigates how achievements in the dimensions can be evaluated from different perspectives. The author includes a detailed scrutiny of alternative techniques for setting weights to individual dimensional metrics and offers an extensive analysis into both the descriptive and welfare theoretical approaches to the concerned multi-attribute measurement and related issues. This important resource: • Contains a synthesis of multidimensional welfare, inequality, poverty, and vulnerability analysis • Examines aggregations of achievement levels in the concerned dimensions of well-being from various standpoints • Shows how to measure poverty using panel data instead of restricting attention to a single period and when we have imprecise information on dimensional achievements • Argues that multidimensional analysis is intrinsically different from marginal distributions-based analysis Written for students, teachers, researchers, and scholars, Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being: A Quantitative Approach puts the focus on various approaches to the measurementof the many aspects of well-being and quality of life. Satya R. Chakravarty is a Professor of Economics at the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India. He is an Editor of Social Choice and Welfare and a member of the Editorial Board of Journal of Economic Inequality.
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