international law united states attitudes



Frederick Gerhard Will the People of the United States Be Benefited by an International Copyright Law Frederick Gerhard Will the People of the United States Be Benefited by an International Copyright Law Новинка

Frederick Gerhard Will the People of the United States Be Benefited by an International Copyright Law

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "New York", 1868 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Will the People of the United States Be Benefited by an International Copyright Law, Or, Will Such a Law Be an Injury to Them?
Roland Pedak The Distant Selling Directive 97/7/EG Roland Pedak The Distant Selling Directive 97/7/EG Новинка

Roland Pedak The Distant Selling Directive 97/7/EG

Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: 2,0, University of Vienna (Institut für Unternehmens und Wirtschaftsrecht), course: Diplomandenseminar aus Technologierecht, 15 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: On behalf of international e-commerce law there are a lot of different entities that deal with international trade law. For example there is the UNCITRAL ( United Nations Commissions on International Trade Law) embodied in the United Nations. In this context the UNCITRAL´s report "UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce" has to be mentioned.The problem of UNCITRAL is that it cannot produce any binding instruments on international basis. It can only give recommendations for the national regulations of the membership states. The states themselves can choose to follow these "model laws" by UNCITRAL. On the other side there is the WTO (World Trade Organisation), which prepares on behalf of its members international treaties. In Europe, the e-commerce law has been enforced by the European Union - as well as the Counsel of Europe for certain topics like cyber crime. Examples for European legislation are the E-C directive, the Distance Selling Directive, and the E-Privacy Directive. In general, these directives focus on the problems that come along with the so-called "information-society", like copyrights of software and their protection, problems with databases and perso...
Неустановленный автор Rules of the Organization under DARIO. Notion and Implications Неустановленный автор Rules of the Organization under DARIO. Notion and Implications Новинка

Неустановленный автор Rules of the Organization under DARIO. Notion and Implications

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: 4,5, University of Fribourg, language: English, abstract: International organizations are created by a treaty between at least two subjects of international law, mostly States. These confer rights and obligations to international organizations, which they have to fulfil them with their own organs. Two decisive elements materialize during the founding process of an international organization. The first one is of international nature, namely the treaty between the founding States, because they agree on the international plain. Treaties between States are always of international nature, Art. 2 I lit. a VCLT. The second one may be of internal or international nature, or both, namely the constitution instruments of an international organization. Which alternative is the right one remains unclear and thus is the subject of this paper. The latter derives from the former, whereby they both form the constituent instruments of international organizations. Since the International Law Commission (ILC) published the Draft Articles on the responsibility of international organizations (DARIO), containing rules when an international organization is responsible for a committed international wrongful act by them, the constituent instruments of international organizations are also referred to as the "rules of the organization". DARIO is the daughter of Responsibility of ...
P. R. Kalidhass Conflict of Norms in a Fragmented International Legal System. A Critical Analysis P. R. Kalidhass Conflict of Norms in a Fragmented International Legal System. A Critical Analysis Новинка

P. R. Kalidhass Conflict of Norms in a Fragmented International Legal System. A Critical Analysis

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: A plus, Jawaharlal Nehru University , course: Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.), language: English, abstract: From the beginning of the twenty-first century the international community started addressing the issue of fragmentation of international law. In 2000, the International Law Commission (ILC) decided to include the topic "[r]isks ensuing from the fragmentation of international law" into its long-term programme of work. This initiative raises some basic questions: is international law a fragmented system? If it is so, what is the problem with the fragmentation? and how can the problem be resolved? This dissertation mainly revolves around these three major issues. It assumes that today's fragmented international law is part of historical evolution or process.In contemporary times, the term 'fragmentation' is commonly used to refer to the slicing up of international law 'into regional or functional regimes that cater for special audiences with special interests and ethos'. The most notable functional regimes are international trade law, environmental law, human rights law, humanitarian law, law of the sea and so on - when there is a collision between these regimes - than the conflict of norms becomes an unavoidable consequence - because each regime seeks favorable treatment towards its own. The absence ...
Yilkal Hassabe International Custom as a Source of International Criminal Law Yilkal Hassabe International Custom as a Source of International Criminal Law Новинка

Yilkal Hassabe International Custom as a Source of International Criminal Law

International customary law is said to be the father of international law. Accordingly, international crimes are also assumed to evolve out of international customs. Even some international crimes are assumed to have jus cogens status from which no derogation is allowed. At the other angle, however, there is the principle of legality in the criminal law regime which requires strict time reference from which retroactive application of criminal laws is prohibited, precise provisions clearly putting prohibited acts, written provisions to refer such prohibited acts etc. Yet international customary law does not have the capacity to create international crimes fulfilling all these features of the principle of legality. On the other, the principle of legality is the principle which is accepted almost by all states of the world. Therefore, it is impossible for the international customary law to create international crimes duly accepted.
Local Remedies in International Law Local Remedies in International Law Новинка

Local Remedies in International Law

Considers customary international law and the application of the rule to, among others, human rights protection and international organizations.
Dennis Patterson A Companion to European Union Law and International Law Dennis Patterson A Companion to European Union Law and International Law Новинка

Dennis Patterson A Companion to European Union Law and International Law

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Featuring contributions from renowned scholars, A Companion to European Union Law and International Law presents a comprehensive and authoritative collection of essays that addresses all of the most important topics on European Union and international law. Integrates the fields of European Union law and international law, revealing both the similarities and differences Features contributions from renowned scholars in the fields of EU law and international law Covers a broad range of topical issues, including trade, institutional decision-making, the European Court of Justice, democracy, human rights, criminal law, the EMU, and many others
Evan James MacGillivray A treatise upon the law of copyright in the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the Crown, and in the United States of America Evan James MacGillivray A treatise upon the law of copyright in the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the Crown, and in the United States of America Новинка

Evan James MacGillivray A treatise upon the law of copyright in the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the Crown, and in the United States of America

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "London : Murray", 1902 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.A treatise upon the law of copyright in the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the Crown, and in the United States of America. Containing a full appendix of all acts of Parliament, International conventions, Orders in Council, Treasury minute and Acts o.
D. Fleck Справочник по международному гуманитарному праву D. Fleck Справочник по международному гуманитарному праву Новинка

D. Fleck Справочник по международному гуманитарному праву

This second edition of this work sets out a comprehensive and analytical manual of international humanitarian law, accompanied by case analysis and extensive explanatory commentary by a team of distinguished and internationally renowned experts. Topics examined include the historical development, legal basis, and scope of application of international humanitarian law; methods and means of combat; protection of the civilian population, and of the wounded, sick or shipwrecked, and of prisoners of war; the protection of cultural property; the law of neutrality; and the enforcement of international humanitarian law. This edition also incorporates new chapters covering the law of non-international armed conflicts and international peace operations. Highly topical issues including the role of the UN Security Council, the relevance of International Humanitarian Law in peacetime and post-conflict military operations, and war crimes trials in national and international courts are also discussed.2008 год
Robert Büchi Die Pan-Amerikanischen Konferenzen. Inaugural-Dissertation der Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat Zurich zur Erlangung der Wurde Eines Doctor Juris Publici (Classic Reprint) Robert Büchi Die Pan-Amerikanischen Konferenzen. Inaugural-Dissertation der Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat Zurich zur Erlangung der Wurde Eines Doctor Juris Publici (Classic Reprint) Новинка

Robert Büchi Die Pan-Amerikanischen Konferenzen. Inaugural-Dissertation der Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat Zurich zur Erlangung der Wurde Eines Doctor Juris Publici (Classic Reprint)

Excerpt from Die Pan-Amerikanischen Konferenzen: Inaugural-Dissertation der Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Zürich zur Erlangung der Würde Eines Doctor Juris PubliciInternational American Conference. Reports of Committees and Discussions thereon. Washington 1890.Minutes of the International American Conference. Washington 1890.International American Conference. Report of the Delegates of the United States. Washington 1890.Second Pan American Conference. Minutes and Documents. Mexiko 1902.Second International Conference of American Staates. Report of the Delegates of the United States. Washington 1902.Report which the Mexican Delegation submits to the Second Pan American Conference, on what the United Mexican States have performed following the recommendations of the First Conference assembled at Washington Mexiko 1901.Third International American Conference. Minutes, Resolutions, Documents. Rio de Janeiro 1907.Third International Conference of American States. Report of the Delegates of the United States. Washington 1907.Fourth International Conference of American States. Report of the Delegates of the United States. Washington 1911.Bureau of the American Republics. Department of State. Bulletins. Washington 1891 ff.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digi...
Lydia Beil The role of international law in Article 42(1) of the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Lydia Beil The role of international law in Article 42(1) of the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Новинка

Lydia Beil The role of international law in Article 42(1) of the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes

Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: 19, , course: ICSID Convention, language: English, abstract: The role of international law in Article 42(1) of the ICSID Convention is not very clear and has caused many debates. Scholarly opinions have therefore developed different theories. Some want to reduce the application to a minimum, the international ius cogens, whereas others argue that international law should prevail in all cases over the host state's law. Some authors as well as the case-law also establish different limits. This paper analyses the role of international law with many different interpretative methods from civil law and common law. It concludes that no artificial limits can be maintained, but the current version of Article 42(1) leaves the determination of the scope of international law to the discretion of the tribunal. In order to clarify the notion entirely, more harmonisation of the substantive rules on foreign investment would be needed, either on the national or on the international level. Some future approaches are presented in this paper.
U. S. Government Copyright Law of the United States. And Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92 U. S. Government Copyright Law of the United States. And Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92 Новинка

U. S. Government Copyright Law of the United States. And Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92

A complete description of the copyright laws applicable in the United States of America, produced by the Government. This is the revised edition of December 2011, the most up to date at time of publishing.
Contemporary Issues on Public International and Comparative Law. Essays in Honor of Professor Dr. Christian Nwachukwu Okeke Contemporary Issues on Public International and Comparative Law. Essays in Honor of Professor Dr. Christian Nwachukwu Okeke Новинка

Contemporary Issues on Public International and Comparative Law. Essays in Honor of Professor Dr. Christian Nwachukwu Okeke

The book explores the broad range of legal, personal, social, political and historical foundations of international law. The book is a collective effort of qualified authors- law school deans and professors, national and international court judges, young and old international law scholars and government lawyers from varying legal cultures across the oceans of the world, representing diverse legal philosophical and corresponding practices bringing their stories to life, telling tales helpful for those well-acquainted with the issues. Although one book of Liber Amicorum cannot address all the important issues in the vast arena of international law, these essays provide a rich and lucid understanding of issues of modern public international and comparative law. The beauty of the book lies in the fact that the issues discussed in the compendium by the diverse authors though familiar to comparatists, are given perspectives different from the usual Euro-American centrist standpoint that dominated the current writings in international law. The collected essays will be found most useful as an informative tool in the discovery of progressive development of international law as well as in the study of comparative legal systems." ***The legal essays contained in this treatise on various important issues of public international and comparative law are interesting, well researched, and written from multi-disciplinary perspectives by very well-qualified legal scholars from different ba...
A. Mark Weisburd, Arthur Mark Weisburd Use of Force-Ppr.- Pod A. Mark Weisburd, Arthur Mark Weisburd Use of Force-Ppr.- Pod Новинка

A. Mark Weisburd, Arthur Mark Weisburd Use of Force-Ppr.- Pod

Weisburd's work is an important contribution to our understanding of international law and politics. His case studies alone are a worthwhile contribution, and his categorization of when interstate force will be approved, sanctioned, or acquiesced in will aid both diplomats and scholars.-Perspectives in Political Science"This is an outstanding example of interdisciplinary scholarship between international law and political science. Professor Weisburd cuts through the thicket of international legal rhetoric while accepting the reality of customary international law. The result is a significant contribution to the study of post-World War II international conflicts."- Anthony D'Amato, Northwestern University This book is among the few to develop in detail the proposition that international law on the subject of interstate force is better derived from practice than from treaties. Mark Weisburd assembles here a broad body of evidence to support practice-based rules of law on the subject of force.Analyses of a particular use of force by a state against another state generally begin with the language of the Charter of the United Nations. This approach is seriously flawed, argues Weisburd. States do not, in fact, behave as the Charter requires. If the legal rule regulating the use of force is the rule of the Charter, then law is nearly irrelevant to the interstate use of force. However, treaties like the Charter are not the only source of public international law. Cust...
Conway Henderson W. Understanding International Law Conway Henderson W. Understanding International Law Новинка

Conway Henderson W. Understanding International Law

Understanding International Law presents a comprehensive, accessible introduction to the various aspects of international law while addressing its interrelationship with world politics. Presents well-organized, balanced coverage of all aspects of international law Features an accompanying website with direct access to court cases and study and discussion questions. Visit the site at: www.wiley.com/go/internationallaw Includes discussion of the efficacy of international law, a topic unique among international law texts Offers discussion of other topics that most texts do not address, such as complete chapters on making the world safer, human rights, the environment, and the world economy
Charles Phillips Eaton Notes on international law Charles Phillips Eaton Notes on international law Новинка

Charles Phillips Eaton Notes on international law

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Annapolis, Md. The United States Naval Institute", 1904 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Daniel Gardner A Treatise On International Law: And a Short Explanation of the Jurisdiction and Duty of the Government of the Republic of the United States Daniel Gardner A Treatise On International Law: And a Short Explanation of the Jurisdiction and Duty of the Government of the Republic of the United States Новинка

Daniel Gardner A Treatise On International Law: And a Short Explanation of the Jurisdiction and Duty of the Government of the Republic of the United States

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Hyde Charles Cheney International Law Chiefly As Interpreted and Applied by the United States, Volume 1 Hyde Charles Cheney International Law Chiefly As Interpreted and Applied by the United States, Volume 1 Новинка

Hyde Charles Cheney International Law Chiefly As Interpreted and Applied by the United States, Volume 1

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
William Briggs The Law of International Copyright, with Special Sections On the Colonies and the United States of America William Briggs The Law of International Copyright, with Special Sections On the Colonies and the United States of America Новинка

William Briggs The Law of International Copyright, with Special Sections On the Colonies and the United States of America

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Ti-Chiang Chen The international law of recognition. with special reference to practice in Great Britain and the United States Ti-Chiang Chen The international law of recognition. with special reference to practice in Great Britain and the United States Новинка

Ti-Chiang Chen The international law of recognition. with special reference to practice in Great Britain and the United States

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "New York", 1951 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Oliver Holmes The International Criminal Court and problems of state sovereignty Oliver Holmes The International Criminal Court and problems of state sovereignty Новинка

Oliver Holmes The International Criminal Court and problems of state sovereignty

Scientific Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Law - Criminal process, Criminology, Law Enforcement, grade: 2:1, University of Leeds, course: Political Science, language: English, abstract: It is the argument of this dissertation that the International Criminal Court is an appropriate tool for the enforcement of international criminal law and embodies a shifting notion of state sovereignty. Historically, both multilateral and unilateral attempts to enforce international criminal law have been progressive but not wholly successful. The International Criminal Court is rooted in customary law and addresses the failures of past attempts. The Court's opposition has illustrated problems of state sovereignty, which in turn exemplifies how the International Criminal Court embodies a shifting notion of state sovereignty. The sources used are the existing academic literature, interviews, international statute, magazines, and newspaper articles.
Daniel Gardner Institutes of International Law: Public and Private, As Settled by the Supreme Court of the United States, and by Our Republic : With References to Judicial Decisions Daniel Gardner Institutes of International Law: Public and Private, As Settled by the Supreme Court of the United States, and by Our Republic : With References to Judicial Decisions Новинка

Daniel Gardner Institutes of International Law: Public and Private, As Settled by the Supreme Court of the United States, and by Our Republic : With References to Judicial Decisions

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Andreas Sofroniou International Law, Global Relations, World Powers Andreas Sofroniou International Law, Global Relations, World Powers Новинка

Andreas Sofroniou International Law, Global Relations, World Powers

International law, sometimes called the law of nations, has evolved over the last 400 years. The three major sources of international law according to Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice are: international conventions or treaties; international customs; and the general principles of law as recognized by civilized nations.The Permanent Court of Arbitration was established by the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907, and the Permanent Court of International Justice was set up in 1921 and succeeded in 1946 by the International Court of Justice. Since World War II international organizations such as the UN and its related bodies have contributed to the expansion and increased scope of international law to include political and strategic affairs, economic, social, communications, and environmental matters. By the 1990s international law had shown its durability and flexibility by expanding to cover new areas of world relations, and its efficacy through the machinery of the UN.
Захарова Л.И. International Sports Law: Textbook Захарова Л.И. International Sports Law: Textbook Новинка

Захарова Л.И. International Sports Law: Textbook

The Textbook was prepared in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard for Higher Education as applied to specialisation 40.03.01 "Jurisprudence" (Bachelor (degree) qualification) and the syllabus of the academic discipline "International Sports Law", approved by the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University in January 2017. The Textbook consists of 17 chapters. They correspond to the themes of the syllabus of the academic discipline. In its General part, the history, object, subjects, sources, special principles of international sports law, the process of regulation of international sports relations at the universal level within the framework of the United Nations, its specialised agencies and programs, at the regional level within the Council of Europe and the European Union, at the bilateral level are considered. The Author makes a corresponding distinction with the object, subjects, sources, special principles of lex sportiva, a set of corporate norms elaborated by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paraiympic Committee, international and national sports federations. Special attention is paid to the study of ways of resolving sports disputes through arbitration and appeal proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), by means of judicial proceedings in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The Special Part of the Textbook identifies problem...
Editor Dennis Campbell Journal of the International Institute for Law and Medicine Editor Dennis Campbell Journal of the International Institute for Law and Medicine Новинка

Editor Dennis Campbell Journal of the International Institute for Law and Medicine

The Journal is published annually by the International Institute for Law and Medicine, providing commentary on current issues in the interplay among law, medicine, and health care by lawyers, physicians, and health care professionals from countries throughout the world.
Lord Loveday Ememe The Right to Self-Determination Lord Loveday Ememe The Right to Self-Determination Новинка

Lord Loveday Ememe The Right to Self-Determination

The right to self-determination is a complex legal principle in international law given the existence of supernatural beings. Also, the differences between the civil legal being without supernatural powers and senses recognized in international law and the supernatural illegal being with supernatural powers and senses not recognized in international law highlight the complexity of this legal principle.
Rabbi Deloso ENGO Influence in International Climate Change Negotiations - Case Study of the Issue of Post-2012 during COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 Rabbi Deloso ENGO Influence in International Climate Change Negotiations - Case Study of the Issue of Post-2012 during COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 Новинка

Rabbi Deloso ENGO Influence in International Climate Change Negotiations - Case Study of the Issue of Post-2012 during COP 11 and COP/MOP 1

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2007 in the subject Law - Miscellaneous, grade: pass, University of the West of England, Bristol (School of Law), course: Masters of Law paper, 104 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: States and international organisations are formal actors in drawing up international environmental agreements. As mentioned, nongovernmental organisations also has a key role to play. From the time of the adoption of the United Nations Charter in 1945, which provided for accreditation of NGOs (Art. 71), the NGO world experienced exponential growth. Some scholars believe that a critical mass has been reached making NGOs the new "fifth state" on the field of global governance (Fitzduff et.al., 2004:2) . NGOs have, in many places, become significant political actors, and this heterogeneous group has made its presence felt at the local, national, and international levels. However, the growing numbers of NGOs do not entail a similar transition of their official status under the UN system. As provided in the UN Charter (Art. 4), only states can be members of the organisation. Hence, only voting states have formal powers to determine the outcome of international treaty negotiations. NGOs are subject to rules established by states, if any, for their limited participation in negotiation meetings. Although NGOs are cannot vote during international negotiations, they have devised ways to have an effect on the results of the process....
Absolute Legal English Book: English for International Law (+ CD-ROM) Absolute Legal English Book: English for International Law (+ CD-ROM) Новинка

Absolute Legal English Book: English for International Law (+ CD-ROM)

Absolute Legal English is a practical and stimulating course book for students of law and practising lawyers who wish to work in an international legal environment and need to extend their language skills. It is particularly useful for candidates preparing for the ILEC exam. Absolute Legal English consists of nine units which cover the main areas of international law: Intellectual property, Competition law, Employment law, Contract law, Real property law, Company law and Environmental law. Each unit gives practice in all four key language skills and all skills work is closely related to real working practice. At the end of each unit, there are additional exam-type tasks for each ILEC paper plus specific exam advice. Absolute Legal English can be used successfully both in class and for self-study.
Landry John M. Learning Styles of Law Enforcement Officers Landry John M. Learning Styles of Law Enforcement Officers Новинка

Landry John M. Learning Styles of Law Enforcement Officers

This study examines law enforcement training as it applies to learning style theory. An examination of adult learning is comprehensively covered throughout the study. The VARK learning style assessment instrument is utilized to gather data from law enforcement officer throughout Southeast Florida in the United States. The results of the study are explained thoroughly with recommendations for future studies and research.
Martin B. Tittle Permanent Establishment in the United States. A View Through Article V of the U.S.-Canada Tax Treaty Martin B. Tittle Permanent Establishment in the United States. A View Through Article V of the U.S.-Canada Tax Treaty Новинка

Martin B. Tittle Permanent Establishment in the United States. A View Through Article V of the U.S.-Canada Tax Treaty

The last time someone wrote comprehensively about permanent establishment in the United States, the catchwords of the day were Mayaguez, Watergate, and Squeaky Fromme. At that time, there were only nine U.S. cases and thirteen revenue rulings addressing permanent establishment. Perhaps not surprisingly, over a third of those authorities addressed the U.S.-Canada tax treaty.This book provides a fresh look at "PE in the U.S." using the U.S.-Canada treaty as a case study. It also illustrates a methodology that can be applied to the study of other treaty concepts.Until September 2007, the treaty with Canada was fairly representative of late-twentieth-century U.S. tax treaties. The protocol signed on September 21 made it cutting-edge in many respects, and the creation of a new "services PE" was one of the innovative changes that Tittle explores in this book. About the author:Martin B. Tittle is an international tax attorney who practices in Washington, D.C. and Ann Arbor, Michigan. He graduated magna cum laude from the University of Michigan Law School and has written extensively on international topics for Tax Analysts, BNA, Inter-American Development Bank, Practicing Law Institute, International Bureau of Fiscal Documentation, and the U.S. Congress. His weekly newsletter "U.S. International Tax Outlook" is widely circulated.
Phineas Pemberton Morris A practical treatise on the law of replevin in the United States Phineas Pemberton Morris A practical treatise on the law of replevin in the United States Новинка

Phineas Pemberton Morris A practical treatise on the law of replevin in the United States

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Philadelphia : Kay", 1878 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.A practical treatise on the law of replevin in the United States. With an appendix of forms and a digest of statutes.
Захарова Лариса Ивановна International Sports Law. Textbook For Bachelor Students Захарова Лариса Ивановна International Sports Law. Textbook For Bachelor Students Новинка

Захарова Лариса Ивановна International Sports Law. Textbook For Bachelor Students

The Textbook was prepared in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard for Higher Education as applied to specialisation 40.03.01 "Jurisprudence" (Bachelor (degree) qualification) and the syllabus of the academic discipline "International Sports Law", approved by the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University in January 2017. The Textbook consists of 17 chapters. They correspond to the themes of the syllabus of the academic discipline. In its General part, the history, object, subjects, sources, special principles of international sports law, the process of regulation of international sports relations at the universal level within the framework of the United Nations, its specialised agencies and programs, at the regional level within the Council of Europe and the European Union, at the bilateral level are considered. The Author makes a corresponding distinction with the object, subjects, sources, special principles of lex sportiva, a set of corporate norms elaborated by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paraiympic Committee, international and national sports federations. Special attention is paid to the study of ways of resolving sports disputes through arbitration and appeal proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), by means of judicial proceedings in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The Special Part of the Textbook identifies problem areas that require additional efforts to implement international legal and corporate regulations: the use of doping in sport, violence and hooligan behaviour of spectators and fans, environmental protection when organising international sports competitions, economic crimes and discrimination in international sports, protection of property rights with regard to television and radio broadcasts of international sports competitions, the use of Olympic symbols, countering threats to a healthy lifestyle. International instruments and acts of the Russian legislation are as of May 2018. The Textbook will be of interest for Bachelor students of law, lecturers of higher education institutions, practicing lawyers, staff members of organizations of the Olympic and Paraiympic movements, as well as for all those whose academic interests and practical activities are connected with international law, sports law and lex sportiva.
Michael Grose Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf Michael Grose Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf Новинка

Michael Grose Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf

13703.3 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf is an authoritative guide to construction law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf. The principal theme is the contrast between construction law in an Islamic civil law jurisdiction and construction law in a common law jurisdiction. ? the first authoritative text on the application of the laws of the UAE ? extensive extracts from the region's applicable laws, all translated from Arabic, and hundreds of judgments of the most senior courts used to back up the analysis provided
Conkling Alfred The powers of the executive department of the government of the United States, and the political institutions and constitutional law of the United States Conkling Alfred The powers of the executive department of the government of the United States, and the political institutions and constitutional law of the United States Новинка

Conkling Alfred The powers of the executive department of the government of the United States, and the political institutions and constitutional law of the United States

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
John Livingston Law Register: Comprising the Lawyers in the United States: The State Record; Containing the State and County Officers, the Organization, Jurisdiction, . Directory for the United States; Cont John Livingston Law Register: Comprising the Lawyers in the United States: The State Record; Containing the State and County Officers, the Organization, Jurisdiction, . Directory for the United States; Cont Новинка

John Livingston Law Register: Comprising the Lawyers in the United States: The State Record; Containing the State and County Officers, the Organization, Jurisdiction, . Directory for the United States; Cont

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Timo Knaebe The principle of common heritage of mankind in the new law of the sea. An African perspective based on Nasila S. Rembe.s work Timo Knaebe The principle of common heritage of mankind in the new law of the sea. An African perspective based on Nasila S. Rembe.s work Новинка

Timo Knaebe The principle of common heritage of mankind in the new law of the sea. An African perspective based on Nasila S. Rembe.s work

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2006 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: B+, University of Dar es Salaam (Faculty of Law), course: Law of the Sea, 66 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Hailed as a milestone in the development of international relations and sparked by the remarks of the Ambassador of Malta - Arvid Pardo - at the United Nations General Assembly, besides the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the principle of Common Heritage of Mankind found entry in numerous international treaties.Changing the conception of the Freedom of the High Seas as brought about some 400 years ago by Dutch Lawyer Hugo Grotius and 'ruling the world' ever since, this paper analyzes the legal significance of the principle from an African perspective.Based on the notions brought forward by the Group of 77, of which the African contribution to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea was part, Nasila S. Rembe formulated the following African demands for the translation of the concept of Common Heritage of Mankind into the envisaged New Law of the Sea. These are namely: the usage of the seabed for exclusively peaceful purposes, ensuring the rational exploitation of the resources, and the minimization of likely adverse economic effects.Following the historical developments between the 1958 Geneva Conventions and the aftermath of the 1994 Agreement Relating to the Impl...
Hamidreza Ostad Mohammadi Legal and Commercial prospects of International Law on nuclear development in the 21st century and the right of Iran to Nuclear technology Hamidreza Ostad Mohammadi Legal and Commercial prospects of International Law on nuclear development in the 21st century and the right of Iran to Nuclear technology Новинка

Hamidreza Ostad Mohammadi Legal and Commercial prospects of International Law on nuclear development in the 21st century and the right of Iran to Nuclear technology

Master's Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: Masters' (LLM), , course: LLM International Commercial Law, language: English, abstract: The 21st Century is considered to be the age of nuclear energy and development, and the right to nuclear power is one of the most controversial topics in the World at the moment. Dual use of this technology has caused complexity and confusion amongst the nations. The nuclear law came to existence after the access of some states to the full aspects of this technology. Obviously the latter rules have stopped the rest of the world gaining access to the dual usage of nuclear while the previous nuclear states insist in keeping a right to maintain their superior technology. This paper will argue this issue from the legal, commercial and human rights perspective in more depth and wishes to seek any possible resolutions or recommendations to solve this international dispute amongst the nations. One of the other contributions of this thesis is to assess the inadequacy of some of the NPT articles and the main role of the IAEA to encourage the members to use the technology for peaceful purposes and the prohibition of its diversion into military ones. These flaws include the failure of the suppliers to supply adequate support to some of the non-nuclear states, mostly in developing countries, the lack of a proper timetable to eliminate nuclear weapons and the states selective...
Patrick Barry The theory and practice of the international trade of the United States and England, and of the trade of the United States and Canada microform Patrick Barry The theory and practice of the international trade of the United States and England, and of the trade of the United States and Canada microform Новинка

Patrick Barry The theory and practice of the international trade of the United States and England, and of the trade of the United States and Canada microform

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Chicago : D.B. Cooke", 1858 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.The theory and practice of the international trade of the United States and England, and of the trade of the United States and Canada microform. With tables of federal currency, Canadian currency and sterling, exchange formulas, etc.
Michael Podesta United States and Maritime Shipping Emissions Policies Michael Podesta United States and Maritime Shipping Emissions Policies Новинка

Michael Podesta United States and Maritime Shipping Emissions Policies

Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Environmental Policy, grade: A, University of Michigan, language: English, abstract: The maritime freight industry is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. If current practices continue, experts predict that it will account for 17% of total emissions by 2050. Both the United States government and the International Maritime Organization have enacted strict regulations to promote the industry's adoption of alternative sources of fuel in an effort to reduce the amount of sulfur oxides and other pollutants released from container ships. This research sought to connect whether or not the United States and International Maritime Organization sulfur fuel enforcements have allowed container ship companies to catalyze an industry-wide shift in shipping practices. To answer my questions, I analyzed relevant container ship policies by the United States government within the last ten years as well as regulations in place by the International Maritime Organization specifically addressing sulfur level reduction. I then analyzed the archives of container ship companies in search of sustainability initiatives or alternative fuel adoption underway. In gathering results, I found evidence suggesting the United States federal government has enacted sufficient standards in attempting to limit sulfur emissions from container ship engines within its coastlines. Additionally, I recognized that t...
Frank Heemann Privatising the military use of force Frank Heemann Privatising the military use of force Новинка

Frank Heemann Privatising the military use of force

Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: 80, University of Cape Town (Universität Kapstadt), 170 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This paper will explore responsibilities that might arise under international law from theprivatisation of the military use of force.The aim of the paper is threefold: first, it explores which responsibilities statesand international organizations incur under international law if they use the services ofPrivate Military Companies (PMCs), ie if they privatise the use of military force. Second, the paper will use this survey of responsibilities to address the question whether there are, at present,substantial gaps in international law that need to be filled in order to deal adequatelywith the outsourcing of military force. Third, the paper will then suggest how to dealwith such gaps.The paper will be structured as follows: Part II introduces the private military industry. The focus here will be on a categorization of the industry and a description of its impact on the common understanding of warfare which assumes a state-monopoly on the use of force. An understanding of the different categories within the industry and the industry's impact on warfare is essential for addressing the legal question of whether PMCs are sufficiently covered by the existing international laws. Part III deals with the responsibility of states arising from privatising the use ...
Stowell Ellery Cory International cases, arbitrations and incidents illustrative of international law as practised by independent states Stowell Ellery Cory International cases, arbitrations and incidents illustrative of international law as practised by independent states Новинка

Stowell Ellery Cory International cases, arbitrations and incidents illustrative of international law as practised by independent states

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Henry Wager Halleck International law. Or, Rules regulating the intercourse of states in peace and war electronic resource Henry Wager Halleck International law. Or, Rules regulating the intercourse of states in peace and war electronic resource Новинка

Henry Wager Halleck International law. Or, Rules regulating the intercourse of states in peace and war electronic resource

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "San Francisco : H.H. Bancroft", 1861 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.International law, or, Rules regulating the intercourse of states in peace and war electronic resource
Michael Kennedy The Northwest Passage and Canadian Arctic Sovereignty Michael Kennedy The Northwest Passage and Canadian Arctic Sovereignty Новинка

Michael Kennedy The Northwest Passage and Canadian Arctic Sovereignty

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Miscellaneous, grade: A, Webster University, course: International Relations, language: English, abstract: This paper discusses the right of passage through the disputed Northwest Passage within the Canadian Archipelago. Varying claims made by the international community are analysed with a heavy focus on Canada and the United States. Furthermore, differing resolutions to the issues involved are compared in an attempt to come to a solution beneficial to all parties. The intention of this paper is to draw a conclusion as to which claims are valid in accordance with international law, establish an accurate definition of national sovereignty, and apply these findings to the various claims put forth. Continued Canadian strategies to solidify claims and the natural environment of the Arctic are also discussed.
Prosper Tegamaisho Protection of Terrorism Suspects Under International Humanitarian Law Prosper Tegamaisho Protection of Terrorism Suspects Under International Humanitarian Law Новинка

Prosper Tegamaisho Protection of Terrorism Suspects Under International Humanitarian Law

This study focuses on the protection of terrorism suspects under International Humanitarian Law. This study makes Guantanamo Bay in Cuba a case study. The central themes of this study is the question on whether Guantanamo bay detainees are entitled for prisoners of war status or and also this study deals with the legal position for detainees suspected of terrorism acts during peacetime. These are main issues the field study has attempted to address. The study has revealed that every component of the 'war on terrorism', every situation in which persons held in Guantánamo were involved and every individual detained there has to be qualified separately. Many persons held in Guantánamo are not at all covered by international humanitarian law (IHL). Others benefit from the fundamental guarantees of International Humanitarian Law of non-international armed conflicts, which do not offer a legal basis for their detention an issue dealt with by domestic law. The study has also shown that those persons who were arrested in Afghanistan are protected by International Humanitarian Law of international armed conflicts..
Edwin de Dickinson The equality of states in international law Edwin de Dickinson The equality of states in international law Новинка

Edwin de Dickinson The equality of states in international law

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security Новинка

Stefan Kirchner Human rights and international security

Document from the year 2008 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, , 70 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: With the advent of Human Rights in international law, several core ideas of the traditional system of international law have been challenged, such as the principle of non-interference and state sovereignty, as well as the prohibition of the use of force, especially with the decision that massive human rights violations can form a threat to international peace and security to which the UN Security Council can respond with measures according to Chapter VII of the UN Charter.While at first sight a change of paradigm in international law, or in any legal system, is not negative per se, the rules which collide with a truly effective and universal protection of HR through international law are the very rules which form the foundation for international peace and security, the primary reason for the existence of international law. While international peace and security require the stability provided by the Westphalian system, they can at the same time be endangered by massive violations of human rights. On the other hand can Human Rights only be enjoyed in times of peace while the Westphalian system can limit the effective and universal enforcement of Human Rights in cases in which the UN Security Council has failed to take action under Chapter VII.This short book is an attempt at reconciling these needs which are at ...
Foundations of Charity Foundations of Charity Новинка

Foundations of Charity

Based on papers given at a conference at King's College,London, in 1998, Foundations of Charity brings together established scholarsin the fields of charity law, public law, and trusts law, and internationally recognized writers on social policy and legal philosophy, from England and Wales, Scotland, Australia, Canada and the United States. The contributors take an iconoclastic approach to the legal definition of charitable status, and provide an indepth analysis of key concepts in charity law and administration, such as "public benefit" and "political activity". The combination of their different perspectives on "charity" produces a varied, stimulating, and challenging collection. It will be essential reading for academics, practising lawyers and voluntary sector managers who are looking for a sustained critique of "charity".Based on papers given at a conference at King's College,London, in 1998, Foundations of Charity brings together established scholarsin the fields of charity law, public law, and trusts law, and internationally recognized writers on social policy and legal philosophy, from England and Wales, Scotland, Australia, Canada and the United States. The contributors take an iconoclastic approach to the legal definition of charitable status, and provide an indepth analysis of key concepts in charity law and administration, such as "public benefit" and "political activity". The combination of their different perspectives on "charity" produces a varied, stimulating,...
Humphrey J. Desmond The church and the law, with special reference to ecclesiastical law in the United States Humphrey J. Desmond The church and the law, with special reference to ecclesiastical law in the United States Новинка

Humphrey J. Desmond The church and the law, with special reference to ecclesiastical law in the United States

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Milton Owuor US Attorney General.s Department of Justice policy on Cypres doctrine in Federal Courts of the United States Milton Owuor US Attorney General.s Department of Justice policy on Cypres doctrine in Federal Courts of the United States Новинка

Milton Owuor US Attorney General.s Department of Justice policy on Cypres doctrine in Federal Courts of the United States

Academic Paper from the year 2018 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, , language: English, abstract: The paper addresses the US Attorney-General's Department of Justice policy on the application of Cy Pres doctrine in the federal courts of the United States of America.The primary objective of this study is to establish the frequency with which Cy Pres occurs at the state level. Within the framework of the primary objective, this research seeks:(a) to identify and analyze the statutes, regulations, or policies in each state that provide for or prohibit Cy Pres; and(b) to identify and discuss the significant case law dealing with Cy Pres, that exists ineach state.
The ICC.s jurisdiction and international immunities of heads of states The ICC.s jurisdiction and international immunities of heads of states Новинка

The ICC.s jurisdiction and international immunities of heads of states

The ICC warrant of arrest against President of Sudan made Omar Al Bashir the first sitting Head of State to be sought by the Court. President Bashir faces charges of crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes. This research focused on the issue of whether the ICC, as a treaty-based Court, has jurisdiction over persons who are citizens of States which are not party to the Rome Statute. It also considered whether the ICC has violated the rules of customary international law by issuing the warrant of arrest against a sitting Head of State of a non state party. The research further addressed the issue of whether States are obliged to comply with the warrant of arrest against sitting Heads of States such as President Bashir, particularly in instances where the respective situation has been referred by the UNSC pursuant to its Chapter VII powers. It demonstrated that, on the one hand, States are obliged by the Court to arrest Bashir. On the other hand, States are also obliged to respect President Bashir as an incumbent Head of State according to the rules of customary international law on personal immunity.
Tuberculosis in the United States. Prepared for the International Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington, September 21 to October 12, 1908. Department of Commerce and Labor Tuberculosis in the United States. Prepared for the International Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington, September 21 to October 12, 1908. Department of Commerce and Labor Новинка

Tuberculosis in the United States. Prepared for the International Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington, September 21 to October 12, 1908. Department of Commerce and Labor

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "[Washington, Govt. Print. Off.]", 1908 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Tuberculosis in the United States. Prepared for the International Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington, September 21 to October 12, 1908. Department of Commerce and Labor.
Lukas Klee International Construction Contract Law Lukas Klee International Construction Contract Law Новинка

Lukas Klee International Construction Contract Law

7396.65 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The updated second edition of the practical guide to international construction contract law The revised second edition of International Construction Contract Law is a comprehensive book that offers an understanding of the legal and managerial aspects of large international construction projects. This practical resource presents an introduction to the global construction industry, reviews the basics of construction projects and examines the common risks inherent in construction projects. The author – an expert in international construction contracts – puts the focus on FIDIC standard forms and describes their use within various legal systems. This important text contains also a comparison of other common standard forms such as NEC, AIA and VOB, and explains how they are used in a global context. The revised edition of International Construction Contract Law offers additional vignettes on current subjects written by international panel of numerous contributors. Designed to be an accessible resource, the book includes a basic dictionary of construction contract terminology, many sample letters for Claim Management and a wealth of examples and case studies that offer helpful aids for construction practitioners. The second edition of the text includes: • Updated material in terms of new FIDIC and NEC Forms published in 2017 • Many additional vignettes that clearly exemplify the concepts presented within the text • Information that is appropriate for a global market, rather than oriented to any particular legal system • The essential tools that were highlighted the first edition such as sample letters, dictionary and more • A practical approach to the principles of International Construction Contract Law and construction contract management. Does not get bogged down with detailed legal jargon Written for consulting engineers, lawyers, clients, developers, contractors and construction managers worldwide, the second edition of International Construction Contract Law offers an essential guide to the legal and managerial aspects of large international construction projects.
Rodrigo De La Mora Psychological Help Seeking Behavior Among Hispanics - A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATP) with a Hispanic Sample Rodrigo De La Mora Psychological Help Seeking Behavior Among Hispanics - A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATP) with a Hispanic Sample Новинка

Rodrigo De La Mora Psychological Help Seeking Behavior Among Hispanics - A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATP) with a Hispanic Sample

The rapid growth of the Hispanic population in the United States and indications of underutilization of menal health care services by this ethnic minority, underscores the need for a reliable instrument to assess the attitudes toward seeking psychotherapy among Hispanics. Fisher and Turner developed in 1970 the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATP) which has become one of the most widely used instruments to measure attitudes toward psychotherapy. However, the ATP was developed and standardized using mainly Caucasian participants. The principal aim of this work was to explore the usefulness of the ATP for Hispanic populations. A factorial analysis of the ATP using answers from 266 Hispanic respondents obtained a factor solution that partially followed the theoretical framework of Fisher and Turner; however, the results also suggested the ATP could be improved to measure attitudes toward psychotherapy more accurately among Hispanics. A second aim of this work was to analyze the effect of income, acculturation, prior exposure to psychotherapy, and gender as predictors of attitudes toward seeking psychological help.
Todd N Tucker Judge Knot. Politics and Development in International Investment Law Todd N Tucker Judge Knot. Politics and Development in International Investment Law Новинка

Todd N Tucker Judge Knot. Politics and Development in International Investment Law

In recent decades, international legal constraints have shifted far beyond the national border. International lenders' structural adjustment programs require states to slash budgets, privatize public enterprises and cut pensions. Trade agreements have shifted from locking in low tariffs to forbidding policies that today's rich countries used to climb up the developmental ladder. This suite of neoliberal policies has been labeled the "golden straitjacket" for their supposed promise of unlocking economic growth. [NP] 'Judge Knot' explores a corollary to the straitjacket: investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), where foreign investors can sue host states out of national courts before transnational tribunals over government regulation. Since 1990, corporations have launched hundreds of cases against states over environmental conservation, financial stabilization and public service provision. In an era of Donald Trump, Brexit, Bernie Sanders, and Jeremy Corbyn, criticism of this system has grown enormously. Yet meaningful reform has been difficult. Even though neoliberal economics is on the wane, its legal underpinnings remain attractive to the corporations that demand investment law and the arbitrators who supply it.Building off of an unprecedented set of interviews with the arbitrators who actually decide the cases, the interdisciplinary 'Judge Knot' brings together the best of political science, law and development economics scholarship to offe...
Vigan Qorrolli The Dissolution Process and the Recognition of New States Vigan Qorrolli The Dissolution Process and the Recognition of New States Новинка

Vigan Qorrolli The Dissolution Process and the Recognition of New States

This book focuses on a specific issue of the former Yugoslavia's dissolution, on the recognition of new states particularly on the long-awaited independence of Kosovo, which has been declared on 17th of February 2008, when 109 Kosovo's parliament member signed the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed Kosovo as a state. When Serbia in 2008 filled the request before the ICJ on whether, the unilateral declaration of independence by the of Kosovo was in accordance with International law, many authors were sceptical. The ICJ delivered its advisory opinion on 22 July 2010, that "the declaration of independence of the 17th of February 2008 did not violate general international law." The author hails as many of the countries argued defending the Kosovo's recognition that in international law there is no rule that prohibits the declaration of independence, or secession. The author gives strong arguments as the most of the countries that already recognized Kosovo are hailing the decision of ICJ and saying it was "unique" and does not set a precedent. As of 30 September 2010, seventy states have recognized formally Kosovar declaration of independence.
Nicholas Sunday Outsorcing of Security to private Military Contractors. State Responsibilities Nicholas Sunday Outsorcing of Security to private Military Contractors. State Responsibilities Новинка

Nicholas Sunday Outsorcing of Security to private Military Contractors. State Responsibilities

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Law - Miscellaneous, grade: A, , course: LLM INTERNATIONAL LAW, language: English, abstract: The monopoly of the use of force granted to modern States by its citizens is a relatively new phenomenon. Private armies have been operating in European States till the XIX century. The use of mercenaries has been historically a constant phenomenon till almost the end of the XX century, when their activities were criminalized by the international community. Parallel to that phenomenon during the European colonial expansion over all continents, governments had authorized two other forms of similar violence by non-state actors: the corsairs and the colonial merchant companies.
Bouvier John A law dictionary: adapted to the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and of the several states of the American union : with references to the civil and other systems of foreign law Bouvier John A law dictionary: adapted to the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and of the several states of the American union : with references to the civil and other systems of foreign law Новинка

Bouvier John A law dictionary: adapted to the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and of the several states of the American union : with references to the civil and other systems of foreign law

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Bouvier John A Law Dictionary Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union; with . and Other Systems of Foreign Law, Volume 2 Bouvier John A Law Dictionary Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union; with . and Other Systems of Foreign Law, Volume 2 Новинка

Bouvier John A Law Dictionary Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union; with . and Other Systems of Foreign Law, Volume 2

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Charles Edward York DUMP TRUMP. poems of The Resistance Charles Edward York DUMP TRUMP. poems of The Resistance Новинка

Charles Edward York DUMP TRUMP. poems of The Resistance

By popular demand, the no-holds barred poet/activist presents a collection of 44 poems that reflect the attitudes of many Americans towards by far the most unpopular person to fill the office of President of the United States and his impact on the lives of those he has affected. Thoughtful, humorous and compelling, a must-have/read for The Resistance.
Bouvier John A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union: With . of Foreign Law, Volume 2 (Turkish Edition) Bouvier John A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union: With . of Foreign Law, Volume 2 (Turkish Edition) Новинка

Bouvier John A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America, and of the Several States of the American Union: With . of Foreign Law, Volume 2 (Turkish Edition)

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

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The Textbook was prepared in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard for Higher Education as applied to specialisation 40.03.01 "Jurisprudence" (Bachelor (degree) qualification) and the syllabus of the academic discipline "International Sports Law", approved by the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University in January 2017. The Textbook consists of 17 chapters. They correspond to the themes of the syllabus of the academic discipline. In its General part, the history, object, subjects, sources, special principles of international sports law, the process of regulation of international sports relations at the universal level within the framework of the United Nations, its specialised agencies and programs, at the regional level within the Council of Europe and the European Union, at the bilateral level are considered. The Author makes a corresponding distinction with the object, subjects, sources, special principles of lex sportiva, a set of corporate norms elaborated by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paraiympic Committee, international and national sports federations. Special attention is paid to the study of ways of resolving sports disputes through arbitration and appeal proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), by means of judicial proceedings in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The Special Part of the Textbook identifies problem areas that require additional efforts to implement international legal and corporate regulations: the use of doping in sport, violence and hooligan behaviour of spectators and fans, environmental protection when organising international sports competitions, economic crimes and discrimination in international sports, protection of property rights with regard to television and radio broadcasts of international sports competitions, the use of Olympic symbols, countering threats to a healthy lifestyle. International instruments and acts of the Russian legislation are as of May 2018. The Textbook will be of interest for Bachelor students of law, lecturers of higher education institutions, practicing lawyers, staff members of organizations of the Olympic and Paraiympic movements, as well as for all those whose academic interests and practical activities are connected with international law, sports law and lex sportiva.
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