protestant minorities in the soviet ukraine 1945 1991 volume ii



Soviet Bus Stops Volume II Soviet Bus Stops Volume II Новинка

Soviet Bus Stops Volume II

On the heels of his bestselling Soviet Bus Stops, photographer Christopher Herwig locates fresh wonders of the Soviet vernacular in Georgia, Ukraine and Russia itself After...
Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops Volume II Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops Volume II Новинка

Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops Volume II

On the heels of his bestselling Soviet Bus Stops, photographer Christopher Herwig locates fresh wonders of the Soviet vernacular in Georgia, Ukraine and Russia itself After the popular and critical success of his first book, Soviet Bus Stops, photographer Christopher Herwig has returned to the former Soviet Union to hunt for more. In this second volume, as well as discovering new stops in the remotest areas of Georgia and Ukraine, Herwig turns his camera to Russia itself. Following exhaustive research, he drove more than 9,000 miles from coast to coast across the largest country in the world, in pursuit of new examples of this singular architectural form. A foreword by renowned architecture and culture critic Owen Hatherley reveals new information on the origins of the Soviet bus stop. Examining the government policy that allowed these small architectural forms to flourish, he explains how they reflected Soviet values, and how ultimately they remained-despite their incredible individuality-far-flung outposts of Soviet ideology. The diversity of architectural approaches is staggering: juxtaposed alongside a slew of audacious modern and brutal designs, there are bus stops shaped as trains, birds, light bulbs, rockets, castles, even a bus stop incorporating a statue of St. George slaying the dragon. An essential companion to the first volume, this book provides a valuable document of these important and unique constructions.
Сборник статей Ethnic Conflicts in the Baltic States in Post-soviet Period Сборник статей Ethnic Conflicts in the Baltic States in Post-soviet Period Новинка

Сборник статей Ethnic Conflicts in the Baltic States in Post-soviet Period

This collection of articles concerns the consideration of the causes, forms of existence and mechanisms of realisation of ethnic conflicts in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in 1991–2013 The articles presented by the authors are an attempt to understand the experience of the struggle of ethnic minorities in the countries in question against the ethnic discrimination regimes.
U.S. Army Center of Military History History of Strategic and Ballistic Missle Defense, Volume II U.S. Army Center of Military History History of Strategic and Ballistic Missle Defense, Volume II Новинка

U.S. Army Center of Military History History of Strategic and Ballistic Missle Defense, Volume II

In 1975, U.S. Army Center of Military History commissioned a report on the History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense, Volume I (1945-1955) and Volume II (1956-1972), which was part of a larger study of the strategic arms competition that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. The report addresses each country's approach to civil defense against the threat from the air and each country's emphasis on specific elements of air defense strategy at various periods between 1945 and 1972. Two central questions concerned the U.S. and Soviet defense planners: "How might we be attacked?" and "How shall we defend our country?"
Советские автобусные остановки. Том 2 / Soviet Bus Stops: Volume 2 Советские автобусные остановки. Том 2 / Soviet Bus Stops: Volume 2 Новинка

Советские автобусные остановки. Том 2 / Soviet Bus Stops: Volume 2

A follow-up to the hugely successful Soviet Bus Stops, with new photographs of bus stops in Russia, Crimea, Georgia and Ukraine. Christopher Herwig has an insatiable appetite for ‘Soviet Bus Stops’. After the popular and critical success of his first book, Herwig has returned to the former Soviet Union to hunt for more. In this second volume, as well as discovering new stops in the remotest areas of Georgia and Ukraine, Herwig turns his camera to Russia itself. Following exhaustive research, he drove 15,000 km from coast to coast across the largest country in the world, in pursuit of new examples of this singular architectural form. A foreword by renowned architecture and culture critic Owen Hatherley reveals new information on the origins of the Soviet bus stop. Examining the government policy that allowed these ‘small architectural forms’ to flourish, he explains how they reflected Soviet values, and how ultimately they remained - despite their incredible individuality - far-flung outposts of Soviet ideology. The diversity of architectural approaches is staggering: juxtaposed alongside a slew of audacious modern and brutal designs, there are bus stops shaped as trains, birds, light bulbs, rockets, castles, even a bus stop incorporating a statue of St George slaying the dragon. Essential companion to the first volume, this book provides a valuable document of these important and previously overlooked constructions.
Catherine Wanner Burden of Dreams. History and Identity in Post-Soviet Ukraine Catherine Wanner Burden of Dreams. History and Identity in Post-Soviet Ukraine Новинка

Catherine Wanner Burden of Dreams. History and Identity in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Ukraine is the largest new state to appear on the map of Europe this century. With a population of more than 50 million people and a territory larger than France, the new Ukrainian state faces many challenges, not least of which is to forge a national identity after years of Soviet rule. Burden of Dreams examines daily life in Soviet and post-Soviet Ukraine, showing why Ukrainian nationalism and its program of ""Ukrainianization""have appealed to the largest Russian diaspora and to millions of Russified Ukrainians. Focusing on schools, festivals, commemorative ceremonies, and monuments, Catherine Wanner shows how Soviet-created narratives have been recast to reflect a post-Soviet Ukrainocentric perspective. In the process, we see how new histories are understood and acted upon. This reveals regional cleavages and the resilience of cultural differences produced by the Soviet regime. For some people, the system they criticized yesterday is the one they long for today. The struggle to remember or to forget is particularly intense in post-Soviet societies. Burden of Dreams is especially valuable for showing us the monumental task facing a Ukrainian state that is seeking to craft cultural solidarity after years of Soviet rule.
Edward M. Geist Armageddon Insurance. Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991 Edward M. Geist Armageddon Insurance. Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991 Новинка

Edward M. Geist Armageddon Insurance. Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991

The dangerous, decades-long arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War begged a fundamental question: how did these superpowers actually plan to survive a nuclear strike? In Armageddon Insurance, the first historical account of Soviet civil defense and a pioneering reappraisal of its American counterpart, Edward M. Geist compares how the two superpowers tried, and mostly failed, to reinforce their societies to withstand the ultimate catastrophe.Drawing on previously unexamined documents from archives in America, Russia, and Ukraine, Geist places these civil defense programs in their political and cultural contexts, demonstrating how each country's efforts reflected its cultural preoccupations and blind spots and revealing how American and Soviet civil defense related to profound issues of nuclear strategy and national values. This work challenges prevailing historical assumptions and unearths the ways Moscow and Washington developed nuclear weapons policies based not on rational strategic or technical considerations but in power struggles between different institutions pursuing their own narrow self-interests.
Vitaliy Proshak Religion and Education in Post-Soviet Ukraine Vitaliy Proshak Religion and Education in Post-Soviet Ukraine Новинка

Vitaliy Proshak Religion and Education in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject Theology - Miscellaneous, Utrecht University, language: English, abstract: The present publication describes the general trends and contemporary situation in religious education in secondary schools and institutions of higher education in contemporary Ukraine from the perspective of religion - state - society relations. Research areas of this study focus on political context, educational problems, and religious character of religious education in Ukrainian society.
Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. The Evangelical Protestant Creeds - Volume III, Part II Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. The Evangelical Protestant Creeds - Volume III, Part II Новинка

Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. The Evangelical Protestant Creeds - Volume III, Part II

Philip Schaff's The Creeds of Christendom is a massive set, originally published in three volumes and here reproduced across five volumes, cataloging and explaining the many different creeds from the myriad Christian denominations. The differences in belief between Calvinists, Lutherans, and Presbyterians, for example, can often be subtle, so a thorough examination of the particulars as well as an explanation for how those different beliefs result in a different worldview is necessary. Volume Three: Part II covers:. the Anglican Catechism. Modern Protestant Creeds. Recent Confessional Declarations. Terms of Corporate Church Union. the Savoy Declaration of the Congregational Churches. the Confessional of the Waldenses.See Volume Three: Part I for the Table of Contents for this volume.Swiss theologian PHILIP SCHAFF (1819-1893) was educated in Germany and eventually came to the United States to teach at the German Reformed Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania. He wrote a number of books and hymnals for children, including History of the Christian Church and The Creeds of the Evangelical Protestant Churches.
Anja Müller Country report of Ukraine Anja Müller Country report of Ukraine Новинка

Anja Müller Country report of Ukraine

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Sociology - Culture, Technology, Peoples / Nations, University of Cooperative Education Mannheim, course: Intercultural Management, 22 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Since 1991, when Ukraine declared its indepence, the country hasexperienced enormous changes. The country is the largest country by size within Europe, and it is inhabited by more than 46 million people. Yet, many facts about the country remain unknown to most of the people living in Germany. The following paper will give further information about Ukraine, including basic country information, history, political facts, the country's economy as well as culture and issues Ukraine currently deals with.
Maji Hailemariam Debena SOCIAL NETWORKS AS MEANS OF COPING IN ENVIRONMENT OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION Maji Hailemariam Debena SOCIAL NETWORKS AS MEANS OF COPING IN ENVIRONMENT OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION Новинка

Maji Hailemariam Debena SOCIAL NETWORKS AS MEANS OF COPING IN ENVIRONMENT OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION

This book is the first attempt in Ethiopia to perceive issues of minorities from strengths perspective. Prior research in the area mainly focuses on facts like exclusion, poverty, rights violation and the like that are resulted from social exclusion. Nevertheless, the strengths embedded in minority communities that enabled them to cope with the inhospitable living condition are neglected. This innovative manuscript vividly presents how social minorities are making use of their social networks for their economic and social wellbeing. Minorities, in the absence of formal and institutionalized social support mechanism tend to use their social networks as a form of insurance. Beyond this, the book also describes how minorities are using their social networks as the way out from social exclusion. The book argues that interventions targeting minorities should approach from the strengths existing in minority community.
Pablo Markin Ukrainian Contemporary Art - Civil Society, International Organizations and Public Sphere Pablo Markin Ukrainian Contemporary Art - Civil Society, International Organizations and Public Sphere Новинка

Pablo Markin Ukrainian Contemporary Art - Civil Society, International Organizations and Public Sphere

Master's Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Art - Miscellaneous, grade: 87, erg International School - Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel (Helmut Kohl Institute for European Studies), 54 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The independence of the countries that have succeeded the Soviet Union in 1990s has created basic conditions for the institutionalization of the civil society in these states. Ukraine has joined these newly independent states with little reliance on the institutions of the civil society. The developments within the Ukrainian art reflect the implications that the failure of the civil society institutionalization has for this particular domain of Ukrainian society. Ukrainian contemporary art that is presented at the major international art museums and art festivals of the contemporary art is a post-Soviet phenomenon that occupies the junction between Ukrainian art, international institutions and civil society. As a field of artistic activity Ukrainian contemporary art strives to differentiate itself from Ukrainian art that originated in the environment largely formed in the pre-independence, Soviet period. The struggles for authority within the field of Ukrainian contemporary art have involved Ukrainian institutions that are outside of it. Both institutional and personal agency within the field of Ukrainian contemporary art is affected by the lack of institutionalized civil society in Ukraine. In the theoretical terms of Pi...
Russian Criminal Tattoo Encyclopaedia. Volume II Russian Criminal Tattoo Encyclopaedia. Volume II Новинка

Russian Criminal Tattoo Encyclopaedia. Volume II

Danzig Baldaev's father was an academic, an ethnologist who found himself imprisoned under Soviet rule as an enemy of the people. In fact much of Baldaev's family...
Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops Новинка

Herwig Christopher Soviet Bus Stops

Photographer Christopher Herwig first noticed the unusual architecture of Soviet-era bus stops during a 2002 long-distance bike ride from London to St. Petersburg. Challenging himself to take one good photograph every hour, Herwig began to notice surprisingly designed bus stops on otherwise deserted stretches of road. Twelve years later, Herwig had covered more than 18,000 miles in 14 countries of the former Soviet Union, traveling by car, bike, bus and taxi to hunt down and document these bus stops. The local bus stop proved to be fertile ground for local artistic experimentation in the Soviet period, and was built seemingly without design restrictions or budgetary concerns. The result is an astonishing variety of styles and types across the region, from the strictest Brutalism to exuberant whimsy. Soviet Bus Stops is the most comprehensive and diverse collection of Soviet bus stop design ever assembled, including examples from Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Abkhazia, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus and Estonia. Originally published in a quickly sold-out limited edition, Soviet Bus Stops, named one of the best photobooks of 2014 by Martin Parr, is now available in a highly anticipated, expanded smaller-format trade edition.
Cluade R. Sasso, Combat Studies Institute Soviet Night Operations in World War II Cluade R. Sasso, Combat Studies Institute Soviet Night Operations in World War II Новинка

Cluade R. Sasso, Combat Studies Institute Soviet Night Operations in World War II

Originally published in 1982, this a volume in the Combat Studies Institute "Leavenworth Papers" series. Abstract: "Night combat has frequently been the recourse of the inferior military force or, as in World War II, of the army seeking either to find some respite from air power or to reduce casualties in the face of great firepower. Still, despite the difficulties associated with conducting military operations at night, military planners and leaders cannot escape one salient fact: darkness is a double-edged weapon. During World War II, the Soviets effectively exploited darkness in a variety of operations from withdrawal to pursuit. As the war dragged on, the Red Army relied increasingly on night operations and so refined its abilities that it was able to progress from limited tactical missions by relatively small units to front-level operations by armies with complex coordination and control. Today Soviet military writers frequently discuss night operations, as they do all operations, with reference to their experiences in the Second World War. They appear convinced, as one Soviet general and historian has noted, that their troops should be equally capable of operating both during the day and at night and that night operations have an urgent significance in modern warfare". Include photos. maps, tables.
Ladislava Ivančová Ethnic Minorities Comparative Study in Slovakia Ladislava Ivančová Ethnic Minorities Comparative Study in Slovakia Новинка

Ladislava Ivančová Ethnic Minorities Comparative Study in Slovakia

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2001 in the subject Sociology - Political Sociology, Majorities, Minorities, grade: Bachelor Thesis, , course: American History - Ethnic minorities, language: English, abstract: AbstractThis paper examines the different approaches taken by the governments of Slovakia(former Czechoslovakia), and the United States of America in addressing the issues of minority rights of Afro-Americans in the USA compared to the Romanies in Slovakia. It explains and compares the historical events and political measures implemented by the governments in both countries that helped to form the attitudes of the majority citizens towards the integration of an ethnic minority group. The paper shows that although, both discriminatory in their efforts to tackle the minority rights, Slovakia and the USA applied much varying discriminatory measures which, as a consequence, led to contrary outcomes in terms of the economic and social statuses of both ethnic minorities.
Malko Victoria A. The Chechen Wars. Responses in Russia and the United States Malko Victoria A. The Chechen Wars. Responses in Russia and the United States Новинка

Malko Victoria A. The Chechen Wars. Responses in Russia and the United States

Within five years of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, ethnic conflicts spilled throughout its territory, most of them in the Russian Federation. An analysis of scope and intensity of a conflict with one of Russia's two hundred ethnic minorities is the focus of this book. The conflict in Chechnya erupted into two full-scale wars, fought during the decade of Russia's turbulent transition from communism toward democracy. Using a variety of sources-governmental documents, monographs, diaries of military and political leaders, reports, and contemporary periodicals-the author examines the roots of the conflict and responses to the wars from the media, political parties, and diplomatic circles in Russia and the United States. The Chechen wars have demonstrated the limits of the concept of self-determination for an abused minority population. The military operation in Chechnya has eroded Russian democracy and strengthened those within the military and security forces who call for a return to the old ways. For many in today's Russian elite, the restoration of the lost Soviet empire might be the ultimate objective. The developments in the future deserve the world's attention.
Great Military Commanders - Georgy Zhukov. A Biography Great Military Commanders - Georgy Zhukov. A Biography Новинка

Great Military Commanders - Georgy Zhukov. A Biography

Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo. During World War II he participated in multiple battles, ultimately commanding the 1st Belorussian Front in the Battle of Berlin, which resulted in the defeat of Nazi Germany, and the end of the War in Europe. In recognition of Zhukov's role in World War II, he was chosen to personally take the German Instrument of Surrender and to inspect the Moscow Victory Parade of 1945.A biography that every student of military history should read. This book gives out the life, military career and military leadership of this great Military Commander. This book is a compilation of high quality articles from the Internet.
Yurii Scherbak Revolution and War in Contemporary Ukraine. The Challenge of Change Yurii Scherbak Revolution and War in Contemporary Ukraine. The Challenge of Change Новинка

Yurii Scherbak Revolution and War in Contemporary Ukraine. The Challenge of Change

What are the reasons behind, and trajectories of, the rapid cultural changes in Ukraine since 2013? This volume highlights: the role of the Revolution of Dignity and the Russian-Ukrainian war in the formation of Ukrainian civil society; the forms of warfare waged by Moscow against Kyiv, including information and religious wars; Ukrainian and Russian identities and cultural realignment; sources of destabilization in Ukraine and beyond; memory politics and Russian foreign policies; the Kremlin's geopolitical goals in its 'near abroad'; and factors determining Ukraine's future and survival in a state of war.The studies included in this collection illuminate the growing gap between the political and social systems of Ukraine and Russia. The anthology illustrates how the Ukrainian revolution of 2013-2014, Russia's annexation of the Crimean peninsula, and its invasion of eastern Ukraine have altered the post-Cold War political landscape and, with it, the regional and global power and security dynamics.
CCCP: Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed CCCP: Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed Новинка

CCCP: Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed

The fourth age of Soviet architecture. In this volume photographer Frederic Chaubin reveals 90 buildings sited in fourteen former Soviet Republics which express what could...
Art of the Soviet Union: Nudes Art of the Soviet Union: Nudes Новинка

Art of the Soviet Union: Nudes

Four books - Landscapes, Still Lifes, Nudes and Portraits - are opening a new series called Art of the Soviet Union. This set will examine different genres of art in the USSR, covering the period from the October Revolution in 1917 to the dissolution of the Union in 1991. The books will showcase the best paintings and sculptures of the period and present rarely seen gems from provincial museums and museums of former Soviet republics. Each book opens with an expert article on the subject. Images are organised in chronological order, displaying a wide variety of artistic styles from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism to Socialist Realism, Severe Style and Neorealism.
Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes Новинка

Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes

Four books - Landscapes, Still Lifes, Nudes and Portraits - are opening a new series called Art of the Soviet Union. This set will examine different genres of art in the USSR, covering the period from the October Revolution in 1917 to the dissolution of the Union in 1991. The books will showcase the best paintings and sculptures of the period and present rarely seen gems from provincial museums and museums of former Soviet republics. Each book opens with an expert article on the subject. Images are organised in chronological order, displaying a wide variety of artistic styles from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism to Socialist Realism, Severe Style and Neorealism.
Solzhenitsyn Akeksandr The Gulag Archipelago. 1918-1956. An Experiment in Literary Investigation. Volume 1 Solzhenitsyn Akeksandr The Gulag Archipelago. 1918-1956. An Experiment in Literary Investigation. Volume 1 Новинка

Solzhenitsyn Akeksandr The Gulag Archipelago. 1918-1956. An Experiment in Literary Investigation. Volume 1

Solzhenitsyn's gripping epic masterpiece, the searing record of four decades of Soviet terror and oppression, in one abridged volume, authorized by the author
Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes. Still Lifes. Nudes. Portraits. Box set 1-4 Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes. Still Lifes. Nudes. Portraits. Box set 1-4 Новинка

Art of the Soviet Union: Landscapes. Still Lifes. Nudes. Portraits. Box set 1-4

Four books – Landscapes, Still Lifes, Nudes and Portraits – are opening a new series called Art of the Soviet Union. This set will examine different genres of art in the USSR, covering the period from the October Revolution in 1917 to the dissolution of the Union in 1991. The books will showcase the best paintings and sculptures of the period and present rarely seen gems from provincial museums and museums of former Soviet republics. Each book opens with an expert article on the subject. Images are organised in chronological order, displaying a wide variety of artistic styles from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism to Socialist Realism, Severe Style and Neorealism.
Art of the Soviet Union: Still Lifes Art of the Soviet Union: Still Lifes Новинка

Art of the Soviet Union: Still Lifes

Four books - Landscapes, Still Lifes, Nudes and Portraits - are opening a new series called Art of the Soviet Union. This set will examine different genres of art in the USSR, covering the period from the October Revolution in 1917 to the dissolution of the Union in 1991. The books will showcase the best paintings and sculptures of the period and present rarely seen gems from provincial museums and museums of former Soviet republics. Each book opens with an expert article on the subject. Images are organised in chronological order, displaying a wide variety of artistic styles from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism to Socialist Realism, Severe Style and Neorealism.
Mark G Meerovich Kvadratnye metry, opredeliaiushchie soznanie. Gosudarstvennaia zhilishchnaia politika v SSSR. 1921-1941 gg.. Square Meters Determining Consciousness: State Housing Policies in the USSR, 1921-1941 Mark G Meerovich Kvadratnye metry, opredeliaiushchie soznanie. Gosudarstvennaia zhilishchnaia politika v SSSR. 1921-1941 gg.. Square Meters Determining Consciousness: State Housing Policies in the USSR, 1921-1941 Новинка

Mark G Meerovich Kvadratnye metry, opredeliaiushchie soznanie. Gosudarstvennaia zhilishchnaia politika v SSSR. 1921-1941 gg.. Square Meters Determining Consciousness: State Housing Policies in the USSR, 1921-1941

Based on extensive archival research and, in particular, on documents of the Central Committee of the VKP(b), TsIK and SNK of the USSR and RSFSR, VSNKh, NKVD, and other institutions, this book analyses the aims and methods of pre-World War II urban housing policies in the Soviet Union. Among the issues covered are the principles of the Soviet approach to private and communal housing, the role of the state security organs in the administration and distribution of accommodation, different types of early Soviet lodging (communal houses, family flats, Soviet Houses and Hotels, etc.), the reasons for the abandonment of cooperative housing as well as for the restrictions on building private cottages, and the role of housing for enforcing certain types of behaviour and labour desired by the Soviet government. The study, for the first time in Russian language, describes in some detail the so-called New Housing Policy largely ignored in Soviet historiography.
Paul Bolan Thieves in Law. Organized Crime in Post-Soviet Russia Paul Bolan Thieves in Law. Organized Crime in Post-Soviet Russia Новинка

Paul Bolan Thieves in Law. Organized Crime in Post-Soviet Russia

Organized crime in Russia began in the imperial period of the Tsars, but it was not until the Soviet era that vory v zakone ("thieves-in-law") emerged as leaders of prison groups in gulags, and their honor code became more defined. After World War II, the death of Joseph Stalin, and the fall of the Soviet Union, more gangs emerged in a flourishing black market, exploiting the unstable governments of the former Republics, and at its highest point, even controlling as much as two-thirds of the Russian economy.
J.M. Storm In My Head Volume II J.M. Storm In My Head Volume II Новинка

J.M. Storm In My Head Volume II

IN MY HEAD Vol. II is the follow up to J.M. Storm's successful debut release IN MY HEAD.Similarly, Volume II of this poetry series deals with love, loss, life, and the human condition.
Service Robert End of the Cold War. 1985 - 1991 Service Robert End of the Cold War. 1985 - 1991 Новинка

Service Robert End of the Cold War. 1985 - 1991

The Cold War had seemed like a permanent fixture in global politics, and until its denouement, no Western or Soviet politician foresaw that the stand-off between the two superpowers - after decades of struggle over every aspect of security, politics, economics and ideas - would end in their lifetimes. Even after March 1985 when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union it was not preordained that global nuclear Armageddon could or would be averted peaceably. But just four years later, the Berlin Wall was dismantled and perestroika spread throughout the former Soviet bloc. It was a sea change in world history, which resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Drawing on pioneering archival research, Robert Service's gripping new investigation of the final years of the Cold War pinpoints the astonishing relationships among President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, Secretary of State George Shultz and the USSR's last Foreign Affairs Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze, who found a way to cooperate during times of extraordinary change around the world. The story is of American pressure and Soviet long-term decline and over-stretch. The End of the Cold War shows how that small, skillful group of statesmen were determined to end the Cold War on their watch. In the process, they irreversibly transformed the global geopolitical landscape. Authoritative, compelling and meticulously researched, this is political history at its best.
Soviet Asia: Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia Soviet Asia: Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia Новинка

Soviet Asia: Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia

Soviet Asia explores the Soviet modernist architecture of Central Asia. Italian photographers Roberto Conte and Stefano Perego crossed the former Soviet republics of...
Бабин Яр / Babyn Yar: Memory against History's Background Бабин Яр / Babyn Yar: Memory against History's Background Новинка

Бабин Яр / Babyn Yar: Memory against History's Background

This volume was prepared under the sponsorship of the Ukrainian Jewish Encounter as part of its seventyfifth anniversary of Babyn Yar Project held in Kyiv, Ukraine, 23–29 September 2016. The editors appreciatethe support of the sponsor and recognize that the views expressed in this volume are not necessarily those of theUkrainian Jewish Encounter.
Elena Lvova Integration of the Ukraine to the world.s economic system by means of special investment regimes Elena Lvova Integration of the Ukraine to the world.s economic system by means of special investment regimes Новинка

Elena Lvova Integration of the Ukraine to the world.s economic system by means of special investment regimes

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: The purpose of the thesis is theoretical grounding and working out some practical recommendations on the Ukraine integration to the world economic system through the special investment regime. The subject of the thesis is the economic and organizational elements for the Ukraine integration to the world economic system through the special investment regime. The object of the thesis is the National economy of Ukraine as a whole and that of the Donetsk region. The theoretical and methodological basis of the investigation includes some methods of theoretical generalization, system analysis, synthesis (to study the integration processes in the world economic system), statistical analysis ( to study the world integration development as well as the investment situation in Ukraine) and those of simulating the economic processes (while working out the approaches to the efficiency estimate of functioning the territories with special investment regime as a social-economic model). In the thesis investigated theoretical approaches to the analysis of integration national economies to the world economic system, the role of territories with the special investment regime in the development of integration processes. Analyzed the world investment processes, situation and activation allowing of investment process in Ukraine and investigated the role of special economic zones and territory of priority development in the foreign investment as the regional aspect of world in...
Maria Malksoo Remembering Katyn Maria Malksoo Remembering Katyn Новинка

Maria Malksoo Remembering Katyn

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Katyn– the Soviet massacre of over 21,000 Polish prisoners in 1940 – has come to be remembered as Stalin’s emblematic mass murder, an event obscured by one of the most extensive cover-ups in history. Yet paradoxically, a majority of its victims perished far from the forest in western Russia that gives the tragedy its name. Their remains lie buried in killing fields throughout Russia, Ukraine and, most likely, Belarus. Today their ghosts haunt the cultural landscape of Eastern Europe. This book traces the legacy of Katyn through the interconnected memory cultures of seven countries: Belarus, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, and the Baltic States. It explores the meaning of Katyn as site and symbol, event and idea, fact and crypt. It shows how Katyn both incites nationalist sentiments in Eastern Europe and fosters an emerging cosmopolitan memory of Soviet terror. It also examines the strange impact of the 2010 plane crash that claimed the lives of Poland’s leaders en route to Katyn. Drawing on novels and films, debates and controversies, this book makes the case for a transnational study of cultural memory and navigates a contested past in a region that will define Europe’s future.
Shelter from the Holocaust. Rethinking Jewish Survival in the Soviet Union Shelter from the Holocaust. Rethinking Jewish Survival in the Soviet Union Новинка

Shelter from the Holocaust. Rethinking Jewish Survival in the Soviet Union

About 1.5 million East European Jews-mostly from Poland, the Ukraine, and Russia-survived the Second World War behind the lines in the unoccupied parts of the Soviet Union. Some of these survivors, following the German invasion of the USSR in 1941, were evacuated as part of an organized effort by the Soviet state, while others became refugees who organized their own escape from the Germans, only to be deported to Siberia and other remote regions under Stalin's regime. This complicated history of survival from the Holocaust has fallen between the cracks of the established historiographical traditions as neither historians of the Soviet Union nor Holocaust scholars felt responsible for the conservation of this history, which at best is pushed to the margins and often silenced or forgotten altogether. With Shelter from the Holocaust: Rethinking Jewish Survival in the Soviet Union, editors Mark Edele, Sheila Fitzpatrick, and Atina Grossmann have compiled essays that are at the forefront of developing this entirely new field of transnational study, which seeks to integrate scholarship from the areas of the history of the Second World War and the Holocaust, the history of Poland and the Soviet Union, and the study of refugees and displaced persons.Life as an escapee of the Holocaust was terribly difficult and often lethal, but it at least offered the opportunity for survival and, therefore, an experience fundamentally different than the systematic genocide the Nazis unleashed o...
NATALIA LAPSHYNA Ukrainian Debate on NATO NATALIA LAPSHYNA Ukrainian Debate on NATO Новинка

NATALIA LAPSHYNA Ukrainian Debate on NATO

Ukraine, which is undoubtedly a country of crucial importance both for NATO and the CIS, remains on agenda of the North Atlantic Alliance already almost 15 years. However, the case of Ukraine has always been and is still peculiar, which makes the debate on its membership painful not only in this country, but also in Russia and inside NATO itself. This book provides deep comprehensive analysis of the Ukraine-Russia-NATO relationship triangle, focusing on the debate on NATO membership in Ukraine. Without taking sides, the author gives an objective overview of history and nature of NATO-Ukraine relationship in frames of enlargement process, investigates influence of domestic factor on foreign policy in Ukraine, and reveals concealed conflicts of interests, interdependences and obstacles which form the basis of the debate in the country. Such a deep analysis will lead reader to conclusions and predictions which are especially relevant for Ukraine in the moment of political transformations. This book will be extremely interesting and useful for international relations students, professors, experts and generally for everybody who is concerned in this topic.
Alexievich Svetlana Boys in Zinc Alexievich Svetlana Boys in Zinc Новинка

Alexievich Svetlana Boys in Zinc

Haunting stories from the Soviet-Afghan War from the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 'A masterpiece of reportage' (New York Review of Books)- A new translation based on the updated and expanded text - From 1979 to 1989 Soviet troops engaged in a devastating war in Afghanistan that claimed thousands of casualties on both sides. While the Soviet Union talked about a 'peace-keeping' mission, the dead were shipped back in sealed zinc coffins. Boys in Zinc presents the honest testimonies of soldiers, doctors and nurses, mothers, wives and siblings who describe the lasting effects of war. Weaving together their stories, Svetlana Alexievich shows us the truth of the Soviet-Afghan conflict: the killing and the beauty of small everyday moments, the shame of returned veterans, the worries of all those left behind. When it was first published in the USSR in 1991, Boys in Zinc sparked huge controversy for its unflinching, harrowing insight into the realities of war.
U.S. Army Forces in the Central Paci Participation in the Marianas Operation Volume II U.S. Army Forces in the Central Paci Participation in the Marianas Operation Volume II Новинка

U.S. Army Forces in the Central Paci Participation in the Marianas Operation Volume II

Originally published in 1945. Report of the United States Army Forces in the Central Pacific Area's participation in the Marianas Operation. Volume 2 of 2. Focuses on the XXIV Corps. This volume looks at G-1 personnel and related staff sections, G-2 intelligence, G-3 plans, training and operations, G4 supplies, the artillery officer, the chemical warfare officer, the engineer, the ordinance officer, the quartermaster, the signal officer and the surgeon. Please note this a high quality, carefully cleaned up of an archive document and while many efforts have been made to clean up these historic texts there may be occassional blemishes, usually reflecting the age of the documents and the contemporary typescript used at the time.
Неустановленный автор Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine Неустановленный автор Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine Новинка

Неустановленный автор Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Osteuropa, Note: 2,00, Universität Bremen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das normative Konzept der Zivilgesellschaft, welches ich in meiner Arbeit verwende, soll einen analytischen Anhaltspunkt bieten, um das Wirkungsspektrum der Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine kritisch überprüfen und die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung in der Ukraine anhand der gesellschaftlichen Bewegungen und Aktivitäten vergleichend bewerten zu können.Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es eine Antwort auf die Frage zu geben, wie aktiv die Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine ist. Dabei versuche ich die Rolle der Zivilgesellschaft im Transformations- und Demokratisierungsprozess der Ukraine seit 1991 zu skizzieren. Im Weiteren werde ich die Phasen der Entstehung der Zivilgesellschaft in der Ukraine und die historischen Hintergründe, die zur Bildung eines nationalen Bewusstseins und zu der nationalen Bewegung beigetragen haben, ausführen. Dabei wird auch die Tätigkeit der ukrainischen Dissidenten in der Zeit der kommunistischen Herrschaft berücksichtigt, die mitentscheidend für die Entstehung der Zivilgesellschaft war. Weiter wird untersucht, ob die gesellschaftlichen Bewegungen in der Ukraine demokratische Ziele verfolgten und welche politischen Faktoren bei den gesellschaftlichen Bewegungen in der Ukraine die Handlungsmöglichkeiten der Akteure einschränkten oder erweiterten. Dabei werde ich auch die Funktionen der gesellschaftlich...
Gronow Jukka, Zhuravlev Sergey Fashion Meets Socialism Gronow Jukka, Zhuravlev Sergey Fashion Meets Socialism Новинка

Gronow Jukka, Zhuravlev Sergey Fashion Meets Socialism

The Soviet Union was not renowned for its fashionable clothing. However, after the World War II the Soviet Government opened several parallel organizations of fashion design with fashion houses and ateliers all over the country. The post-war decades witnessed hot debates on destalinization, economic and social reforms and the increasing importance of the public opinion. The cold war and the peaceful competition between the two systems left their marks on clothes fashion. Fashion offers a good insight into Soviet economic planning. Despite increasing opulence, Soviet consumers were not satisfied. Soviet experts on fashion propagated small series of fashionable clothing and the opening of boutiques which never seriously challenged industrial mass production. Using a great variety of unique historical sources the book analyzes the changing economic, social and cultural conditions of Soviet fashion which faced many problems but had real achievements to show too.
Alexander Gogun Stalins Kommandotruppen 1941-1944. Die ukrainischen Partisanenformationen Alexander Gogun Stalins Kommandotruppen 1941-1944. Die ukrainischen Partisanenformationen Новинка

Alexander Gogun Stalins Kommandotruppen 1941-1944. Die ukrainischen Partisanenformationen

There are certain parallels between the operations Vladimir Putin initiated in the wake of the Ukraine crisis of 2014 and the approach Stalin took in the region during the Second World War.Stalin's ruthless use of scorched earth tactics, the deliberate provocation of reprisals of the occupiers against the civilian population, the destruction of their own villages, the chaotic collection of taxes in kind from the population, accompanied by everyday looting, benders, fornication and violence, fratricidal internal conflicts, the use of doping, the operational use of bacteriological weapons, and even cannibalism-all this was not a random price for the massive bloodshed and no spontaneous response of the population to the brutality of the German occupation in the 1940s. These were, as Alexander Gogun shows in his historiographical investigation, planned or consciously accepted phenomena and peculiarities of Stalin's warfare tactics.A book that makes an important contribution to the historical context of the current crisis in Ukraine.Alexander Gogun has published numerous scientific works on partisan warfare, on Ukrainian nationalism, the communist secret services, as well as the foreign policy of the USSR during the Second World War. He is currently working at the Free University of Berlin. Gogun also lectured at the University of Potsdam on the history of Stalinism, the Soviet Union in World War II, and the post-Stalinist USSR. This volume was previously published by two ...
Michael Hofmann Russia and its Changing Perceptions of the EU Michael Hofmann Russia and its Changing Perceptions of the EU Новинка

Michael Hofmann Russia and its Changing Perceptions of the EU

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Russia, grade: 69 (upper second), University of Kent, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In May 2004, seven formerly Soviet satellite countries joined the European Union (EU). In 2007, the enlargement process of the EU proceeded with another two former Soviet satellites, Romania and Bulgaria becoming new members. Furthermore, the Ukrainian government, whose country shares a common border of almost 1600 km with Russia, has commited itself to enhance political and economic reform processes. Its strategic long-term goal is the accession to the EU. Although it is rather unlikely that accession talks with the Ukraine will start in the near future, the course adopted by the government is obvious. Georgia, a former Soviet republic as well, formulated back in 2003 its strategic long-term objective which is becoming a member of the EU. The Eastern Enlargement in 2004 brought the EU at the doorstep to the Russian Federation. Although having shared a common border with Russia since 1995 when Finland became a member of the EU, the situation now is qualitatively different. Russia's former direct sphere of influence is now integrated within the framework of the EU.Due to this relatively new situation of immediate neighbourhood without any ideologic cutting line or cordon sanitaire1, it is likely that new patterns concerning the Russia-EU relationship arise. Particularly...
The Pushkin Handbook (Publications of the Wisconsin Center for Pushkin Studies) The Pushkin Handbook (Publications of the Wisconsin Center for Pushkin Studies) Новинка

The Pushkin Handbook (Publications of the Wisconsin Center for Pushkin Studies)

The Pushkin Handbook, a collection of new studies by leading Pushkin scholars from the former Soviet Union, North America, and elsewhere, unites in one volume a multiplicity of voices engaged in a genuinely post-Soviet dialogue. The Pushkin Handbook - containing arguments whose wellsprings lie in a range of intellectual traditions, including structuralism, prosody, Bakhtin, Orientalist studies, musicology, and more - is further testimony to the continuing complexity of Russias preeminent writer.
Alan Leslie Cockerill Each One Must Shine. The Educational Legacy of V.A. Sukhomlinsky Alan Leslie Cockerill Each One Must Shine. The Educational Legacy of V.A. Sukhomlinsky Новинка

Alan Leslie Cockerill Each One Must Shine. The Educational Legacy of V.A. Sukhomlinsky

Each One Must Shine is an account of the life and work of Vasily Sukhomlinsky (1918-1970), one of the most influential educators of the twentieth century. Sukhomlinsky's writings inspired millions of Soviet school teachers, and continue to inspire educators in Russia, Ukraine, and China, where he is one of the most influential foreign educators. Sukhomlinsky’s idealistic vision of human development and his deep love for children led him to develop a holistic system of education that emphasised the moral and aesthetic dimensions of a child’s development as well as the physical, intellectual and vocational. He was the principal of a rural school in Pavlysh, in central Ukraine, for twenty-two years, and wrote about his experience in numerous books and articles. His school was visited by thousands of educators from the length and breadth of the Soviet Union and beyond, and his books have been read by millions. Each One Must Shine is the first major study to present Sukhomlinsky’s legacy to an English-speaking audience. It is addressed to parents and educators, as well as specialists in the field.
Yevgeniya Kozmenko A new step to the European Integration. The Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine Yevgeniya Kozmenko A new step to the European Integration. The Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine Новинка

Yevgeniya Kozmenko A new step to the European Integration. The Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine

Diploma Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,3, University of Leipzig, language: English, abstract: The Association Agreement, which was signed between the European Union and Ukraine in 2014, opened a big discussion about new challenges in Europe. Many European countries signed similar Agreements and became very quickly therafter full members of the EU. Nowadays there are a lot of opinions and myths about what exactly the Ukrainian Association is, and, in general, where it should bring Ukraine and Europe. This research paper explores the objectives pursued by the EU and Ukraine by the time they signed the Agreement. It provides a full analysis and interpretation of its content and describes how Ukrainian attempt to get closer to the European Union changed the geo-political situation in Europe. This paper is important as it will cast in light the background of the present tragical events in Ukraine and will provide deeper knowledge about the situation. The main hypotheses of this work are as follows:1. The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU does not give any guarantees for the accession to the EU and could only be seen as the basis of a prospective future membership. 2. The access to the European integration of Ukraine in the EaP is precluded because of inflexible and "naive" policy of the EU. The ENP has failed and needs to be reconsidered.3. Russian permanent intervention in the policy decision-...
Heinz Neukirchen Piraten: Seeraub auf allen Meeren Heinz Neukirchen Piraten: Seeraub auf allen Meeren Новинка

Heinz Neukirchen Piraten: Seeraub auf allen Meeren

Heinz Neukirchen (in Duisburg, Germany - December 8, 1986 in Rostock, GDR) was an officer of the Kriegsmarine in World War II, and a Vice Admiral in the People's Navy (Volksmarine) of the German Democratic Republic as well as President of the East German Directorate of Maritime and Port Industries. He was the author of several maritime books. Neukirchen was the son of a small farmer and vegetable dealer. After graduation from high school he worked an internship from 1931 to 1932, then one year as a freelancer for the Dusseldorfer News. Neukirchen began service in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in 1935. From 1939 to 1940, he worked as a boatswain's harbor protection commander. Following several warrant officer courses, Neukirchen served from 1943 to 1944 as a watch officer on a mine ship. In the last year of World War II, he was a Lieutenant and commander of U-Boat hunters stationed in Norway. In addition to this duty he served in 1945 as a battery commander of Marine infantry. From 1945 to 1949 he was in Soviet captivity.
Conte Roberto, Perego Stefano Soviet Asia. Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia Conte Roberto, Perego Stefano Soviet Asia. Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia Новинка

Conte Roberto, Perego Stefano Soviet Asia. Soviet Modernist Architecture in Central Asia

A fantastic collection of Soviet Asian architecture, many photographed here for the first time Soviet Asia explores the Soviet modernist architecture of Central Asia. Italian photographers Roberto Conte and Stefano Perego crossed the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, documenting buildings constructed from the 1950s until the fall of the USSR. The resulting images showcase the majestic, largely unknown, modernist buildings of the region. Museums, housing complexes, universities, circuses, ritual palaces - all were constructed using a composite aesthetic. Influenced by Persian and Islamic architecture, pattern and mosaic motifs articulated a connection with Central Asia. Grey concrete slabs were juxtaposed with colourful tiling and rectilinear shapes broken by ornate curved forms: the brutal designs normally associated with Soviet-era architecture were reconstructed with Eastern characteristics. Many of the buildings shown in Soviet Asia are recorded here for the first time, making this book an important document, as despite the recent revival of interest in Brutalist and Modernist architecture, a number of them remain under threat of demolition. The publication includes two contextual essays, one by Alessandro De Magistris (architect and History of Architecture professor, University of Milan, contributor to the book Vertical Moscow) and the other by Marco Buttino (Modern and Urban History professor, University of Turin, specializing in the history of social change in the USSR).
Looking for Lenin Looking for Lenin Новинка

Looking for Lenin

The eerie beauty of Ukraine's Lenin statues, toppled in the name of decommunization. In the process of decommunisation, Ukraine has toppled all its Lenin monuments....
Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. History of the Creeds - Volume I, Part II Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. History of the Creeds - Volume I, Part II Новинка

Philip Schaff The Creeds of Christendom. History of the Creeds - Volume I, Part II

Philip Schaff's The Creeds of Christendom is a massive set, originally published in three volumes and here reproduced across five volumes, cataloging and explaining the many different creeds from the myriad Christian denominations. The differences in belief between Calvinists, Lutherans, and Presbyterians, for example, can often be subtle, so a thorough examination of the particulars as well as an explanation for how those different beliefs result in a different worldview is necessary. Volume One: Part II covers:. the Catechism of Geneva AD 1546 and 1541. the Reformed Confessions of France and Netherlands. the Reformed Confessions of Germany. the Reformed Confessions of Bohemia, Poland, and Hungary. the Anglican Articles of Religion. the Presbyterian Confessions of Scotland. the Westminster Standards. the Creeds of Modern Evangelical Denominations.(See Volume One: Part I for the Table of Contents for this volume.)Swiss theologian PHILIP SCHAFF (1819-1893) was educated in Germany and eventually came to the United States to teach at the German Reformed Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania. He wrote a number of books and hymnals for children, including History of the Christian Church and The Creeds of the Evangelical Protestant Churches.
Bob Porter Soul Jazz. Jazz in the Black Community, 1945-1975 Bob Porter Soul Jazz. Jazz in the Black Community, 1945-1975 Новинка

Bob Porter Soul Jazz. Jazz in the Black Community, 1945-1975

Soul Jazz is a history of jazz and its reception in the black community in the period from the end of World War II until the end of the Vietnam War. Previous histories reflect the perspective of an integrated America, yet the United States was a segregated country in 1945. The black audience had a very different take on the music and that is the perception explored in Soul Jazz.
Yevgeniy Voytsitskyy Der Weg der Ukraine in die EU im Schatten Russlands (bis zum Jahr 2010) Yevgeniy Voytsitskyy Der Weg der Ukraine in die EU im Schatten Russlands (bis zum Jahr 2010) Новинка

Yevgeniy Voytsitskyy Der Weg der Ukraine in die EU im Schatten Russlands (bis zum Jahr 2010)

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Russland, Länder der ehemal. Sowjetunion, Note: 1,3, Universität Siegen, Veranstaltung: Politikwissenschaft, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In den letzten Jahren kann man immer häufiger in den audiovisuellen Medien, in der Presse und in der öffentlichen Diskussion, aber auch an der Außenpolitik der Ukraine, der Russischen Föderation und der Europäischen Union die Aktualität des Themas, die das Dreieck der politischen Beziehungen zwischen der Ukraine, der EU und Russland untersuchen soll, ablesen. Die drei Akteure - die Ukraine, die EU und Russland - stehen bei den für die Ukraine wichtigen Themen wie der Beitritt der Ukraine zur EU, in die NATO, in die WTO (die Ukraine ist bereits Mitglied der Organisation) immer im Mittelpunkt bzw. es wird stets Bezug darauf genommen: Welche Rolle nimmt Russland bei den außenpolitischen Bestrebungen der Ukraine ein? Auch bei den wiederholten Energiekonflikten der letzten Jahre zwischen der Ukraine und Russland rückt der Aspekt der schwankenden Stabilität der Beziehungen zwischen EU, Ukraine und Russland in den Vordergrund.Der Beitritt der Ukraine in die EU ist ohne Zweifel das zentrale Thema für die Ukraine in den nächsten Jahren. Fraglich ist, ob die sowohl bestehenden politischen als auch sicherheitspolitischen, wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Voraussetzungen der Ukraine mit dem von der ukrainischen Regierung verfolgten außenpolitischen Kurs der...
Kate Koning International Minority Rights Law and its Impact on Kinstate Minorities in the Area of Education Kate Koning International Minority Rights Law and its Impact on Kinstate Minorities in the Area of Education Новинка

Kate Koning International Minority Rights Law and its Impact on Kinstate Minorities in the Area of Education

Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: 1.7, University of Flensburg (European Studies), language: English, abstract: The Council of Europe created the first legally binding international treaty for national minorities in Europe for language rights called the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ECRML) in 1992. Little is discussed in academia about its effects concerning kinstate minorities who are already protected due to state legislation and unilateral or bilateral agreements. This thesis examined the ECRML and its impact in the context of language education rights concerning the Danish and German minorities living in the Schleswig border region. Using content analysis and interviews with stakeholders, it was found that it helped re-enforce and re-assure minority language rights, created formalization in the area of language education rights, re-instating funding equality, raised awareness in minority education issues to the governments involved and re-instated funding equality in the area.
Matthias Reichhard European spirit, adaption to market economy and national identity in Poland and Ukraine Matthias Reichhard European spirit, adaption to market economy and national identity in Poland and Ukraine Новинка

Matthias Reichhard European spirit, adaption to market economy and national identity in Poland and Ukraine

When at the turn of the 1980, the face of the political world was largely remodelled with the vanishment of classical East and West blocs, the economical wasteland created by the failed socialist planned economic system constituted a fascinating research pasture for economists of all disciplines - especially macroeconomists and specialists for economic politics. At universities, new faculties for transformation studies were created. Authors like Rodrick elucidated the reasons for the acute period of the COMECON alliance in form of teh Soviet trade shock, de Melo, van den Mortel a.o. discussed reasons for discrepancy of initial condions, Aghion & Blanchard about the speed of transition, just like Wyplosz, Fischer & Sahayestablished a balance sheet after a decade of transition.However, the preponderant part authorship dedicated to the fate and future of Central and Eastern European countries left apart a force of influence which disciplines of business adminitration have discovered for disciplines like management and staff motivation: culture.The author of the present study did extended research for working papers a.o. which may provide hints for characteristics of development visible in two exemplaric states, out of which one used to be part fo the soviet Union (Ukraine), the other a satellite „brother country" (POland), which lie below the surface of economic behaviour and performance. The result of this quest was y and large that there indeed do exist works which...
Derman Giray Saynur Ukrainian Foreign Policy and the Internal Determinants Derman Giray Saynur Ukrainian Foreign Policy and the Internal Determinants Новинка

Derman Giray Saynur Ukrainian Foreign Policy and the Internal Determinants

Ukraine is one of the crucial countries in sustaining the stability and security of Europe. Due to its geopolitic situation Ukraine is dependent on both Russia and the West and thus it is very difficult for this fresh country to follow either a prominent pro-Western or a pro-Russian foreign policy. While struggling against this dilemma, Ukraine has to deal with many contributing foreign factors. The question that must be asked is if the foreign factors are the only major determinants of Ukraine's current situation or else. Actually, the internal factors that influence the foreign policy of Ukraine should not be underestimated. Nevertheless the existing neo-realist studies of Ukrainian foreign policy exaggerates the role of external factors and neglects the essential role of the inner ones. Hereby, the Ukranian foreign policy and the internal determinants of it are analyzed since 1991, with a focus on the post-Orange Revolution era. The impact of political, economic and cultural factors on Ukrainian foreign policy and the Crimean issue are also discussed.
Birgit Beumers A Companion to Russian Cinema Birgit Beumers A Companion to Russian Cinema Новинка

Birgit Beumers A Companion to Russian Cinema

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A Companion to Russian Cinema provides an exhaustive and carefully organised guide to the cinema of pre-Revolutionary Russia, of the Soviet era, as well as post-Soviet Russian cinema, edited by one of the most established and knowledgeable scholars in Russian cinema studies. The most up-to-date and thorough coverage of Russian, Soviet and post-Soviet cinema, which also effectively fills gaps in the existing scholarship in the field This is the first volume on Russian cinema to explore specifically the history of movie theatres, studios, and educational institutions The editor is one of the most established and knowledgeable scholars in Russian cinema studies, and contributions come from leading experts in the field of Russian Studies, Film Studies and Visual Culture Chapters consider the arts of scriptwriting, sound, production design, costumes and cinematography Provides five portraits of key figures in Soviet and Russia film history, whose works have been somewhat neglected
Herman Tester 1930 Census Johnson County Tennessee Volume II Herman Tester 1930 Census Johnson County Tennessee Volume II Новинка

Herman Tester 1930 Census Johnson County Tennessee Volume II

Volume II of the Johnson County Tennessee 1930 Census includes citizens of Mountain City and Districts 1, 2, 3, 7, 8 & 9. All information about the 7,583 people living in this part of Johnson County in 1930 are included.
Igor Trutanow Konstantinovka - A Mennonite village in the Soviet Empire. The last chapter of the history of the Mennonites in Russia Igor Trutanow Konstantinovka - A Mennonite village in the Soviet Empire. The last chapter of the history of the Mennonites in Russia Новинка

Igor Trutanow Konstantinovka - A Mennonite village in the Soviet Empire. The last chapter of the history of the Mennonites in Russia

This book is about everyday life of people in Soviet Russia who called themselves Mennisten, meaning Mennonites. They lived in the village of Konstantinovka, which was established by Mennonites from Chortitza in 1907 in the Central Asian steppe between Russia and China.
Loree Vallejo History of Nazi Holocaust and genocide (1941-1945) Loree Vallejo History of Nazi Holocaust and genocide (1941-1945) Новинка

Loree Vallejo History of Nazi Holocaust and genocide (1941-1945)

"The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945. Jews were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including in particular the Roma and ""incurably sick"", as well as ethnic Poles and other Slavs, Soviet citizens, Soviet prisoners of war, political opponents, gay men and Jehovah's Witnesses, resulting in up to 17 million deaths overall.Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Adolf Hitler's rise to power in 1933, the government passed laws to exclude Jews from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. Starting in 1933, the Nazis built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and people deemed ""undesirable"". After the invasion of Poland in 1939, the regime set up ghettos to segregate Jews. Over 42,000 camps, ghettos, and other detention sites were established.The deportation of Jews to the ghettos culminated in the policy of extermination the Nazis called the ""Final Solution to the Jewish Question"", discussed by senior Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January 1942. As German forces captured territories in the East, all anti-Jewish measures were radicalize...
Anthony Evans The Roles Of Workforce Development For Minorities Improving Retention And Examining Disparate Impact And Disparate Treatment Anthony Evans The Roles Of Workforce Development For Minorities Improving Retention And Examining Disparate Impact And Disparate Treatment Новинка

Anthony Evans The Roles Of Workforce Development For Minorities Improving Retention And Examining Disparate Impact And Disparate Treatment

Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Sociology - Individual, Groups, Society, Bowie State University, language: English, abstract: In spite of overcoming adversity, segregation and hate, minorities are still discriminated against in the work place. This review looks into how disparate treatment and disparate impact speaks to how the theories assist claims of discrimination from employer to applicant. Results revealed that there is a screening process that examines the hiring practices and notions of equal employment opportunity without discrimination. On the contrast to disparate impact, disparate treatment prohibits employers from treatingemployees or applicants differently because of their membership in a protected class. This review explores various forms of discrimination towards minorities albeit statistical wage or gender.
Strategic Studies Institute, Robert Nalbandov, U. S. Army War College Press Democratization and Instability in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus Strategic Studies Institute, Robert Nalbandov, U. S. Army War College Press Democratization and Instability in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus Новинка

Strategic Studies Institute, Robert Nalbandov, U. S. Army War College Press Democratization and Instability in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus

Nations democratize at a different pace: Some achieve high governance standards, lasting political stability, and robust economies; others are lingering in their desires to look and act like their democratic counterparts. While no country strictly follows similar patterns of democratic institutionalization, there is a variable that defines the rate of success of their efforts: their political culture. The empirical study by Dr. Robert Nalbandov unveils this "democratization puzzle" of incongruence between the levels of democracy, internal peace, and economic prosperity between the newly independent states of Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus. By investigating the political cultures of the three post-Soviet countries, Dr. Nalbandov concludes that it was the distinct political cultures of these states (flexible in Georgia, rigid in Belarus, and bifurcate in Ukraine) that produced diverse outcomes in each specific case.

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A fantastic collection of Soviet Asian architecture, many photographed here for the first time Soviet Asia explores the Soviet modernist architecture of Central Asia. Italian photographers Roberto Conte and Stefano Perego crossed the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, documenting buildings constructed from the 1950s until the fall of the USSR. The resulting images showcase the majestic, largely unknown, modernist buildings of the region. Museums, housing complexes, universities, circuses, ritual palaces - all were constructed using a composite aesthetic. Influenced by Persian and Islamic architecture, pattern and mosaic motifs articulated a connection with Central Asia. Grey concrete slabs were juxtaposed with colourful tiling and rectilinear shapes broken by ornate curved forms: the brutal designs normally associated with Soviet-era architecture were reconstructed with Eastern characteristics. Many of the buildings shown in Soviet Asia are recorded here for the first time, making this book an important document, as despite the recent revival of interest in Brutalist and Modernist architecture, a number of them remain under threat of demolition. The publication includes two contextual essays, one by Alessandro De Magistris (architect and History of Architecture professor, University of Milan, contributor to the book Vertical Moscow) and the other by Marco Buttino (Modern and Urban History professor, University of Turin, specializing in the history of social change in the USSR).
Продажа protestant minorities in the soviet ukraine 1945 1991 volume ii лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу protestant minorities in the soviet ukraine 1945 1991 volume ii у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже protestant minorities in the soviet ukraine 1945 1991 volume ii легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.