leather industry and rural poverty



Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Новинка

Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants

9739 руб.
This book is about a problem that matters 85 percent of the Ethiopian population that not only derive means of livelihood from subsistent agriculture but also account for 89.8 percent of the total poverty. It attempts to look at the rural poverty situation by setting both absolute and food poverty line and computing the poverty head count index (P0), poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2). The other core area the book managed to cover is the underlying causes of rural poverty. It investigated the role of fifteen independent variables in terms of determining the probability of the units of analysis (households) to escape rural poverty. By and large, the book is beyond doubt important for researchers and development practitioners operating in the developing world in general and those of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in particular.
Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Новинка

Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management

5352 руб.
In Iran, although measures related to social security and protection of the poor and vulnerable rural people has a history of at least 40 years, but the achievements of the program in terms of reducing poverty and income vulnerability in rural areas of the country is not striking, thus the fundamental precondition for results in poverty reduction programs is performing systematic scientific studies to identify and analyze poverty.An important part of poverty and hunger live in rural areas, so we can say that success in poverty alleviation programs need to develop scientific studies of poverty in rural areas and constant effort to improve the quantity and quality of these studies
Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Новинка

Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches

6039 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Sociology - Individual, Groups, Society, grade: Excellent, , course: MSc. in Development Economics, language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia, our day-to-day formal and informal discourses are rarely out of poverty issues that can be linked directly or indirectly. Despite the determined effort of government and development agencies to reduce poverty and ensure sustainable development, poverty remains an everlasting challenge of the world. This study aims to examine rural household poverty and its determining factors using alternative poverty measurement approaches, in case of Gozamin Woreda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region. It used both objective and subjective based poverty analysis approaches, where the survey based analysis and PPA of the study depend on randomly selected 242 and 42 sample households respectively. Using cost of basic needs approach (CBN), the poverty line of the study area is estimated as 19.16 Birr per day per adult equivalent. The study engaged Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) group of poverty measures to assess the incidence, depth and intensity of poverty and decompositions were made across sample Kebeles and socio-economic variables. OLS, logit and censored (Tobit) regression models were also applied to identify determining factors of household consumption expenditure, poverty incidence, depth and severity. PPA findings revealed that, perception of the community towards ...
Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

1689 руб.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]
Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Новинка

Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity

5139 руб.
Since the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was enacted, policy makers, agency administrators, community activists, and academics from a broad range of disciplines have debated and researched the implications of welfare reform in the United States. Most of the attention, however, has focused on urban rather than rural America. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty examines welfare participants who live in chronically poor rural areas of the United States where there are few job opportunities and poor systems of education, transportation, and child care.Kathleen Pickering and her colleagues look at welfare reform as it has been experienced in four rural and impoverished regions of the United States: American Indian reservations in South Dakota, the Rio Grande region, Appalachian Kentucky, and the Mississippi Delta. Throughout these areas the rhetoric of reform created expectations of new opportunities to find decent work and receive education and training. In fact, these expectations have largely gone unfulfilled as welfare reform has failed to penetrate poor areas where low-income families remain isolated from the economic and social mainstream of American society. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty sheds welcome light on the opportunities and challenges that welfare reform has imposed on low-income families situated in disadvantaged areas. Combining both qualitative and quantitative research, it will be an excellent guide fo...
Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Новинка

Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment

8427 руб.
The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), a centrally sponsored scheme of Ministry of the Rural Development, is the largest credit based poverty alleviation programme in the world. Poverty in India is widespread with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. The Union Ministry of Rural Development launched a restructured poverty alleviation programme, SGSY with effect from 1st April, 1999, which has replaced Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and its allied schemes viz., Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Supply of Improved Tool kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA), Ganga kalyan Yojana (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS). This book will cater to the needs of students and policy makers in the field of agricultural and social science for the teaching, research and extension. Students, teachers, research scholars shall find the book useful not only to learn the theoretical aspects, but also to conduct practical courses and research work in rural development.
Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Новинка

Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions

5214 руб.
This is the poverty survey of India in selected region. Here an Institute and small region is selected for the survey of poverty. The survey of poverty can provide us with the economical conditions of every family living in India. There are people belonging to urban as well as rural areas where the poverty is being surveyed. Poverty is surveyed by considering the standard of living of an individual. It is found that the poverty ratio is decreased since last few years but country is still facing the poverty problems, Poverty is not vanished completely. Hence the data is surveyed and some new techniques are mentioned to overcome this poverty problem.
Seelam Rajeswari and P. Raghu Ram Group Based Microfinance And Its Impact On Rural Households Seelam Rajeswari and P. Raghu Ram Group Based Microfinance And Its Impact On Rural Households Новинка

Seelam Rajeswari and P. Raghu Ram Group Based Microfinance And Its Impact On Rural Households

5787 руб.
In the recent years Microfinance became an important intervention as a tool for poverty alleviation and rural development. "Is it right that the microfinance increase the income level, savings, productive assets and family expenditure of the rural households. why the cost of credit was so high when borrowed from MFIs and low in the case of Self-help groups. What are the factors determining the rural households participation in microfinance programme."
Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Новинка

Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District

1752 руб.
Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...
Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Новинка

Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia

9739 руб.
Mongolia is an isolated country with a large territory and a small population. Population density of an average of 1.5 persons per square kilometre makes economic growth, human development and environmental sustainability a challenge especially in rural areas. Geographic and social isolation affect rural communities both politically and economically. Isolation results in "information hunger" in rural Mongolia and contributes to poverty growing after the country's transition to market economy in 1990. This work explores the opportunity of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) to address isolation and the lack of information in rural Mongolia. The methodology of the research is based on literature review; qualitative and quantitative evidences are drawn from literature, published and unpublished reports, policy papers as well as internet research. This book is intended for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture and rural development.
Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku Новинка

Nancy Bagato Poverty Creek Anthology. An Appalachian Memoir in Haiku

1452 руб.
Poverty Creek flows through national forest in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, skirting the edge of rural farms and residences before flowing into another creek and eventually joining the New River. More importantly, it symbolizes living on the edge of poverty, and occasionally wading in, which remains a part of the Appalachian experience.Like its namesake, this collection of three-line poems meanders through Virginia's small towns, back roads, college campus bustle, and rural isolation to reveal the beauty and pain of nature and humans intersecting. Part personal experience, part observation, these haiku capture Americana and a spectrum of emotions in small moments, season by season.
Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Новинка

Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh

8089 руб.
Microcredit operations began with the specific objective of poverty alleviation in Bangladesh. Poverty is widespread in Bangladesh. It is even more intense among the rural women of the country. Poverty situation improved with the expansion of microcrdit and rural women gained some empowerment as they had their own income through participation in the credit activities. But they are still far from achieving equal status with men because microcredit primarily addresses income poverty and it has inherent weaknesses in facilitating other conditions necessary for full empowerment of women. Not only are the inherent weaknesses, the socio-economic environment of rural Bangladesh, where microcredit functions, is also a big impediment to achieving women empowerment. Therefore, a comprehensive approach, which includes microcredit too, is necessary for further empowering the rural women of Bangladesh. This approach includes social mobilization, awareness-building, regulations enhancing, equitable financial practices and government initiatives.
Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Новинка

Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia

8789 руб.
In terms of poverty gap, the highest value (i.e.0.472) was obtained in Subsistence Agriculture (SA) livelihoods strategy followed by Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm (SAO) livelihoods strategy. Contrary to this, Semi-commercial Agriculture strategy and Semi-commercial agriculture combined with Off-farm activity (SCAO) found to have relatively low poverty gap value i.e. 0.206 and 0.198 respectively, the latter being the least of all. From this we can understand that the average consumption short fall needed to bring those households below poverty line in SCA and SCAO is 20.6% and 19.8% respectively. Whereas, the average amount of consumption necessary to fill the shortfall of the poor from the poverty line is 47.2% and 46.8% in Subsistence Agriculture and Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm livelihoods strategy, respectively
Deborah Fink Cutting Into the Meatpacking Line. Workers and Change in the Rural Midwest Deborah Fink Cutting Into the Meatpacking Line. Workers and Change in the Rural Midwest Новинка

Deborah Fink Cutting Into the Meatpacking Line. Workers and Change in the Rural Midwest

6289 руб.
The nostalgic vision of a rural Midwest populated by independent family farmers hides the reality that rural wage labor has been integral to the region's development, says Deborah Fink. Focusing on the porkpacking industry in Iowa, Fink investigates the experience of the rural working class and highlights its significance in shaping the state's economic, political, and social contours. Fink draws both on interviews and on her own firsthand experience working on the production floor of a pork-processing plant. She weaves a fascinating account of the meatpacking industry's history in Iowa--a history, she notes, that has been experienced differently by male and female, immigrant and native-born, white and black workers. Indeed, argues Fink, these differences are a key factor in the ongoing creation of the rural working class. Other writers have denounced the new meatpacking companies for their ruthless destruction of both workers and communities. Fink sustains this criticism, which she augments with a discussion of union action, but also goes beyond it. She looks within rural midwestern culture itself to examine the class, gender, and ethnic contradictions that allowed--indeed welcomed--the meatpacking industry's development.
George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) Новинка

George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1)

1914 руб.
Who will step up to meet the challenge of the next rural crisis?Rural practice presents important yet challenging issues for psychology, especially givenuneven population distribution, high levels of need, limited availability of rural services,and ongoing migration to urban centers. It is critical that mental health professionals andfirst responders in rural areas become aware of recent research, training and approachesto crisis intervention, traumatology, compassion fatigue, disaster mental health, critical incidentstress management, post-traumatic stress and related areas in rural environments.Critical issues facing rural areas include:Physical issues such as land, air, and water resources, cheap food policy, chemicalsand pesticides, animal rights, corruption in food marketing and distribution, and landappropriation for energy development.Quality of life issues such as rural America's declining share of national wealth, problems ofhunger, education, and rural poverty among rural populations of farmers and ranchers.Direct service issues include the need to accommodate a wide variety of mental healthdifficulties, client privacy and boundaries, and practical challenges.Indirect service issues include the greater need for diverse professional activities, collaborativework with professionals having different orientations and beliefs, program developmentand evaluation, and conducting research with few mentors or peer collaborators.Professional training and development issues...
David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries Новинка

David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries

5427 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Information Management, University of Manchester (IDPM), course: MSc Management and Information Systems, language: English, abstract: There has been a gamut of arguments concerning the role of information and communication technologies in reducing poverty and creating sustainable rural development in developing countries. But most of the studies have centred on case study descriptions, with a handful attempting to analyse the outcomes of these initiatives using a framework that addresses the multiple dimensions of the livelihoods of the rural poor. This dissertation takes a view that ICT can contribute to sustainable rural development when it is implemented and assessed through such a framework geared at building the capabilities and assets of the rural folks and improving the links within and between these people and the organisations and institutions that play a role in rural development. It reviews various paradigms of rural ICT in developing countries and goes on to analyse the implementation and contribution of two of such initiatives to rural livelihoods using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. The result revealed that such factors, as the perceptions of practitioners, political contentions and policy environments are the major factors shaping ICT initiatives for the rural poor.
Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Новинка

Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia

8127 руб.
Various studies have been carried out on poverty in Mongolia, by assessing magnitude and determinants of poverty, the effects of the economic transition and natural shocks. However, there is still room to explore the poverty change and its components from static and dynamic perspectives, vulnerability to poverty and its determinants, and the impacts of the current economic policies. This monograph, therefore, considers various aspects of the poverty in Mongolia, including estimations of the actual as well as future-looking poverty, its distributional and growth components, and trade policy impacts on poverty in Mongolia. It provides more up-to-date review of the Mongolian economic growth, income inequality and poverty, using more recent and reliable household data, and should be useful to scholars, policy analysts, and professionals, who are particularly interested in the performances of the Mongolian economy and their latest reviews and analyses.
Biswajit Pattajoshi TEXTILE, APPAREL AND FASHION INDUSTRY Biswajit Pattajoshi TEXTILE, APPAREL AND FASHION INDUSTRY Новинка

Biswajit Pattajoshi TEXTILE, APPAREL AND FASHION INDUSTRY

2952 руб.
The valuable mirror of proven approaches and handy tools -how to derive maximum benefit and ride the success direction in textile business so that poverty at BOP can be eradicated ,BOP markets emerge and BOP systems thinking can be manifested.
Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Новинка

Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People

8502 руб.
The study has aimed at working with the level of income of rural households from different sources and employment of rural household in different topographical strata. An effort has been made in this study to furnish occupation pattern of the members of the rural households. The study has also aimed at measuring extent of poverty of rural households. An analysis has been carried out to explore whether a change in different topography is made, the level of income and employment of rural household pattern is also changed.
Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Новинка

Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction

8789 руб.
Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
P. L. Thomas Ignoring Poverty in the U.S. the Corporate Takeover of Public Education P. L. Thomas Ignoring Poverty in the U.S. the Corporate Takeover of Public Education Новинка

P. L. Thomas Ignoring Poverty in the U.S. the Corporate Takeover of Public Education

6227 руб.
Ignoring Poverty in the U.S.: The Corporate Takeover of Public Education examinesthe divide between a commitment to public education and our cultural myths and morepowerful commitment to consumerism and corporate America. The book addressespoverty in the context of the following: the historical and conflicting purposes in publiceducation-how schools became positivistic/behavioral in our quest to produceworkers for industry; the accountability era-how A Nation at Risk through NCLBhave served corporate interest in dismantling public education and dissolving teachersunions; the media and misinformation about education; charter schools as political/corporate compromise masking poverty; demonizing schools and scapegoatingteachers-from misusing the SAT to VAM evaluations of teachers; rethinking thepurpose of schools-shifting from schools as social saviors to addressing poverty sothat public education can fulfill its purpose of empowering everyone in a democracy; and reframing how we view peopleliving in poverty-rejecting deficit views of people living in poverty and students struggling in school under the weight oflives in poverty.This work is intended to confront the growing misinformation about the interplay among poverty, public schools, and whatschools can accomplish while political and corporate leadership push agendas aimed at replacing public education withalternatives such as charter schools. The audience for the publication includes educators, educational reformers, politi...
Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Новинка

Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone

8652 руб.
Many development programmes in the developing world have today been redirected in the name of poverty alleviation. However, what these programmes lack is an efficient monitoring system to track progress from poverty alleviation interventions.This work establishes a customized baseline poverty profile that will serve as a reference point for monitoring Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP).This work is especially suitable for developing countries that have devolved decades of Central Administrative Controls to Local and District Councils. Over the years, monetary parameters were used to assess rural poverty.This work uses non-monitoring indicators grouped into demographic, basic needs, assets, means of livelihood, social services and empowerment structures to determine poverty status of the population in an effort to evaluate the impact of development initiative. The analysis of this work should help local and district council officers to address the central issues in their effort at poverty alleviation. This work is especially useful also to Development Practitioners, Professionals in development and Administrators interested in eradicating poverty in the developing world.
Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Новинка

Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia

2814 руб.
Low income households are faced with various types of risks, increasing their vulnerability to poverty. In Cambodia, conditions of the rural poor - with the majority engaged in agriculture - are characterized by low productivity, limited capacities in terms of land and assets, volatile income sources, fluctuating farm input and output prices, debt and lack of credit worthiness. A microfinance institution operating in rural Cambodia and aiming to offer financial products to a large number of poor households is Angkor Mikroheranhvatho Kampuchea (AMK) Co. Ltd. Through its internal Market and Social Research Department, AMK staff annually collects socio-economic information about selected loan clients (household profiles, cash-flow analysis), as well as non-clients as a control group. Their survey tool includes questions about household's food consumption, main risk sources and coping strategies. The present research study draws information from this AMK survey database. The measures taken are applied to socio-economic cross-sectional data as of 2006/07 and validated with panel data from 2008.A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the effects of the AMK services on its clients influence the household's ability to manage risk. It includes measurement aspects of a forward-looking concept of vulnerability to identify and capture its linkages to risks, shocks, and risk strategies of rural households. Secondly it incorporates the dynamic a...
Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim Новинка

Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim

8127 руб.
In contemporary societies poverty and crime victimization are viewed as major concern. However, poverty seldom has content but is understood as. just poverty, and for the public and among politicians crime represents the continuous breakdown of the society, even though statistics clearly show that crime has not become more common since the 1990's and that the violence in the society is not steadily getting worse. The issue that this book primarily deals with is how we shall understand poverty, and what kinds of problems poverty causes. In the book, the problems in focus are crime victimization and fear of crime. The questions asked is; given how poverty is understood what kind of problem do poverty cause, what are the relation between different countries regarding poverty and the relation between poverty and crime victimization respective fear of crime.
Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Новинка

Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions

7359.44 руб.
Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents. Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection includes a comprehensive examination of myriad issues in rural health and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. This textbook offers a review of rural health systems in Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa, and features contributions from key leaders in rural public health throughout the United States. Rural Populations and Health examines vital health issues such as: Health assessment Strategies for building rural coalitions Promoting rural adolescent health Rural food disparities Promoting oral health in rural areas Physical activity in rural communities Preventing farm-related injuries Addressing mental health issues Cancer prevention and control in rural communities Reducing rural tobacco use Rural Populations and Health is an important resource for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology.
Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction

6027 руб.
This book will contribute immensely to assist potential and existing business men and women especially those those that dwells in the rural areas to improve in their business. it will educate people on how to sustain their livelihoods through the establishment of small business. The book identifies challenges facing these small business owners with a view of creating more jobs, to reduce unemployment rate, crime rate and increase livelihood opportunities as a means of poverty reduction. we are confident that our readers shall found delight in reading this book
Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household Новинка

Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household

3944 руб.
Africa in general, Ethiopia in particular has not yet had a successful agricultural revolution and as a vast majority of rural population remains trapped in poverty. Given past failures in promoting agricultural development, Ethiopian policy makers and donors are looking to the rural non-farm economy as an easier option for sparking a successful rural transformation. There for, rural non-farm activities are the most gifted agricultural activities in Ethiopia. Non-farm activities consists of all (national accounts) activities that are all public and private services and public administration in rural areas of Ethiopia. In concluding it consist of a few large companies (most big agribusinesses are located in urban areas), many micro, small and medium enterprises, cooperatives, producer groups and other community-driven groups. It is a large and usually growing share (usually in excess of one-third) of the overall economy of rural areas of Ethiopia. Hence this book is paramount important by giving a clue to illustrate the existing non-farm activities practice in the various regions of the country.
John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. Новинка

John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania.

8927 руб.
Rural-urban migration is becoming a common phenomenon in developing countries. This phenomenon invariably overstretch urban infrastructures. Urban influx is unlikely to cease despite of few employment opportunities available in cities. The main cause of these urban movements is rural poverty. The nature and patterns of these movement may slightly differ across different rural communities due to cultural variations. This book essentially give an in-depth analysis of migration pattern among Maasai in Tanzania, whose livelihood is based greatly on pastoralism. It tries to relate migration theories and the way in which Maasai as a marginalised group tries to utilize and respond to rural-urban dynamics. The central argument in this text is to situate migration as a possible survival or livelihood strategy among pastoral communities. The book has scholarly approach yet quite illuminating for all readers with interest in developmental issues in poor countries.
Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Новинка

Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice

6357.27 руб.
Women and Poverty analyzes the social and structural factors that contribute to, and legitimize, class inequity and women's poverty. In doing so, the book provides a unique documentation of women's experiences of poverty and classism at the individual and interpersonal levels. Provides readers with a critical analysis of the social and structural factors that contribute to women's poverty Uses a multidisciplinary approach to bring together new research and theory from social psychology, policy studies, and critical and feminist scholarship Documents women's experiences of poverty and classism at the interpersonal and institutional levels Discusses policy analysis for reducing poverty and social inequality
Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region Новинка

Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region

1852 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Agrarian Studies, grade: 1, University of Cape Coast, course: Bsc Agriculture, language: English, abstract: Ghana has achieved substantial poverty reduction over the last 15 years and is on track of reducing its poverty rate by half before the target date of 2015 for the Millennium development Goals. The objective of this study is to document this remarkable achievement, and more broadly to review the evidence on a range of issues related to poverty reduction among cocoa farmers in Asikumah-Odoben-Brakwa of the Central Region using the most recent household survey data available The study aims to determine the contributions of cocoa farming activities to household income and consumption; to determine their level of access to basic services ; to determine the contribution of cocoa into the general well-being of the people and to make recommendations on how the cocoa industry could be used to improve the living standard of the Ghanaian rural communities. The study would rely on some comparable selected Core Welfare Indicators Survey (CWIQ) for 1997 and 2003 pertaining to Asikumah-Odoben-Brakwa District.In conclusion, the study found out that cocoa farming coupled with government provision of other social services has contributed in reducing poverty in the Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District thus most cocoa farming households are above the upper poverty line. Notwithstanding that, the study strongly recommends that government and othe...
Luni Piya and Niraj Prakash Joshi Role of Microfinance in Poverty Alleviation of Women Luni Piya and Niraj Prakash Joshi Role of Microfinance in Poverty Alleviation of Women Новинка

Luni Piya and Niraj Prakash Joshi Role of Microfinance in Poverty Alleviation of Women

4983 руб.
A significant proportion of the rural population in the developing countries still lack access to formal credits. Even in those areas where formal credit sources do exist, the poor lacking collateral suitable assets are considered risky borrowers and excluded from the services. Women in rural areas of developing countries are further marginalized in any sort of involvements in economic activities. In this context, microfinance has come up as a tool to help deprived groups and small entrepreneurs in generating self-employment opportunities to reduce poverty by launching target credit programs. Providing sustained assistance to women in the field of microenterprises and microfinance is a key factor to facilitate their upliftment and empowerment. In enterprise finance, women have already been accepted as a good saver and investor, as good as or better than men. This study contributes to understand the role of microfinance in promoting entrepreneurial activities among rural women for their empowerment in economic decisions. This research is relevant for development workers, microfinance institutions and policy makers to improve rural credit services targeting women.
Oluwatoyin Dare Kolawole Rural Employment Oluwatoyin Dare Kolawole Rural Employment Новинка

Oluwatoyin Dare Kolawole Rural Employment

8652 руб.
Poverty, unemployment and inequality are crucial issues in development. This research identifies and analyses factors influencing rural employment promotion (REP) in southern Nigeria. It specifically describes and analyses the socio-economic characteristics (of rural women and men), which influence REP in the region. It also analyses the institutional, ecological and cultural variables promoting employment generation; estimates/determines crucial factors, which might influence REP; and identifies viable avenues for rapid REP. Over all, five major factors were extracted in the process of variable reduction in the analysis of data. These are the socio-economic attributes of the respondent; institutional influence on his/her activities; the ecology of the respondent's immediate environment; his/her financial and knowledge acquisition; and the physical and social capitals at his/her disposal for appropriation in the process of establishing a cottage industry for production and or service purpose(s). These are some of the key policy issues, which require the attention of national governments and international donor agencies in their bid to drive employment generation.
Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Новинка

Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia

8514 руб.
This work addresses issues of poverty and livelihood strategies of households in urban Ethiopia. It examines incidence, depth and severity of poverty by focusing on income and household situations of households in Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia. It also explores various strategies households employ to cope with poverty, mainly the role of social capital in its form of family relations, neighbour-hood reciprocity and community based self-help organizations. Current policies and strategies of the government, their implementation at local level and implications on the poor households to alleviate poverty are also highlighted. Policy makers and stakeholders who have interest in assisting poverty reduction efforts can be benefited from this work. Also, academicians and researchers who are interested in urban poverty issues may use the book as a reference for further studies.
Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Новинка

Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China

8114 руб.
This book is a report on a study which aimed to explore different opinions about the impact of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on accessibility of healthcare for the rural population in two pilot counties of Fujian province in China. The study was a mixed method study based on key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, the participatory matrix ranking method as well as hospital utilisation statistics. The NCMS, which was implemented in China in 2003, is the most recent form of a rural health insurance scheme. It is voluntary and aims to protect rural people from poverty due to illness by reducing out of pocket payments and decreasing catastrophic expenditures. Furthermore, it intends to establish a well managed, well functioning and easily accessible health care system for rural people. The book shows results regarding the structure of the NCMS, the variety of personal circumstances of rural residents, "physical" accessibility, "economical" accessibility, changes in hospital utilisation between 2000 and 2006, and the wishes and the willingness of the rural population to improve the system for the future.
Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh

8514 руб.
One of the most basic problems of the present century in the Third World Countries is rural poverty. The rural labour households form the hard core of rural poor and the most of the socially backward classes, such as, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes fall in this category. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture that is contributing about one-fourth of the National Income in the country. The most important feature of them are that they have very little or low productive assets and the major part of their income is derived from casual or irregular employment available in villages in Andhra pradesh.The dimensions of poverty among the rural labour households are reflected by the extent of indebtedness among the households and low consumption levels. The basis of findings of the study, it would be useful to make some suggestions that would help to improve the socio-economic conditions of agricultural labourers. The improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the agricultural labour, the large segment of work force would promote economic welfare in general and ultimate lead the Indian economy on the path of growth with stability.
Ajitesh Kumar Tiwari State, Society and Sanitation. A Study of Sanitation Campaign in Bihar with Special Reference to the Rural and Tribal Communities in the District of Kaimur Ajitesh Kumar Tiwari State, Society and Sanitation. A Study of Sanitation Campaign in Bihar with Special Reference to the Rural and Tribal Communities in the District of Kaimur Новинка

Ajitesh Kumar Tiwari State, Society and Sanitation. A Study of Sanitation Campaign in Bihar with Special Reference to the Rural and Tribal Communities in the District of Kaimur

5889 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Miscellaneous, grade: 2.1, , course: M.A.(Development Practice), language: English, abstract: Safe and sustainable sanitation is a sine qua non for ensuring community health, economic well being and realizing the benefits of demographic dividend. Safe sanitation is vital to prevent faecal-oral diseases widely prevalent amongst communities practicing traditional sanitation methods. Insanitation while being harmful to human health is also against the dignified living conditions. Approximately 2.6 billion people are without access to basic sanitation across the globe. Rural India is faced with even greater challenge of insanitary conditions where millions of masses lack access to basic sanitation facilities and roadside open defecation and urination is commonplace due to widespread poverty, ignorance, and cultural barriers and myriad of other factors. Inadequate sanitary facilities impede free functioning of the individuals in several other spheres of life and impose undesirable restrictions on the social status, mobility; political influence including economic losses. Sanitation is closely linked to the socio-economic conditions of the masses prevailing in rural India. The widespread poverty, lack of secure income and infrastructural deficiencies pose hindrances in building and accessing sanitation facilities for a large number of people. Insanitation also augments gender bias and p...
Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Новинка

Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation

6879.5 руб.
A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.
R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh Новинка

R. Neelaiah Poverty Alleviation through Self-Help Groups in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh

7077 руб.
In developing economies and particularly in rural areas, many activities that would be classified in the developed world as financial are not monetized: That is, there is no money used to carry them out. This is often the case when people need the services money can provide but do not have dispensable funds required for those services, forcing them to revert to other means of acquiring them. People find creative and often collaborative ways to meet the needs, primarily through creating and exchanging different forms of non-cash value. Common substitutes for cash vary from country to country but typically include livestock, grains, jewelry and precious metals. In the 2000s, the micro finance industry's objective is to satisfy the unmet demand on a much larger scale, and to play a role in reducing poverty. While much progress has been made in developing a viable commercial micro finance sector in the last few decades, several issues remain that need to be addressed before the industry will be able to satisfy massive worldwide demand.
Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Новинка

Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades

3289 руб.
Poverty is a global problem which has been taking place across continents with different levels, and has become a major challenge for the development of each region, nation, ethnicity as well as locality. Vietnam - an agricultural-aimed country - with 70% of the population living in rural areas, whose intellectual standards and farming cultivation techniques are still limited, led to the low labor productivity, and low income. Poverty, as a consequence, has still taken place in numerous areas. The problem of poverty, hence, has been the Vietnamese Government's best concerns. To make the poor to break out from poverty is the foremost socio - political objective and mission of the Government. Though it cannot be denied the success of such achievements, poverty reduction programs still remain limited. The Government has, however, still been facing with a number of difficulties and challenges needed to be overcome in order to implement the Millennium Goal of the United Nations, which Vietnam has already committed. These problems raise questions to the Government about how to apply the lessons learnt from the past as well as other nations more effectively in the next period?
Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Новинка

Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case

2064 руб.
Scientific Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: The main purpose of this essay is to examine the integrations between population variables and rural development in general and food security in particular. A critical review of literature and analysis of secondary data were carried out to understand these dynamic linkages. For all nations, people are the ultimate and the only recipient of development results. Even if the population variables are decisive planning inputs, however, they were ignored and treated as exogenous factors in the process of development planning during the 1950s and 1960s. And so, the resultant problems such as poverty, unemployment, inequality, and other social ills were pervasive and deep-rooted in rural areas of the developing countries. The major reason for this tragedy was belived to be the failure of development theories, policies, and approaches adopted during the 1950s and 60s. It was during the 1970s that the issue of integrating population factors into development planning attracted the attention of some international organizations (such as UN) and vigorously advocated since then. Therefore, so as to balance the pace of the population growth and rural development process, all development actors in Ethiopia should adopt holistic and synergetic approaches in such a way that enhance agricultural productivity and boost investment in rural social a...
Lim Gee Nee, Hj Md Mansur Kasim, Munir Qaiser Sustainable Livelihoods Approach at Sabah, Malaysia Lim Gee Nee, Hj Md Mansur Kasim, Munir Qaiser Sustainable Livelihoods Approach at Sabah, Malaysia Новинка

Lim Gee Nee, Hj Md Mansur Kasim, Munir Qaiser Sustainable Livelihoods Approach at Sabah, Malaysia

6464 руб.
Sustainable livelihood approach is vital to analyze and eradicate poverty in the world and Sabah is one of the poorest states in Malaysia, the author have performed a research by using this method to evaluate poverty at that region and formulated several suggestions to improve and eliminate poverty. This project is a field based project that brought real hand on solution to target poverty, it also implies different aspects of poverty in other geographic locations.
Upton Sinclair The Jungle Upton Sinclair The Jungle Новинка

Upton Sinclair The Jungle

1214 руб.
The Jungle is an Upton Sinclair novel portraying the lives of immigrants in the United States and in the Chicago meatpacking industry during the early 20th century in particular. The book depicts working class poverty, the absence of social programs, harsh and unpleasant living and working conditions.Upton Sinclair was a Pulitzer Prize-winning who wrote over 90 books, best known for his muckraking novel, The Jungle.
Balasubramaniam Swaminathan,T.N. Roy and K.C. Siva Balan What the government has given and what it has taken back? Balasubramaniam Swaminathan,T.N. Roy and K.C. Siva Balan What the government has given and what it has taken back? Новинка

Balasubramaniam Swaminathan,T.N. Roy and K.C. Siva Balan What the government has given and what it has taken back?

4983 руб.
Among the poverty alleviation programmes that India has had so far, MNREGA deserves importance due to its impact to rural community in terms of income generation and poverty alleviation. One of the interesting features of the scheme has been the overwhelming participation of women. Moreover, it is also bestowed with multi-tier structure for the implementation and monitoring of the scheme with specified functions and duties of each authority. The agencies involved in the implementation of the programme are Central Employment Guarantee Council, District Programme Coordinator, Programme Officer appointed by the State Government and the Gram Panchayat. All these ensure better implementaion with an eye to checks and balances. Complete Decentralization and Active Participation are the watch-words of the Programme. Apart from enabling rural people with the power to demand work, it is also envisioned with complete transparency. All these provisions are not just unheard but also not expect-able with the myriad of other pro-rural programmes.
Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity Новинка

Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity

4648.07 руб.
A thoughtful text integrating strengths, assets, and capacity-building themes with contemporary issues in rural social work practice Now in its second edition, Rural Social Work is a collection of contributed readings from social work scholars, students, and practitioners presenting a framework for resource building based on the strengths, assets, and capacities of people, a tool essential for working with rural communities. This guide considers methods for social workers to participate in the work of sustaining rural communities. Each chapter features a reading integrating the themes of capacity-building and rural social work; discussion questions that facilitate critical thinking around the chapter; and suggested activities and assignments. Rural Social Work, Second Edition explores: Important practice issues in rural communities, including the challenges of working with stigmatized populations such as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people, the homeless, and people living with HIV/AIDS Practice models that hold special promise for rural social workers, including evidence-based practice and community partnership models Newer research tools such as asset mapping, social network analysis, concept mapping, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Exploring how social workers can integrate the tremendous resources that exist in rural communities into their practice, Rural Social Work, Second Edition provides a solid introduction to the complex, challenging, and rewarding work of building and sustaining rural communities.
Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction

9064 руб.
Non-farm sector occupies a unique position in rural areas in the socio-economic context of Bangladesh. Developing the non-farm sector in rural areas may strengthen the economy, which is characterized by high rate of unemployment. The purpose of the research was increasing the obtainable growth of rural non-farm activities and find out the barriers what are responsible for horrible economy of RNA. To create employment opportunity according to the growthness. In such circumstances, this study has intended to unfold the development of non-farm sector in rural Bangladesh. For this purpose, the existing condition of non-farm sector, how far it would be possible to create employment opportunity in Baghutia Union under Avainogor Parishad, Jessore District as well as the problem of this sector has been investigated. For this study the qualitative and quantitative information has collected by PRA and structured questionnaire method. Here a model has discovered.This model shows the actual involvement of rural non-farm activities and the growth pattern in a particular area.
Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis Новинка

Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. A farm level socio-economic analysis

4939 руб.
The major purpose of this study is to determine the extent of poverty and ascertain the causes and possible ways for poverty alleviation as perceived by the rural people. Poverty alleviation was measured by computing the change in food availability, sources of drinking water, physical assets, sanitation and increasing scope of income due to involvement in the Chars Livelihoods Programme (CLP).Field work for the study was carried out in Haldia union of Shaghata upazila under Gaibandha district of Bangladesh. Data was collected from January to February 2007 from a randomly selected sample of 102 CLP beneficiaries from a total of 148 through personal contact by using interview schedules, made by the researcher himself, which contained simple and direct questions with different scales. The paired "t" test was used to measure the comparative change of 'before' and 'after' involvement in CLP. Pearson product moment correlation co-efficient was computed in order to explore the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents and their poverty alleviation.
Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Новинка

Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria

6839 руб.
This book is an empirical study of how microfinance impacts on poverty reduction in Nigeria. The book examined conceptual issues in poverty and microfinance with focus on the nature and incidences of the poverty phenomenon, justification for the establishment and growth of microfinance in Nigeria. This book with theoretical and empirical findings investigates the previous attempts by the governments in alleviating poverty and specifically how microfinance have helped in reducing the poverty menace especially since the promulgation of the microfinance banking act in 2005 by the Central bank of Nigeria.
Ansa Asamoa Poverty, Rural Development and Theories of Social Development Ansa Asamoa Poverty, Rural Development and Theories of Social Development Новинка

Ansa Asamoa Poverty, Rural Development and Theories of Social Development

6673 руб.
Part I of the book outlines the history and causes of national and individual poverty since the pre-colonial time in the Third World with emphasis on Ghana’s experience and development approaches. Part II addresses the three stages of the General Crises of Capitalism and their global impact, the birth of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund - their structure and functions. The summary of the classical sociological theories of development ushers in the Marxist / neo-Marxist critique of the right wing Modernization Theory, which informs Western development prescriptions for the developing countries. Both the lay man and the student of Social Science will find the study useful because of its introductory nature.
Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Новинка

Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux

3095.04 руб.
The rural is not what it used to be. No longer simply a site for agricultural production for the city, the relationship between the rural and urban has become much more complex. Established categories such as rural /urban and village/city no longer hold true. Rural and urban conditions have become increasingly blurred, so how can we identify and distinguish their specific characteristics? Where is the rural, and what role does it play in an urbanised world? In developing countries the countryside is a volatile and contradictory landscape: legally designated rural areas look like dense slums; factories intersect fields and farmers no longer farm. In contrast, in developed regions, the rural has become a highly controlled landscape of production and consumption: industrialised agriculture coexists with leisure landscapes for tourism, retirement and recreation. This issue of AD investigates how architects and researchers are critically engaging with the rural as an experimental field of exploration. Contributors: Neil Brenner, Christiane Lange, Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Sandra Parvu, Cole Roskam, Grahame Shane, Deane Simpson, and Milica Topalovic and Bas Princen Architects: Anders Abraham, Joshua Bolchover and John Lin (Rural Urban Framework), Ambra Fabi and Giovanni Piovene (Piovenefabi), Rainer Hehl, Stephan Petermann (OMA), Huang Sheng Yuan (FieldOffice), and Sandeep Virmani (Hunnarshala)
Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia Новинка

Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia

8364 руб.
The study explores extent of poverty,vulnerability to poverty and welfare inequality residents of Maichew, southern Tigray, Ethiopia.The lesson thoroughly looks welfare status at household level via different micro analytical techniques like OLS, Tobit,3FGLS and Gini coefficient.Using CBN approach total poverty line of the area is ETB 251 per month per adult.Poverty profile of the town reveals 31.70% of households are below poverty line.OLS result illustrates female headed,educational level of head and spouse have positive impact on welfare while family size,divorced and widowed headed households have negative effect to welfare.Tobit model describes factors affecting poverty severity of the poor.Accordingly,pensioner headship and family size aggravate poverty severity.Being petty trade head, head education,ownership ofdurable property reduce the probability of falling to poverty severity. Using 3FGLS, mean probability of vulnerable to poverty is 0.4.Gini coefficientaccounts 0.49 of total welfare inequality.Factor decomposition of welafre inequality typifies property index and social transition of head take greater share of 14.6% and 12.4% respectively.
Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion. Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion. Новинка

Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion.

3952 руб.
Worldwide child and youth poverty and deprivation remain the biggest barrier to achieving a better life in adulthood. Progress in lifting children out of poverty in the last decades has been slow and limited in the developing world, while the recent global economic crisis has exacerbated child poverty, youth unemployment, and social exclusion in many developed countries. By critically unraveling the long-term consequences of growing up poor, the close linkages between multiple deprivations and violation of human rights in childhood and adolescence, and their effects on labor market entry and future career in a number of developing and developed countries, this book significantly enriches the existing literature. Drawing on multiple disciplinary perspectives, it makes a forceful case for the eradication of child poverty to take center stage in the Sustainable Development Goals.
Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction Новинка

Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction

9339 руб.
Institution building is now recognized as vital for poverty reduction across the world. Realising the importance of institutions and their potential role in natural resource management, poverty reduction and livelihood security, this book focuses on the role of watershed institutions more specifically the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) institutions in mitigating poverty. Econometric analyses were used to examine the role of institutions in poverty reduction. The key results of different econometric tools were presented and discussed. This book with elaborate policy recommendations will be useful to watershed development planners, researchers and extension personnel, government and non-governmental organizations and teachers and students involved in watershed development programmes.
Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods Новинка

Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods

4983 руб.
Agroforestry has been and continues to be an integral part of the agricultural practices in rural Ethiopia. By virtue of its significance to mitigate climate change induced environmental challenges and diversify the livelihood of the society, agroforestry is an integrative approach to agriculture and natural resource management. However, much of its productive contribution has been remained untapped yet calling for a proactive focus in the policy frameworks. To date, a number of legislation and policy frameworks have been passed in the country to address and manage agroforestry and other land uses. For agroforestry to become a viable way to reduce rural poverty and persistent food insecurity, a stand alone policy and a more structured institutional setup is required.
Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Новинка

Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education

6102 руб.
Half the world's population lives in rural places, but education scholars and policy makers worldwide give little attention to rural of education. Indeed, most national systems, including in the developed world, treat their educational systems as institutions to"modernize" the global economy.The authors in this volume have different concerns. They are rural education scholars from Australia, Canada, the United States, and Kyrgyzstan, and here their focus is the dynamics of social class: in particular rural schools but also in rural schooling as a local manifestation of a national (and the global) system.For the most part, the volume comprises relevant empirical reports, but none neglects theory, and some privilege theory and interpretation. First and last chapters introduce the texts and synthesize their joint and separate meanings. What are the implications of place for social class? How do class dynamics manifest differently in more and less racially homogeneous rural communities? Howdoes place affect class and how might class affect place? How doesschooling in rural communities reproduce or interrupt social-class mobility across generations? The chapters engage such questions more completely than other volumes in rural education, not as afinal word or interm summary, but as an opening to an important lineof inquiry thus far largely neglected in rural education scholarship.
Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link Новинка

Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link

11074.08 руб.
Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are both important societal goals demanding increasing international attention. While they may seem to be unrelated, the international policy frameworks that guide action to address them make an explicit assumption that conserving biodiversity will help to tackle global poverty. Part of the Conservation Science and Practice Series published with the Zoological Society of London, this book explores the validity of that assumption. The book addresses a number of critical questions: Which aspects of biodiversity are of value to the poor? Does the relationship between biodiversity and poverty differ according to particular ecological conditions? How do different conservation interventions vary in their poverty impacts? How do distributional and institutional issues affect the poverty impacts of interventions? How do broader issues such as climate change and the global economic system affect the biodiversity – poverty relationship at different scales? This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, practitioners and researchers concerned with understanding the potential – and limitations – of integrated approaches to biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation.
Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Новинка

Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas

8652 руб.
Historically, the economic contribution of rural areas to regions was clear: it was the provider of farm produce and other raw materials such as coal. Rural employment was evidently based on the exploitation of natural capital. Today, natural capital still strongly characterises the profile of rural employment in the European Union but its effect now goes far beyond the traditional rural sector of agriculture. There are in fact four drivers of rural employment and rural economic prosperity, and these can be structured by two complementary analytical directions, namely 'production' based on (a) renewable and (b) non-renewable resources, and 'consumption' by (a) non-residents and (b) residents of a territory, hence 'Rural Europe 2+2+'. Thus, whether jobs are created through farming, mining, rural tourism or by attracting incomers who set up new businesses, natural capital is a common theme. However, the financial, human, physical and social capitals of rural areas must be improved in parallel with this via an integrated, territorial development approach. In this way, rural areas can become part of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy in line with the priorities of Europe 2020.
Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State Новинка

Saifullahi Sani Ibrahim An Investigation into the Determinants of Access to Finance in Rural Areas of Katsina State

3477 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto (-), course: Economics, language: English, abstract: Access to finance is widely acknowledged as a catalyst for the reduction of poverty in rural areas. Along this line, this study investigates the determinants of access to finance in rural areas in Katsina state. A cross-sectional primary data was collected via questionnaire from a sample of 384 respondents. This study used probit modelling approach to analyse the factors that influence access to finance. The study revealed that collateral, financial literacy and gender have significant positive influence on access to finance, while age has an insignificant positive influence on access to finance. In contrast, interest rate and transaction cost have significant negative influence on access to finance. Thus, the study concluded that with the prevailing banking arrangement where collaterals are required and banks charge interest and also some level of literacy is required, rural dwellers will continue to find it difficult in relating with conventional banks. Therefore, the study recommended that rural dwellers should organise themselves into Credit Cooperative Societies, which could be used as Informal Financial Unit for Linkage Banking arrangement. The government (at all level) can also use these associations to channel their agricultural credit. It is also recommended that legal framework, be...
Appolinaire Rititingar Chad:When the Poverty Sends Off,the Misery Welcomes;Youths in Town Appolinaire Rititingar Chad:When the Poverty Sends Off,the Misery Welcomes;Youths in Town Новинка

Appolinaire Rititingar Chad:When the Poverty Sends Off,the Misery Welcomes;Youths in Town

3212 руб.
Despite large development projects initiated here and there by Chadian Government after the exportation of Doba's oil basin in southern Chad and, many other projects of development,the deep pockets of poverty are increasing in rural areas.Efforts to ensure a decent standard of living for all Chadians have not increased the purchasing power of certain social strata’s.As a consequence, villages emptied of their young populations. N'Djamena the capital is the focal ultimo point of destination .In this town where they are boys, girls and sometimes married women; devoted to the work of domestic with salary totally too slow. In addition to this group of workers,there are children who,for reasons of family solidarity,were brought in this city by relatives for education. Unfortunately,they are operated as domestics. The phenomenon is growing in such a way that there is a call on practitioners to abandon this.Face with this situation,efforts must be combined to assure adequate future to rural people in general and children in Chad in particular.The development requires the participation of all sons of the republic.That of rural people declared this day by Government remains problematical...
Dwivedy Nidhi Sustainable Agriculture-A hallucination with fragile Accessibility Dwivedy Nidhi Sustainable Agriculture-A hallucination with fragile Accessibility Новинка

Dwivedy Nidhi Sustainable Agriculture-A hallucination with fragile Accessibility

9314 руб.
Women play a distinctive role in shaping the rural economic activities and most of manual operations are being done by women. Even then they occupy very low positions in the agrarian hierarchy. In terms of gender, rural women bear the burden of poverty and exploitation more heavily than men. Despite economic disparity and woeful neglect, women have been the embodiment of sacrifice, surrendering all their comforts for the welfare of the children and other members of the family and indirectly for the well-being of the community, who without any publicity contributes her best to the progress and welfare of the country. In altering discrimination against women, The 4th World Congress of Rural Women, held in South Africa in 2007, reiterated the need to provide full and equal access for rural women to productive resources, including the right to inheritance and ownership of land and other property, credit/capital, appropriate technologies, markets and information. This book provides an insight into the female farmer's accessibility to productive resources- a study which was conducted in Sikkim in North-Eastern India.
Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis Новинка

Durgesh C. Pathak Poverty and Inequality in Uttar Pradesh. A Decomposition Analysis

8914 руб.
Uttar Pradesh was once among the fastest growing regions in India but later it sank into sea of underdevelopment. Being the most populous state in India, a high incidence of poverty in Uttar Pradesh translates into high poverty for India. This study is an attempt to analyze the poverty and inequality situation in Uttar Pradesh using the 50th and 61st rounds of NSS-data. It also attempts to peek into the plausible causes for this development inertia prevalent in Uttar Pradesh.

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A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.
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