elements of human rights in the history of africa



Frew Demeke Alemu The African Court of Justice and Human Rights. An Opportunity to strengthen Human Rights Protection Frew Demeke Alemu The African Court of Justice and Human Rights. An Opportunity to strengthen Human Rights Protection Новинка

Frew Demeke Alemu The African Court of Justice and Human Rights. An Opportunity to strengthen Human Rights Protection

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: A, Lund University, course: International Human Rights Law, language: English, abstract: Taking in to consideration the countless human rights violations and impunity in Africa, there is not a shred of doubt about the dire need for effective human rights protection mechanisms at continental level. This concern has mainly increased due to the Africa Commission's poor track record of enforcement of human rights norms in the region. Hence, it is in the effort to cure the ills suffered by this system that an endeavor to build a regional human rights judicial organ has been embarked on. The process of establishment of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights (ACtJHR) is also the extension of this effort which partially became successful with the transitional operation of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights. The primary purpose of this study is, thus, to show how the ACtJHR would be relevant in promoting and protecting human rights in the continent. An attempt is also made to investigate whether the new Court will be a solution to fill the gaps left out by the African Commission in the regional human rights enforcement mechanism. In doing so, the study has made a thorough analysis of the prospects and challenges of the ACtJHR from different vantage points. It has also addressed the possible interaction between the two main regional huma...
Nukila Evanty Indonesia Human Rights and the International Human Rights Regime Nukila Evanty Indonesia Human Rights and the International Human Rights Regime Новинка

Nukila Evanty Indonesia Human Rights and the International Human Rights Regime

The book explains the concept of International human rights regime and the movement of human rights norms which also review the concept of international human rights norms. Indonesia compliance's on human rights covenants under different regime of the Presidents in the stage 1945 to 2007 which is in the scope of international human rights regime which has long been faced human rights development and obstacles is the center of this book discussion.
Tamara Sonn Islam. A Brief History Tamara Sonn Islam. A Brief History Новинка

Tamara Sonn Islam. A Brief History

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Reflecting recent global developments, the second edition of this illuminating introduction to Islamic history expands its coverage of the Qur’an, Sufism, and Muslim views on human rights, including the rights of women. An expanded new edition of this concise, illuminating introduction to Islam, written by one of the field’s leading scholars Spans Islamic history from the life of Muhammad and the birth of Islamic ideals, through Islam’s phenomenal geographical expansion and cultural development, to the creation of modern states and its role in today’s global society Features expanded coverage of the Qur’an, Sufism, and Muslim views on human rights, including the rights of women Includes fascinating vignettes of Islamic life, representing mainstream Muslim viewpoints on issues of global concern Explores the complex interrelationships of cultural, political, and ideological developments woven throughout Islamic history, drawing on specific examples including current developments in Pakistan
Daniel Levy, Natan Sznaider Human Rights and Memory Daniel Levy, Natan Sznaider Human Rights and Memory Новинка

Daniel Levy, Natan Sznaider Human Rights and Memory

Memories of historical events like the Holocaust have played a key role in the internationalization of human rights. Their importance lies in their ability to bridge the universal and the particular-the universality of human values and the particularity of memories rooted in local human experiences. In Human Rights and Memory, Levy and Sznaider trace the growth of human rights discourse since World War II and interpret its deployment of memories as a new form of cosmopolitanism, exemplifying a dynamic through which global concerns become part of local experiences, and vice versa.
Mamta Sheth, Chhaya Goel Realizing Human Rights Mamta Sheth, Chhaya Goel Realizing Human Rights Новинка

Mamta Sheth, Chhaya Goel Realizing Human Rights

The 21st Century is highly complex. The return on investment, be it public sector or corporate is measured in terms of material returns than in terms of human development. Human beings are most neglected. Now the question is - "Does the declaration of Human Rights by the UN ensure Human Rights?" Respect for Human Rights demands not only Awareness of Human Rights, but also, favorable attitude towards Human Rights. The vision of Human Rights Declaration by the UN will be realized only when these Rights are internalized and valuably inclined by the entire globe.The present volume includes the doctoral work of Ms. Mamta Sheth on designing, developing and implementing an Educational Program on Human Rights for Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers. The study has very well demonstrated that how the understanding of Human Rights was enhanced among the Teachers. The Educational Program on Human Rights was found to be effective in developing favorable attitudes of the Teachers. Also, the Program developed by the investigator could significantly initiate the teachers in the areas of Case Studies on Human Rights. Hope the State, Society, Judiciary, Education and all will value this volume.
Niamh Reilly Women's Human Rights Niamh Reilly Women's Human Rights Новинка

Niamh Reilly Women's Human Rights

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Women's Human Rights: Seeking Gender Justice in a Globalising Age explores the emergence of transnational, UN-oriented, feminist advocacy for womens human rights, especially over the past three decades. It identifies the main feminist influences that have shaped the movement liberal, radical, third world and cosmopolitan and exposes how the Western, legalist, state-centric, and liberal biases of mainstream human rights discourse impede the realisation of human rights in womens lives everywhere. The book traces the evolution of the womens human rights movement through an examination of its key issues, debates, and practical interventions in international law and policy arenas. This includes efforts to: Develop global gender equality norms via the UN Womens Convention Frame violence against women as a human rights issue Address gender-based crimes in conflict situations, include women in conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction, and challenge new forms of militarism Highlight the gendered human rights dimensions of widening inequalities in a context of neo-liberal globalisation Develop human rights responses to anti-feminist fundamentalist movements with a focus on reproductive and sexual rights Ultimately, Women's Human Rights reaffirms a commitment to critically reinterpreted universal human rights principles and demonstrates the vital role that bottom-up, transnational movements play in making them a reality in women's lives.
Veronika Haász National Human Rights Institutions in the UN human rights framework Veronika Haász National Human Rights Institutions in the UN human rights framework Новинка

Veronika Haász National Human Rights Institutions in the UN human rights framework

Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: A, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), course: Jura - Internationale Menschenrechte und Humanitäres Recht, language: English, abstract: National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) are cornerstones of strong domestic human rights protection systems. They play a crucial role in the promotion and protection of human rights at the national level. Within their broad mandate, they advise governments on various human rights issues, monitor the implementation of international human rights instruments, promote the harmonisation of national law and practice with the international human rights standards, disseminate human rights information, cooperate with regional and international human rights bodies, and remedy human rights violations.However, National Human Rights Institutions are primarily domestic instruments, they increasingly engage with the international human rights mechanisms. In the last 20 years, they became the practical link between international human rights standards and their concrete application at the national level. The institutions' interaction with the UN Charter-based and Treaty-based Bodies is a relatively new phenomenon and as such, has its obstacles.In order to clarify the nature and ways of co-operation between NHRIs and the UN human rights monitoring mechanisms, this Handbook sets out the characteris...
Hanumanthappa D. G. Vista of Human Rights (Human Rights' watch dogs) Hanumanthappa D. G. Vista of Human Rights (Human Rights' watch dogs) Новинка

Hanumanthappa D. G. Vista of Human Rights (Human Rights' watch dogs)

Book is beautiful narration on human rights, it discusses in detail the essentials and essence of human rights stashed away in the pristine concepts. It wonderfully philately interprets the human rights concepts by making things simpler and lucid in keeping with the understanding ability of an ordinary citizen of this country. The book is skillfully tries to stuff human rights fibro into democratic Skelton in a fantastic way, what realized through a glance trough a book is how important are the constitution and judiciary in any democratic system of a governance argues and elucidates how human rights build democracy and the role of democratic dispensation to uphold democratic values nestled in the human rights. This is a rare book among those I have read before that enlightens those citizens/students specifically about human rights values and more specifically values of democracy. The Voluble script talks more about judicial responsibility of preserving human rights is put on the shoulders of judiciary, this book contended that without judiciary no human rights no constitution ( democracy) exists.
Israel Endale Role of NGOs in promoting Human Rights in Ethiopia. A Case Study on Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO) Israel Endale Role of NGOs in promoting Human Rights in Ethiopia. A Case Study on Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO) Новинка

Israel Endale Role of NGOs in promoting Human Rights in Ethiopia. A Case Study on Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO)

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: BA degree, , language: English, abstract: Although a relative better political environment had been created with the coming of EPRDF, many NGOs have not yet shifted their policy objective towards advocacy. Majority of local NGOs are still either relief or development oriented regarding their policy objectives. They are fear of taking up policy advocacy, rule of law, human rights, criticism and opposition to state policies and practices. This is partly explained by the fact that many NGOs restored to opportunism or subservience to the government. That is, they make political calculations deemed necessary to ensure survival. In other words, most NGOs pretend not to engage in sensitive issues that may antagonize with the government. In simple terms, they rather conform to center of power and prefer to maintain personal and institutional interests (Kassahun, 2002:124). However, after 1991 a few local NGOs emerged and centered their objective on promoting the respect for the rule of law, protecting and monitoring human rights and enhancing civil awareness through various strategies. The Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO), Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA), Society for the Advancement of Human Rights Education (EAHRE) are some the examples ,which entertain such objectives. Nevertheless, the relation of these human right NGOs and the government (EP...
Nouha Rouabah Are International Human Rights Instruments Effective In Protecting People.s Rights from the Global Effects of Climate Change. Nouha Rouabah Are International Human Rights Instruments Effective In Protecting People.s Rights from the Global Effects of Climate Change. Новинка

Nouha Rouabah Are International Human Rights Instruments Effective In Protecting People.s Rights from the Global Effects of Climate Change.

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: A, Birkbeck, University of London, language: English, abstract: This study seeks to address the issue of climate change through a human rights lens by focusing on the causes of climate change and its impacts on both the environment and human rights. It highlights the close link between capitalist industrialization and environmental degradation and explains how this consequently leads to human rights violations.This research tackles human rights approach to climate change with a special focus on international human rights instruments mainly the two international covenants, the ICCPR and the ICESCR, it seeks to understand whether they impose international obligations on states to protect human rights from the adverse effects of climate change and how those imposed duties can be enforced to effectively protect people's rights.Unfortunately, this paper will reach to the conclusion that the existing human rights law does not adequately protect human rights from the lethal threat of climate change, due to the absence of a universally recognized right to a healthy environment, moreover, despite the possibility of the extraterritorial application of the ICESCR, the political will of states to cooperate under the provisions of the covenant to face the issue of climate change seems to be also absent.
Dewa Mavhinga Land Reform and Human Rights in Post Colonial States Dewa Mavhinga Land Reform and Human Rights in Post Colonial States Новинка

Dewa Mavhinga Land Reform and Human Rights in Post Colonial States

This study examines a subject that evokes the strongest emotions and has potential at once to trigger the most egregious violations of human rights as well as to promote and further the cause of human rights in a big way - land reform in post-colonial States. In post-colonial States (mainly in Africa, Asia and Latin America) land is central to past and current conflicts as well as conflict-resolution strategies. For post-colonial States achievement of national independence has often been associated with the removal of institutional hangovers from the past, which may include land reform. This study establishes that land reform does not inherently have an adverse impact on human rights and that it is possible to carry out land reform programs in a human rights respecting way. For sustainable land reform programmes to take place a pro-human rights way, the critical challenge is not a development of new frameworks within the human rights system, but simply to validate existing human rights principles.
Sarah Maringele The European Court of Human Rights Sarah Maringele The European Court of Human Rights Новинка

Sarah Maringele The European Court of Human Rights

Diploma Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: Befriedigend, University of Linz, language: English, abstract: PrefaceDecember 1948 is a remarkable date in the history of human rights law. It was the birth of Human Rights Law. Without exception, human rights belong to every single human being. The eighth secretary General Ban Ki-moon clearly found an adequate description to illustrate the significance of human rights while giving a speech at the 2011 Human Rights Day. Besides the significance oftheir existence he focused on their constant development and practicable usage which requires all the nations to exercise human rights. His speech can be put in one significant sentence. "But unless we know them, unless we demand they be respected, and unless we defend our right -- and the right of others -- to exercise them, they will be just words in a decades-old document." So this led to a few questions:Now, as we happen to have Human Rights Law in Europe what are the consequences regarding the jurisprudence and the legal practice in general? Further on, what are the judicial consequences in respect of violence against women?How about the acquaintance within European courts especially the European Court of Human Rights Law? Did it remain the same or are remarkable changes and developments observable?Did the development in Europe force 'us' to accommodate the understanding and meaning of what was ...
Kolber Adél Sanctions. Alleviating or deepening the violation of human rights. Kolber Adél Sanctions. Alleviating or deepening the violation of human rights. Новинка

Kolber Adél Sanctions. Alleviating or deepening the violation of human rights.

After the cold war during the decades of development of democracies the role of sanctions as instruments of international relations has raised significantly. Through the evolution of the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union the use of sanctions has also crystallized. Otherwise it remains always a question whether sanctions are justified? Are they effective? Is the application of sanctions the best way against human rights violation? Or sanctions are accompanied by human rights violation themselves? In my work I am looking for answers for these questions, focusing on the relation of sanctions and human rights. In my paper firstly I introduce the evolution of the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union and the development of EU sanction policy. I outline the legal basis of the sanctions and present the different types of restrictive measures and their relations to the United Nations' principles. Through case studies regarding Belarus, Sudan, Burma and Zimbabwe I present the use of different sanctions in order to ensure the respect of human rights. I also analyse whether these sanctions themselves violate to a certain extent human rights causing harm for the civil population or not. Finally, I give an overview about other soft measures of the European Union concerning the promotion of human rights.
Fondation de Malte Telos IV Fondation de Malte Telos IV Новинка

Fondation de Malte Telos IV

In this edition of Telos, our contributors re-examine the problematique where the rights of future generations are upheld through responsible acts of the present generation. For human rights and human duties should also be one of moral obligation from one person towards another. Peter Serracino Inglott opens this book with a thinkpiece on the rights of Future generations as the world becomes increasingly inter-connected. Olivier Godard looks at the legal difficulties in having real intergenerational equity. Salvino Busuttil looks at the concepts of human rights, human duties and human responsibilities. Claudio Zanghi examines the legal aspects of non-refoulement, with recent examples of its implementations. Eva Riollot examines the relationship of the changing urban landscape in the Mediterranean. Melanie Laudriec closes with an overview on the situation of the irregular migration Malta is subject to, as the southern border of the European Union.
Nezir Akyesilmen Who is responsible for human rights. the state or corporations. Nezir Akyesilmen Who is responsible for human rights. the state or corporations. Новинка

Nezir Akyesilmen Who is responsible for human rights. the state or corporations.

Transnational business operations across the globe are common phenomenon and are increasingly more so in the age of globalization. While such operations are considered to be crucial for economic growth and development in the host countries, there are frequent allegations against TNCs of violation of human rights. The rights that are affected by TNCs activities vary from the right to self-determination to the right of life; from the right to strike to the right to a healthy environment and from the right of association to the right not to be discriminated against etc. The central question of this work is about the responsibility of actor(s) in the case of human rights violations. • What is the impact of the globalization process on the international human rights regime? • Who is responsible for such human rights violations: state(s) or transnational corporations (TNCs)? • Do TNCs need to be held responsible for human rights obligations? • How do the activities of non-state actors affect human rights? • Should non-state actors be directly responsible for human rights violations?
United Nations The Universal Declaration of Human Rights United Nations The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Новинка

United Nations The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris). The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled. It consists of 30 articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. The International Bill of Human Rights consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols. In 1966 the General Assembly adopted the two detailed Covenants, which complete the International Bill of Human Rights; and in 1976, after the Covenants had been ratified by a sufficient number of individual nations, the Bill took on the force of international law.
Rodney A. Libert Practice of Education in Trinidad . Tobago. Does It Infringe on the Human Rights of Disabled Students. Rodney A. Libert Practice of Education in Trinidad . Tobago. Does It Infringe on the Human Rights of Disabled Students. Новинка

Rodney A. Libert Practice of Education in Trinidad . Tobago. Does It Infringe on the Human Rights of Disabled Students.

In this research, I questioned if the education system in Trinidad & Tobago caters to students with special education needs. I begin with a brief description of the history of the education system in the country as a means of better understanding how we progressed to our present position. I then began seeking answers to if our disabled students' human rights are being violated.
Marija Stambolieva The Relations between the German Constitutional Court, the Court of Justice of the European Communities and the European Court of Human Rights in light of Human Rights Protection Marija Stambolieva The Relations between the German Constitutional Court, the Court of Justice of the European Communities and the European Court of Human Rights in light of Human Rights Protection Новинка

Marija Stambolieva The Relations between the German Constitutional Court, the Court of Justice of the European Communities and the European Court of Human Rights in light of Human Rights Protection

Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: 1 , University of Hamburg (Europa Kolleg Hamburg), language: English, abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the various interactions among the various courts, the different levels of interaction and the implications to the individual. [...]The modern system or systems of protection of human rights in Europe have been developing together with, as well as within the processes of European integration. These processes started on an intergovernmental level, by the founding of the Council of Europe in 1949, after the end of the Second World War, with the main intention to prevent future devastations and severe violations of human rights in Europe. In 1950 the Member States of the Council of Europe committed to respecting the rights and values expressed in the European Convention on Human Rights (in further text ECHR). The implementation and continuous respect of the ECHR is monitored by the European Court of Human Rights (in further text ECourtHR), according to the criteria set forth by international law. Parallel to that process, another one, mainly in the field of economic integration, was marked by the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952, the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1957 (in further text the European Community/Communities or EC). By "limitation of sovereignty or a tra...
Sarah Maringele European Human Rights Law. The Work of the European Court of Human Rights Illustrated by an Assortment of Selected Cases Sarah Maringele European Human Rights Law. The Work of the European Court of Human Rights Illustrated by an Assortment of Selected Cases Новинка

Sarah Maringele European Human Rights Law. The Work of the European Court of Human Rights Illustrated by an Assortment of Selected Cases

In Section One of the work a brief introduction to the topic illustrates the main purpose of the disquisition and exemplifies the fundamental questions.The author emphasizes on the illustration of the International perspective of Fundamental Rights within Section Two, which is followed by an explication of the divergent legal sources and impacts of Human Rights Law; e.g.: the Charter of the United Nations, the European Bill of Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights.The next part exemplifies the ECtHR`s case-law in respect of the most significant principles and methods of interpretation by offering well discussed and analyzed case studies. The case analyzes provide the important facts, the argumentation and the conclusion of the Court, furthermore, the author allocates the dissenting opinions, critical remarks and further correlations.Within Section Four, the legal machinery and controlling mechanisms are discussed shortly. The International abandonment of violence against women is considered in Section Five, which elucidates the categories, facts and presence of physical and psychological violence against women and children, as well as the judicial approach to the given circumstances in the light of the ECHR.The last section summarizes the results and closes with an illustration of possible future developments and perspectives of European Human Rights Law.
Seyla Benhabib Dignity in Adversity. Human Rights in Troubled Times Seyla Benhabib Dignity in Adversity. Human Rights in Troubled Times Новинка

Seyla Benhabib Dignity in Adversity. Human Rights in Troubled Times

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The language of human rights has become the public vocabulary of our contemporary world. Ironically, as the political influence of human rights has grown, their philosophical justification has become ever more controversial. Building on a theory of discourse ethics and communicative rationality, this book addresses the politics and philosophy of human rights against the background of the broader social transformations that are shaping the modern world. Rejecting the reduction of international human rights to the Trojan horse of a neo-liberal empire's bid for world power, as well as the conservative objections to legal cosmopolitanism as encroachments upon democratic sovereignty, Benhabib develops two key concepts to move beyond these false antitheses. International human rights norms need contextualization in specific polities through processes of what she calls 'democratic iterations.' Furthermore, such norms have a 'jurisgenerative power,' in that they enable new actors to enter fields of social and political contestation; they promote new vocabularies for public claim-making and anticipate a justice to come. Ranging over themes such as sovereignty, citizenship, genocide, European anti-semitism, the crisis of the nation-state, and the 'scarf affair' in contemporary Europe and Turkey, this major new book by one of our leading political theorists reflects upon the political transformations of our times and makes a compelling case for a cosmopolitanism without illusions.
Mohamed Asmaa The Rights-Based Approach to Development in the UN Programming Mohamed Asmaa The Rights-Based Approach to Development in the UN Programming Новинка

Mohamed Asmaa The Rights-Based Approach to Development in the UN Programming

The international human rights system faces a lot of challenges with regard to the realization of the international human rights norms. It failed to achieve the main objectives of the international conventions. This failure is produced from various aspects: first some specific characteristics of the rights themselves as they lack clear standards, besides the unavailability of an international mechanism for enforcement. This calls for a new strategy to approach the implementation of human rights standards internationally. At the same time, the international development efforts that concentrate basically on achieving economic and financial progress of states and ignore the social and human dimensions of the economic strategies, were accused as the actor in the deterioration of the poor standard of human life. While both human rights activists and development practitioners are searching for a solution, they meet at a central point which is: "Human rights and human development are two sides of the same coin."
African History: A Very Short Introduction African History: A Very Short Introduction Новинка

African History: A Very Short Introduction

This Very Short Introduction looks at Africa's past and reflects on the changing ways it has been imagined and represented, both in Africa and beyond. The author illustrates important aspects of Africa's history with a range of fascinating historical examples, drawn from over 5 millennia across this vast continent. The multitude of topics that the reader will learn about in this succinct work include the unity and diversity of African cultures, slavery, religion, colonial conquest, the diaspora, and the importance of history in understanding contemporary Africa. The book examines questions such as: Who invented the idea of "Africa"? How is African history pieced together, given such a lack of documentary evidence? How did Africa interact with the world 1000 years ago? Africa has been known as "the cradle of mankind", and its recoverable history stretches back to the Pharaohs. But the idea of studying African history is itself new, and the authors show why it is still contested and controversial. This VSI, the first concise work of its kind, will prove essential reading for anyone interested in the African continent and the diversity of human history. Формат издания: 11 см х 17,5 см.
Kajigi Betu The International Criminal Court in Africa Kajigi Betu The International Criminal Court in Africa Новинка

Kajigi Betu The International Criminal Court in Africa

The ICC was established as an international effort to bring to justice individuals accused of crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. As a treaty-based institution, its effectiveness depends largely on a genuine multilateral cooperation with states and regional organisations. The defiance that the African Union has openly expressed recently negatively impacts the Court's achievements on the continent; where victims of serious human rights violations long to see justice. NGOs across Africa have systematically documented and reported human rights violations of international concern and strongly campaigned for the ratification of the Rome Statute. Does this defiance reflect changing perceptions of the Court's legitimacy among NGOs' in Africa in general and in Uganda in particular? How do NGOs' perceptions of the Court's legitimacy affect the course of events in the search for justice for victims of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity on the continent? Does the idea that a strong AfCHPR can effectively address the need for justice in Africa question the universality of the international justice?
Kevin Roy The Story of the Church in South Africa Kevin Roy The Story of the Church in South Africa Новинка

Kevin Roy The Story of the Church in South Africa

From Calvinist to Catholic, from Charismatic to AmaZioni, the Rainbow Nation has one of the most colourful, variegated, and bewildering array of Christian churches in the world. Where on earth did they all come from? How did they develop? What do they believe? How are they related to one another?In this clear and readable history of Christianity in South Africa, Kevin Roy answers these questions with comprehensive, succinct and rigorous historical analysis with sympathy and honesty. Dr Roy does not shy away from the failures and sins of the participants in this story that intertwines with the history of the peoples and tribes in South Africa. This book is a testimony of divine love and patience in the midst of human folly and frailty, of successes and faithful service to God.
Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective Новинка

Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective

In a desperate quest for development, many states are granting extremely generous and untargeted tax incentives to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) without any due consideration of the inefficacy or negative spillover effects of such incentives. This is especially true for African countries which are under continuous internal and external political pressure because of their fragile economies and extremely high unemployment rate. Under such conditions therefore the absence of empirical evidence for the economic efficacy of tax incentives does little to quell the political enthusiasm. Then what is the impact of this negligent, if not deliberate, act of African countries on the socio-economic rights of their population? Are tax incentive schemes in compliance with the human rights, particularly socio-economic rights obligations of African countries? How do they affect the socio-economic rights of African people and how can these acts of governments be challenged using the relevant human rights instruments ratified by African countries? are some of the questions that this research tries to seek answer to.
Lovet Ekwen Protection of Children.s Rights in Cameroon Lovet Ekwen Protection of Children.s Rights in Cameroon Новинка

Lovet Ekwen Protection of Children.s Rights in Cameroon

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Law - Public Law / Constitutional Law / Basic Rights, University of Buea, course: Thesis, language: English, abstract: Children are human beings below the age of 18 years. They are unique and privileged since they are a vulnerable group of human beings. Children have human rights such as the right to education, health and a standard of living. These rights have to be respected and protected. The ideas that animated the children's right movement developed after the Second World War and the atrocities of the Holocaust. Children are often victims of bad treatment, negative social and cultural practices, sexual abuse and all forms of economic hazardous exploitation. This research exposes child labour as a major infringement of child rights that needs to be eliminated. Children engage in this activity out of desperation or are forced. Although they are coming from poor families, some of them have to work. Others are trafficked and forced to work in plantations while others are in commercial sexual exploitation. It therefore becomes necessary to investigate on activities violating children's rights and possible mechanisms. This work adopts the doctrinal research method which is appropriate in law. It therefore makes use of content analysis. International legal instruments protecting children's rights at the international level are discussed in relation to the various rights of children. In Cameroon, international leg...
Shewit Gebreegziabher The situations of trafficking women from Ethiopia to Sudan Shewit Gebreegziabher The situations of trafficking women from Ethiopia to Sudan Новинка

Shewit Gebreegziabher The situations of trafficking women from Ethiopia to Sudan

Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: Very good, Addis Ababa University (Center for Human Rights), course: Human Rights - Human trafficking, language: English, abstract: The study is primarily aimed at exploring the experiences of women who are victims of trafficking in women from Ethiopia to Sudan particularly through the Metema trafficking route. It demonstrates the way how the trafficking women victims were trapped by the web of the traffickers, means of transportations, and the manner of treatment throughout the trafficking process and the forms of exploitations faced by them at their arrival. Moreover, an endeavor is made to point out the human rights violations confronted by the trafficking women victims at each key stages of the trafficking process. The study is conducted in critical research approach and employed in-depth interviews, key informant interviews and focus group discussion vis-à-vis analysis of relevant literatures and secondary data sources as an instrument to solicit the necessary information for the research. The research found out that the women are pushed by poverty and allied factors and further hauled by the stories of attractive job opportunities and salary, pertaining to the false promises of the traffickers and individuals in the trafficking circle. Moreover, the findings signify that the women had experienced numerous human rights violati...
Britta Meys The Role of Human Rights in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy towards China Britta Meys The Role of Human Rights in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy towards China Новинка

Britta Meys The Role of Human Rights in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy towards China

Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 1,0 (A), Ripon College (Department of Politics and Government), course: Senior Seminar, language: English, abstract: Due to economic reforms that were started in the late 1970s, China has stepped into the center of international politics and economy during the past years. These reforms helped the country to achieve an immense economic upturn with annual growth rates of almost ten percent and thus made China an ever more important actor on the international stage of politics. The United States strongly support China's economic development by granting it permanent Normal Trade Relations, for example, and investing directly in China's manufacturing sector. But whereas China has been liberalizing its market, using American interests to gain profits, it largely maintains its defensive and rejecting attitude about changing its human rights situation. There are controversial opinions about how the United States should respond towards China human rights situation.In order to make aware of the stagnated situation of the human rights issue in U.S. China policy, this paper explores how the Clinton administration handled human rights in China policy and looks at the role of human rights in the Bush jr. administration's policy towards China.
Julia Neumann Human Rights and Climate Change Julia Neumann Human Rights and Climate Change Новинка

Julia Neumann Human Rights and Climate Change

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: B+, University of Auckland (Law Faculty), course: Climate Change Law, language: English, abstract: This paper deals with the linkage of international human rights and climate change. It focuses on the approach to deduce legal claims in the form of compensations and concrete measures from international human rights in the course of impairments through climate change.This paper shall give a short overview on the issue climate change in general, including its causes, effects and the current political strategies. It furthermore provides a synopsis on how human rights are impaired by global warming and climate change effects.Unfortunately, this essay will come to the conclusion that the international human rights approach struggles with functioning as a solitary legal basis in that context and with stepping beyond the just moral implication. Human rights' legislative potential rather lies 'in the development of more encompassing and more inclusive legal and political strategies. Human rights may advisably be instrumentalized to strengthen political debates and be used as an incitement to set up enforceable and balanced agreements on reasonable measures of equalization and support.
Syeda Jhuma, Sarwar Hossain International and National Discourse of Business and Children.s Rights. Bangladesh Perspective Syeda Jhuma, Sarwar Hossain International and National Discourse of Business and Children.s Rights. Bangladesh Perspective Новинка

Syeda Jhuma, Sarwar Hossain International and National Discourse of Business and Children.s Rights. Bangladesh Perspective

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, , language: English, abstract: The idea of business and human rights is an emerging concept of international law. Human rights are greatly influenced, positively or negatively, by the business activities of transnational corporations, industries and business enterprises. Consequently, business and children's rights are comparatively new and evolving agenda in international human rights law. Children's rights both as right holders and stakeholders have been affected by business activities. This article focuses on two basic questions. Firstly: how business activities affect the rights of children, especially child labourer's rights in the context of Bangladesh; and secondly: whether the laws and regulations of domestic and international law is sufficient to redress the violation of children's rights. The article's premise is to find what should be the role of different actors in connection to the rights of children affected by the activities of business. The article concentrates on the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human rights, the UNICEF Global Compact and Save the Children "Children's rights and Business Principles known as CRB Principles" (May-2012) and the Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment no.16 which deals with the obligations of states in relation to business and children's rights, Convention ...
Jana Marecková Human Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities Jana Marecková Human Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities Новинка

Jana Marecková Human Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities

Human rights of people with mental disabilities have become a subject of interest of international law only very recently. Despite intensive develop­ment in the last years, the implementation of these rights often remains unsatisfactory due to the characteristic vulnerability of persons with mental disabilities, especially when they are deprived of liberty. This book examines the development and contemporary approach of international human rights law towards persons with disabilities in the light of theoretical models of disability. It continues with evaluating the compatibility of Czech law and practice concerning the right to liberty of mentally ill persons with the principles established by the European Court of Human Rights. Conclusions drawn from these two parts suggest how the above mentioned principles as well as relevant Czech law and practice may be improved in order to advance the human rights of persons with mental disabilities. This analysis is a useful resource for professionals and policy makers in the fields of law, social work and psychiatry, as well as for persons with mental disabilities themselves.
Andreas Sofroniou International Human Rights Andreas Sofroniou International Human Rights Новинка

Andreas Sofroniou International Human Rights

Recent religious conflicts around the world and frequent invasions of powerful countries into other peoples' territories, makes life even more difficult for the people who are pursuing equality, the application of International Human Rights, and the solutions to conflicts.It is very difficult for me, as an author and a firm advocate of peace and freedom, to write about the International Rights for the Human Races, Women, Children, Families, Animals, Religions, Politics, Gay Movements, Wars, Freedom, Democracy and Free Will, their Conflicts and all their Legal implications.Therefore, in writing this book I tried to include real life experiences and draw from history, institutions, and recent events, worldwide. Also, in order to justify the contents of a manuscript of this kind I borrowed from examples of how people survive poverty, family conflicts, invasion, war, escape, ethnic cleansing, people misplacement, migration, refugee camps, and recession.
Chinua Akukwe Beyond the Rhetoric. Essays in Africa.s Development Challenges Chinua Akukwe Beyond the Rhetoric. Essays in Africa.s Development Challenges Новинка

Chinua Akukwe Beyond the Rhetoric. Essays in Africa.s Development Challenges

Beyond the Rhetoric: Essays in Africa's Development ChallengesThere are many analyses of Africa's developmental challenges, most cloaked in fashionable buzzwords, semantics, grand theories and media-friendly mellifluous phrases. Dr Chinua Akukwe goes beyond the rhetoric to pose a simple question: what can be done? With policymakers and general readers in mind, he discusses and proffers solutions to a number of current contentious issues in Africa, - from the Darfur crisis in the Sudan, African Union's Diaspora strategies, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) to the political crises simmering in his own country, Nigeria. ___________________________ Dr Chinua Akukwe is an adjunct professor of both global health and community/preventative health at the George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington, DC, USA, and also Chairman of the Technical Advisory Board of the university's Africa Center for Health and Human Security. He was equally a former member of the Executive Committee of the university's Medical Center Faculty Senate, the highest representative body of all professors affiliated with the medical center. A former Vice-Chairman of the Executive Committee and Governing Board of the National Council for International Health, NCIH, (now known as the Global Health Council, Washington, DC), Dr Akukwe was also a member of the International Human Rights Committee of the American Public Health Association as well as a boar...
Shabnam Nadia Justifiability of the Second Generation Human Rights Shabnam Nadia Justifiability of the Second Generation Human Rights Новинка

Shabnam Nadia Justifiability of the Second Generation Human Rights

The aim of this project is first to understand the meaning, nature, justifiability and enforceability of Second Generation Human Rights i.e. Economic, Social & Cultural (ESC) rights in post-cold war era of cut backs, social and economic retrenchment, de-industrialization and global restructuring. In this era, Human rights and in particular, the state responsibility to implement ESC Rights has thus become critically important both as counter dialogical tools and effective claims on society. The proscriptive, descriptive and prescriptive aspect of economic and social rights stipulated in different international instruments and the institutional and supervisory framework set up under those instruments are discussed here in details. The project also analyzes various aspects of ESC rights such as the international instruments dealing with ESC rights; the problems and pitfalls associated with the implementation of ESC rights; the promotional aspect of ESC rights or how the ESC rights can be promoted and finally relations between ESC rights and Millennium Development Goals.
Julian Ostendorf How polarization affects human rights treaty ratification by the US Senate Julian Ostendorf How polarization affects human rights treaty ratification by the US Senate Новинка

Julian Ostendorf How polarization affects human rights treaty ratification by the US Senate

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 2,0, , language: English, abstract: This essay traces the link between partisan polarization and ratification of human rights treaties by the US Senate. Therefore, it compares similar designed treaties to investigate the role of partisan cleavages on human rights issues.
Li Anshan A History of Overseas Chinese in Africa to 1911 Li Anshan A History of Overseas Chinese in Africa to 1911 Новинка

Li Anshan A History of Overseas Chinese in Africa to 1911

The first English translation of part one of Li Anshan's seminal work Feizhou Huaqiao Huaren Shi, A History of Overseas Chinese in Africa to 1911 explores early Chinese knowledge of and contacts with Africa through Chinese literature on Africa and current archeological evidence, suggesting Sino-African trade existed as early as the seventh century. Li provides readers with an uncomplicated history of Chinese in Africa, examining their story from multiple perspectives, using approaches and sources found in economic history, social history, international relations, and migration in world history. While Li maintains the first group of Chinese were prisoners brought by the Dutch from Southeast Asia in the seventeenth century, the vast majority of early Chinese in Africa were "free immigrants" and contract labors that established key communities and organizations. It is these early Chinese which laid foundations for and provide important context in interpreting the recent flow of Chinese migrants and capital into various parts of Africa. The book should be of value to African and world historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and students of African and Asian studies.
Jacqueline Lehmann The Promotion of Freedom of Speech in China and South-East Asia. The Role of the United Nations Jacqueline Lehmann The Promotion of Freedom of Speech in China and South-East Asia. The Role of the United Nations Новинка

Jacqueline Lehmann The Promotion of Freedom of Speech in China and South-East Asia. The Role of the United Nations

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: South Asia, grade: 5,5 (Schweizer System), University of St. Gallen, course: International Affairs , language: English, abstract: Freedom of speech is considered to be a counter stone for democracy and development.This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the topic of freedom of speech, with a special focus on China and South‐ East Asia. To approach this topic, first of all, an overview of the topic of human rights will be presented, and an examination of the principle of universality of human rights will be made. Secondly, a closer consideration of freedom of speech will be presented. After this, the United Nations and their relation to human rights will be reviewed and the topic of the universality of the UN human rights system will be analyzed. Furthermore, the most important organs and treaties considering human rights within the United Nations Systemwill be introduced. It is also important to take a look at the current situation of human rights in general and freedom of speech in particular in China and South‐ East Asia.In the end, two policy recommendations, one concerning South‐ East Asia and one concerning China, on what the United Nations can do to support and promote freedom of speech in these regions, will be made. These two recommendations will be slightly different for the two regions, mainly due to the position of China within the United Nations. While the reco...
Joseph Rikhof The Criminal Refugee. the Treatment of Asylum Seekers with a Criminal Background in International and Domestic Law Joseph Rikhof The Criminal Refugee. the Treatment of Asylum Seekers with a Criminal Background in International and Domestic Law Новинка

Joseph Rikhof The Criminal Refugee. the Treatment of Asylum Seekers with a Criminal Background in International and Domestic Law

Human Rights Series, 3(Library of Human Rights, 3)After the Second World War human rights law became entrenched in legal discourse as witnessed by a proliferation of human rights treaties. While the right of asylum was recognized as an fundamental right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it has never been an absolute right but always restricted in various ways, the most important ones being that asylum should not be conferred on criminals and that refugees with a criminal background could be removed from the country of refuge. This book examines the extensive jurisprudence at the international and domestic level, which has attempted to balance the right of asylum for an individual versus the right of the state of refuge to restrict this right in situations of criminality.TABLE OF CONTENTSChapter 1: IntroductionChapter 2: HistoryChapter 3: ExclusionChapter 4: RefoulementChapter 5: Alternatives to RefoulementChapter 6: ConclusionAppendix: Geographical Listing of Court/Tribunal Decisions regarding Nefarious OrganizationsJurisprudenceLiterature and Official DocumentsIndexABOUT THE AUTHORJoseph Rikhof has received a BCL from the University of Nijmegen in The Netherlands; a LL.B degree from McGill University in Canada; a Diploma in Air and Space Law, also from McGill University and a PhD from the Irish Center for Human Rights. He teaches the course International Criminal Law at the University of Ottawa. He is Senior Counsel, Manager of the Law with the Crimes against Hum...
Alebachew B. Enyew Transitional Justice and a Creation of Human Right Culture in Ethiopia Alebachew B. Enyew Transitional Justice and a Creation of Human Right Culture in Ethiopia Новинка

Alebachew B. Enyew Transitional Justice and a Creation of Human Right Culture in Ethiopia

The book gives a brief and clear picture of the notion and the different approaches of transitional justice. More specifically, it provides the experience of Ethiopia for readers as to how the country has dealt with its past, and what measures have been taken to ensure the non-recurrence of human rights wrongs, and the creation of human rights culture in the country. It also discuss succinctly the challenges that the country has been facing in the process of addressing the past and creating a human rights friendly situation.
Bondarenko Dmitry M., Gratz Tilo, Scalnic Petr Social Evolution and History. Volume 13. Number 2 Bondarenko Dmitry M., Gratz Tilo, Scalnic Petr Social Evolution and History. Volume 13. Number 2 Новинка

Bondarenko Dmitry M., Gratz Tilo, Scalnic Petr Social Evolution and History. Volume 13. Number 2

SOCIAL EVOLUTION AND HISTORY. Studies in the Evolution of Human Societies. Volume 13, Number 2 / September 2014 Anthropology, History and Memory in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Memoriam Michel Izard Special Issue
Africa in Global Power Play. Debates, Challenges and Potential Reforms Africa in Global Power Play. Debates, Challenges and Potential Reforms Новинка

Africa in Global Power Play. Debates, Challenges and Potential Reforms

Africa in Global Power Play: Debates, Challenges and Potential Reforms is a compilation of insightful and analytical articles that were published in different issues of the journal, African Renaissance, between 2004 and 2006. Most of the articles are from established academics, researchers, development practitioners and policymakers as well as stakeholders in Africa. Though the perspectives are as varied as the contributions, the underlining themes are the current scramble for Africa and the various development trajectories vis-à-vis those of other regions of the world. Contributors also address the continuous interactions and inevitable contradictions between Africa and the rest of the world. The various contributions seek answers to a number of fundamental questions around Africa's position in the global political economy, focusing on such areas as international economic relations, political and economic reforms, democratic transitions and consolidations, human rights and security. Though contributions show that Africa faces enormous challenges in the global political economy, they also point to the current dynamism and optimism in many parts of the continent. ______________________________________________Bhekinkosi Moyo is currently based in Dakar, Senegal, where he conducts and manages research for TrustAfrica: a grant-making foundation focusing on regional integration, peace and security as well as citizenship and identity. His research interests include Africa's...
Panagiotis Souliotis Proportionality and the European Convention on Human Rights. A critical view Panagiotis Souliotis Proportionality and the European Convention on Human Rights. A critical view Новинка

Panagiotis Souliotis Proportionality and the European Convention on Human Rights. A critical view

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 8.5/10, Leiden University (Faculty of Law), course: LL.M. Thesis, language: English, abstract: Human rights cases gradually gain ground in the European legal scene and judges invent solutions in order to tackle their intricacies. Through balancing the conflicting human rights either against each other or against public interest, proportionality has been elevated as a basic principle of interpretation of the European Convention on Human Rights. The paper examines whether resorting to proportionality every time a human rights dispute arises is methodologically sound and discusses the drawbacks of its repeated invocation. It argues that proportionality constitutes a misguided quest for precision and objectivity in the resolution of human rights disputes and suggests that courts should instead focus on the real moral issues underlying such disputes.
ROBERT M. MAXON EAST AFRICA. AN INTRODUCTORY HISTORY ROBERT M. MAXON EAST AFRICA. AN INTRODUCTORY HISTORY Новинка

ROBERT M. MAXON EAST AFRICA. AN INTRODUCTORY HISTORY

In this third edition of East Africa: An Introductory History, Robert M. Maxon revisits the diverse eastern region of Africa, including the modern nations of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Stefan Kirchner Human Rights Law Research in the Context of Indigenous Rights. From Classroom to Courtroom Stefan Kirchner Human Rights Law Research in the Context of Indigenous Rights. From Classroom to Courtroom Новинка

Stefan Kirchner Human Rights Law Research in the Context of Indigenous Rights. From Classroom to Courtroom

Scientific Essay from the year 2015 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, University of Lapland, language: English, abstract: Newcomers to indigenous rights research approach the topic from different directions while legal research follows particular methods and pursues specific aims. This text is the expanded version of a lecture given to doctoral students on 26 March 2015 at the University of Lapland in the context of a seminar on indigenous issues and is meant to familiarize those who are interested in indigenous rights with concepts of and approaches to human rights research in international law in the particular context of indigenous rights. The style of the presentation has been maintained for this publication. It is aimed at researchers and students at the postgraduate and Ph.D. level but will also be useful for beginners in the field as well as practitioners. The text includes practical tips on researching international human rights law, where to find information etc., with a particular emphasis on materials which are available for free online. The text concludes with a look at questions concerning the ethics of research concerning indigenous peoples.
Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security Новинка

Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security

Document from the year 2008 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, , 70 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: With the advent of Human Rights in international law, several core ideas of the traditional system of international law have been challenged, such as the principle of non-interference and state sovereignty, as well as the prohibition of the use of force, especially with the decision that massive human rights violations can form a threat to international peace and security to which the UN Security Council can respond with measures according to Chapter VII of the UN Charter.While at first sight a change of paradigm in international law, or in any legal system, is not negative per se, the rules which collide with a truly effective and universal protection of HR through international law are the very rules which form the foundation for international peace and security, the primary reason for the existence of international law. While international peace and security require the stability provided by the Westphalian system, they can at the same time be endangered by massive violations of human rights. On the other hand can Human Rights only be enjoyed in times of peace while the Westphalian system can limit the effective and universal enforcement of Human Rights in cases in which the UN Security Council has failed to take action under Chapter VII.This short book is an attempt at reconciling these needs which are at ...
Ignatius Mabula The Relationship Between the South African Foreign Policy and the Millenium African Recovery Plan Ignatius Mabula The Relationship Between the South African Foreign Policy and the Millenium African Recovery Plan Новинка

Ignatius Mabula The Relationship Between the South African Foreign Policy and the Millenium African Recovery Plan

Essay from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, , course: International Relations, language: English, abstract: The relationship between South Africa and MAP emanates from South Africa's Foreign policy which advanced: Promotion of justice, democracy and human rights as well as prosperity and security achieved through economic development. South Africa's philosophy of African Renaissance directed at rejuvenating and renewing Africa transforms the continent into an arena of peace, security and stability, was blended into MAP. Economically, South Africa's adoption of neo-liberal policies in MAP were encouraged by South Africa's incorporation of neo-liberal visions in MAP and have been influenced by the country's adoption of Growth, Equity and Redistribution (GEAR) in 1996. GEAR became the macro-economic framework for all policies of the government whose aim was to make South Africa the preferred destination for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) as well as allowing the country to occupy a comfortable position in the rapidly globalising world. However, MAP has been grappling with numerous challenges and its dependency underpinning. These challenges include structural, endogenous and exogenous factors which continue to constrain Africa's endeavours.This paper focuses on the relationship between South African foreign policy and MAP. The paper explores foundations and the evolution of South African foreign policy datin...
Stef Monaco Human rights, fossil fuels and contemporary structures of power. A study of fracking in the UK Stef Monaco Human rights, fossil fuels and contemporary structures of power. A study of fracking in the UK Новинка

Stef Monaco Human rights, fossil fuels and contemporary structures of power. A study of fracking in the UK

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: A, University of London (School of Advanced Studies, Institute of Commonwealth Studies), language: English, abstract: In the UK, successive governments since 2010 have positioned unconventional fossil fuels at the centre of their energy policy in spite of overwhelming scientific evidence that the planet cannot sustain the current level of fossil fuel consumption and that anthropogenic ecological degradation is driving us towards an extinction-level event. They have continued to push forwards with it despite fierce public opposition and mounting evidence of violations of human rights due to its negative ecological consequences and the way the police handle the continuous demonstrations against it.Through a qualitative study of the policing tactics used at anti-fracking protests; I explore how UK politics and policy-making have moved away from the foundational ideas of democracy (a representative government to protect and promote the wellbeing of the many) to an institutional system that exists to ensure the wealth and power of the few - a hegemonic elite, in Gramscian terms. I argue that the logic of neoliberal capitalism has given rise to structures of power and policy choices are resulting in human rights violations and making it almost impossible to adopt environmental policy options that will prevent ecological destruction.
Britt Kalla Utopia or Reality. - The Implementation of a Human Rights-Based Approach to the New Partnership for Africa.s Development Britt Kalla Utopia or Reality. - The Implementation of a Human Rights-Based Approach to the New Partnership for Africa.s Development Новинка

Britt Kalla Utopia or Reality. - The Implementation of a Human Rights-Based Approach to the New Partnership for Africa.s Development

It has been shown many times that SAPs lead to the violation of people's human rights in developing countries. The intention of this book is to assess the World Bank's SAPs as the principal economic impediment to implementing an RBA to NEPAD. This assessment is sought to contribute to calculating the feasibility for implementation. It is assumed that the RBA is the best approach currently available to further the significant cause of sustainable human, social and economic development in developing countries generally, and in Africa in particular. NGOs, development institutes and scholars have argued that NEPAD lacks an RBA to development. However, while the critics are many, the obstacles Africa and international society face in applying an RBA to NEPAD have not been addressed. In an attempt to narrow this gap, the World Bank's SAPs are analysed. This is followed by the examination and application of David Held's regime of liberal international sovereignty to this case; an interesting excursion for students and scholars alike. Both investigations discover independent­ly of each other that the implementation of an RBA to NEPAD is unrealistic under the current circumstances.
Francis B. Nyamnjoh #RhodesMustFall. Nibbling at Resilient Colonialism in South Africa Francis B. Nyamnjoh #RhodesMustFall. Nibbling at Resilient Colonialism in South Africa Новинка

Francis B. Nyamnjoh #RhodesMustFall. Nibbling at Resilient Colonialism in South Africa

This book on rights, entitlements and citizenship in post-apartheid South Africa shows how the playing field has not been as levelled as presumed by some and how racism and its benefits persist. Through everyday interactions and experiences of university students and professors, it explores the question of race in a context still plagued by remnants of apartheid, inequality and perceptions of inferiority and inadequacy among the majority black population. In education, black voices and concerns go largely unheard, as circles of privilege are continually regenerated and added onto a layered and deep history of cultivation of black pain. These issues are examined against the backdrop of organised student protests sweeping through the country's universities with a renewed clamour for transformation around a rallying cry of 'Black Lives Matter'. The nuanced complexity of this insightful analysis of the Rhodes Must Fall movement elicits compelling questions about the attractions and dangers of exclusionary articulations of belonging. What could a grand imperialist like the stripling Uitlander or foreigner of yesteryear, Sir Cecil John Rhodes, possibly have in common with the present-day nimble-footed makwerekwere from Africa north of the Limpopo? The answer, Nyamnjoh suggests, is to be found in how human mobility relentlessly tests the boundaries of citizenship.
Kijem Joseph Yuh The Cameroonian Family within the Confines of Human Rights Challenges Kijem Joseph Yuh The Cameroonian Family within the Confines of Human Rights Challenges Новинка

Kijem Joseph Yuh The Cameroonian Family within the Confines of Human Rights Challenges

The Cameroonian society is experiencing a lot of deviance. This is a result of some social, cultural, spiritual, political, financial, psychological, economic and moral factors. These factors have some ramifications in family life. This piece of work aims at enriching the human rights literature in Cameroon by presenting these ramifications and some solutions to redress the awful situation. It could go a long way to help not only families and social affairs decision-makers in Cameroon, but also families and social affairs decision-makers all over the world, especially in Africa and developing countries. It is my fervent wish to see the current Cameroonian family become more viable than it was in its flourishing or blossoming days.
Zanele Muholi (Fotografas Africanas / African Women Photographers) Zanele Muholi (Fotografas Africanas / African Women Photographers) Новинка

Zanele Muholi (Fotografas Africanas / African Women Photographers)

South African photographer Zanele Muholi (born 1972) offers an unflinching portrait of the lives, politics and aesthetics of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex community in South Africa. A lesbian and human rights activist, Muholi uses her photographs to raise awareness about the LGBTI community in a country where violence against gays is commonplace.
Frederic Bostedt Can the United Nations Human Rights Committee Evolve into an Effective .Court. of Human Rights. Frederic Bostedt Can the United Nations Human Rights Committee Evolve into an Effective .Court. of Human Rights. Новинка

Frederic Bostedt Can the United Nations Human Rights Committee Evolve into an Effective .Court. of Human Rights.

Master's Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: A, Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria Law School), course: International Law, 60 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The United Nations Human Rights Committee, established under the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights, has the power to examine individual complaints on alleged human rights violations. It is noted, however, that the Committee lacks important powers to be as effective as the regional human rights courts in Europe and the Americas. The paper assesses the effectiveness of the Committee by means of a comparative analysis. The comparison takes place within four criteria that are essential in an assessment of a court's effectiveness: the visibility of the court in the public domain, the adoption of interim measures to hinder the aggravation of the violation, the fact-finding capacity of the court, and the enforcement of the final decisions and the follow-ups thereto. The paper argues that despite the statutory deficiencies of the Covenant and the Optional Protocol, the Committee can be as effective as the regional courts even without an amendment to these instruments. This would be possible if the Committee successfully argues for a binding nature of its interim measures; further, it can overcome the lack of its independent fact-finding capacity through a - thoroughly argued - reversal of burde...
Gamal Mostafa Mohamed, Abdo Laila, Abd Elkader Labiba Nurses Role as Patient Advocate Gamal Mostafa Mohamed, Abdo Laila, Abd Elkader Labiba Nurses Role as Patient Advocate Новинка

Gamal Mostafa Mohamed, Abdo Laila, Abd Elkader Labiba Nurses Role as Patient Advocate

In the last recent years the concept of the patient's rights and patient advocacy are considered the revolution of the nursing ethics and are considered as an integral part of the nurse's role in the health care systems. Promoting the patient's rights is among the priorities of healthcare providers and is considered as an indicator of health state in every community.Patient's rights may be considered as one of the main bases for defining the standards of clinical services. Additionally, the concept of patient's rights has been on the rise alongside the ever-growing interest of international organizations in human rights.
Ghazanfar Ahmad Adnan Danish Cartoons and Freedom of Speech. Principles of Harm and Offence Ghazanfar Ahmad Adnan Danish Cartoons and Freedom of Speech. Principles of Harm and Offence Новинка

Ghazanfar Ahmad Adnan Danish Cartoons and Freedom of Speech. Principles of Harm and Offence

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, , course: HR-II, language: English, abstract: The problem emerges as a result of cartoons of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) in 2005 by the Danish Newspaper "Jayllands Posten". It created a situation that exposed the differences of different worlds based on religions and beliefs. Freedom of expression and opinion in international instruments based on acknowledged human rights became controversial in relation to rights and duties. In regards to Danish cartoons, principles of harm and offence as explained by Mill and Feinberg and their legal validity are applied to judge the situation. Laws are based on norms and values philosophically exerted out of customs and practices. I would present that human behaviors are meant to be treated based on realities but not on cynic philosophical argumentations or debates. My purpose of research on the cartoons violence issue is to explain the moral grounds of universal human rights standards required to solve the dilemma peacefully. I have presented past, present and future of the controversy. All the conflict is misrepresented if they are presented out of context in relation to discussing the history of the conflict. For instance all the conflicts which are a threat to world peace have long history. And almost all the conflicts are based on religious grounds, for instance Palestine, Kashmir and the rece...
Skersyt Human Rights as Conditionality in European Union Enlargement Process Skersyt Human Rights as Conditionality in European Union Enlargement Process Новинка

Skersyt Human Rights as Conditionality in European Union Enlargement Process

The process of accession for new countries has always fascinated me, since my country joined the European Union at one of its latest enlargements. The possibility of Turkey's accession to the European Union brings new and exciting developments, since this country is culturally different from all other members of the European Union. In my work I decided to compare several countries and to see how they are progressing in fulfilling one of the most important accession requirements - protection of human rights.
Leah Propst Women.s Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories Leah Propst Women.s Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories Новинка

Leah Propst Women.s Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 1, Carlow University (College of Leadership and Social Change), course: Internship, language: English, abstract: Women have struggled and continue to struggle for equal rights in virtually every nation of the world. In areas such as education, occupational opportunities, reproductive rights, freedom of movement, political participation, and healthcare, many women around the globe face limited options and social and political restrictions that are difficult if not impossible to overcome. These difficulties are uniquely apparent in the Palestinian Territories, where a complicated geopolitical situation exacerbates the traditional limitations on the rights of Middle Eastern women.The volatile living conditions in Palestine create issues regarding women's human rights. Limited mobility and lack of access to essential resources make it difficult for women to access adequate healthcare. Daily violence and social norms create barriers in education for girls and women in the Territories. The representation of women in the civic community is minimal due to women's lack of participation in political life. And domestic violence flourishes due to legal and social norms that are exacerbated by the ongoing conflict with Israel. Women's access to the legal system and justice, already made difficult by the Sharia Law under w...
Karsten Keilhack What in your opinion, has been the most significant impact of the incorporation of Human Rights legislation into British law. Karsten Keilhack What in your opinion, has been the most significant impact of the incorporation of Human Rights legislation into British law. Новинка

Karsten Keilhack What in your opinion, has been the most significant impact of the incorporation of Human Rights legislation into British law.

Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: 62%, Cardiff University (Großbritannien; Law School), course: English Legal System, language: English, abstract: The most important piece of British legislation with regard to Human Rights is undoubtedly the Human Rights Act 1998. The Act, in force since 2 October 2000, incorporated the European Convention on Human Rights1 into British law and constitutes one of the most controversial legislative creations enacted by the Westminster Parliament in its impressive history. Rancorous opponents have described the Act as a "plot to undermine Parliament and make Britain subservient to the European Union", nothing more than a "complainers charter" and a "bonanza for lawyers."2 Proponents counter and say that the 1998 Act will advance the cause of liberty and check the power of Britain's over-mighty executive.3 Whatever the reader considers to be true, it is indisputable that the Human Rights Act 1998 is a huge constitutional innovation with a crucial impact on Britain's legal system. Consequently, the present Lord Chancellor, Lord Irvine of Lairg, called it "a constitutional landmark" which "would be a point of reference for generations to come."4This essay will identify and analyse the most significant affects of Britain's new human rights legislation. For that purpose it is first necessary to outline the historical development ...
Mitchel-Markley Caitlin Land of the Free Mitchel-Markley Caitlin Land of the Free Новинка

Mitchel-Markley Caitlin Land of the Free

In America today, aliens who commit even minor visa violations can be detained in one of many U.S. immigration detention facilities. These detainees may be transferred to a facility far away from their homes, families, and attorneys. While imprisoned in these detention facilities, some detainees are treated as and housed with criminals. Their substantive and procedural rights are limited and their human rights are violated. The U.S. laws that should protect them are the very laws that strip them of their rights to court proceedings, challenges of decisions regarding detention, and judicial review. By issuing substantial reservations, declarations, and understandings to human rights treaties, the U.S. has created loopholes through which it is able to violate detainees' human rights, and yet avoid accountability. While this analysis focuses on human rights violations at detention facilities during the presidency of George W. Bush, there have been insufficient substantive changes during the Obama presidency to remedy these violations. It is time for America to meet its international obligations and regain its position as a global leader in the promotion and protection of human rights.
Rozana Baci Kosovar Foreign Fighters. From Ideology to Radicalization and Back to Human Rights Violations Rozana Baci Kosovar Foreign Fighters. From Ideology to Radicalization and Back to Human Rights Violations Новинка

Rozana Baci Kosovar Foreign Fighters. From Ideology to Radicalization and Back to Human Rights Violations

Diploma Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 8, University of Sarajevo (ERMA), language: English, abstract: The Independence was followed by a new shift in Albanian Kosovar's ideology. Once the national agenda had been achieved, the created sociopolitical gap was rapidly filled with a new religious ideology. Kosovar foreign fighters became a hot topic in fighting back the radicalization in Kosovo. Many citizens were arrested and brought before the Courts on suspicions related to terrorism. These prosecutions in fighting back foreign fighters brought distortions and violations of the foreign fighters' human rights. The cases analyzed in this study do speak about the violation of the presumption of innocence, the right to a fair and other procedural rights violations. The overall situation on the issue of fighting back the Kosovar foreign fighters and extremist radicalization within Kosovo speaks of a lack of competencies by the Kosovar authorities. No matter what an individual is accused of, the presumption of innocence and the right to a fair trial should always prevail. It is up to the Kosovar authorities in the first place to show the good practice that such fundamental principles and rights are not only envisaged but embedded in daily proceedings.

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Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: A, Lund University, course: International Human Rights Law, language: English, abstract: Taking in to consideration the countless human rights violations and impunity in Africa, there is not a shred of doubt about the dire need for effective human rights protection mechanisms at continental level. This concern has mainly increased due to the Africa Commission's poor track record of enforcement of human rights norms in the region. Hence, it is in the effort to cure the ills suffered by this system that an endeavor to build a regional human rights judicial organ has been embarked on. The process of establishment of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights (ACtJHR) is also the extension of this effort which partially became successful with the transitional operation of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights. The primary purpose of this study is, thus, to show how the ACtJHR would be relevant in promoting and protecting human rights in the continent. An attempt is also made to investigate whether the new Court will be a solution to fill the gaps left out by the African Commission in the regional human rights enforcement mechanism. In doing so, the study has made a thorough analysis of the prospects and challenges of the ACtJHR from different vantage points. It has also addressed the possible interaction between the two main regional huma...
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