microfinance and poverty reduction of women entrepreneurs



Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria Новинка

Uyi Benjamin Edegbe Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical Evidence from Benin Metropolis South-South of Nigeria

6839 руб.
This book is an empirical study of how microfinance impacts on poverty reduction in Nigeria. The book examined conceptual issues in poverty and microfinance with focus on the nature and incidences of the poverty phenomenon, justification for the establishment and growth of microfinance in Nigeria. This book with theoretical and empirical findings investigates the previous attempts by the governments in alleviating poverty and specifically how microfinance have helped in reducing the poverty menace especially since the promulgation of the microfinance banking act in 2005 by the Central bank of Nigeria.
Najmul Hoda Faith-based Microfinance. An Alternative Tool of Poverty Alleviation Najmul Hoda Faith-based Microfinance. An Alternative Tool of Poverty Alleviation Новинка

Najmul Hoda Faith-based Microfinance. An Alternative Tool of Poverty Alleviation

6352 руб.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2013 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, grade: A, , course: PhD, language: English, abstract: The poor, like others, too need financial products and services in order to build assets, manage consumption and mitigate risks. Microfinance, in recent times, has emerged as a powerful tool to provide access to some financial services to the poor. For decades, poverty alleviation has topped the International development agenda. United Nations Millennium Goals state that by 2015 the number of people living in extreme poverty should be half of what it was in 2000. Microfinance addresses the twin goals of financial inclusion and poverty alleviation in a way that builds self-esteem in the individual and self-sufficiency in the institution providing the financial services. Different models have emerged in microfinance delivery based on their clientele, focus area, interest rate, savings linkages, collateral, coverage and organizational/legal structure. With all the successes of the existing microfinance models, the herculean task of poverty alleviation still leaves enough space for innovative models. This study explores the potential of faith-based microfinance in complimenting the efforts of poverty alleviation and also overcoming the weaknesses in the existing models. Faith-based microfinance operate on distinct principles. The purpose of this study is to focus on the functioning of the faith based microfin...
Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India Новинка

Kumar Deepam Microfinance as a driving force for socio-economic development in emerging economies. Measuring its effectiveness in North India

5739 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A2, University of Limerick (Kemmy Business School), course: MSc in Financial Services, language: English, abstract: This thesis examines the effectiveness of microfinance in the socio-economic development with the major focus on poverty reduction and gender equality (in the sense of women empowerment) in Northern part of India. The purpose of this research is to measure the effectiveness of microfinance in the sense of socio-economic development in the Northern part of India. The aim has been accomplished by using the methods of statistical analysis and through the examination of primary and secondary data. The methods of data analysis that were employed in the research incorporated chi-square tests, independent sample t-tests and binary logistic regressions. The data has been analysed based on the survey of 100 respondents, who were below nationally defined poverty line in Lucknow (Major metropolitan city of North India) and areas nearby. The survey data was divided into two parts i.e. 60% of the respondents were the non-microfinance respondents and remaining 40% were the microfinance recipients. Recommendations regarding the research have been based on the findings from the analysis. Findings of the study have shown that young entrepreneurs who are below poverty line are more likely to apply for the micro loan. This has been explained by the binary logistic regression analysis...
Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction Новинка

Devarajulu Suresh Kumar Institutions and Poverty Reduction

9339 руб.
Institution building is now recognized as vital for poverty reduction across the world. Realising the importance of institutions and their potential role in natural resource management, poverty reduction and livelihood security, this book focuses on the role of watershed institutions more specifically the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) institutions in mitigating poverty. Econometric analyses were used to examine the role of institutions in poverty reduction. The key results of different econometric tools were presented and discussed. This book with elaborate policy recommendations will be useful to watershed development planners, researchers and extension personnel, government and non-governmental organizations and teachers and students involved in watershed development programmes.
Arinaitwe Jacklyn Makaaru Microfinance Institutions. Subsidization Effects Arinaitwe Jacklyn Makaaru Microfinance Institutions. Subsidization Effects Новинка

Arinaitwe Jacklyn Makaaru Microfinance Institutions. Subsidization Effects

7589 руб.
The original mission of microfinance was to alleviate poverty. Times have changed; microfinance has transitioned from its moral and social mission to alleviate poverty to a form of investment to suit the needs of private creditors, a phenomenon that has been referred to as 'mission drift'. Only a few microfinance institutions still maintain a solely social mission. It is well recognized that lending to the poor is very costly - both administratively and through defaults. Yet, even microfinance institutions that are profit making institutions continue to lend to the poor, and demand for microfinance services continues to grow. In studying whether microfinance institutions subsidize the more risky poor clients helps shed more light on why some institutions behave the way they do, for example by charging high interest rates or lending very small amounts. The evidence of substitution effects in microfinance institutions implies that there isn't total mission drift.
Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Akinwale Olusola The impact of Small Business on Poverty Reduction

6027 руб.
This book will contribute immensely to assist potential and existing business men and women especially those those that dwells in the rural areas to improve in their business. it will educate people on how to sustain their livelihoods through the establishment of small business. The book identifies challenges facing these small business owners with a view of creating more jobs, to reduce unemployment rate, crime rate and increase livelihood opportunities as a means of poverty reduction. we are confident that our readers shall found delight in reading this book
Casmir Chukwuka Mbaegbu World Bank Conditionalities . Politics of Poverty Reduction in Africa Casmir Chukwuka Mbaegbu World Bank Conditionalities . Politics of Poverty Reduction in Africa Новинка

Casmir Chukwuka Mbaegbu World Bank Conditionalities . Politics of Poverty Reduction in Africa

9614 руб.
The book explores the linkage between World Bank loan conditionalities and politics of poverty reduction in Africa. Several decades of grappling with World Bank loan conditionalities and poverty reduction strategies have, at best, yielded meager returns as poverty and underdevelopment persist. Thus,it investigated the implementation of World Bank loan conditionalities and their impact on social welfare in Nigeria. Specifically, the book is a scholarly contribution to unmask the tenuous link between loan conditionalities and politics of poverty reduction strategies in Nigeria. Fundamentally, it is divided in to six major chapters. The first chapter which is the introduction examines the methodological rigour and elegance of the study. Chapter two x-rays privatization of public enterprises; the third chapter interrogates Government funding of social welfare. In addition, chapter four explores the World Bank loan development assistance in relation to human capacity development in Nigeria; while the summary, conclusion and recommendation were in chapter five. The book is an invaluable asset in understanding while abject poverty persist in Nigeria, and Africa at large.
Robert Schmitt Microfinance investments in German retail banking Robert Schmitt Microfinance investments in German retail banking Новинка

Robert Schmitt Microfinance investments in German retail banking

2202 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1.0, University of Applied Sciences - Bonn, language: English, abstract: Microfinance or the concept of providing small-sized loans to the unemployed poor through recent decades has transformed into an asset class that attracts commercially oriented investors from all over the world. While the majority of them still consist of institutional investors and high net worth individuals, large numbers of people who could potentially profit from a microfinance engagement lack access to appropriate investment products. Simultaneously, only a small fraction of the global funding demand of the microfinance industry is currently being met. This paper demonstrates that, for several reasons, German retail banking clients should be provided with opportunities to engage in this emerging asset class. It is shown that this client group not only can have a significant impact on poverty reduction by closing parts of the immense funding gap, but moreover it is able to gain advantages in terms of portfolio diversification from a microfinance engagement.
Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Новинка

Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia

8514 руб.
This work addresses issues of poverty and livelihood strategies of households in urban Ethiopia. It examines incidence, depth and severity of poverty by focusing on income and household situations of households in Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia. It also explores various strategies households employ to cope with poverty, mainly the role of social capital in its form of family relations, neighbour-hood reciprocity and community based self-help organizations. Current policies and strategies of the government, their implementation at local level and implications on the poor households to alleviate poverty are also highlighted. Policy makers and stakeholders who have interest in assisting poverty reduction efforts can be benefited from this work. Also, academicians and researchers who are interested in urban poverty issues may use the book as a reference for further studies.
Melaku Tanku Gebremariam THE CHALLENGES OF DOMESTIC MICRO SAVINGS MOBILIZATION Melaku Tanku Gebremariam THE CHALLENGES OF DOMESTIC MICRO SAVINGS MOBILIZATION Новинка

Melaku Tanku Gebremariam THE CHALLENGES OF DOMESTIC MICRO SAVINGS MOBILIZATION

9339 руб.
Microfinance is considered as a viable tool that enables the poor to work to get out of poverty.For the poor,it can expand opportunities for enhancing income, make capable in terms of human capital, empower the disadvantage and it has various positive outcomes. In Ethiopia like any other developing countries, microfinance has become one of the major strategies for poverty reduction.Despite MFIs accepting as a strategy, most of MFIs tend to focus on credit services on specific groups of people and there by forgotten their savings mobilization role. This book, therefore, examines the regulatory framework within which Microfinance institutions operate, the challenges of domestic micro savings mobilization from the Clients and Microfinance institutions perspective. Based on the results of this book, therefore, policy implications are to be put forward which can help policy makers and experts working on the field. Moreover,the outcome of this book is supposed to lead the potential researchers in to the direction of the savings mobilization role of microfinance Institutions and consent MFIs to play their financial intermediation role so as to punch their poverty alleviation objective.
Muhammad Shahid Hassan, Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi International Trade, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Muhammad Shahid Hassan, Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi International Trade, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Новинка

Muhammad Shahid Hassan, Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi International Trade, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction

8377 руб.
The study examines two parallel hypotheses no. 1 "The relationship between international trade and economic growth" and no. 2 "The relationship between international trade and poverty reduction" in Pakistan. The objective of the first part of the study is to explore the impact of trade liberalization on economic growth with various covariates. The model contains real GDP per capita for economic growth, trade as share of GDP and the control variables such as financial development, government spending, annual inflation, remittances and manufacturing as shares of GDP are also used as determinants of economic growth for the period of 1973 - 2007. The second part of the study investigates the link between international trade and poverty reduction along with several independent variables. The model contains head count ratio for poverty, trade as share of GDP and the other determinants of poverty like real GDP per capita, consumer price index proxy for inflation, total investment, and agriculture as shares of GDP and urbanization as share of total population are also used.
Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District Новинка

Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District

1752 руб.
Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...
Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Новинка

Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction

8789 руб.
Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
Mary Goretty Oyella Basic education, poverty reduction and the realisation of equality in Northern Uganda Mary Goretty Oyella Basic education, poverty reduction and the realisation of equality in Northern Uganda Новинка

Mary Goretty Oyella Basic education, poverty reduction and the realisation of equality in Northern Uganda

1964 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Sociology - Social System, Social Structure, Class, Social Stratification, grade: A, University College London (IOE), course: Education, Gender and International Development, language: English, abstract: This paper seeks to apply Human Capital Theory and Human Rights approach to critically analyse benefits of basic education in poverty reduction and realisation of regional equality in Northern Uganda. The argument looks at why and how to invest in basic quality education for all. The paper further identifies indicators of poverty and inequality and analyses the nature of these indicators with respect to education in Northern Uganda and Finally the paper analyses the economic implication of these indicators on education as well as the implication on the rights of children to education in the region.
Demeke Mekuria Taye Impact of Small Scale Irrigation Schemes on Poverty Reduction Demeke Mekuria Taye Impact of Small Scale Irrigation Schemes on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Demeke Mekuria Taye Impact of Small Scale Irrigation Schemes on Poverty Reduction

8377 руб.
Gaining a clear understanding of the impact of past investments in small-scale irrigation is an essential prerequisite for improving and fine-tuning of future interventions. The result of the study would contribute to design small-scale irrigation development strategies of the country in general and the region in particular. Besides, it will fill the information gap on the contribution of small-scale irrigation on poverty reduction.
Mary Nelima Sindani Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Loan Repayment by Women Borrowers Mary Nelima Sindani Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Loan Repayment by Women Borrowers Новинка

Mary Nelima Sindani Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Loan Repayment by Women Borrowers

8652 руб.
Women frequently encounter greater limitations and fewer opportunities than men, especially in regard to income-generating activities. They face social and economic constraints that perpetuate poverty and spans generations. However, significant opportunities exist in the informal, small-scale enterprise sector for which women should take advantage. Community groups are popular institutions in Kenya's rural areas. The groups help provide services that the government, has failed to deliver. Also the emergence of microfinance institutions to offer lending funds has been of great impact.This study sought to investigate the factors affecting women microfinance loan repayment. The findings of the study may be useful to policy makers in government, private sector, Non-Governmental and Faith Based Organisations.
Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Новинка

Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management

5352 руб.
In Iran, although measures related to social security and protection of the poor and vulnerable rural people has a history of at least 40 years, but the achievements of the program in terms of reducing poverty and income vulnerability in rural areas of the country is not striking, thus the fundamental precondition for results in poverty reduction programs is performing systematic scientific studies to identify and analyze poverty.An important part of poverty and hunger live in rural areas, so we can say that success in poverty alleviation programs need to develop scientific studies of poverty in rural areas and constant effort to improve the quantity and quality of these studies
Adeola Ajayi Evaluation of Poverty Alleviation Programs in Saki East Local Governments of Oyo State Adeola Ajayi Evaluation of Poverty Alleviation Programs in Saki East Local Governments of Oyo State Новинка

Adeola Ajayi Evaluation of Poverty Alleviation Programs in Saki East Local Governments of Oyo State

3577 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, Obafemi Awolowo University (Department of Public Administration), course: Pad 646, language: English, abstract: The term paper evaluated poverty alleviation programs in saki east local government of oyo state.It also identified various poverty programs in saki east local government of oyo state and examined the implementational strategies for these programs in the local government.It also assessed the impact of the povertyalleviation programs on the people of saki east local government area, This was necessitated by the need to make poverty alleviation more effective and beneficial to the people of the local government.The paper utilized primary and secondary data.Primary data were questionnaire while secondary data were textbooks,journals,internet sources etcThe term paper revealed that there is a need to shift emphasis to target approach to poverty reduction in Nigeria.It also revealed that there is for target women and other vulnerable group of poor people in order to prevent bias against women inaccessing information above poverty alleviation programs.The paper concluded that poverty alleviaton plans should be well comprehensive coordinated and well funded in order to make it more effective and beneficial to the people of saki east local government of oyo state.
Pim Engels Mission Drift in Microfinance. The Influence of Institutional and Country Risk Indicators on the Trade-Off between the Financial and Social Performance of Microfinance Institutions Pim Engels Mission Drift in Microfinance. The Influence of Institutional and Country Risk Indicators on the Trade-Off between the Financial and Social Performance of Microfinance Institutions Новинка

Pim Engels Mission Drift in Microfinance. The Influence of Institutional and Country Risk Indicators on the Trade-Off between the Financial and Social Performance of Microfinance Institutions

2839 руб.
Investments in microfinance by institutional investors are growing. The investors benefit from a dual return investment opportunity by balancing financial and social returns. Yet, commercial microfinance institutions tend to focus on their financial performance. Reaching out to wealthier clients while crowding out poorer clients enhances their profitability - a phenomenon called mission drift.Pim Engels has analysed the data of 600 microfinance institutions operating in 84 countries and presents now new insights to the phenomenon of mission drift. Based on his findings investors can recognise and prevent mission drift taking place amongst the microfinance institutions in their portfolio.
Cosmin Olteanu Overindebtedness in microfinance Cosmin Olteanu Overindebtedness in microfinance Новинка

Cosmin Olteanu Overindebtedness in microfinance

4202 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Middle- and South America, grade: 5.75/6.00, University of Geneva (GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES ), course: Overindebtedness in microfinance, language: English, abstract: Originally celebrated as a poverty alleviation tool which is financially sustainable, microfinance is experiencing worrying developments, such as deterioration of loan portfolios, growingcommercialization and increasing public criticism due to exaggerated profits. Overindebtedness is one of the most worrying trends, as it has negative effects on the loan beneficiaries and in the same time it threatens the very existence of the sector. This field research analyses from an empirical perspective the causes and effects of overindebtedness in the specific case of the clientele ofFinanciera CREAR Arequipa S.A. in Lima Norte, Peru. It was found that overindebtedness is generated by a mix of causes related to the increased competition between microfinance institutions and to thespecific behaviours of clients confronted with an abundant credit offer. This produces a series of effects at institutional and client levels, which can be described as institutional cannibalization, clientforced‐feeding, desperate borrowing and loan bicycling.
Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice Новинка

Heather Bullock E. Women and Poverty. Psychology, Public Policy, and Social Justice

6331.67 руб.
Women and Poverty analyzes the social and structural factors that contribute to, and legitimize, class inequity and women's poverty. In doing so, the book provides a unique documentation of women's experiences of poverty and classism at the individual and interpersonal levels. Provides readers with a critical analysis of the social and structural factors that contribute to women's poverty Uses a multidisciplinary approach to bring together new research and theory from social psychology, policy studies, and critical and feminist scholarship Documents women's experiences of poverty and classism at the interpersonal and institutional levels Discusses policy analysis for reducing poverty and social inequality
Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum Macroeconomic Policies and Microfinance Services Delivery in Ghana Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum Macroeconomic Policies and Microfinance Services Delivery in Ghana Новинка

Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum Macroeconomic Policies and Microfinance Services Delivery in Ghana

8914 руб.
Microfinance has been found to be the most appropriate way to provide financial services to a majority of Ghanaians. With a more stable economy, more microfinance Institutions are likely to spring up. MFIs should narrow the gap between nominal saving rate and nominal lending rate to induce clients to save and invest. Microfinance is an attractive development strategy for a wide spectrum of actors, combining values of market-driven service provision, entrepreneurship, self-help, and aid to the poor (Otero & Rhyne, 2001).
Matthias Range Islamic Microfinance Matthias Range Islamic Microfinance Новинка

Matthias Range Islamic Microfinance

4527 руб.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 1,3, RWTH Aachen University (International technical and economical Cooperation), language: English, abstract: The literature discussing microfinance topics like sustainability, outreach and improvement of methods as well as the role of the governments in terms of interference, supervision and regulation is getting more differentiated and substantiated. Despite this increasing interest, one aspect of microfinance has been largely neglected both scientifically and in its application: Islamic Microfinance.In this paper I will discuss, if the principles of the Shari'ah (the Islamic law) are not somewhat compatible with the needs and obstacles of microfinance, where stewardship is to be shared and trust crucial. Further, I will discuss in detail if the prohibition of Riba is a serious, insolvable obstacle and if it is really more expensive for microfinance institutes to provide Muslims with financial services. By comparing traditional instruments of microfinance with new, transferred instruments borrowed from Islamic banking, I will try to explain - on the bases of the Islamic culture - why people are surprised about the neglect of Islamic Microfinance.The hypotheses are as follows• The implementation of Islamic financial products causes too high risks for microfinance institutes. The restriction of involving 'risk' in financial contracts for both parties by the Islam is binding. Therefore, m...
B. Reichel Local Governments and NGOs in the South B. Reichel Local Governments and NGOs in the South Новинка

B. Reichel Local Governments and NGOs in the South

4727 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 60-70%, University of Manchester (Institute of Development Politics and Management (IDPM)), course: Development Management, language: English, abstract: The dissertation critically discusses the partnership between local governments and 'Southern' NGOs (meaning local NGOs in developing countries), specifically looking at the effects that a close cooperation can have on the poor. Through the analysis of the key literature and selected case studies the argument is developed that fostering a certain type of partnership under favourable conditions may contribute to poverty reduction efforts in a local context. The paper examines the interaction between the two actors in the decision-making and implementation process of public policies, mainly drawing on the concept of good local governance. Here, ideas of decentralisation and civil society play an important role and nowadays often constitute an integral part of poverty reduction programmes in developing countries. The first chapter of the dissertation focuses on this linkage between local governance (including NGO participation) and improvements in public policy outcomes for local communities. Subsequently, different types of partnership between local governments and NGOs are presented and the assumed ideal-type for poverty reduction is pointed out. Specific case studies from Latin America, Sub-Sah...
Sascha Huijsman The Impact of the Current Economic and Financial Crisis on Microfinance. Sascha Huijsman The Impact of the Current Economic and Financial Crisis on Microfinance. Новинка

Sascha Huijsman The Impact of the Current Economic and Financial Crisis on Microfinance.

2877 руб.
The recent global macroeconomic crisis creates an exceptionally interesting possibility to investigate the linkages of the microfinance sector to mainstream markets and its connections with domestic markets as well as international markets - a subject whose significance has increased in recent years due to the growing importance of microfinance as part of local financial systems of developing countries and with more and more involvement of commercial investors. Sascha Huijsman's book is one of the very few studies on this relationship. She provides a rigorous analysis of the impact of the financial crisis on microfinance institutions (MFIs) by using data from a worldwide survey with MFI managers and utilising monthly financial data of almost 60 MFIs. Although microfinance-specific characteristics, such as socially oriented, highly committed investors and the nature of microfinance enterprises, which typically operate in the informal sector, so far nourished the assumption that MFIs were isolated from the impact of fluctuations on mainstream markets, Huijsman's study convincingly shows that through different linkages microfinance is to a certain extent connected to formal market movements Interestingly, however, it turns out there are considerable differences between the impact on MFIs in different regions; especially MFIs in Eastern Europe have been affected. Moreover, MFIs offering savings services to their clients turned out to be more resilient to the crisis. Huijs...
Daniela Röttger Agricultural Finance for Smallholder Farmers. Rethinking Traditional Microfinance Risk and Cost Management Approaches Daniela Röttger Agricultural Finance for Smallholder Farmers. Rethinking Traditional Microfinance Risk and Cost Management Approaches Новинка

Daniela Röttger Agricultural Finance for Smallholder Farmers. Rethinking Traditional Microfinance Risk and Cost Management Approaches

2789 руб.
Even though traditional microfinance has successfully paved the way for offering financial services to low-income populations without traditional collateral, many microfinance institutions (MFIs) are still reluctant to move into rural areas and agricultural finance, due to the perceived high risks and costs.Daniela Röttger's research demonstrates how MFIs can mitigate risks and costs of lending to smallholder farmers by using a combination of proven traditional microfinance mechanisms while adapting specific loan features and lending mechanisms to the particularities of smallholder agriculture. She systematically compares traditional microfinance risk management mechanisms with agricultural microfinance approaches and identifies successful strategies. For this purpose, eight MFIs providing agricultural finance to smallholder farmers in four countries in East and West Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Benin, Cameroon) were interviewed and their loan features and agricultural lending mechanism were analyzed.The study shows that MFIs can successfully serve smallholder farmers in rural areas. However, the extent of adaptations is reason enough not to commit to such an endeavor lightly. A strong commitment combined with sound in-house knowledge of agricultural value chains and the flexibility to adapt loan terms and lending procedures to the particularities of agriculture are needed to successfully develop and sustain agricultural microfinance.
Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia Новинка

Bolor Naranhuu Studies on Poverty in Mongolia

8127 руб.
Various studies have been carried out on poverty in Mongolia, by assessing magnitude and determinants of poverty, the effects of the economic transition and natural shocks. However, there is still room to explore the poverty change and its components from static and dynamic perspectives, vulnerability to poverty and its determinants, and the impacts of the current economic policies. This monograph, therefore, considers various aspects of the poverty in Mongolia, including estimations of the actual as well as future-looking poverty, its distributional and growth components, and trade policy impacts on poverty in Mongolia. It provides more up-to-date review of the Mongolian economic growth, income inequality and poverty, using more recent and reliable household data, and should be useful to scholars, policy analysts, and professionals, who are particularly interested in the performances of the Mongolian economy and their latest reviews and analyses.
ASM Rejaul Karim Bakshi Repayments in Group Lending Microfinance ASM Rejaul Karim Bakshi Repayments in Group Lending Microfinance Новинка

ASM Rejaul Karim Bakshi Repayments in Group Lending Microfinance

8639 руб.
Group lending microfinance program has gained its fame from the success of many microfinance institutions across the world. Prior to the microfinance revolution in 1970s, formal lending institutions vehemently considered that poorer people cannot be banked and cannot repay a loan lacking collateral to guarantee. One potential solution to these problems was pioneered during the late 1970s as group lending microfinance, thanks to Nobel laureate Professor M Yunus at Grameen Bank, Bangladesh. Group lending induces borrowers to self select their peer, monitor each others and enforce repayment at the end. Group lending is thus considered as the key factor behind the high rates of repayment and the success story of many microfinance institutions. In this book the mechanism of group lending is examined with theoretical rigour and justified with empirical evidences. The book is specially suitable for the professionals in microfinance, NGO personnel, policy makers, donor agencies and graduate and research students of economics and finance
Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Новинка

Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants

9739 руб.
This book is about a problem that matters 85 percent of the Ethiopian population that not only derive means of livelihood from subsistent agriculture but also account for 89.8 percent of the total poverty. It attempts to look at the rural poverty situation by setting both absolute and food poverty line and computing the poverty head count index (P0), poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2). The other core area the book managed to cover is the underlying causes of rural poverty. It investigated the role of fifteen independent variables in terms of determining the probability of the units of analysis (households) to escape rural poverty. By and large, the book is beyond doubt important for researchers and development practitioners operating in the developing world in general and those of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in particular.
Shrestha Austa Kumar Socio Economic Status and Poverty Reduction Effort in Majhi Community Shrestha Austa Kumar Socio Economic Status and Poverty Reduction Effort in Majhi Community Новинка

Shrestha Austa Kumar Socio Economic Status and Poverty Reduction Effort in Majhi Community

6039 руб.
Majhi is one of the ethnic groups and backward communities of Nepal generally settling in mid-Hills and inner Terai. Hardly, the research has been done about their culture, social and economical status. It is hoped that this research paper will assist to find out Majhis' ground reality and assist to plan for their betterment to Government and Non-Government organizations. Additionally, it will also give information of their effort on poverty reduction program and its impact. Even for the foreigners, this research paper will assist to know the heterogeneous socio-cultural perspectives of Nepal.
Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches Новинка

Melaku Yigzaw Rural Household Poverty and Its Determining Factors. A Poverty Analysis Using Alternative Measurement Approaches

6039 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Sociology - Individual, Groups, Society, grade: Excellent, , course: MSc. in Development Economics, language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia, our day-to-day formal and informal discourses are rarely out of poverty issues that can be linked directly or indirectly. Despite the determined effort of government and development agencies to reduce poverty and ensure sustainable development, poverty remains an everlasting challenge of the world. This study aims to examine rural household poverty and its determining factors using alternative poverty measurement approaches, in case of Gozamin Woreda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region. It used both objective and subjective based poverty analysis approaches, where the survey based analysis and PPA of the study depend on randomly selected 242 and 42 sample households respectively. Using cost of basic needs approach (CBN), the poverty line of the study area is estimated as 19.16 Birr per day per adult equivalent. The study engaged Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) group of poverty measures to assess the incidence, depth and intensity of poverty and decompositions were made across sample Kebeles and socio-economic variables. OLS, logit and censored (Tobit) regression models were also applied to identify determining factors of household consumption expenditure, poverty incidence, depth and severity. PPA findings revealed that, perception of the community towards ...
Fana Hagos Berhane Recognizing And Promoting Women.s Right For Sexual Pleasure Fana Hagos Berhane Recognizing And Promoting Women.s Right For Sexual Pleasure Новинка

Fana Hagos Berhane Recognizing And Promoting Women.s Right For Sexual Pleasure

9189 руб.
The progressive understanding of poverty include not only economic and material conditions, but also a lack of power, freedom and resources to decide and shape one's own life. Social and legal norms and economic structures based around sexuality have a tangible impact on people's physical security, bodily integrity, health, education, mobility and economic status. The expressions for the interwoven relation of poverty and sexuality are many. Many people with 'deviant' sexuality are subject to economic discrimination, leading to marginalization that has effect of reducing their livelihood opportunities. In this Publication the links between women's sexual rights and poverty in the African context is explored . It illustrates how the lack of protection and recognition of women's sexual rights as understood in the African context can be the cause and consequences of poverty. The publication provides arguments as to how addressing sexual rights of women in poverty alleviation programmes can contribute to the realization of meaningful development for the African women and a way forward as to how the issue of Sexual Rights and poverty can be fostered.
Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim Новинка

Daniel Larsson The Poor Crime Victim

8127 руб.
In contemporary societies poverty and crime victimization are viewed as major concern. However, poverty seldom has content but is understood as. just poverty, and for the public and among politicians crime represents the continuous breakdown of the society, even though statistics clearly show that crime has not become more common since the 1990's and that the violence in the society is not steadily getting worse. The issue that this book primarily deals with is how we shall understand poverty, and what kinds of problems poverty causes. In the book, the problems in focus are crime victimization and fear of crime. The questions asked is; given how poverty is understood what kind of problem do poverty cause, what are the relation between different countries regarding poverty and the relation between poverty and crime victimization respective fear of crime.
Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Новинка

Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia

2814 руб.
Low income households are faced with various types of risks, increasing their vulnerability to poverty. In Cambodia, conditions of the rural poor - with the majority engaged in agriculture - are characterized by low productivity, limited capacities in terms of land and assets, volatile income sources, fluctuating farm input and output prices, debt and lack of credit worthiness. A microfinance institution operating in rural Cambodia and aiming to offer financial products to a large number of poor households is Angkor Mikroheranhvatho Kampuchea (AMK) Co. Ltd. Through its internal Market and Social Research Department, AMK staff annually collects socio-economic information about selected loan clients (household profiles, cash-flow analysis), as well as non-clients as a control group. Their survey tool includes questions about household's food consumption, main risk sources and coping strategies. The present research study draws information from this AMK survey database. The measures taken are applied to socio-economic cross-sectional data as of 2006/07 and validated with panel data from 2008.A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the effects of the AMK services on its clients influence the household's ability to manage risk. It includes measurement aspects of a forward-looking concept of vulnerability to identify and capture its linkages to risks, shocks, and risk strategies of rural households. Secondly it incorporates the dynamic a...
Developing Countries in the World Trading System: The Uruguay Round and Beyond Developing Countries in the World Trading System: The Uruguay Round and Beyond Новинка

Developing Countries in the World Trading System: The Uruguay Round and Beyond

8341 руб.
Experience suggests that trade liberalization has contributed substantially to the remarkable growth of industrialised countries. However, for various reasons many developing countries have not yet been able to integrate successfully into global markets and reap the growth-inducing and poverty-reducing benefits of trade. This book argues that while developing countries are heavily represented in the WTO - accounting for about four fifths of its membership -there is still plenty of scope for the world trading system to work more effectively in their interests. The book examines the achievements of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in reforming the world trading system and the challenges to future reforms. It begins with an overview of the genesis of the world trading system and moves on to examine the key issues as they relate to developing countries. These include further liberalization of agricultural trade; abolition of the Multifibre Arrangement; environmental and labour standards; competition policy; regional integration in South East Asia; and the implications for developing Asian countries of the liberalization of the Chinese economy and its WTO membership. Furthermore, the book discusses the links between trade liberalization and poverty reduction -drawing on the experience of Asian countries - and puts forward arguments on how trade liberalization could effect a greater reduction in poverty. This is a timely and succinct presentation of the critical issues relat...
John A. Hobson Problems of Poverty John A. Hobson Problems of Poverty Новинка

John A. Hobson Problems of Poverty

1536 руб.
John A. Hobson was an English economist and imperial critic, widely popular as a lecturer and writer. During the late 19th-century his notable works included Problems of Poverty (1891), Evolution of Modern Capitalism (1894), Problem of the Unemployed (1896) and John Ruskin: Social Reformer (1898). Hobson looks at the factors in industrialization that contribute to poverty and offers suggestions for remedying the situation. Topics covered include The Measure of Poverty, The Effects of Machinery on the Condition of the Working-Classes, The Influx of Population into Large Towns, The Sweating System, The Causes of Sweating, Remedies for Sweating, Over-Supply of Low-Skilled Labour, The Industrial Condition of Women Workers, Moral Aspects of Poverty, Socialistic Legislation, and The Industrial Outlook of Low-Skilled Labour.
Lion Hirth Microfinance in Latin America Lion Hirth Microfinance in Latin America Новинка

Lion Hirth Microfinance in Latin America

1414 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 1,0, University of Massachusetts - Amherst (Department of Economics), course: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung - Economic Development, 31 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Rewarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Muhammad Yunus, the committee acknowledged that microfinance is the latest fashion of both development policy and development economics, some call it even a "popular mass movement" (Woller et al. 1998). Indeed, the development over the last 30 years is impressive: Today, more than 100 million poor have access to small loans. While the formal financial sector perceived financial services to the poor "unimportant for the economy, unprofitable for financial institutions, and unnecessary for the poor", modern microfinance institutions (MFIs) have proven that high recovery rates do not depend mainly on circumstances and the characteristics of the borrower, but on the design of the credit program: "repayment depends fundamentally on factors within the control of the lending institutions" (Robinson 2001).This paper gives a short overview about the roots of modern microfinance and its global history. Some central theoretical aspects of financial markets are discussed and the main innovations of modern microfinance are presented. Focusing on Latin America, the paper shows that microfinance is booming on the continent. While Village Banks, focused on the poor, are s...
Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region Новинка

Kojo Danquah Amankrah Assessing Poverty Situations. A Case Study of Cocoa Farming Households in the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District of the Central Region

1852 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Agrarian Studies, grade: 1, University of Cape Coast, course: Bsc Agriculture, language: English, abstract: Ghana has achieved substantial poverty reduction over the last 15 years and is on track of reducing its poverty rate by half before the target date of 2015 for the Millennium development Goals. The objective of this study is to document this remarkable achievement, and more broadly to review the evidence on a range of issues related to poverty reduction among cocoa farmers in Asikumah-Odoben-Brakwa of the Central Region using the most recent household survey data available The study aims to determine the contributions of cocoa farming activities to household income and consumption; to determine their level of access to basic services ; to determine the contribution of cocoa into the general well-being of the people and to make recommendations on how the cocoa industry could be used to improve the living standard of the Ghanaian rural communities. The study would rely on some comparable selected Core Welfare Indicators Survey (CWIQ) for 1997 and 2003 pertaining to Asikumah-Odoben-Brakwa District.In conclusion, the study found out that cocoa farming coupled with government provision of other social services has contributed in reducing poverty in the Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District thus most cocoa farming households are above the upper poverty line. Notwithstanding that, the study strongly recommends that government and othe...
Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone Новинка

Osman Bah, Teddy Morlai Tracking Poverty in Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone

8652 руб.
Many development programmes in the developing world have today been redirected in the name of poverty alleviation. However, what these programmes lack is an efficient monitoring system to track progress from poverty alleviation interventions.This work establishes a customized baseline poverty profile that will serve as a reference point for monitoring Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP).This work is especially suitable for developing countries that have devolved decades of Central Administrative Controls to Local and District Councils. Over the years, monetary parameters were used to assess rural poverty.This work uses non-monitoring indicators grouped into demographic, basic needs, assets, means of livelihood, social services and empowerment structures to determine poverty status of the population in an effort to evaluate the impact of development initiative. The analysis of this work should help local and district council officers to address the central issues in their effort at poverty alleviation. This work is especially useful also to Development Practitioners, Professionals in development and Administrators interested in eradicating poverty in the developing world.
Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Новинка

Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation

6853.64 руб.
A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.
Michaela Walsh, Shamina De Gonzaga, Lilia Clemente Founding a Movement. Women's World Banking, 1975-1990 Michaela Walsh, Shamina De Gonzaga, Lilia Clemente Founding a Movement. Women's World Banking, 1975-1990 Новинка

Michaela Walsh, Shamina De Gonzaga, Lilia Clemente Founding a Movement. Women's World Banking, 1975-1990

1839 руб.
"The power of women teaching one another is profound. Women's World Banking was one of the first movements to realize and trust this truth at a global scale. This is what made it a transforming movement."-The Honorable Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, president of Liberia and Nobel LaureateFounding a Movement captures the impossible dream realized by a visionary group of women who met in Mexico City at the first United Nations World Conference on Women in 1975, and then, together, created the first global women's microfinance network. Drawing on more than 80 interviews, Michaela Walsh recounts her extraordinary path as the founding president of Women's World Banking and brings alive the perseverance, confidence, and shared risk-taking that propelled the movement forward. This book illuminates the birth of a culture of trust-from Kenya to Colombia to the Philippines-where women entrepreneurs could learn from and teach each other to gain control over their economic destinies. In Walsh's words, Founding a Movement "shines a light on the value that women contribute through work, and when they support one another, to become full participants in the economy through access to financial institutions and services, and everything that goes with that access.""At last, the full inside story of the founding mothers of microfinance... by one of its key leaders! Indispensable reading!"-Hazel Henderson, president of Ethical Markets Media and creator of the Green...
Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions Новинка

Fakir Sana, Awati Jayashree Survey on poverty in selected groups and regions

5214 руб.
This is the poverty survey of India in selected region. Here an Institute and small region is selected for the survey of poverty. The survey of poverty can provide us with the economical conditions of every family living in India. There are people belonging to urban as well as rural areas where the poverty is being surveyed. Poverty is surveyed by considering the standard of living of an individual. It is found that the poverty ratio is decreased since last few years but country is still facing the poverty problems, Poverty is not vanished completely. Hence the data is surveyed and some new techniques are mentioned to overcome this poverty problem.
Bhanu Babasaheb Saka Women Entrepreneurs in India Bhanu Babasaheb Saka Women Entrepreneurs in India Новинка

Bhanu Babasaheb Saka Women Entrepreneurs in India

9977 руб.
The few earlier women entrepreneurial studies in India are largely either sociological or Psychological in nature and have paid relatively less attention to the appraisal of economic performance of the women entrepreneurs. In the context of economic planning for rapid industrialization of the Country and State of Andhra Pradesh, women entrepreneurial studies with emphasis on economic and related aspects assume great importance not only as academic exercises but also for policy formulation.
Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades Новинка

Lương Ngọc Bích Vietnam.s poverty during the last 7 decades

3289 руб.
Poverty is a global problem which has been taking place across continents with different levels, and has become a major challenge for the development of each region, nation, ethnicity as well as locality. Vietnam - an agricultural-aimed country - with 70% of the population living in rural areas, whose intellectual standards and farming cultivation techniques are still limited, led to the low labor productivity, and low income. Poverty, as a consequence, has still taken place in numerous areas. The problem of poverty, hence, has been the Vietnamese Government's best concerns. To make the poor to break out from poverty is the foremost socio - political objective and mission of the Government. Though it cannot be denied the success of such achievements, poverty reduction programs still remain limited. The Government has, however, still been facing with a number of difficulties and challenges needed to be overcome in order to implement the Millennium Goal of the United Nations, which Vietnam has already committed. These problems raise questions to the Government about how to apply the lessons learnt from the past as well as other nations more effectively in the next period?
Joan Mueller The Privilege of Poverty. Clare of Assisi, Agnes of Prague, and the Struggle for a Franciscan Rule for Women Joan Mueller The Privilege of Poverty. Clare of Assisi, Agnes of Prague, and the Struggle for a Franciscan Rule for Women Новинка

Joan Mueller The Privilege of Poverty. Clare of Assisi, Agnes of Prague, and the Struggle for a Franciscan Rule for Women

5214 руб.
Early in the thirteenth century a young woman named Clare was so moved by the teachings of Francis of Assisi that she renounced her possessions, vowing to live a life of radical poverty. Today Clare is remembered for her relationship with Francis, but her own dedication to poverty and her struggle to gain papal approval for a Franciscan Rule for women is a fascinating story that has not received the attention it deserves. In The Privilege of Poverty, Joan Mueller tells this story, and in so doing she reshapes our understanding of early Franciscan history.Clare knew, as did Francis, that she needed a Rule to preserve the "privilege of poverty"-a papal exemption that gave monasteries of women permission not to rely on endowment income. Early Franciscan women gave their dowries to the poor and were as passionately holy and shrewdly political in this choice as were their male counterparts. Mueller shows the crucial role played in this by Agnes of Prague, one of Clare's closest collaborators. A Bohemian princess who declined an engagement to Emperor Frederick II in order to found a monastery of Poor Ladies in Prague, Agnes capitalized on the papal need for a political alliance with the kingdom of Bohemia to negotiate the privilege of poverty for her monastery and set up a hospital for the poor in Prague.The efforts of Clare and Agnes ultimately paid off, as Pope Innocent IV approved a Franciscan Rule for women with the privilege of poverty at its core on Clare's de...
Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia Новинка

Menasbo Gebru Tesfay Urban Poverty and Welfare Inequality the case of Miachew, Ethiopia

8364 руб.
The study explores extent of poverty,vulnerability to poverty and welfare inequality residents of Maichew, southern Tigray, Ethiopia.The lesson thoroughly looks welfare status at household level via different micro analytical techniques like OLS, Tobit,3FGLS and Gini coefficient.Using CBN approach total poverty line of the area is ETB 251 per month per adult.Poverty profile of the town reveals 31.70% of households are below poverty line.OLS result illustrates female headed,educational level of head and spouse have positive impact on welfare while family size,divorced and widowed headed households have negative effect to welfare.Tobit model describes factors affecting poverty severity of the poor.Accordingly,pensioner headship and family size aggravate poverty severity.Being petty trade head, head education,ownership ofdurable property reduce the probability of falling to poverty severity. Using 3FGLS, mean probability of vulnerable to poverty is 0.4.Gini coefficientaccounts 0.49 of total welfare inequality.Factor decomposition of welafre inequality typifies property index and social transition of head take greater share of 14.6% and 12.4% respectively.
Alemayehu Habte Analysis of Performance Determinants in Micro-Enterprises. The Case of Dodola District, Oromia Region Alemayehu Habte Analysis of Performance Determinants in Micro-Enterprises. The Case of Dodola District, Oromia Region Новинка

Alemayehu Habte Analysis of Performance Determinants in Micro-Enterprises. The Case of Dodola District, Oromia Region

5477 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Hawassa University (governance and development studies), course: masters, language: English, comment: micro-enterprises, abstract: Nowadays, the contribution of micro-enterprises in employment creation, poverty reduction and hence economic growth is getting widespread acknowledgement. However, their performance is usually constrained by various factors. Thus, this research is basically aimed at investigating key determinants of performance among micro-enterprise businesses in Dodola town of Oromia region. It examines the extent to which performance of micro-enterprises is associated with characteristics of the owner and business constraints. To this end, primary data were gathered using interview schedule from a sample of 112 micro-enterprises selected using stratified random sampling. Besides, two Focus Group Discussions were held with fourteen randomly selected micro-entrepreneurs. To further triangulate the data Key informant interviews were held with three MSE office heads. Then after primary data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Characteristics of the enterprises and their entrepreneurs were analyzed using percentage, mean, median and standard deviation. On the other hand, Pearson's chi-square(x2), paired sample t-test and multinomial logistic regression were used to make inferences about the subject under inve...
Branislav Zurik Portfolio Entrepreneurship in Slovakia - Empirical analysis of small and medium sized enterprises Branislav Zurik Portfolio Entrepreneurship in Slovakia - Empirical analysis of small and medium sized enterprises Новинка

Branislav Zurik Portfolio Entrepreneurship in Slovakia - Empirical analysis of small and medium sized enterprises

6639 руб.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 2, University of Linz (Institut für Unternehmensgründung & Unternehmensentwicklung ), language: English, abstract: Entrepreneurial research turned to focus on the business man or women, to analyze these individuals in more detail. Many entrepreneurial research directions developed since that time. One of those concentrates on the group of entrepreneurs, whose main characteristic is to own and lead two and more business simultaneously. As a consequence, this diploma thesis main goal is to study this valuable group of entrepreneurs. The outcomes of this analysis come up with certain attributes describing the group of portfolio entrepreneurs. This is important for certain reasons. The group of portfolio owners distinguishes itself from other groups of entrepreneurs above all in the way of doing business, the motivation to lead this business and many others attributes. This will answer many questions about the phenomenon portfolio entrepreneur, from the theoretical research as well as the empirical viewpoint. This study encompasses a set of interviews with real portfolio entrepreneurs with the sample of ten individuals.It delivers new insights about the personality and abilities, capabilities, skills and traits of portfolio entrepreneurs. Thus delivers a special significance for the development of portfolio entrepreneurship, which is derived from the entrepr...
Edison Otieno The Development of Human Resource Departments in Private Institutions Edison Otieno The Development of Human Resource Departments in Private Institutions Новинка

Edison Otieno The Development of Human Resource Departments in Private Institutions

2214 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2107 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, , language: English, abstract: Developing countries face myriad of challenges; the height of which is the wanton poverty that is associated with them. But, many countries such as the Asian Tigers have shown that with targeted, appropriate and adequate investment in human resource development through education, a society may be easily transformed from underdevelopment and poverty to prosperity and higher standard of living. With Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the international community committed for the first time as a whole to an expanded vision of poverty reduction and pro-poor growth, one that vigorously places human development at the center of social and economic progress in all countries. The MDGs also recognized the importance of creating a global; partnership for change. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), launched in 2015 over another 15 years long period, aimed at building on the efforts of the MDGs in the same perspective. That ending poverty must go hand in hand with strategies that build economic growth and at the same time addresses a range of social needs including education, health, social protection and creation of job opportunities. Barriers and Opportunities at the Base of the Pyramid - The Role of the Private Sector in Inclusive Development, Over the years, the state has been bearing the major responsibility for human resource develop...
Ayalew Sida The role of microfanance institutions in improving livelihood Ayalew Sida The role of microfanance institutions in improving livelihood Новинка

Ayalew Sida The role of microfanance institutions in improving livelihood

2927 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Operations Research, grade: A, , language: English, abstract: Livelihoods are 'means of making a living', the various activities and resources that allow people to live. It comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social) and activities required for a means of living. Thus, microfinance programs have been considered as one of the main instruments in livelihood improvement in recent development agenda. Microfinance comprises the provision of financial services including credit and other facilities like savings, insurance, and transfer services to poor household. The study was conducted in Geniji-Dalecho and Bulbulo kebeles among 35 target kebeles of the OCSSCO. The main objective of the study is to identify the contribution of OCSSCO in improving household livelihood through providing credit. Further, the study used both primary and secondary data sources. The primary data was collected with semi-structured interview and focus group discussion from sampled respondents; whereas, secondary data gathered from different documents of the microfinance institution that exists in the study area. Stratified random sampling was used to select 60 respondents (35 beneficiaries and 25 non-beneficiaries) based on the principle of probability proportional to size (pps). Generally, Microfinance Institutions have an explicit potential that intends to improve the livelihoods of households. While ...
Sally Peberdy Competition or Co-operation. South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg Sally Peberdy Competition or Co-operation. South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg Новинка

Sally Peberdy Competition or Co-operation. South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg

2964 руб.
Debates about international migration in South Africa often centre on the role of international migrant entrepreneurs who are seen to be more successful than their South African counterparts, squeezing them out of entrepreneurial spaces, particularly in townships. This report explores and compares the experiences of international and South African migrant entrepreneurs operating informal sector businesses in Johannesburg.
Makhanu Ferdinand, Byaruhanga John, Were Edmond MSEs. Perception and Assessment of Disaster Impact on Sustainability Makhanu Ferdinand, Byaruhanga John, Were Edmond MSEs. Perception and Assessment of Disaster Impact on Sustainability Новинка

Makhanu Ferdinand, Byaruhanga John, Were Edmond MSEs. Perception and Assessment of Disaster Impact on Sustainability

7289 руб.
The book examines the owner-managers' perception and assessment of disaster risk impact on micro and small enterprises (MSEs) ' sustainability in rural- urban set up of a developing economy in Africa. It notes that entrepreneurial traits greatly influence risk decisions by micro and small entrepreneurs across gender. However, four cluster traits found outstanding were commitment, determination and perseverance; drive to achieve/succeed; calculated risk taking and risk seeking together with self-confidence & optimism. Further, it notes that demographic characteristics that significantly influence micro and small entrepreneurs' perception of disaster risks were age, ethnicity, training and education. However, on gender basis, women entrepreneurs were keener on risks before investing as opposed to male entrepreneurs. This is attributed to their being in business due to necessity and not because there is an opportunity as is the case for male entrepreneurs. Moreover, several sources of information and approaches blended to inform micro and small entrepreneurs' assessment of risks affecting their enterprises.
Yannick Rust Can the Millennium Development Goals Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yannick Rust Can the Millennium Development Goals Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. Новинка

Yannick Rust Can the Millennium Development Goals Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa.

5364 руб.
Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich VWL - Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: On the basis of this prediction this paper will assess whether the United Nations´ development agenda - the Millennium Development Goals - could provide a pathway in achieving this keen target and herald an era of bold ambition to solve one of the world´s most urging problems. The MDGs comprise eight global objectives, one of them "The eradication of worldwide poverty", which is being measured by a set of economic indicators in order to derive respective strategies for halving destitution between 1990 and 2015. In the course of this work the success and shortfall of the implemented strategies will be analyzed for Sub - Saharan Africa, the region where the greatest share of the world´s poor reside. Furthermore, the chances and deficits that global development agenda such as the MDGs exhibit will be taken into deeper consideration highlighting the needs of the development assistance of the years to come. Ultimately, the future efforts of international institutions, governments and nongovernmental organizations with reference to poverty alleviation will be outlined and evaluated as far as Mr. Kim´s statement of ending poverty within a generation can be realized.
Noise Reduction Noise Reduction Новинка

Noise Reduction

5902 руб.
Classic book of fundamentals of noise control and noise reduction for the general engineer. Elementary beginnings leading to the advanced aspects of noise reduction for offices, residences, auditoriums and transportation vehicles. Case histories and abundant references.
Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion. Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion. Новинка

Child Poverty, Youth (Un)Employment, and Social Inclusion.

3952 руб.
Worldwide child and youth poverty and deprivation remain the biggest barrier to achieving a better life in adulthood. Progress in lifting children out of poverty in the last decades has been slow and limited in the developing world, while the recent global economic crisis has exacerbated child poverty, youth unemployment, and social exclusion in many developed countries. By critically unraveling the long-term consequences of growing up poor, the close linkages between multiple deprivations and violation of human rights in childhood and adolescence, and their effects on labor market entry and future career in a number of developing and developed countries, this book significantly enriches the existing literature. Drawing on multiple disciplinary perspectives, it makes a forceful case for the eradication of child poverty to take center stage in the Sustainable Development Goals.
Amir Hegazi Startup Arabia. Stories and Advice from Top Tech Entrepreneurs in the Arab World Amir Hegazi Startup Arabia. Stories and Advice from Top Tech Entrepreneurs in the Arab World Новинка

Amir Hegazi Startup Arabia. Stories and Advice from Top Tech Entrepreneurs in the Arab World

714 руб.
Startup Arabia captures the untold stories of the high-tech entrepreneurs in the Middle East who are creating one of the most vibrant and fertile tech hubs in the world today. Through their bold vision, creativity, and tenacity, they are transforming business in this region at record speed, ultimately giving rise to an endless stream of new opportunities for wealth creation and social impact. Through a collection of interviews, Startup Arabia touches on the early days of those entrepreneurs and the startups they created. It explores how they got their initial ideas, what challenges they faced and how they overcame them, what lessons they learned from those experiences, and what advice they have for the next generation of Middle East entrepreneurs. They also share what they believe is required to ensure continued development of a startup ecosystem in the region.Not only did these entrepreneurs conquer the usual challenges of new tech startups; they managed to break from deep-seated tradition and societal limiting beliefs, cut through red tape, and navigate an often unfriendly startup environment.While some consider their achievements a potential cure for many of the region's socioeconomic problems - such as unemployment, poverty, poor education, corruption, and terrorism - whether they can make a significant and lasting difference in those areas is yet to be seen. Still, their stories offer more than business lessons; they represent an insightful case study of how technolo...
Cherisse Hoyte Womenpreneurs. The shift from Corporate Management to Entrepreneurship Cherisse Hoyte Womenpreneurs. The shift from Corporate Management to Entrepreneurship Новинка

Cherisse Hoyte Womenpreneurs. The shift from Corporate Management to Entrepreneurship

8364 руб.
The number of women, of working age in the United Kingdom (UK), that are actively choosing entrepreneurship over corporate management has increased. Understanding the entrepreneurial motivations behind this trend is important for academia, policy-makers and female entrepreneurs worldwide. The main assumption is that women are 'pushed' or forced into entrepreneurship by factors such as the gender pay gap and glass ceiling effect. However, findings from a comparative study between British and French entrepreneurs show that this assumption is more of a myth that needs to be laid to rest and that women today possess a strong entrepreneurial drive fuelled by their need for achievement, need to empower others as well as other motivators not previously associated with female entrepreneurs. Two new categorizations pertinent to female entrepreneurship (i.e. career change and identity change) were also unearthed.
Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link Новинка

Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link

11032.46 руб.
Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are both important societal goals demanding increasing international attention. While they may seem to be unrelated, the international policy frameworks that guide action to address them make an explicit assumption that conserving biodiversity will help to tackle global poverty. Part of the Conservation Science and Practice Series published with the Zoological Society of London, this book explores the validity of that assumption. The book addresses a number of critical questions: Which aspects of biodiversity are of value to the poor? Does the relationship between biodiversity and poverty differ according to particular ecological conditions? How do different conservation interventions vary in their poverty impacts? How do distributional and institutional issues affect the poverty impacts of interventions? How do broader issues such as climate change and the global economic system affect the biodiversity – poverty relationship at different scales? This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, practitioners and researchers concerned with understanding the potential – and limitations – of integrated approaches to biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation.
Farhana Haseen Malnutrition Among Ultra Poor Women in Bangladesh Farhana Haseen Malnutrition Among Ultra Poor Women in Bangladesh Новинка

Farhana Haseen Malnutrition Among Ultra Poor Women in Bangladesh

9327 руб.
Malnutrition is widespread and has been recognized as a public health problem in Bangladesh. As people living in absolute poverty are more susceptible to infection, disease and malnutrition, information on dimension of nutrition was required to see the impact of program and modify health intervention. To describe the prevalence of malnutrition and identify the associated factors among the women, 978 ultra poor households targeted by BRAC poverty reduction program in Bangladesh were covered in a cross- sectional survey. Data were collected between July and September 2003. Chronic energy deficiency was highly prevalent among women, 56% had BMI <18.5 kg/m2. Prevalence of anemia was detected in 48% of the women. The average energy intake was calculated as 1609 kcal/day. Parasites infestation prevalence was 66%. Significant association was found between BMI and reported illness, perceived health status and signature capability. Anemia was associated with signature capability, iron tablet intake and total number of pregnancy. The extent of malnutrition was high among the women in ultra poor households.

кешбака
Страницы:


A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.
Продажа microfinance and poverty reduction of women entrepreneurs лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу microfinance and poverty reduction of women entrepreneurs у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже microfinance and poverty reduction of women entrepreneurs легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.