qualitative methods for reasoning under uncertainty



Khelassi Abdeldjalil Artificial Reasoning Systems Khelassi Abdeldjalil Artificial Reasoning Systems Новинка

Khelassi Abdeldjalil Artificial Reasoning Systems

6673 руб.
Reasoning is a mental operation in which, with predefined judgments, we generate a new judgment. The artificial reasoning systems are any software application, hardware device or combination of software and hardware whose computational function is to generate conclusions from available knowledge using logical techniques of deduction, induction or other forms of reasoning. This book is focused on presenting some theory of artificial reasoning systems and some applications in medicine. The book contains two parts the first one is a deep description of many theoretical aspects in the domain of artificial reasoning as well as Case Based Reasoning, Distributed Reasoning through agents and Reasoning under Uncertainty with Fuzzy Systems. In the second part we describe some medical applications for Decision Support and Diagnosis, Explanation Aware Computing and Document Recommendation System for Health 2.0.
Professor Caers Jef Modeling Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences Professor Caers Jef Modeling Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences Новинка

Professor Caers Jef Modeling Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences

13990.77 руб.
Modeling Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences highlights the various issues, techniques and practical modeling tools available for modeling the uncertainty of complex Earth systems and the impact that it has on practical situations. The aim of the book is to provide an introductory overview which covers a broad range of tried-and-tested tools. Descriptions of concepts, philosophies, challenges, methodologies and workflows give the reader an understanding of the best way to make decisions under uncertainty for Earth Science problems. The book covers key issues such as: Spatial and time aspect; large complexity and dimensionality; computation power; costs of 'engineering' the Earth; uncertainty in the modeling and decision process. Focusing on reliable and practical methods this book provides an invaluable primer for the complex area of decision making with uncertainty in the Earth Sciences.
Terje Aven Uncertainty in Risk Assessment. The Representation and Treatment of Uncertainties by Probabilistic and Non-Probabilistic Methods Terje Aven Uncertainty in Risk Assessment. The Representation and Treatment of Uncertainties by Probabilistic and Non-Probabilistic Methods Новинка

Terje Aven Uncertainty in Risk Assessment. The Representation and Treatment of Uncertainties by Probabilistic and Non-Probabilistic Methods

7820.28 руб.
Explores methods for the representation and treatment of uncertainty in risk assessment In providing guidance for practical decision-making situations concerning high-consequence technologies (e.g., nuclear, oil and gas, transport, etc.), the theories and methods studied in Uncertainty in Risk Assessment have wide-ranging applications from engineering and medicine to environmental impacts and natural disasters, security, and financial risk management. The main focus, however, is on engineering applications. While requiring some fundamental background in risk assessment, as well as a basic knowledge of probability theory and statistics, Uncertainty in Risk Assessment can be read profitably by a broad audience of professionals in the field, including researchers and graduate students on courses within risk analysis, statistics, engineering, and the physical sciences. Uncertainty in Risk Assessment: Illustrates the need for seeing beyond probability to represent uncertainties in risk assessment contexts. Provides simple explanations (supported by straightforward numerical examples) of the meaning of different types of probabilities, including interval probabilities, and the fundamentals of possibility theory and evidence theory. Offers guidance on when to use probability and when to use an alternative representation of uncertainty. Presents and discusses methods for the representation and characterization of uncertainty in risk assessment. Uses examples to clearly illustrate ideas and concepts.
Stephen Lapan D. Qualitative Research. An Introduction to Methods and Designs Stephen Lapan D. Qualitative Research. An Introduction to Methods and Designs Новинка

Stephen Lapan D. Qualitative Research. An Introduction to Methods and Designs

6584.77 руб.
The authors—noted scholars and researchers—provide an up-to-date guide to qualitative study design, data collection, analysis, and reporting. Step by step, the authors explain a range of methodologies and methods for conducting qualitative research focusing on how they are applied when conducting an actual study. The book includes methods of data collection, specific approaches to qualitative research, and current issues in the field. Specifically, chapters cover the methods, designs, and analyses related to the methodologies of history, case study, program evaluation, ethnography, autoethnography, narrative, life histories, emancipatory discourses, feminist perspectives, African American inquiry, indigenous studies, and practitioner qualitative research.
Cory Contini Qualitative . Quantative Research Cory Contini Qualitative . Quantative Research Новинка

Cory Contini Qualitative . Quantative Research

1752 руб.
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Communications - Methods and Research Logic, grade: B, Ottawa University, course: Qualitative Research Methods, language: English, abstract: This report looks at research methods including the debate between qualitative and quantitative research methodologies, and relates these methodologies to the healthcare field in terms of providing cost effective solutions to healthcare problems like Medicare and other problems. The difference between qualitative and quantitative research approaches is also highlighted in the current report in the relationship between different paradigms of inquiry and definitions of paradigms. The features of logical positivism and phenomenology are therefore also used in approximate relativity to quantitative and qualitative methods, with the assumption being that qualitative methods are more reflective of the subjective approach of phenomenology. However, the report is also open to other definitions of paradigm and category in specific terms of healthcare research topics and new definitions of both types of research approach. "There is no universally accepted definition of qualitative research, because it is a field of enquiry rather than a single entity. Qualitative research is a broad term for a variety of research approaches... 'Qualitative research is an inquiry process of understanding based on distinct methodological traditions of inquiry that explore a social or human problem. The researcher build...
Shinde Sachin, Jagtap Vidyasagar, Panchal Rahul Optimal Design of Composite Structure Under Uncertainty Shinde Sachin, Jagtap Vidyasagar, Panchal Rahul Optimal Design of Composite Structure Under Uncertainty Новинка

Shinde Sachin, Jagtap Vidyasagar, Panchal Rahul Optimal Design of Composite Structure Under Uncertainty

7414 руб.
These books cover current research area uncertainty analysis. The different technique is available with this book. The proposed technique is Monte Carlo method, for three hollow composite (Rectangular, Circular And Aerofoil) beams made of laminated composites and subjected to bending loads, has been carried out under uncertainty in bending stress for statical and transient analysis. Bending stress was objective function. Geometric parameters, Material parameters Composite Parameters and Load parameter are randomly varied for optimization within effective range and their effect on bending stress has been analysed.
Harper David Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health and Psychotherapy. A Guide for Students and Practitioners Harper David Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health and Psychotherapy. A Guide for Students and Practitioners Новинка

Harper David Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health and Psychotherapy. A Guide for Students and Practitioners

9219.83 руб.
This book provides a user-friendly introduction to the qualitative methods most commonly used in the mental health and psychotherapy arena. Chapters are written by leading researchers and the editors are experienced qualitative researchers, clinical trainers, and mental health practitioners Provides chapter-by-chapter guidance on conducting a qualitative study from across a range of approaches Offers guidance on how to review and appraise existing qualitative literature, how to choose the most appropriate method, and how to consider ethical issues Demonstrates how specific methods have been applied to questions in mental health research Uses examples drawn from recent research, including research with service users, in mental health practice and in psychotherapy
Sharan Merriam B. Qualitative Research in Practice. Examples for Discussion and Analysis Sharan Merriam B. Qualitative Research in Practice. Examples for Discussion and Analysis Новинка

Sharan Merriam B. Qualitative Research in Practice. Examples for Discussion and Analysis

5534.29 руб.
A practical introduction to qualitative research across fields and disciplines Qualitative Research in Practice offers a hands-on introduction to qualitative research design, methods, data, and analysis. Designed as a companion text for any course involving qualitative research, this book explores the different types of qualitative studies with relevant examples and analysis by the researchers themselves. The workbook format makes it easy to use in the classroom or the field, and the depth of information makes it a valuable resource for students of social work, psychology, counseling, management, education, health care, or any field in which qualitative research is conducted. While quantitative research is primarily concerned with numerical data, qualitative research methods are more flexible, responsive, and open to contextual information. To a qualitative researcher, a situation is defined by the participants’ perspectives, making it the primary method of inquiry for understanding social phenomena through the lens of experience. This book introduces the essentials of qualitative research, bolstered by expert analysis and discussion that provides deeper insight than a traditional textbook format would allow. Understand the fundamental nature of qualitative research Learn how to accurately assess and evaluate qualitative research Explore qualitative research’s many forms and applications Gain insight on qualitative research in a variety of fields and disciplines How does one codify an experience? Is it possible to measure emotion in units? Qualitative research fills the void where numbers cannot reach. It is the best tool we have for studying the unquantifiable aspects of the human experience, and it is an essential tool in a wide variety of fields. Qualitative Research in Practice provides translatable skills in a practical format to quicken your transition from “learning” to “using.”
Sarah Tracy J. Qualitative Research Methods. Collecting Evidence, Crafting Analysis, Communicating Impact Sarah Tracy J. Qualitative Research Methods. Collecting Evidence, Crafting Analysis, Communicating Impact Новинка

Sarah Tracy J. Qualitative Research Methods. Collecting Evidence, Crafting Analysis, Communicating Impact

8822.26 руб.
Qualitative Research Methods is a comprehensive, all-inclusive resource for the theory and practice of qualitative/ethnographic research methodology. Serves as a “how-to” guide for qualitative/ethnographic research, detailing how to design a project, conduct interviews and focus groups, interpret and analyze data, and represent it in a compelling manner Demonstrates how qualitative data can be systematically utilized to address pressing personal, organizational, and social problems Written in an engaging style, with in-depth examples from the author’s own practice Comprehensive companion website includes sample syllabi, lesson plans, a list of helpful website links, test bank and exam review materials, and exercises and worksheets, available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/tracy
Brian Meacham J. Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings Brian Meacham J. Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings Новинка

Brian Meacham J. Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings

10845.5 руб.
A building fire is dynamic. A continually changing hostile fire environment influences time relationships that affect fire defenses and risks to people and building functions. The fire and fire defenses in each building interact with different sequences and distinct ways. Risks are characterized by the building’s performance. Significantly updated and restructured new edition Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings, 2nd Edition organizes the complex interactions into an analytical framework to evaluate any building – at any location – built under any regulatory jurisdiction or era. Systematic, logical procedures evaluate individual component behavior and integrate results to understand holistic performance. The Interactive Performance Information (IPI) chart structures complex time-related interactions among the fire, fire defenses, and associated risks. Quantification uses state-of-the-art deterministic methods of fire safety engineering and fire science. Managing uncertainty is specifically addressed. Key features: Emphasizes fire performance analysis for new or existing buildings. Augments fire dynamics calculation methods with qualitative methods to form a more complete understanding of the effects of hostile fire characteristics on building performance. Describes fire ground operations for engineers with no fire service experience. An analysis evaluates ways the site and building design help or hinder manual fire suppression. Establishes a transition from traditional structural requirements to modern calculation based structural analysis and design for fire conditions. Structural concepts are described for non-structural engineers to enable the roles of each profession to be integrated into comprehensive performance evaluations. Addresses techniques of managing uncertainty to improve understanding and communication with professionals of other disciplines. Describes methods of risk management using information from the building’s performance analysis. Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings, 2nd Edition has been completely restructured around a performance based framework. Applications integrate traditional fire defenses with fire science and engineering to combine component performance with holistic performance.
Natasha Mack Qualitative Methods in Public Health. A Field Guide for Applied Research Natasha Mack Qualitative Methods in Public Health. A Field Guide for Applied Research Новинка

Natasha Mack Qualitative Methods in Public Health. A Field Guide for Applied Research

6197.43 руб.
Qualitative Methods in Public Health: A Field Guide for Applied Research, 2nd Edition provides a practical orientation to conducting effective qualitative research in the public health sphere. With thorough examination and simple explanations, this book guides you through the logic and workflow of qualitative approaches, with step-by-step guidance on every phase of the research. Students learn how to identify and make use of theoretical frameworks to guide your study, design the study to answer specific questions, and achieve their research goals. Data collection, analysis, and interpretation are given close attention as the backbone of a successful study, and expert insight on reporting and dissemination helps you get your work noticed. This second edition features new examples from global health, including case studies specifically illustrating study design, web and mobile technologies, mixed methods, and new innovations in information dissemination. Pedagogical tools have been added to help enhance your understanding of research design and implementation, and extensive appendices show you how these concepts work in practice. Qualitative research is a powerful tool for public health, but it's very easy to get it wrong. Careful study design and data management are critical, and it's important to resist drawing conclusions that the data cannot support. This book shows you how to conduct high-quality qualitative research that stands up to review.
Peace and Conflict Studies Research. A Qualitative Perspective Peace and Conflict Studies Research. A Qualitative Perspective Новинка

Peace and Conflict Studies Research. A Qualitative Perspective

6339 руб.
A volume in Peace EducationSeries Editors Jing Lin, University of Maryland, Edward Brantmeier, James Madison University,and Ian Harris, University of Wisconsin, MilwaukeeThis edited book is a new and valuable resource for students, teachers, and practitioners, providing a detailed exploration of howqualitative research can be applied in the field of peace and conflict studies. This book explores considerations and components ofdesigning, conducting, and reporting qualitative research in this field, and also provide exemplars of recent empirical research in peaceand conflict studies that employed qualitative methods. Scholars and researchers in peace and conflict studies and peace educationface unique challenges in teaching, designing, and conducting qualitative research in these fields. This edited book discusses tips indesigning qualitative studies in this area and for teaching emerging peace researchers best practices of qualitative inquiry. In addition,the book discusses some of the trends, challenges, and opportunities associated with research in peace and conflict studies and peaceeducation.Written at a level appropriate for both graduate students and active researchers, the primary audience for this book is those teachingand learning about the application of qualitative methods to peace and conflict studies, as well as those conducting research in thisfield. There are currently approximately 230 graduate programs in peace and conflict studies. This book also provides a ...
B. Loewe Foundations of the Formal Sciences VI. Probabilistic Reasoning and Reasoning with Probabilities B. Loewe Foundations of the Formal Sciences VI. Probabilistic Reasoning and Reasoning with Probabilities Новинка

B. Loewe Foundations of the Formal Sciences VI. Probabilistic Reasoning and Reasoning with Probabilities

2639 руб.
Probabilistic methods are increasingly becoming an importanttool in a variety of disciplines including computer science,mathematics, artificial intelligence, epistemology, game and decision theory and linguistics. In addition to the discussionon applications of probabilistic methods there is an importantphilosophical debate concerning the precise meaning andinterpretation of probabilistic and statistical statements. This volume contains fully refereed versions of papers presented at the sixth installment of the conference series Foundations of the Formal Sciences (FotFS) which was aninterdisciplinary venue bringing together researchers usingprobabilistic and statistical methods in their respective fieldsand researchers who are concerned with the philosophicalinterpretation of probability and statistics to exchange ideas,approaches and techniques. The conference FotFS VIfacilitated discussions about the applicability of probabilisticmethods and helped to ground foundational debates withconcerns for practitioners of probabilistic methods.
Etienne Rocquigny de Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty. An Introduction to Statistical, Phenomenological and Computational Methods Etienne Rocquigny de Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty. An Introduction to Statistical, Phenomenological and Computational Methods Новинка

Etienne Rocquigny de Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty. An Introduction to Statistical, Phenomenological and Computational Methods

10098.48 руб.
Modelling has permeated virtually all areas of industrial, environmental, economic, bio-medical or civil engineering: yet the use of models for decision-making raises a number of issues to which this book is dedicated: How uncertain is my model ? Is it truly valuable to support decision-making ? What kind of decision can be truly supported and how can I handle residual uncertainty ? How much refined should the mathematical description be, given the true data limitations ? Could the uncertainty be reduced through more data, increased modeling investment or computational budget ? Should it be reduced now or later ? How robust is the analysis or the computational methods involved ? Should / could those methods be more robust ? Does it make sense to handle uncertainty, risk, lack of knowledge, variability or errors altogether ? How reasonable is the choice of probabilistic modeling for rare events ? How rare are the events to be considered ? How far does it make sense to handle extreme events and elaborate confidence figures ? Can I take advantage of expert / phenomenological knowledge to tighten the probabilistic figures ? Are there connex domains that could provide models or inspiration for my problem ? Written by a leader at the crossroads of industry, academia and engineering, and based on decades of multi-disciplinary field experience, Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty gives a self-consistent introduction to the methods involved by any type of modeling development acknowledging the inevitable uncertainty and associated risks. It goes beyond the “black-box” view that some analysts, modelers, risk experts or statisticians develop on the underlying phenomenology of the environmental or industrial processes, without valuing enough their physical properties and inner modelling potential nor challenging the practical plausibility of mathematical hypotheses; conversely it is also to attract environmental or engineering modellers to better handle model confidence issues through finer statistical and risk analysis material taking advantage of advanced scientific computing, to face new regulations departing from deterministic design or support robust decision-making. Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty: Addresses a concern of growing interest for large industries, environmentalists or analysts: robust modeling for decision-making in complex systems. Gives new insights into the peculiar mathematical and computational challenges generated by recent industrial safety or environmental control analysis for rare events. Implements decision theory choices differentiating or aggregating the dimensions of risk/aleatory and epistemic uncertainty through a consistent multi-disciplinary set of statistical estimation, physical modelling, robust computation and risk analysis. Provides an original review of the advanced inverse probabilistic approaches for model identification, calibration or data assimilation, key to digest fast-growing multi-physical data acquisition. Illustrated with one favourite pedagogical example crossing natural risk, engineering and economics, developed throughout the book to facilitate the reading and understanding. Supports Master/PhD-level course as well as advanced tutorials for professional training Analysts and researchers in numerical modeling, applied statistics, scientific computing, reliability, advanced engineering, natural risk or environmental science will benefit from this book.
Lorenz Biegler Large-Scale Inverse Problems and Quantification of Uncertainty Lorenz Biegler Large-Scale Inverse Problems and Quantification of Uncertainty Новинка

Lorenz Biegler Large-Scale Inverse Problems and Quantification of Uncertainty

12084.69 руб.
This book focuses on computational methods for large-scale statistical inverse problems and provides an introduction to statistical Bayesian and frequentist methodologies. Recent research advances for approximation methods are discussed, along with Kalman filtering methods and optimization-based approaches to solving inverse problems. The aim is to cross-fertilize the perspectives of researchers in the areas of data assimilation, statistics, large-scale optimization, applied and computational mathematics, high performance computing, and cutting-edge applications. The solution to large-scale inverse problems critically depends on methods to reduce computational cost. Recent research approaches tackle this challenge in a variety of different ways. Many of the computational frameworks highlighted in this book build upon state-of-the-art methods for simulation of the forward problem, such as, fast Partial Differential Equation (PDE) solvers, reduced-order models and emulators of the forward problem, stochastic spectral approximations, and ensemble-based approximations, as well as exploiting the machinery for large-scale deterministic optimization through adjoint and other sensitivity analysis methods. Key Features: • Brings together the perspectives of researchers in areas of inverse problems and data assimilation. • Assesses the current state-of-the-art and identify needs and opportunities for future research. • Focuses on the computational methods used to analyze and simulate inverse problems. • Written by leading experts of inverse problems and uncertainty quantification. Graduate students and researchers working in statistics, mathematics and engineering will benefit from this book.
Ismail Sheikh Ahmad PhD Qualitative Research for Beginners. From Theory to Practice Ismail Sheikh Ahmad PhD Qualitative Research for Beginners. From Theory to Practice Новинка

Ismail Sheikh Ahmad PhD Qualitative Research for Beginners. From Theory to Practice

1552 руб.
Qualitative research methods have gained popularity inside and outside the academic world. Researchers have shown growing interest in understanding an issue through qualitative, and not just quantitative, lenses. In Qualitative Research for Beginners, the author explains the underpinnings of qualitative research paradigms and the know-how of completing a basic qualitative research project. In the book, you’ll find:• an overview of the underlying issues in differentiating qualitative and quantitative research;• basic approaches and process flow in conducting qualitative research;• an extensive discussion on steps in conducting a doable qualitative research project; and• a basic tool in reporting qualitative findings.Whether you’re a new researcher, undergraduate or postgraduate student, or educational practitioner with little or no background in qualitative research, you’ll get the insights and instructions you need to complete basic qualitative research projects. Filled with simple examples and illustrations, this book helps you make sense of the richest of information to yield simple, meaningful findings.
Jerry Willis Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology (PB) Jerry Willis Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology (PB) Новинка

Jerry Willis Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology (PB)

6064 руб.
Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology was written for studentsand scholars interested in exploring the many qualitative methods developed over the last 50 yearsin the social sciences. The book does not stop, however, at the boundaries of the social sciences.Social scientists now consume and use research methods from many fields. The rich resources ofresearch methods and theories from both the humanities and philosophy are also covered in thisbook. It explains why postpositivist quantitative research should not be “the only game in town”and provides solid theoretical foundations, beginning with the positions of Plato and Aristotle, forbroadening our horizons about what warrants our attention. Using Aristotle’s concept of phronesisthe author shows why methods such as narrative research and storytelling, hermeneutic inquiry,literary theory, philosophical inquiry, and much more have important applications in educationand educational technology. On those foundations, the author also builds a framework for doingmany types of research – from participatory action research to content analysis, to postmodern case studies, to empowerment researchand philosophical inquiry. He accomplishes this through a combination of original text, summaries of exemplary research in educationand educational technology, and suggested readings that are annotated and introduced at the end of each chapter. Many of these readingsare available online and they extend the discussi...
Leslie Goodyear Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation. From Theory to Practice Leslie Goodyear Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation. From Theory to Practice Новинка

Leslie Goodyear Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation. From Theory to Practice

6256.23 руб.
Integrate qualitative inquiry approaches and methods into the practice of evaluation Qualitative inquiry can have a major effect on evaluation practice, and provides evaluators a means to explore and examine various settings and contexts in need of rich description and deeper understanding. Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation: From Theory to Practice explores the most important considerations for both students and evaluation professionals. Using various evaluation theories and approaches as a springboard for real-world practice, this reference serves as an accessible text for beginning students and seasoned professionals alike. Readers are given an in-depth view of the key qualities and benefits of qualitative inquiry, which also serves as a crucial counterpart to quantitative analysis. Chapters in part one focus on the foundations, core concepts, and intersection of evaluation theory and qualitative inquiry. Part two contains contributions from leading evaluators whose design, implementation, and reporting strategies for qualitative inquiry are centered on common, real-world settings. These case-based chapters point to the strengths and challenges of implementing qualitative evaluations. Key competencies for conducting effective qualitative evaluations are also discussed. Explores the role of qualitative inquiry in many prominent approaches to evaluation Discusses the method's history and delves into key concepts in qualitative inquiry and evaluation Helps readers understand which qualities are necessary to be an effective qualitative evaluator Presents the viewpoints and experiences of expert editors and contributing authors with high levels of understanding on the topic Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation: From Theory to Practice is a vital tool for evaluators and students alike who are looking to deepen their understanding of the theoretical perspectives and practice considerations of qualitative evaluation.
Elsayed Marwa, Abass Samir Production Planning Problem Under Uncertainty Elsayed Marwa, Abass Samir Production Planning Problem Under Uncertainty Новинка

Elsayed Marwa, Abass Samir Production Planning Problem Under Uncertainty

8789 руб.
In this book, we developed a new planning problem to minimize the lost demands and thus maximize revenues. For the first time, we construct the production planning problem with interval numbers as uncertainty in both of the objective function and constrain. The book contains five chapters. Chapter I presents a survey on some important concepts of the production planning problem (PPP). Chapter II introduces two different models of PPP under uncertainty. Chapter III presents two different approaches of PPP. Chapter IV propose an optimization model for PPP having uncertain variable coefficients in both of objective function and constraints. Chapter V introduce the summary and conclusions of the book
Gerard Ligozat Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning Gerard Ligozat Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning Новинка

Gerard Ligozat Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning

17413.92 руб.
Starting with an updated description of Allen's calculus, the book proceeds with a description of the main qualitative calculi which have been developed over the last two decades. It describes the connection of complexity issues to geometric properties. Models of the formalisms are described using the algebraic notion of weak representations of the associated algebras. The book also includes a presentation of fuzzy extensions of qualitative calculi, and a description of the study of complexity in terms of clones of operations.
Tien Dao Tua Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Modeling of Data Uncertainty and Knowledge Tien Dao Tua Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Modeling of Data Uncertainty and Knowledge Новинка

Tien Dao Tua Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Modeling of Data Uncertainty and Knowledge

6275.34 руб.
The topic of this book is the modeling of data uncertainty and knowledge for a health engineering problem such as the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. This is the first book on this subject. It begins with the state of the art in related topics such as data uncertainty, knowledge modeling, and the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, followed by fundamental and theoretical aspects of this field. Clinically relevant applications of musculoskeletal system modeling are then introduced. The book finishes with a chapter on practical software and tools for knowledge modeling and reasoning purposes.
Bengt Edhlund, Allan McDougall NVivo for Mac Essentials Bengt Edhlund, Allan McDougall NVivo for Mac Essentials Новинка

Bengt Edhlund, Allan McDougall NVivo for Mac Essentials

6077 руб.
NVivo for Mac Essentials (for version 11.3.2) is our comprehensive guide to the world's most popular qualitative data analysis software. This book has two authors. Bengt Edhlund is a software trainer with decades of experience teaching and writing about research software. Allan McDougall has worked with NVivo as a qualitative health researcher and doctoral student. We have co-authored this book to provide instruction to NVivo users of all skill levels and experience with both qualitative data analysis and qualitative research methods will benefit from this book. We break down the functional components of this intricate software. We also strive to provide practical, anecdotal advice for using NVivo for Mac for every stage of your research project. Please enjoy our book and feel free to contact us at any time at: [email protected]
Herbert I. Weisberg, Dr. Willful Ignorance. The Mismeasure of Uncertainty Herbert I. Weisberg, Dr. Willful Ignorance. The Mismeasure of Uncertainty Новинка

Herbert I. Weisberg, Dr. Willful Ignorance. The Mismeasure of Uncertainty

2315.89 руб.
An original account of willful ignorance and how this principle relates to modern probability and statistical methods Through a series of colorful stories about great thinkers and the problems they chose to solve, the author traces the historical evolution of probability and explains how statistical methods have helped to propel scientific research. However, the past success of statistics has depended on vast, deliberate simplifications amounting to willful ignorance, and this very success now threatens future advances in medicine, the social sciences, and other fields. Limitations of existing methods result in frequent reversals of scientific findings and recommendations, to the consternation of both scientists and the lay public. Willful Ignorance: The Mismeasure of Uncertainty exposes the fallacy of regarding probability as the full measure of our uncertainty. The book explains how statistical methodology, though enormously productive and influential over the past century, is approaching a crisis. The deep and troubling divide between qualitative and quantitative modes of research, and between research and practice, are reflections of this underlying problem. The author outlines a path toward the re-engineering of data analysis to help close these gaps and accelerate scientific discovery. Willful Ignorance: The Mismeasure of Uncertainty presents essential information and novel ideas that should be of interest to anyone concerned about the future of scientific research. The book is especially pertinent for professionals in statistics and related fields, including practicing and research clinicians, biomedical and social science researchers, business leaders, and policy-makers.
D. M. Gabbay, R. Schmidt, A. Szalas Second Order Quantifier Elimination. Foundations, Computational Aspects and Applications D. M. Gabbay, R. Schmidt, A. Szalas Second Order Quantifier Elimination. Foundations, Computational Aspects and Applications Новинка

D. M. Gabbay, R. Schmidt, A. Szalas Second Order Quantifier Elimination. Foundations, Computational Aspects and Applications

3677 руб.
In recent years there has been an increasing use of logical methods and significant new developments have been spawned in several areas of computer science, ranging from artificial intelligence and software engineering to agent-based systems and the semantic web. In the investigation and application of logical methods there is a tension between:* the need for a representational language strong enough to express domainknowledge of a particular application, and the need for a logical formalism general enough to unify several reasoning facilities relevant to the application, on the one hand, and* the need to enable computationally feasible reasoning facilities,on the other hand.Second-order logics are very expressive and allow us to represent domainknowledge with ease, but there is a high price to pay for the expressiveness.Most second-order logics are incomplete and highly undecidable. It is the quantifiers which bind relation symbols that make second-order logics computationally unfriendly. It is therefore desirable to eliminate these second-order quantifiers, when this is mathematically possible; and often it is.If second-order quantifiers are eliminable we want to know under which conditions, we want to understand the principles and we want to develop methods for second-order quantifier elimination.This book provides the first comprehensive, systematic and uniform account of the state-of-the-art of second-order quantifier elimination in classical and non-classical logics. It...
Tisdell Elizabeth J. Qualitative Research. A Guide to Design and Implementation Tisdell Elizabeth J. Qualitative Research. A Guide to Design and Implementation Новинка

Tisdell Elizabeth J. Qualitative Research. A Guide to Design and Implementation

3975.78 руб.
The bestselling guide to qualitative research, updated and expanded Qualitative Research is the essential guide to understanding, designing, conducting, and presenting a qualitative research study. This fourth edition features new material covering mixed methods, action research, arts-based research, online data sources, and the latest in data analysis, including data analysis software packages as well as narrative and poetic analysis strategies. A new section offers multiple ways of presenting qualitative research findings. The reader-friendly, jargon-free style makes this book accessible to both novice and experienced researchers, emphasizing the role of a theoretical framework in designing a study while providing practical guidance. Qualitative research reaches beyond the what, where, and when of quantitative analysis to investigate the why and how behind human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior, but this presents a number of significant challenges. This guide is an invaluable reference for students and practitioners alike, providing the deep understanding that this sometimes difficult area of research requires to produce accurate results. The book contains a step-by-step guide to analyzing qualitative data and an addendum for graduate students with a template for a thesis, dissertation, or grant application. Build a strong foundation in qualitative research theory and application Design and implement effective qualitative research studies Communicate findings more successfully with clear presentation Explore data sources, data analysis tools, and the different types of research
Qualitative Research in Theological Education. Pedagogy in Practice Qualitative Research in Theological Education. Pedagogy in Practice Новинка

Qualitative Research in Theological Education. Pedagogy in Practice

7614 руб.
Qualitative Research in Theological Education brings together a diverse group of scholars to consider the theological values arising from and contributing to their use of qualitative research in scholarship and teaching. The book offers a careful consideration of the pedagogical and administrative challenges involved in teaching qualitative research and its various sub-disciplines such as ethnography. As a whole, the book argues that the teaching of QR methods is critical to the theological, ethical, spiritual, and/or pastoral formation of ministers and theological scholars
Alexander P. M. van den Bosch Dirt Reasoning Alexander P. M. van den Bosch Dirt Reasoning Новинка

Alexander P. M. van den Bosch Dirt Reasoning

1277 руб.
Why is dirt reasoning so different from invalid reasoning. Well for starters .. dirt reasoning is invalid.. but in dirt.. the conclusion is always WRONG
Margaria Tiziana Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems. A Survey of Applications Margaria Tiziana Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems. A Survey of Applications Новинка

Margaria Tiziana Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems. A Survey of Applications

7470.49 руб.
Today, formal methods are widely recognized as an essential step in the design process of industrial safety-critical systems. In its more general definition, the term formal methods encompasses all notations having a precise mathematical semantics, together with their associated analysis methods, that allow description and reasoning about the behavior of a system in a formal manner. Growing out of more than a decade of award-winning collaborative work within the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: A Survey of Applications presents a number of mainstream formal methods currently used for designing industrial critical systems, with a focus on model checking. The purpose of the book is threefold: to reduce the effort required to learn formal methods, which has been a major drawback for their industrial dissemination; to help designers to adopt the formal methods which are most appropriate for their systems; and to offer a panel of state-of-the-art techniques and tools for analyzing critical systems.
Patri Lankoski, Staffan Björk, et al. Game Research Methods. An Overview Patri Lankoski, Staffan Björk, et al. Game Research Methods. An Overview Новинка

Patri Lankoski, Staffan Björk, et al. Game Research Methods. An Overview

2252 руб.
Games are increasingly becoming the focus for research due to their cultural and economic impact on modern society. However, there are many different types of approaches and methods than can be applied to understanding games or those that play games. This book provides an introduction to various game research methods that are useful to students in all levels of higher education covering both quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. In addition, approaches using game development for research is described. Each method is described in its own chapter by a researcher with practical experience of applying the method to topic of games. Through this, the book provides an overview of research methods that enable us to better our understanding on games.
Matthias Baumgarten Paradigm Wars - Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research Matthias Baumgarten Paradigm Wars - Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research Новинка

Matthias Baumgarten Paradigm Wars - Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research

1777 руб.
Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Methods, Research, grade: 1,3 (77%), University of Warwick (Politics and International Studies), course: Qualitative Research Methods, language: English, abstract: Validity and reliability as quality indicators have an uneasy standing in qualitative research and are subject to numerous debates. Researchers from different paradigmatic backgrounds expressed a variety of views, the extremes ranging from a complete denial of the possibility of valid and reliable qualitative research on one hand to the rejection of validity and reliability as meaningful quality indicators on the other. The following essay acknowledges the diverging assumptions underlying the different paradigms associated with quantitative and qualitative research. However, it denies that validity and reliability are inherently connected to predetermined ontological or epistemological assumptions and argues for their general use as quality indicators. To clarify this claim, a selection of different paradigms and thedevelopment of alternative quality indicators within them are highlighted. Since the usefulness of this multitude of indicators is questionable, reconciliation is attempted by consolidating them. The concepts of "core validity" and "core reliability", which can be specified according to the researcher's paradigm, are introduced for this task. These concepts underline the relevance and applicability of validity and reliability as qual...
Peter Caputi Personal Construct Methodology Peter Caputi Personal Construct Methodology Новинка

Peter Caputi Personal Construct Methodology

9834.89 руб.
Written by an international team of experts, this collection provides a comprehensive account of established and emerging methods of collecting and analysing data within the framework of personal construct theory. Covers methods such as content analysis scales, repertory grid methodology, narrative assessments and drawings, the laddering and ABC techniques, and discusses how and why they are used Explores both qualitative and quantitative methods, as well as methods used in clinical and counselling settings Includes 13 contributions from leading international scholars
Ifcolog Journal of Logics and their Applications. Volume 4, number 7. Reasoning about Preferences, Uncertainty and Vagueness Ifcolog Journal of Logics and their Applications. Volume 4, number 7. Reasoning about Preferences, Uncertainty and Vagueness Новинка

Ifcolog Journal of Logics and their Applications. Volume 4, number 7. Reasoning about Preferences, Uncertainty and Vagueness

1502 руб.
The IfCoLog Journal of Logics and their Applications (FLAP) covers all areas of pure and applied logic, broadly construed. All papers published are open access, and available via the College Publications website. This Journal is open access, and available in both printed and electronic formats.
Jay Kaufman S. Methods in Social Epidemiology Jay Kaufman S. Methods in Social Epidemiology Новинка

Jay Kaufman S. Methods in Social Epidemiology

7592.44 руб.
A thorough, practical reference on the social patterns behind health outcomes Methods in Social Epidemiology provides students and professionals with a comprehensive reference for studying the social distribution and social determinants of health. Covering the theory, models, and methods used to measure and analyze these phenomena, this book serves as both an introduction to the field and a practical manual for data collection and analysis. This new second edition has been updated to reflect the field's tremendous growth in recent years, including advancements in statistical modeling and study designs. New chapters delve into genetic methods, structural cofounding, selection bias, network methods, and more, including new discussion on qualitative data collection with disadvantaged populations. Social epidemiology studies the way society's innumerable social interactions, both past and present, yields different exposures and health outcomes between individuals within populations. This book provides a thorough, detailed overview of the field, with expert guidance toward the real-world methods that fuel the latest advances. Identify, measure, and track health patterns in the population Discover how poverty, race, and socioeconomic factors become risk factors for disease Learn qualitative data collection techniques and methods of statistical analysis Examine up-to-date models, theory, and frameworks in the social epidemiology sphere As the field continues to evolve, researchers continue to identify new disease-specific risk factors and learn more about how the social system promotes and maintains well-known exposure disparities. New technology in data science and genomics allows for more rigorous investigation and analysis, while the general thinking in the field has become more targeted and attentive to causal inference and core assumptions behind effect identification. It's an exciting time to be a part of the field, and Methods in Social Epidemiology provides a solid reference for any student, researcher, or faculty in public health.
Dennis Lindley V. Understanding Uncertainty Dennis Lindley V. Understanding Uncertainty Новинка

Dennis Lindley V. Understanding Uncertainty

9218.23 руб.
Praise for the First Edition «…a reference for everyone who is interested in knowing and handling uncertainty.» —Journal of Applied Statistics The critically acclaimed First Edition of Understanding Uncertainty provided a study of uncertainty addressed to scholars in all fields, showing that uncertainty could be measured by probability, and that probability obeyed three basic rules that enabled uncertainty to be handled sensibly in everyday life. These ideas were extended to embrace the scientific method and to show how decisions, containing an uncertain element, could be rationally made. Featuring new material, the Revised Edition remains the go-to guide for uncertainty and decision making, providing further applications at an accessible level including: A critical study of transitivity, a basic concept in probability A discussion of how the failure of the financial sector to use the proper approach to uncertainty may have contributed to the recent recession A consideration of betting, showing that a bookmaker's odds are not expressions of probability Applications of the book’s thesis to statistics A demonstration that some techniques currently popular in statistics, like significance tests, may be unsound, even seriously misleading, because they violate the rules of probability Understanding Uncertainty, Revised Edition is ideal for students studying probability or statistics and for anyone interested in one of the most fascinating and vibrant fields of study in contemporary science and mathematics.
Joseph Leo DeCelle Crucible Steel Joseph Leo DeCelle Crucible Steel Новинка

Joseph Leo DeCelle Crucible Steel

1264 руб.
This is a tale of long, long ago . . .In an age before the pen was mightier than the sword.A time when language, reasoning, and tolerance were swiftly trampled under the foot of the sword-wielding warrior.This is the tale of a voyage. The search for the ultimate weapon.The search for the crucible steel.And the battle against an enemy of the world.
Reinhard Viertl Statistical Methods for Fuzzy Data Reinhard Viertl Statistical Methods for Fuzzy Data Новинка

Reinhard Viertl Statistical Methods for Fuzzy Data

9219.83 руб.
Statistical data are not always precise numbers, or vectors, or categories. Real data are frequently what is called fuzzy. Examples where this fuzziness is obvious are quality of life data, environmental, biological, medical, sociological and economics data. Also the results of measurements can be best described by using fuzzy numbers and fuzzy vectors respectively. Statistical analysis methods have to be adapted for the analysis of fuzzy data. In this book, the foundations of the description of fuzzy data are explained, including methods on how to obtain the characterizing function of fuzzy measurement results. Furthermore, statistical methods are then generalized to the analysis of fuzzy data and fuzzy a-priori information. Key Features: Provides basic methods for the mathematical description of fuzzy data, as well as statistical methods that can be used to analyze fuzzy data. Describes methods of increasing importance with applications in areas such as environmental statistics and social science. Complements the theory with exercises and solutions and is illustrated throughout with diagrams and examples. Explores areas such quantitative description of data uncertainty and mathematical description of fuzzy data. This work is aimed at statisticians working with fuzzy logic, engineering statisticians, finance researchers, and environmental statisticians. It is written for readers who are familiar with elementary stochastic models and basic statistical methods.
Mark Gordon S. Fragmentation: Toward Accurate Calculations on Complex Molecular Systems Mark Gordon S. Fragmentation: Toward Accurate Calculations on Complex Molecular Systems Новинка

Mark Gordon S. Fragmentation: Toward Accurate Calculations on Complex Molecular Systems

11620.18 руб.
Fragmentation: Toward Accurate Calculations on Complex Molecular Systems introduces the reader to the broad array of fragmentation and embedding methods that are currently available or under development to facilitate accurate calculations on large, complex systems such as proteins, polymers, liquids and nanoparticles. These methods work by subdividing a system into subunits, called fragments or subsystems or domains. Calculations are performed on each fragment and then the results are combined to predict properties for the whole system. Topics covered include: Fragmentation methods Embedding methods Explicitly correlated local electron correlation methods Fragment molecular orbital method Methods for treating large molecules This book is aimed at academic researchers who are interested in computational chemistry, computational biology, computational materials science and related fields, as well as graduate students in these fields.
MD Dha Macharia Waruingi Dr. Mac. Dissertation Mentoring Handbook. Book 2- Strategies for Qualitative Research MD Dha Macharia Waruingi Dr. Mac. Dissertation Mentoring Handbook. Book 2- Strategies for Qualitative Research Новинка

MD Dha Macharia Waruingi Dr. Mac. Dissertation Mentoring Handbook. Book 2- Strategies for Qualitative Research

2777 руб.
Book 2 is the dissertation mentoring handbook for QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
Anita Liu M.M. Research Methods for Construction Anita Liu M.M. Research Methods for Construction Новинка

Anita Liu M.M. Research Methods for Construction

3486.79 руб.
Research Methods for Construction will help you instil rigour into your problem-solving, and into your reports and publications. It will be of value to construction, surveying, architecture and civil engineering students undertaking research, whether for bachelors and masters degree dissertations, or for masters and doctoral research degree theses. Now in its Fourth Edition, this remains one of the few books to provide guidance on research formulation, methodologies, and methods specifically for construction students. Three main sections – Producing a Proposal, Executing the Research and Reporting the Results discuss the key issues in research and examine the primary approaches, both qualitative and quantitative. The methods adopted for scientific and engineering experiments, model building and simulations are discussed, as well as those employed for research into management, social and economic issues. The authors examine the requirements for data and analysis, including the important statistical considerations and a range of qualitative techniques that enable construction researchers to appreciate what needs to be evaluated in devising how research may be carried out effectively and efficiently. This new edition has been updated to reflect current debates and concerns, including ethical issues, legislation and codes of practice concerning the collection, processing, storage, use and disposal of data. Pressures of time and funding to carry out the empirical work all too often lead to a lack of attention to how the study should be done and why. The authors address the importance of explaining the philosophical approach adopted (ontology, epistemology) and the consequent methodology. They advocate close scrutiny of the methods available for appropriateness, both academically and practically. The fundamental theme of the book remains to facilitate a researcher’s informed and justified selection of a philosophical paradigm and of appropriate methods to execute the research.
N. Balakrishnan Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2. Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods N. Balakrishnan Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2. Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods Новинка

N. Balakrishnan Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2. Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods

15567.07 руб.
Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2: Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods includes updates of established literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials as well as original material based on the latest developments in clinical trials. Prepared by a leading expert, the second volume includes numerous contributions from current prominent experts in the field of medical research. In addition, the volume features: • Multiple new articles exploring emerging topics, such as evaluation methods with threshold, empirical likelihood methods, nonparametric ROC analysis, over- and under-dispersed models, and multi-armed bandit problems • Up-to-date research on the Cox proportional hazard model, frailty models, trial reports, intrarater reliability, conditional power, and the kappa index • Key qualitative issues including cost-effectiveness analysis, publication bias, and regulatory issues, which are crucial to the planning and data management of clinical trials
Holloway Immy Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare Holloway Immy Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare Новинка

Holloway Immy Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare

3816.09 руб.
'…a wonderfully easy-to-follow text which manages to combine practical procedures with clear explanations of the underlying theoretical concepts.' Nursing Standard (from review of first edition) The third edition of this successful book incorporates recent developments in nursing research, with updates to every chapter. Abstract ideas in qualitative research are clearly explained and more complex theories are included. Structured into four clear sections, the book looks at initial stages, methods of data collection, qualitative approaches and analysis of collected data. Brand new chapter on Mixed Methods Research Considers a variety of approaches from Ethnography to Action Research Allows the reader to dip in and out depending on their choice of approach Detailed reference lists provide guidance for further reading Links research with real nursing practice through relevant examples throughout Professor Immy Holloway has been at Bournemouth University since its inception and works in the School of Health and Social Care. Though now retired from full-time work, she still takes an active in teaching and PhD supervision. She wrote, edited and co-wrote several books in the field of qualitative research which have been translated into several languages and published articles in peer reviewed journals. Her latest book is A-Z of Qualitative Research in Healthcare. (2008) Oxford: Blackwell. Stephanie Wheeler, an academic with a nursing and health visiting background, is a specialist in healthcare ethics and was for many years chair of an ethics committee. She has given lectures on ethics all over the UK, organised research conferences in qualitative research and also published in this field.
Michael Stumpf Handbook of Statistical Systems Biology Michael Stumpf Handbook of Statistical Systems Biology Новинка

Michael Stumpf Handbook of Statistical Systems Biology

16888.58 руб.
Systems Biology is now entering a mature phase in which the key issues are characterising uncertainty and stochastic effects in mathematical models of biological systems. The area is moving towards a full statistical analysis and probabilistic reasoning over the inferences that can be made from mathematical models. This handbook presents a comprehensive guide to the discipline for practitioners and educators, in providing a full and detailed treatment of these important and emerging subjects. Leading experts in systems biology and statistics have come together to provide insight in to the major ideas in the field, and in particular methods of specifying and fitting models, and estimating the unknown parameters. This book: Provides a comprehensive account of inference techniques in systems biology. Introduces classical and Bayesian statistical methods for complex systems. Explores networks and graphical modeling as well as a wide range of statistical models for dynamical systems. Discusses various applications for statistical systems biology, such as gene regulation and signal transduction. Features statistical data analysis on numerous technologies, including metabolic and transcriptomic technologies. Presents an in-depth presentation of reverse engineering approaches. Provides colour illustrations to explain key concepts. This handbook will be a key resource for researchers practising systems biology, and those requiring a comprehensive overview of this important field.
Kagan Eugene Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. Theory and Modern Applications Kagan Eugene Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. Theory and Modern Applications Новинка

Kagan Eugene Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. Theory and Modern Applications

8985.26 руб.
Presents a probabilistic and information-theoretic framework for a search for static or moving targets in discrete time and space. Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets uses an information-theoretic scheme to present a unified approach for known search methods to allow the development of new algorithms of search. The book addresses search methods under different constraints and assumptions, such as search uncertainty under incomplete information, probabilistic search scheme, observation errors, group testing, search games, distribution of search efforts, single and multiple targets and search agents, as well as online or offline search schemes. The proposed approach is associated with path planning techniques, optimal search algorithms, Markov decision models, decision trees, stochastic local search, artificial intelligence and heuristic information-seeking methods. Furthermore, this book presents novel methods of search for static and moving targets along with practical algorithms of partitioning and search and screening. Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets includes complete material for undergraduate and graduate courses in modern applications of probabilistic search, decision-making and group testing, and provides several directions for further research in the search theory. The authors: Provide a generalized information-theoretic approach to the problem of real-time search for both static and moving targets over a discrete space. Present a theoretical framework, which covers known information-theoretic algorithms of search, and forms a basis for development and analysis of different algorithms of search over probabilistic space. Use numerous examples of group testing, search and path planning algorithms to illustrate direct implementation in the form of running routines. Consider a relation of the suggested approach with known search theories and methods such as search and screening theory, search games, Markov decision process models of search, data mining methods, coding theory and decision trees. Discuss relevant search applications, such as quality-control search for nonconforming units in a batch or a military search for a hidden target. Provide an accompanying website featuring the algorithms discussed throughout the book, along with practical implementations procedures.
Nicola Cooper ABC of Clinical Reasoning Nicola Cooper ABC of Clinical Reasoning Новинка

Nicola Cooper ABC of Clinical Reasoning

2645.96 руб.
Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge – how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors. The ABC of Clinical Reasoning covers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice – from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, the ABC covers: Evidence-based history and examination Use and interpretation of diagnostic tests How doctors think – models of clinical reasoning Cognitive and affective biases Metacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategies Patient-centred evidence based medicine Teaching clinical reasoning From an international team of authors, the ABC of Clinical Reasoning is essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.
Andreas Benz Wissensmanagement im Finanzdienstleistungsbereich Andreas Benz Wissensmanagement im Finanzdienstleistungsbereich Новинка

Andreas Benz Wissensmanagement im Finanzdienstleistungsbereich

9264 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: Also banks have to explain with the topic of knowledge management, because they are exposed to changes with regard to the market, to customers and to competitors. Particularly in the investment advice knowledge management is of essential importance, because on the one hand explicit product knowledge and on the other hand implicit knowledge (unwritten experience knowledge) is needed to make an investment recommendation. Particularly the investment advisors see themselves confronted with a multiplicity of time-critical decision problems under uncertainty and high complexity. The investment advisor lives besides on the re-use of experiences from earlier consulting discussions. With case-based reasoning systems it is possible to cope a large part of the problem field complexity and the system is able to learn for new decision problems. The processing of the problem field of vague knowledge can be counteracted in combination with the fuzzy set theory. So the combination of case-based reasoning systems with the fuzzy set theory is a suitable problem solution method for the decision support in the investment advice. During the realization of a such system, always it is to give attention to the three dimensions human resource management, organization and information and communication technology. Zusammenfassung: Wissensmanagement ist eine Thematik mit der sich auch Finanzdienstleister auseinandersetzen müssen, da sie Veränderungen gegenüber dem Markt, dem Kund...
Gerald Hahn J. Statistical Intervals. A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers Gerald Hahn J. Statistical Intervals. A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers Новинка

Gerald Hahn J. Statistical Intervals. A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers

8521.46 руб.
Describes statistical intervals to quantify sampling uncertainty,focusing on key application needs and recently developed methodology in an easy-to-apply format Statistical intervals provide invaluable tools for quantifying sampling uncertainty. The widely hailed first edition, published in 1991, described the use and construction of the most important statistical intervals. Particular emphasis was given to intervals—such as prediction intervals, tolerance intervals and confidence intervals on distribution quantiles—frequently needed in practice, but often neglected in introductory courses. Vastly improved computer capabilities over the past 25 years have resulted in an explosion of the tools readily available to analysts. This second edition—more than double the size of the first—adds these new methods in an easy-to-apply format. In addition to extensive updating of the original chapters, the second edition includes new chapters on: Likelihood-based statistical intervals Nonparametric bootstrap intervals Parametric bootstrap and other simulation-based intervals An introduction to Bayesian intervals Bayesian intervals for the popular binomial, Poisson and normal distributions Statistical intervals for Bayesian hierarchical models Advanced case studies, further illustrating the use of the newly described methods New technical appendices provide justification of the methods and pathways to extensions and further applications. A webpage directs readers to current readily accessible computer software and other useful information. Statistical Intervals: A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers, Second Edition is an up-to-date working guide and reference for all who analyze data, allowing them to quantify the uncertainty in their results using statistical intervals.
Matt Sekerke Bayesian Risk Management. A Guide to Model Risk and Sequential Learning in Financial Markets Matt Sekerke Bayesian Risk Management. A Guide to Model Risk and Sequential Learning in Financial Markets Новинка

Matt Sekerke Bayesian Risk Management. A Guide to Model Risk and Sequential Learning in Financial Markets

6294.99 руб.
A risk measurement and management framework that takes model risk seriously Most financial risk models assume the future will look like the past, but effective risk management depends on identifying fundamental changes in the marketplace as they occur. Bayesian Risk Management details a more flexible approach to risk management, and provides tools to measure financial risk in a dynamic market environment. This book opens discussion about uncertainty in model parameters, model specifications, and model-driven forecasts in a way that standard statistical risk measurement does not. And unlike current machine learning-based methods, the framework presented here allows you to measure risk in a fully-Bayesian setting without losing the structure afforded by parametric risk and asset-pricing models. Recognize the assumptions embodied in classical statistics Quantify model risk along multiple dimensions without backtesting Model time series without assuming stationarity Estimate state-space time series models online with simulation methods Uncover uncertainty in workhorse risk and asset-pricing models Embed Bayesian thinking about risk within a complex organization Ignoring uncertainty in risk modeling creates an illusion of mastery and fosters erroneous decision-making. Firms who ignore the many dimensions of model risk measure too little risk, and end up taking on too much. Bayesian Risk Management provides a roadmap to better risk management through more circumspect measurement, with comprehensive treatment of model uncertainty.
Marilyn Shepherd NUMERICAL REASONING TESTS. Sample Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced Numerical Reasoning Detailed Test Questions and Answers (Testing Series) Marilyn Shepherd NUMERICAL REASONING TESTS. Sample Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced Numerical Reasoning Detailed Test Questions and Answers (Testing Series) Новинка

Marilyn Shepherd NUMERICAL REASONING TESTS. Sample Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced Numerical Reasoning Detailed Test Questions and Answers (Testing Series)

1989 руб.
NUMERICAL REASONING TESTS: Sample Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced Numerical Reasoning Detailed Test Questions and Answers is the ULTIMATE book for passing Numerical Reasoning Tests at any level. This book provides clear and detailed information on everything you will need to know about Numerical Reasoning Tests with explanations to every question, and how they will help you pass initial recruitment stages. It contains in-depth advice on numerical problems such as: Adding, Subtracting, Fractions, Graphs, Percentages, Decimals, Ratios, Data Analysis, Data Interpretation, Information Handling, Quantitative Reasoning and much more. This workbook goes beyond others on the market by not only teaching you how to pass all levels of numeracy based questions but by also providing detailed explanations within each question answer, making it the most comprehensive guide to passing Numerical Reasoning tests on the market.
DeTemple Duane Combinatorial Reasoning. An Introduction to the Art of Counting DeTemple Duane Combinatorial Reasoning. An Introduction to the Art of Counting Новинка

DeTemple Duane Combinatorial Reasoning. An Introduction to the Art of Counting

9780.42 руб.
Written by two well-known scholars in the field, Combinatorial Reasoning: An Introduction to the Art of Counting presents a clear and comprehensive introduction to the concepts and methodology of beginning combinatorics. Focusing on modern techniques and applications, the book develops a variety of effective approaches to solving counting problems. Balancing abstract ideas with specific topical coverage, the book utilizes real world examples with problems ranging from basic calculations that are designed to develop fundamental concepts to more challenging exercises that allow for a deeper exploration of complex combinatorial situations. Simple cases are treated first before moving on to general and more advanced cases. Additional features of the book include: • Approximately 700 carefully structured problems designed for readers at multiple levels, many with hints and/or short answers • Numerous examples that illustrate problem solving using both combinatorial reasoning and sophisticated algorithmic methods • A novel approach to the study of recurrence sequences, which simplifies many proofs and calculations • Concrete examples and diagrams interspersed throughout to further aid comprehension of abstract concepts • A chapter-by-chapter review to clarify the most crucial concepts covered Combinatorial Reasoning: An Introduction to the Art of Counting is an excellent textbook for upper-undergraduate and beginning graduate-level courses on introductory combinatorics and discrete mathematics.
Gavin F. Hurley The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning. Everyday Empowerment and Likeability Gavin F. Hurley The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning. Everyday Empowerment and Likeability Новинка

Gavin F. Hurley The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning. Everyday Empowerment and Likeability

6314 руб.
'The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning: Everyday Empowerment and Likeability' provides an easy, practical guide to the strategies of persuasive reasoning, which Gavin Hurley argues is crucial to all effective communication. Helping professionals and students to become better and more likeable communicators, this fundamental “playbook” outlines numerous eye-opening communicative maneuvers for readers of all levels and backgrounds. It offers a unique approach to argumentation and persuasion and moves away from the more conventional methods which are often overtechnical, unnecessarily complex or too science oriented. Hurley demonstrates how to successfully apply these strategies of cooperative argumentation to your life in order to succeed professionally, socially and cerebrally. This he argues, will allow you to empower your messaging and increase your social magnetism. 'The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning' is a down-to-earth guide on effective rhetorical strategizing. It is written for everyday application, based on everyday examples, and embedded in everyday language. Today, successful communication is a highly sought-after trait by international employers, clients, and customers alike. Gavin Hurley shows how a wide range of people can benefit from learning how to deliver more abstract material in an effective manner: both verbally and written. This guide is particularly appealing for professionals, including business managers, as well as academics and student...
Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model Новинка

Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model

79.9 руб.
The study examines the relationships between inflation uncertainty and output growth uncertainty, and analyzes their effects on the level of inflation and output growth in South Africa. An asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model suggested by Grier et al. (2004) is applied. The findings suggest that while uncertainty about growth is detrimental to output growth inflation uncertainty is not. The findings further reveal that Cukierman and Meltzer (1986) hypothesis of a positive impact of inflation uncertainty on the level of inflation is supported and there exists a negative impact of output growth uncertainty on inflation. No association could be found between inflation uncertainty and output growth uncertainty. The findings imply that output growth and its uncertainty should not be treated separately as it is usually suggested by business cycle models. In addition, both output growth uncertainty and inflation uncertainty should be considered as part of the determinants of output growth in South Africa.
Yingtao Ren Vehicle Routing and Resource Allocation under Uncertainty Yingtao Ren Vehicle Routing and Resource Allocation under Uncertainty Новинка

Yingtao Ren Vehicle Routing and Resource Allocation under Uncertainty

9002 руб.
In this book, we study optimization models for health care under uncertainty and resource constraints. In particular, we study two problems. The first problem is the multi-shift Vehicle Routing Problem (MSVRP) with overtime to meet around-the-clock demand. We use insertion to create the initial routes and then use tabu search to improve the routes. We show that our algorithm can find high-quality solutions for very large problems. The second problem is a multi-city resource allocation model to distribute the medical supplies in order to minimize the total number of fatalities in an infectious disease outbreak. We consider the problem with uncertainty in the initial number of cases and transmission rate, and build a two-stage stochastic programming model. To solve instances of realistic size we use a heuristic based on Benders decomposition. Finally, we use sample average approximation (SAA) to get confidence intervals on the optimal solution. We illustrate the use of the model and the solution technique in planning an emergency response to a hypothetic national smallpox outbreak. Computations show that the algorithm is efficient and can obtain near-optimal solution.
Wolfgang Wiedermann Statistics and Causality. Methods for Applied Empirical Research Wolfgang Wiedermann Statistics and Causality. Methods for Applied Empirical Research Новинка

Wolfgang Wiedermann Statistics and Causality. Methods for Applied Empirical Research

8908.8 руб.
A one-of-a-kind guide to identifying and dealing with modern statistical developments in causality Written by a group of well-known experts, Statistics and Causality: Methods for Applied Empirical Research focuses on the most up-to-date developments in statistical methods in respect to causality. Illustrating the properties of statistical methods to theories of causality, the book features a summary of the latest developments in methods for statistical analysis of causality hypotheses. The book is divided into five accessible and independent parts. The first part introduces the foundations of causal structures and discusses issues associated with standard mechanistic and difference-making theories of causality. The second part features novel generalizations of methods designed to make statements concerning the direction of effects. The third part illustrates advances in Granger-causality testing and related issues. The fourth part focuses on counterfactual approaches and propensity score analysis. Finally, the fifth part presents designs for causal inference with an overview of the research designs commonly used in epidemiology. Statistics and Causality: Methods for Applied Empirical Research also includes: New statistical methodologies and approaches to causal analysis in the context of the continuing development of philosophical theories End-of-chapter bibliographies that provide references for further discussions and additional research topics Discussions on the use and applicability of software when appropriate Statistics and Causality: Methods for Applied Empirical Research is an ideal reference for practicing statisticians, applied mathematicians, psychologists, sociologists, logicians, medical professionals, epidemiologists, and educators who want to learn more about new methodologies in causal analysis. The book is also an excellent textbook for graduate-level courses in causality and qualitative logic.
Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction Новинка

Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction

9683.48 руб.
Introduces basic knowledge for nanomaterial characterization focusing on key properties and the different analytical techniques available Provides a quick reference to different analytical methods for a given property highlighting their pros and cons Presents numerous case studies, ranging from characterizing nanomaterials in coffee creamer suspension to measurement of airborne dust exposure levels Provides an introduction to other topics that are strongly related to nanomaterial characterization e.g. synthesis, reference material and metrology Includes state of the art techniques: scanning tunneling microscopy under extreme conditions, novel strategy for biological characterization and methods to visualize multidimensional characterization data
Andreas Würfel Evaluating real options as a means for investment appraisal under uncertainty and its degree of utilisation by companies Andreas Würfel Evaluating real options as a means for investment appraisal under uncertainty and its degree of utilisation by companies Новинка

Andreas Würfel Evaluating real options as a means for investment appraisal under uncertainty and its degree of utilisation by companies

9339 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: This paper evaluates the real options approach (ROA) as a means for appraising capital investments under uncertainty. Globalisation and growing competitiveness have led to an increase in uncertainty with regard to companies’ decision making. Flexibility to react to this uncertainty has become more important. The question arises whether there is a need for a further investment appraisal technique or whether traditional techniques can cope with that. A growing literature about real options shows that traditional investment appraisal techniques do not value flexibility. That is why ROA has become more important within recent years. However, the degree of its utilisation by companies seems to be rather low. Three possible reasons for that are examined: ROA is not well-known by companies, especially small- and medium-sized enterprises. ROA is only limitedly applicable. ROA is too difficult to use. After traditional investment appraisal techniques have been outlined, the real options approach is illustrated by means of a case study. The possible range of application is assessed by reviewing the literature. A survey was conducted to check whether companies know about or apply that technique, and to identify the tools used by companies. This study shows that while the range of possible applications of real options is rather vast, ROA is rarely known by German and British companies and barely applied. One reason might be, that most books and articles are of rat...
Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 6 Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 6 Новинка

Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 6

3227 руб.
Advances in Modal Logic is a unique international forum for presenting the latest results and new directions of research in modal logic broadly conceived. The topics dealt with are of interdisciplinary interest and range from mathematical, computational, and philosophical problems to applications in knowledge representation and formal linguistics.This volume contains invited and contributed papers from the sixth conference in the series, held for the first time outside Europe, in Noosa, Queensland, Australia, in September 2006. It reports on considerable progress, both in the foundations of modal logic and in a number of application areas. It includes papers on the theory of modal logic itself, on process theory, multi-agent systems and spatial reasoning, and work on quantified modal logic, modal reasoning methods, and philosophical issues.
Linda Robertson Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy. Controversies in Practice Linda Robertson Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy. Controversies in Practice Новинка

Linda Robertson Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy. Controversies in Practice

4293.18 руб.
Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy is a key text for occupational therapy students and practitioners. Written by an internationally renowned group of clinicians, educators and academics and with a central case study running throughout, the book covers the theory and practice of the following key topics: Working and Thinking in Different Contexts; Teaching as Reasoning; Ethical Reasoning; Diversity in Reasoning; Working and Thinking within 'Evidence Frameworks'; Experience as a Framework; The Client. FEATURES includes case studies problem-solving framework questions at the end of each chapter commentaries on key topics relates theory to practice
How2Become Spatial Reasoning Tests - The ULTIMATE guide to passing spatial reasoning tests (Testing Series) How2Become Spatial Reasoning Tests - The ULTIMATE guide to passing spatial reasoning tests (Testing Series) Новинка

How2Become Spatial Reasoning Tests - The ULTIMATE guide to passing spatial reasoning tests (Testing Series)

1902 руб.
Spatial reasoning tests are widely used during selection processes which require an ability to use practical and visual skills. They are more common in jobs such as engineering and driving roles but are also more and more being utilised on medical and science roles. Spatial reasoning, or ability as it is sometimes called, involves the candidate visualising and then manipulating different complex shapes and patterns. Competence in spatial awareness is said to be mostly inherited; however, tests have proven that your ability in this type of test can be greatly improved with targeted practice. This book will provide you with over 230 pages of sample spatial reasoning test questions and answers to help you prepare thoroughly for the tests.
Maurice Lemaire Mechanics and Uncertainty Maurice Lemaire Mechanics and Uncertainty Новинка

Maurice Lemaire Mechanics and Uncertainty

8428.65 руб.
Science is a quest for certainty, but lack of certainty is the driving force behind all of its endeavors. This book, specifically, examines the uncertainty of technological and industrial science. Uncertainty and Mechanics studies the concepts of mechanical design in an uncertain setting and explains engineering techniques for inventing cost-effective products. Though it references practical applications, this is a book about ideas and potential advances in mechanical science.
Cho W. S. To Stochastic Structural Dynamics. Application of Finite Element Methods Cho W. S. To Stochastic Structural Dynamics. Application of Finite Element Methods Новинка

Cho W. S. To Stochastic Structural Dynamics. Application of Finite Element Methods

11529.76 руб.
One of the first books to provide in-depth and systematic application of finite element methods to the field of stochastic structural dynamics The parallel developments of the Finite Element Methods in the 1950’s and the engineering applications of stochastic processes in the 1940’s provided a combined numerical analysis tool for the studies of dynamics of structures and structural systems under random loadings. In the open literature, there are books on statistical dynamics of structures and books on structural dynamics with chapters dealing with random response analysis. However, a systematic treatment of stochastic structural dynamics applying the finite element methods seems to be lacking. Aimed at advanced and specialist levels, the author presents and illustrates analytical and direct integration methods for analyzing the statistics of the response of structures to stochastic loads. The analysis methods are based on structural models represented via the Finite Element Method. In addition to linear problems the text also addresses nonlinear problems and non-stationary random excitation with systems having large spatially stochastic property variations. A systematic treatment of stochastic structural dynamics applying the finite element methods Highly illustrated throughout and aimed at advanced and specialist levels, it focuses on computational aspects instead of theory Emphasizes results mainly in the time domain with limited contents in the time-frequency domain Presents and illustrates direction integration methods for analyzing the statistics of the response of linear and nonlinear structures to stochastic loads Under Author Information – one change of word to existing text: He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)........

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Modelling has permeated virtually all areas of industrial, environmental, economic, bio-medical or civil engineering: yet the use of models for decision-making raises a number of issues to which this book is dedicated: How uncertain is my model ? Is it truly valuable to support decision-making ? What kind of decision can be truly supported and how can I handle residual uncertainty ? How much refined should the mathematical description be, given the true data limitations ? Could the uncertainty be reduced through more data, increased modeling investment or computational budget ? Should it be reduced now or later ? How robust is the analysis or the computational methods involved ? Should / could those methods be more robust ? Does it make sense to handle uncertainty, risk, lack of knowledge, variability or errors altogether ? How reasonable is the choice of probabilistic modeling for rare events ? How rare are the events to be considered ? How far does it make sense to handle extreme events and elaborate confidence figures ? Can I take advantage of expert / phenomenological knowledge to tighten the probabilistic figures ? Are there connex domains that could provide models or inspiration for my problem ? Written by a leader at the crossroads of industry, academia and engineering, and based on decades of multi-disciplinary field experience, Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty gives a self-consistent introduction to the methods involved by any type of modeling development acknowledging the inevitable uncertainty and associated risks. It goes beyond the “black-box” view that some analysts, modelers, risk experts or statisticians develop on the underlying phenomenology of the environmental or industrial processes, without valuing enough their physical properties and inner modelling potential nor challenging the practical plausibility of mathematical hypotheses; conversely it is also to attract environmental or engineering modellers to better handle model confidence issues through finer statistical and risk analysis material taking advantage of advanced scientific computing, to face new regulations departing from deterministic design or support robust decision-making. Modelling Under Risk and Uncertainty: Addresses a concern of growing interest for large industries, environmentalists or analysts: robust modeling for decision-making in complex systems. Gives new insights into the peculiar mathematical and computational challenges generated by recent industrial safety or environmental control analysis for rare events. Implements decision theory choices differentiating or aggregating the dimensions of risk/aleatory and epistemic uncertainty through a consistent multi-disciplinary set of statistical estimation, physical modelling, robust computation and risk analysis. Provides an original review of the advanced inverse probabilistic approaches for model identification, calibration or data assimilation, key to digest fast-growing multi-physical data acquisition. Illustrated with one favourite pedagogical example crossing natural risk, engineering and economics, developed throughout the book to facilitate the reading and understanding. Supports Master/PhD-level course as well as advanced tutorials for professional training Analysts and researchers in numerical modeling, applied statistics, scientific computing, reliability, advanced engineering, natural risk or environmental science will benefit from this book.
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