rural urban migration in southeastern nigeria



John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. Новинка

John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania.

Rural-urban migration is becoming a common phenomenon in developing countries. This phenomenon invariably overstretch urban infrastructures. Urban influx is unlikely to cease despite of few employment opportunities available in cities. The main cause of these urban movements is rural poverty. The nature and patterns of these movement may slightly differ across different rural communities due to cultural variations. This book essentially give an in-depth analysis of migration pattern among Maasai in Tanzania, whose livelihood is based greatly on pastoralism. It tries to relate migration theories and the way in which Maasai as a marginalised group tries to utilize and respond to rural-urban dynamics. The central argument in this text is to situate migration as a possible survival or livelihood strategy among pastoral communities. The book has scholarly approach yet quite illuminating for all readers with interest in developmental issues in poor countries.
Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]
Quayson Emmanuel, Adu-Bitherman Paul Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Rural Households Quayson Emmanuel, Adu-Bitherman Paul Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Rural Households Новинка

Quayson Emmanuel, Adu-Bitherman Paul Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Rural Households

There is the growing concern by governments of most developing countries over the implications of migration on the socio - economic development of their people. In Ghana, this concern has been well articulated by civil society organizations, District Assemblies, local and international NGOs as well as governmental agencies. Particular emphasis has been placed on how to deal with the extent to which internal migration impedes rural development through the loss of able-bodied young men and women who could assist in tilling the land to produce food and cash crops for the upkeep and sustenance of the household in particular, and the community as a whole. There have been efforts by the government of Ghana local and international NGOs as well as some civil society organizations to deal with the serious threats that migration poses to the environment and the employment situation in the urban centres. However, most rural communities in Ghana are still under- developed, to some extent, as a result of migration. It is in view of the above that this study was carried out to identify the factors that influence migration and its impact on the status of rural household resources in the district.
Wesen Altaye Aydiko The Cause and Consequences of Rural Urban Migration Wesen Altaye Aydiko The Cause and Consequences of Rural Urban Migration Новинка

Wesen Altaye Aydiko The Cause and Consequences of Rural Urban Migration

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, , language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia rural-urban migration affects socio-economic realities in both urban and rural areas. This study aims at identifying the major causes and consequences of the movement of people from rural to urban areas. To achieve the objective 282 migrant household heads were selected purposively from four Kebeles of the town. Both primary and secondary data were employed and were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively by using SPSS version 17th. Structured questionnaires and FGD were used on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of migrant households. Most of the migrants move to the town alone. They had some information about the town and the decision of their migration is mostly made by themselves.However, most of them migrated decide to migrate not in planned way. A greater number of the migrants are young adults, males, and unmarried and had some form of education before they decided to migrate. There are many causes for the movement of the people to the town. Among them the search for job, to gain education and training, and problem related with land and agricultural productivity was the major one. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even currently. In line with this, some useful points of recommendations for effective ...
Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Новинка

Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux

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The rural is not what it used to be. No longer simply a site for agricultural production for the city, the relationship between the rural and urban has become much more complex. Established categories such as rural /urban and village/city no longer hold true. Rural and urban conditions have become increasingly blurred, so how can we identify and distinguish their specific characteristics? Where is the rural, and what role does it play in an urbanised world? In developing countries the countryside is a volatile and contradictory landscape: legally designated rural areas look like dense slums; factories intersect fields and farmers no longer farm. In contrast, in developed regions, the rural has become a highly controlled landscape of production and consumption: industrialised agriculture coexists with leisure landscapes for tourism, retirement and recreation. This issue of AD investigates how architects and researchers are critically engaging with the rural as an experimental field of exploration. Contributors: Neil Brenner, Christiane Lange, Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Sandra Parvu, Cole Roskam, Grahame Shane, Deane Simpson, and Milica Topalovic and Bas Princen Architects: Anders Abraham, Joshua Bolchover and John Lin (Rural Urban Framework), Ambra Fabi and Giovanni Piovene (Piovenefabi), Rainer Hehl, Stephan Petermann (OMA), Huang Sheng Yuan (FieldOffice), and Sandeep Virmani (Hunnarshala)
PhD Chukudi V. Izeogu Problems and Prospects of Urban and Regional Planning in Nigeria. Port Harcourt Metropolis since 1914 PhD Chukudi V. Izeogu Problems and Prospects of Urban and Regional Planning in Nigeria. Port Harcourt Metropolis since 1914 Новинка

PhD Chukudi V. Izeogu Problems and Prospects of Urban and Regional Planning in Nigeria. Port Harcourt Metropolis since 1914

This book focuses on urban development and planning in Nigeria by analyzing the nature and determinants of urban and regional planning strategies and outcomes in Rivers State, Nigeria. The book is organized into fourteen chapters. The first chapter focuses on population growth and the development of the Nigerian urban system. The second chapter traces the roots of Nigerian urban and regional planning system. The third chapter discusses the institutional framework for planning the evolving planning institutions and the emergence of the planning profession in the country and Rivers State. Chapter four examines political and economic forces and the substantive urban planning issues and problems faced by planners in the PH metropolis. Chapter five focuses on PH urban politics, planning administration and institutions.Chapters six and seven focus on the responses of planning to environmental, housing problems, transportation, land use, local economic development, and urban services issues. It documents how urban development and planning policies pertaining to these issues affect urban population groups and how the populations have responded to the outcomes of conventional planning intervention and offers alternative policies. In chapter eight, the problems of plan implementation is examined focusing on the implementation of the Diobu Master Plan, while chapters nine, ten, and eleven present physical planning and development control within the context of local government system in ...
Ashagidigbi Waheed, Yusuf Sulaiman, Omonona Bolarinwa Households. Food Demand and Food Security Status in Nigeria Ashagidigbi Waheed, Yusuf Sulaiman, Omonona Bolarinwa Households. Food Demand and Food Security Status in Nigeria Новинка

Ashagidigbi Waheed, Yusuf Sulaiman, Omonona Bolarinwa Households. Food Demand and Food Security Status in Nigeria

The Food Security (FS) status of most households in Nigeria has worsened, especially due to inadequate economic access to food, most especially in the rural areas. However, most studies in Nigeria have focused on either households' food demand or FS without establishing the linkage. Therefore, nexus between households' FS and food demand in Nigeria was investigated. Cross-sectional data from National Living Standard Survey (NLSS) for 2004 by National Bureau of Statistics were utilized. A total of 18,861 rural and urban households were used for the analysis. Variables used were households' socioeconomic characteristics, prices, quantity purchased and expenditure on Food. Data were analysed by sectors using descriptive statistics, Foster, Greer and Thorbecke and sequential probit regression models. Low Food Demand Food Insecure Group (LFDFIG) was 42.6% in RA, while High Food Demand Food Secure Group (HFDFSG) was 44.1% in UA. Food insecurity was found to be higher in the RA with majority entrapped in LFDFINSG. Access to land and having formal education ensure transition of households out of LFDFINSG in RA.Access to credit ensures households remained in HFDFSG in UA.
Emmanuel Odoyi Challenges and Opportunities of Sustainable Electricity Access in Nigeria Emmanuel Odoyi Challenges and Opportunities of Sustainable Electricity Access in Nigeria Новинка

Emmanuel Odoyi Challenges and Opportunities of Sustainable Electricity Access in Nigeria

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2013 in the subject Energy Sciences, grade: 1.7, University of Applied Sciences Berlin (Engineering), course: Sustainable Development, language: English, abstract: Electricity is an important feature for economic development. The necessity lies in the fact that electricity affects every aspect of our economy. Nigeria should aim towards sustainable electricity access to its citizens. Nigeria must have a stable electrical energy supply to meet the market, basic needs of the people. A nation whose energy supply is not reliable does not help in the development of the national economy. Nigeria is a nation with more than 162 million inhabitants with less electric access to both rural and urban areas. This study has reviewed and analyzed the challenges and opportunities facing Electricity Access in Nigeria. The study has employed approach to good features of sustainable development system in the Nigerian electrical energy sector by proposing a sustainable strategies and alternatives for energy access through the use of solar power, wind and hydro power, and Bio-mass . Also, the study clearly explained and analyzed the problems facing the electricity in Nigeria. Thus, this study has used literature review methods, to gather information's on Energy Sector in general and existing literatures on the Nigeria Energy Sector as well as a SWOT/PEST Matrix of the Nigerian Energy sector.
Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification Новинка

Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification

The study was conducted in Sebeta town and its hinterland. The main Objective of the study was to assess the Rural-urban Linkages and their Implications for Livelihood Diversification at Household level. The findings of the study are concerned: farmers in the rural kebeles are not market oriented as a result agricultural output did not satisfy the demand of some of urban residents in Sebeta. In this regard, hinterland farmers have shown relatively strong marketing interaction with urban dwellers than urban traders. The study also shows consumption linkages in terms of expenditure on urban goods and selected social services. The study shows there is similarity between hinterland farmers and their urban counterparts to recognize and identify pertinent challenges. The study has identified weak backward and forward production marketing linkage particularly the later is almost non-existent. The rural non-farm sector is promising with more than half of sampled farmers taking part in the activity as their livelihood income source though it has undesirable effect.On the other hand, more than two-third of sampled urban households earn an income from a combination of activities.
George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) Новинка

George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1)

Who will step up to meet the challenge of the next rural crisis?Rural practice presents important yet challenging issues for psychology, especially givenuneven population distribution, high levels of need, limited availability of rural services,and ongoing migration to urban centers. It is critical that mental health professionals andfirst responders in rural areas become aware of recent research, training and approachesto crisis intervention, traumatology, compassion fatigue, disaster mental health, critical incidentstress management, post-traumatic stress and related areas in rural environments.Critical issues facing rural areas include:Physical issues such as land, air, and water resources, cheap food policy, chemicalsand pesticides, animal rights, corruption in food marketing and distribution, and landappropriation for energy development.Quality of life issues such as rural America's declining share of national wealth, problems ofhunger, education, and rural poverty among rural populations of farmers and ranchers.Direct service issues include the need to accommodate a wide variety of mental healthdifficulties, client privacy and boundaries, and practical challenges.Indirect service issues include the greater need for diverse professional activities, collaborativework with professionals having different orientations and beliefs, program developmentand evaluation, and conducting research with few mentors or peer collaborators.Professional training and development issues...
Amitav Kumar Kundu Urban Migration and Its Effects Amitav Kumar Kundu Urban Migration and Its Effects Новинка

Amitav Kumar Kundu Urban Migration and Its Effects

Urban migration in now germane subject for any LDC's countries. People move into cities to seek economic opportunities. A major contributing factor is known as "rural flight". Cities, in contrast, are known to be places where money, services and wealth are centralized. Cities are where fortunes are made and where social mobility is possible. This paper analyzes unemployment and underemployment in a country of LDCs within a qualitative adjustment framework. Four extensions it has been made including allowances for more generalized job-search behavior, why people force to migrate, Difficulty of adaptation and adjustment with the city and Survival strategies of the migrants. The result of these modifications is a much lower predicted unemployment rate, which accords more closely with actual observations. Some additional policy implications deriving from the analysis are noted
Md. Mizanoor Rahman, Jayant K. Routray Peri-Urban Economic Transformation of Bangladesh Md. Mizanoor Rahman, Jayant K. Routray Peri-Urban Economic Transformation of Bangladesh Новинка

Md. Mizanoor Rahman, Jayant K. Routray Peri-Urban Economic Transformation of Bangladesh

The book focuses on issues and challenges of economic transformation of the peri-urban area around Rajshahi city of Bangladesh. Peri-urban area is the transitional zone between an urban and its nearby rural area. Characteristically, the area is neither urban nor rural but it gradually attains urban characteristics and spatially shifts from urban to rural area. As a result, the economic setting in term of occupation, income, expenditure capacity, land use, land value, infrastructure, living facilities etc. of the dwellers of this area changes rapidly. And this changing process becomes influenced by a number of factors like location, distance from urban center, road network, transportation system, marketing network, employment opportunities, governmental policies and planning and so on. Though, the urban areas have development plan but due to week implementation of plan a haphazard urban growth can be found that reduces the actual competency of the area. So, it is necessary to implement the existing development plan and initiate integrated rural-urban development plan for better, planed and furnished urban development in Bangladesh.
ABHISHEK KUMAR Reproductive and Child Health among Poor and Non-poor in Urban India ABHISHEK KUMAR Reproductive and Child Health among Poor and Non-poor in Urban India Новинка

ABHISHEK KUMAR Reproductive and Child Health among Poor and Non-poor in Urban India

India has experienced rapid urbanization in the past decades. Urban population of the country has increased from 62 million in 1951 to 286 million in 2001. Rapid urbanization is associated with better socioeconomic and health conditions in urban than rural areas due to increased opportunity of education & employment and improved health infrastructures within the cities. On the contrary, the rapid growing urbanizations is characterized as typically overcrowded, polluted, lack basic services such as clean water and sanitation and exposed to infectious diseases. Along with unhygienic and health threatening surroundings, irregular use of recommended health practices, high cost of health facility and accessibility make the health of urban poor vulnerable. But, existing health programme such as National Rural Health Mission is directed to improvement of health and health care in rural India and overlook the urban poor who may enjoy little or no health advantage over their rural counterparts. Considering the need this study pointed out the health and health care vulnerability among urban poor of India over past 13 years.
Misfin Amare Beyene, Ranavijai Bahadur Singh Urban Expansion and Water Supply System in Adigrat Town, Ethiopia Misfin Amare Beyene, Ranavijai Bahadur Singh Urban Expansion and Water Supply System in Adigrat Town, Ethiopia Новинка

Misfin Amare Beyene, Ranavijai Bahadur Singh Urban Expansion and Water Supply System in Adigrat Town, Ethiopia

Water is essential component for sustainable development and poverty alleviation. But due to the high rate of population growth and uncontrolled urban expansion in the towns/cities of developing countries the water supply system is under heavy pressure to meet the growing demand of the communities. The study is an appraisal of the impacts of urban expansion on water supply system in Adigrat town of Tigray national state, Ethiopia. Descriptive research method was employed for the study. Population is growing at fast rate in the town, this is due to increase result from natural growth, rural-urban migration, and high influx of population due from Eritrea and reclassification of rural land to urban use and emergence of new periphery settlements are observed. This phenomena is problematic form the town water supply services. To prevent the emergence of new settlements, establish an integrated legal basis and strengthen cooperative environment with all concerned stakeholders and recharging water by the natural aquifer, construction of additional public water points in the newly developed areas and controlling water loss.
Kristi Stricker The Geographic Migration of Rural Honor Students Kristi Stricker The Geographic Migration of Rural Honor Students Новинка

Kristi Stricker The Geographic Migration of Rural Honor Students

Declining populations of many small towns in South Dakota have lead to residents and local leaders to express concern about the vitality of their rural communities and their ability to sustain themselves in the future. One perceived reason for the declining population is the belief that when young people graduate from high school, they leave and never return. Of particular concern is the belief that those who are the most likely to go elsewhere are the best and brightest young people in the community. This quantitative study examines the extent to which the best and brightest high school students in one rural community have engaged in out-migration. The findings indicate that the geographic location of the college attend is an important indicator of one's domicile after college graduation.
Taofik Olatunji Bankole Sociodemographic Factors, Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Mortality in Northern Nigeria Taofik Olatunji Bankole Sociodemographic Factors, Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Mortality in Northern Nigeria Новинка

Taofik Olatunji Bankole Sociodemographic Factors, Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Mortality in Northern Nigeria

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Sociology - Gender Studies, grade: 4.0, Obafemi Awolowo University (Faculty of Social Sciences), course: Demography and Social Statistics, language: English, abstract: This study assessed the pattern of breastfeeding practices among mothers; and determined the relationship between women's socio-demographic characteristics and their breastfeeding practices in Northern Nigeria; examined the relationship between women's socio-demographic characteristics and infant mortality and ascertained the relationship between breastfeeding practices and infant mortality. The study employed both primary and secondary sources of data collection. Forty in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted in four randomly selected states. Plateau and Kaduna states were selected from North Central and North West respectively. Ten IDIs were carried out in each of these four states. Five IDIs were conducted in randomly selected rural and urban areas of each of these four states. Content analysis was employed to analyse responses from IDIs. The secondary data for the study were obtained from the Nigeria Demographic Health Surveys (NDHS 2008). The Survey elicited information from 33,385 women of reproductive age between 15 and 49 years, as well as information from 28,647 children whose ages were below five years. The 2008 NDHS data on women of reproductive age between 15 and 49 years in Northern Nigeria who have had at least a child in the past five...
Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece. Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece. Новинка

Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece.

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 1999 in the subject Sociology - Habitation, Urban Sociology, grade: PASS, University of Manchester, language: English, abstract: This study is concerned with the relationship between rural livelihoods, local environmental knowledge, state promotion of agricultural development and the environmenr in Alagonia and Logga, two rural communities in southern Greece, Messinia. It uses the concept of sustainability within pluralist theoretical framework in order to investigate the claims that the process of state and EC policies operate on the assumption that local agricultural systems in rural societies are homogenous. This thesis questions such generalisation by arguing that the realities of rural people are local, complex, diverse and dynamic. The study argues that social, environmental, political and cultural factors significantly affect the implementation of top-down policies on rural livelihoods.
Verter Nahanga The Impact of Migration on the Nigeria Labour Market Verter Nahanga The Impact of Migration on the Nigeria Labour Market Новинка

Verter Nahanga The Impact of Migration on the Nigeria Labour Market

The major objective of the study was to determine the impact of migration on the Nigeria labour market. In a country where jobs opportunities are lacking, unattractiveness of agricultural sector of the economy, industrialization is yet to take its full course, high level of institutional corruption and human rights abuses, religious and ethic conflicts, high population growth, wide gap of inequality, majority of the population is living below poverty line etc. Both Internal and International migration are necessary as they help in reducing the pressure on the Nigeria labour market, but movement of highly skilled workers in large numbers have resulted in a 'brain drain' in the country. While the remittances help to redistribute resources and alleviate poverty within the regions. Skills and experienced acquired from the receiving areas can be transferred home either in temporally basis or permanently when migrants visit or return home. These put together will enhanced the socio-economic development and reduce its imbalances in the country.
Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security Новинка

Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security

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In the 21st Century, the world will see an unprecedented migration of people moving from rural to urban areas. With global demand for water projected to outstrip supply in the coming decades, cities will likely face water insecurity as a result of climate change and the various impacts of urbanisation. Traditionally, urban water managers have relied on large-scale, supply-side infrastructural projects to meet increased demands for water; however, these projects are environmentally, economically and politically costly. Urban Water Security argues that cities need to transition from supply-side to demand-side management to achieve urban water security. This book provides readers with a series of in-depth case studies of leading developed cities, of differing climates, incomes and lifestyles from around the world, that have used demand management tools to modify the attitudes and behaviour of water users in an attempt to achieve urban water security. Urban Water Security will be of particular interest to town and regional planners, water conservation managers and policymakers, international companies and organisations with large water footprints, environmental and water NGOs, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. Robert C. Brears is the founder of Mitidaption, Mark and Focus, is Director on the International Board of the Indo Global Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture, and a Visiting Fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Conflict Studies at MIIS, Monterey, USA.
Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Новинка

Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State

Masterarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Mek'ele University, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the performance of rural business enterprises in terms of improving socioeconomic condition of rural people and contributing for improved rural-urban linkages in Ethiopia. It was carried out in Ankober district to contribute towards filling the gap on the knowledge and understanding about the performance of rural business enterprises in Ethiopia.The study used 105 rural businesses selected using simple random sampling proportional to size. It also used 4 Focus Group Discussions and 5 Key Informant Interviews; purposely selected based on their knowledge and experience in rural business. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result indicates that ownership of rural business enterprises is dominated by male headed households (79% male) which imply that women face more limitations to engage in formal businesses due to limited access to capital among others. The finding also indicated owning rural business enterprise significantly contributed for the socioeconomic improvement of the business owners. The annual income of the enterprise owners is 1.94USD per person per day, which is significantly greater than rural households' income in Ethiopia, which is 0.8 USD. Rural businesses are main source of income for 85.7% of enterprise owners. But the income is season sensitive and depends on agricult...
MD Asaduzzaman, Israt Jahan Successive Increase of Urban Poverty MD Asaduzzaman, Israt Jahan Successive Increase of Urban Poverty Новинка

MD Asaduzzaman, Israt Jahan Successive Increase of Urban Poverty

Poverty is an issue of global concern now a day and it has been a challenge for the Urban Planners working in different levels of government to provide basic services and amenities for them. The issue is more acute in the countries which are underdeveloped and whose resources are limited. Paradigm shift in municipal financing regarding service provision, i.e., privatization of various services, amenities and facilities made the situation worse. Moreover, there exists huge wave of rural-urban migration, most of whose are poor. On the other hand, to retain the urban environment and function well, urban economy needs every social strata engrossed into it. So, it is urban authorities' responsibility to accommodate them into their economy. This work was done that aimed at finding out the present growth rate of poverty at the municipal level, their existing situation and to find out the policy measures at the government level to accommodate the poor strata. Four urban centers of Bangladesh (three Municipalities and one City Corporation) were selected as study area for this study. Analyzing the situation, some policy measures have been suggested at the later part of the work.
Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place Новинка

Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place

A volume in Research in Educational Policy: Local, National, and Global PerspectivesSeries Editor: Kenneth K. Wong, Brown UniversityThe impetus behind this volume stems from reflections on commemorations of the historic Brown v. Board of Education decision. Brown turned 60 in May of 2014, and many special issues of peer-reviewed journals were dedicated to that anniversary. Unlike most special issues and volumes, we sought to highlight a smaller part of Brown, though no less significant. More specifically, we thought to develop a volume that focused on rural education in the aftermath of the decision. Most of the education policy and education reform literature caters to urban and suburban contexts, and very few academic books and journal articles-with the exception of research conducted by Craig, Amy, and Caitlin Howley and the Journal for Research on Rural Education-focus on rural education in the US. Thus, we wanted this volume to focus on the politics of educational opportunity in rural contexts.There is a paucity of rigorous research that examines how education policy affects the conditions of rural education. More specifically, research is scarce in examining the ways in which students in rural schools and districts have access to educational opportunities, although approximately one-third of all public schools are located in rural areas (Ayers, 2011). Educational opportunity in rural districts has been plagued by geographic isolation, loss of economic bases, and lack of...
Mara Casey Tieken Why Rural Schools Matter Mara Casey Tieken Why Rural Schools Matter Новинка

Mara Casey Tieken Why Rural Schools Matter

From headlines to documentaries, urban schools are at the center of current debates about education. From these accounts, one would never know that 51 million Americans live in rural communities and depend on their public schools to meet not only educational but also social and economic needs. For many communities, these schools are the ties that bind. Why Rural Schools Matter shares the untold story of rural education. Drawing upon extensive research in two southern towns, Mara Tieken exposes the complicated ways in which schools shape the racial dynamics of their towns and sustain the communities that surround them. The growing power of the state, however, brings the threat of rural school closure, which jeopardizes the education of children and the future of communities. With a nuanced understanding of the complicated relationship between communities and schools, Tieken warns us that current education policies--which narrow schools' purpose to academic achievement alone--endanger rural America and undermine the potential of a school, whether rural or urban, to sustain a community. Vividly demonstrating the effects of constricted definitions of public education in an era of economic turmoil and widening inequality, Tieken calls for a more contextual approach to education policymaking, involving both state and community.
Place and Identity Place and Identity Новинка

Place and Identity

Sweden is internationally renowned for its generous welfare state. However, over the past decades, changes in economic circumstances and population composition, as well as increasing population concentration in larger urban areas, have imposed new challenges to the Swedish model. What does this imply for individual and collective identity formation? Why and how have some places become more attractive than others? What individuals or groups prosper from these changes and who looses?The authors of this anthology highlight social and political change in Sweden from different perspectives, based on various studies in urban and rural Sweden. They represent five disciplines: history, human geography, political science, social work and sociology. Contextualised by theories on place and identity, the book's ten chapters focus on ageing, lifestyle migration, rural landscape, place branding, group identity, religion, music, the school as a meeting place, unsafety and residential projects.The participating authors are affiliated with the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies (CUReS) at Örebro University, Sweden.
Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction Новинка

Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction

Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration Новинка

Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration

This book consists of three major studies, which are connected through the topic of migration. The first chapter gives a general overview of results. The second chapter shows that the model specifications, which connect high ethnic fractionalisation to lower growth, cannot fully explain the negative ethnic fractionalisation effect of the 1990s and Sub-Saharan African growth experience. Furthermore, an empirical investigation provides evidence that ethnic fractionalisation has a positive effect in a nation which is ethnically diverse due to immigration. The third chapter sheds light on the behavioural effects of inter-family transfers, which is still rare. Incentive effects of inter-family transfers in Indonesia are analysed with improved econometric techniques. Moreover, different sectors of employment are distinguished in the analysis. The empirical analysis indicates that transfers seem to have an adverse influence on work effort in the informal sector of the economy. The fourth chapter analyses changes in income portfolios of rural households and its determinants for the case of Ghana in the 1990s. Contrary to common beliefs, rural Ghana has seen major economic transformation, as households increasingly diversify their livelihoods by both increased migration and more local non-farm employment. These diversification decisions seem to be driven to a large extent by desperation rather than new opportunities, in particular with regard to migration.
Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Новинка

Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions

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Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents. Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection includes a comprehensive examination of myriad issues in rural health and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. This textbook offers a review of rural health systems in Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa, and features contributions from key leaders in rural public health throughout the United States. Rural Populations and Health examines vital health issues such as: Health assessment Strategies for building rural coalitions Promoting rural adolescent health Rural food disparities Promoting oral health in rural areas Physical activity in rural communities Preventing farm-related injuries Addressing mental health issues Cancer prevention and control in rural communities Reducing rural tobacco use Rural Populations and Health is an important resource for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology.
Dr. Mark O'Doherty Healing Nigeria Improving Human Rights, Social Equality and Public Education in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Dr. Mark O'Doherty Healing Nigeria Improving Human Rights, Social Equality and Public Education in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Новинка

Dr. Mark O'Doherty Healing Nigeria Improving Human Rights, Social Equality and Public Education in the Federal Republic of Nigeria

Critical, but also deeply sensitive and humane, this book offers a new way to improve Nigerian public policy, so that a positive collective consciousness can be manifested in Nigeria, as well as with the International Community. Social challenges ? such as crime, corruption and illiteracy in Nigeria ? are also explored in this work, offering an analysis on these matters, as well as suggestions how public education, family policy and children's rights can be improved. Violent Extremism in Nigeria is another topic this book addresses; as both internally and externally, Nigeria is faced with a major security problem in terms of containing and countering extremism.Highly innovative and profound, this book explores cutting-edge social scientific theories and ethical approaches how human rights and social equality can be improved in Nigeria.
Sustaining Russia's Arctic Cities. Resource Politics, Migration, and Climate Change Sustaining Russia's Arctic Cities. Resource Politics, Migration, and Climate Change Новинка

Sustaining Russia's Arctic Cities. Resource Politics, Migration, and Climate Change

Urban areas in Arctic Russia are experiencing unprecedented social and ecological change. This collection outlines the key challenges that city managers will face in navigating this shifting political, economic, social, and environmental terrain. In particular, the volume examines how energy production drives a boom-bust cycle in the Arctic economy, explores how migrants from Muslim cultures are reshaping the social fabric of northern cities, and provides a detailed analysis of climate change and its impact on urban and industrial infrastructure.
Khan Muhammad Nasir School Causes in Promoting Challenging Behavior in Pakistan Khan Muhammad Nasir School Causes in Promoting Challenging Behavior in Pakistan Новинка

Khan Muhammad Nasir School Causes in Promoting Challenging Behavior in Pakistan

Parents have a significant role in behavior development of students.The book reflects the perceptions of parents towards behavior development at secondary school level in urban and rural areas of Punjab province of Pakistan.The study highlights the factors promoting behavior development in secondary school students in Pakistan.The study is significant for parents, secondary school teachers and behaviorists.
Clemens Buchinger Growth, Convergence and Migration in Austria Clemens Buchinger Growth, Convergence and Migration in Austria Новинка

Clemens Buchinger Growth, Convergence and Migration in Austria

Diploma Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, grade: 1,0, University of Vienna (Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften), language: English, abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate whether migration affects Austrian economic growth. Migration is seperated into total and foreign migration. The framework of this analysis is the Neoclassical Solow-Swan model. Analogous to the main results of this model, the two types of - convergence and an augmented version of the model regarding the two migration variables will be tested. The empirical work is based on a data set especially created for Austria, which covers the time period from 1961 to 2002. This data set provides a clear tendency towards absolute convergence. The test of conditional convergence verifies that the Austrian federal states started at different technological status and converge at a speed of 3, 54% per year. Furthermore, this test points out that the Solow-Swan models findings are not asserted, but some of the variables help to improve the results of the test. The augmented model, which includes the migration variables, leads to the conclusion, that total migration in Austria has a positive and highly significant influence on the growth of GDP per capita, while foreign migration also suggests the positive relationship but only at a 10% level of significance.
Seun Kolade Agricultural Production In Nigeria. A Review of Recent Developments in Policy and Practice Seun Kolade Agricultural Production In Nigeria. A Review of Recent Developments in Policy and Practice Новинка

Seun Kolade Agricultural Production In Nigeria. A Review of Recent Developments in Policy and Practice

Scientific Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Agrarian Studies, South Bank University London, language: English, abstract: This article draws on critical review of research articles, official statistics and policy documents on agricultural production in Nigeria, especially since the beginning of the current democratic dispensation in 1999. This paper highlights the findings of researchers and policy makers on the significant gains made in the agricultural sector, especially in terms of increased productivity of staple crops like cassava and rice. However, this review also identifies significant gaps in knowledge and deficiencies in practice, in the areas of innovation diffusion among rural farmers, market reforms, engagement in high value chains, and the politics of policy implementation and evaluation.
Edgardo Meléndez Sponsored Migration. The State and Puerto Rican Postwar Migration to the United States Edgardo Meléndez Sponsored Migration. The State and Puerto Rican Postwar Migration to the United States Новинка

Edgardo Meléndez Sponsored Migration. The State and Puerto Rican Postwar Migration to the United States

Puerto Rico is often left out of conversations on migration and transnationalism within the Latino context. Sponsored Migration: The State and Puerto Rican Postwar Migration to the United States by Edgardo Meléndez seeks to rectify this oversight, serving as a comprehensive study of the factors affecting Puerto Rican migration to the United States from the late 1940s to the 1960s. Examining the consequences of the perceived problem of Puerto Rican overpopulation as well as the cost of U.S. imperialism on the lives of Puerto Rican workers, Meléndez scrutinizes Puerto Rican migration in the postwar period as a microcosm of the political history of migration throughout Latin America. Sponsored Migration places Puerto Rico's migration policy in its historical context, examining the central role the Puerto Rican government played in encouraging and organizing migration during the postwar period. Meléndez sheds an important new light on the many ways in which the government intervened in the movement of its people: attempting to provide labor to U.S. agriculture, incorporating migrants into places like New York City, seeking to expand the island's air transportation infrastructure, and even promoting migration in the public school system. One of the first scholars to explore this topic in depth, Meléndez illuminates how migration influenced U.S. and Puerto Rican relations from 1898 onward.
Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Новинка

Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity

Since the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was enacted, policy makers, agency administrators, community activists, and academics from a broad range of disciplines have debated and researched the implications of welfare reform in the United States. Most of the attention, however, has focused on urban rather than rural America. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty examines welfare participants who live in chronically poor rural areas of the United States where there are few job opportunities and poor systems of education, transportation, and child care.Kathleen Pickering and her colleagues look at welfare reform as it has been experienced in four rural and impoverished regions of the United States: American Indian reservations in South Dakota, the Rio Grande region, Appalachian Kentucky, and the Mississippi Delta. Throughout these areas the rhetoric of reform created expectations of new opportunities to find decent work and receive education and training. In fact, these expectations have largely gone unfulfilled as welfare reform has failed to penetrate poor areas where low-income families remain isolated from the economic and social mainstream of American society. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty sheds welcome light on the opportunities and challenges that welfare reform has imposed on low-income families situated in disadvantaged areas. Combining both qualitative and quantitative research, it will be an excellent guide fo...
Urban Pollution. Cultural Meanings, Social Practices Urban Pollution. Cultural Meanings, Social Practices Новинка

Urban Pollution. Cultural Meanings, Social Practices

Re-examining Mary Douglas' work on pollution and concepts of purity, this volume explores modern expressions of these themes in urban areas, examining the intersections of material and cultural pollution. It presents ethnographic case studies from a range of cities affected by globalization processes such as neoliberal urban policies, privatization of urban space, continued migration and spatialized ethnic tension. What has changed since the appearance of Purity and Danger? How have anthropological views on pollution changed accordingly? This volume focuses on cultural meanings and values that are attached to conceptions of 'clean' and 'dirty', purity and impurity, healthy and unhealthy environments, and addresses the implications of pollution with regard to discrimination, class, urban poverty, social hierarchies and ethnic segregation in cities.
Olukoya Ogen Ethnicity, Economy and Historical Deconstruction in the Bakassi Borderland Olukoya Ogen Ethnicity, Economy and Historical Deconstruction in the Bakassi Borderland Новинка

Olukoya Ogen Ethnicity, Economy and Historical Deconstruction in the Bakassi Borderland

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject History - Africa, grade: none, , course: African Borderland History, language: English, abstract: This study offers a compelling revision of the meagre Nigerian historiography on the Bakassi Peninsula. It argues that Nigeria's claim of ownership of the Peninsula is logically indefensible and historically unsustainable. It contends further that Efik irredentism which found its expression in Nigeria's attempt to forcefully annex the Bakassi Peninsula is based on historical claims that are in reality largely ahistorical. The study is of the opinion that Nigeria's occupation of, and attempts to exercise sovereignty over the Peninsula emanated from the predictable desire of the Nigerian ruling elite to appropriate Bakassi's abundant natural resources and the strategic advantage that the Peninsula holds for Nigeria's oil interests in the Gulf of Guinea. This study further analyses the border-cum-migration problematics that prevail in the Peninsula. It argues that patterns of migrant life rooted in historic and still functioning socio-cultural and economic networks persist in defiance equally of national and international agreements and political claims to ethnic solidarity.The study concludes that peace can only be guaranteed in the Bakassi Peninsula, and indeed in virtually all conflict prone African borderlands, if African governments respect the old 'glass houses rule' (i.e. the 1964 Cai...
Elkanah Ayodeji Olafare Influence of 2004 Capitalization on the Nigeria Commercial Banks Elkanah Ayodeji Olafare Influence of 2004 Capitalization on the Nigeria Commercial Banks Новинка

Elkanah Ayodeji Olafare Influence of 2004 Capitalization on the Nigeria Commercial Banks

The book gathered and reveal that the Central Bank of Nigeria consolidation policy should be review in line with the Nigeria business and economic environment. This is imperative in view of the bail-out of the major banks in Nigeria after capitalization exercise and the recent establishment of the Asset Management Corporation of Nigeria (AMCON). The researcher adopted a research survey design to drive home this frontier of knowledge.
Facets of Migration in Contemporary Europe. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Specific Challenges Facets of Migration in Contemporary Europe. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Specific Challenges Новинка

Facets of Migration in Contemporary Europe. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Specific Challenges

The literature on migration realities in Europe is usually centered around the role played by the EU on member states' migration policies. In order to offer a comparative cross-country approach, previous research often allows too much to fall through the cracks. Facets of Migration in Contemporary Europe: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Specific Challenges directly addresses this issue. Through its multidisciplinary approach, it includes contributions ranging from policy-oriented chapters dedicated to the role of low-skilled and 'illegal' migrants to the securitization of migration in Europe as well as the role of Diasporas and language policies for the integration of migrants. The central theme of the volume is that experiences of migration in Western European countries can help the emerging countries of immigration in Central and Eastern Europe to improve their migration policies and living conditions.
Ford James Cooperation in New England, Urban and Rural Ford James Cooperation in New England, Urban and Rural Новинка

Ford James Cooperation in New England, Urban and Rural

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Mary Letts The Back Burner . Other Stories Mary Letts The Back Burner . Other Stories Новинка

Mary Letts The Back Burner . Other Stories

This collection of short stories explores the sometimes poignant, sometimes startlingly dramatic moments in the different lives of each of their central characters. They are set against the finely drawn backdrops either of rural England, urban Italy or a remote Greek Island.
Musa Ali Ajetunmobi Shariah Legal Practice in Nigeria 1956-1983 Musa Ali Ajetunmobi Shariah Legal Practice in Nigeria 1956-1983 Новинка

Musa Ali Ajetunmobi Shariah Legal Practice in Nigeria 1956-1983

This book contains and in-depth study of the Shariah legal system generally, and its practice in Nigeria, in particular from 1956 to 1983. The book covers the meaning and scope of the Shariah: the general and legal precepts; it legal theory and legal practice; the development of Shariah legal practice and legal history in Nigeria.
Ford James Co-operation in New England, urban and rural Ford James Co-operation in New England, urban and rural Новинка

Ford James Co-operation in New England, urban and rural

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Off the Grid: Houses for Escape Off the Grid: Houses for Escape Новинка

Off the Grid: Houses for Escape

Recent advances in technologies and home-generated renewable energy have made building away from urban and rural infrastructures more practical and affordable than ever....
Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT Новинка

Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Over the past 25 years labour migration from Bangladesh has registered a steady increase. From 1990 onwards on an average 2,25,000 Bangladeshis are migrating on short-term employment. The recent trend of the bulk of the migrants is more towards semi and unskilled labour migration. Major outflow of Bangladeshi labour generated significant financial flow to the country in the form of remittance. However, due to increase in the flow of unskilled and semi- skilled labour, remittance is increasing at a much lower rate than the labour flow. Remittance is crucial for Bangladesh's economy. It constitutes almost one-third of the foreign exchange earning. In 1998-99, remittance contributed 22 percent in financing imports. Studies have shown it has strong positive impact on GDP, and also on consumption and investment. This research assesses to identify the role of remittance in rural development. It also evaluates current uses and impacts of remittance, the characteristics of remittance sending and remittance receiving persons. The research also explores the problems and possible potentials in effective uses of remittance for rural development through investment in productive sectors.
When a Factory Becomes a Home When a Factory Becomes a Home Новинка

When a Factory Becomes a Home

The challenges of the housing shortage and building dereliction can be successfully countered by the reactivation and conversion of existing real estate in urban and rural...
TESFAYE MULUNEH Rural and Urban Interface from a Resource Flow Perspective TESFAYE MULUNEH Rural and Urban Interface from a Resource Flow Perspective Новинка

TESFAYE MULUNEH Rural and Urban Interface from a Resource Flow Perspective

This study revisits rural-urban interface from a spatiotemporal resource flow perspective by highlighting how resource flows are manipulated, maintained and modified by a combination of macro level reforms and the agency of individual actors at the local level. There were some changes in the pattern of access and uses of resources over time as a consequence of policy interventions such as rural land redistribution reforms. It has also been indicated that, preoccupations with national policy objectives alone left locally pressing issues [e.g. farmland shortages] unresolved and made them persistent. Macroeconomic interventions are found to be biased against the rural society by making resources flow towards the fulfilment of the needs of urban areas. Thus, it is implied from this study that macro-economic policies and interventions could affect resource flow positively and could assure optimal allocation of resources only if they become actor-focused and take in to account spatiotemporal differences.
Tania Götze Migrantinnen in der Stadt - Thesen uber die Land-Stadt-Migration von Frauen in Afrika Tania Götze Migrantinnen in der Stadt - Thesen uber die Land-Stadt-Migration von Frauen in Afrika Новинка

Tania Götze Migrantinnen in der Stadt - Thesen uber die Land-Stadt-Migration von Frauen in Afrika

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Ethnologie / Volkskunde, Note: 1,3, Universität Bayreuth (Ethnologie), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar: Migration und Identität, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Seit einigen Jahren wächst der literarische Korpus zum Thema weiblicher Migration stetig an. Studien, die sich dem Thema „Frauen und Migration" widmen, sind jedoch größtenteils empirische Einzelfallstudien. Bislang gibt es kaum Zusammenfassungen zu weiblicher Migration in Afrika. Zudem gingen die empirischen Ergebnisse nicht in die Theorienbildung zu Migration ein: Es gibt noch keine Migrationstheorie, die auch dem Phänomen der weiblichen Migration gerecht wird. Ansätze zu einer neuen Konzeptionierung von Migration und erste verallgemeinernde Thesen sind jedoch vereinzelt erkennbar. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es diese darzustellen und zusammenzufassen. Anhand einer ausgewählten empirischen Einzelfallstudie möchte ich die Ansätze diskutieren und mit den Ergebnissen dieser Feldforschung vergleichen.
Kimongo David Mwangi, Mwai Wangari, Mungai Mbugua Urban Youth Folklore Genres Kimongo David Mwangi, Mwai Wangari, Mungai Mbugua Urban Youth Folklore Genres Новинка

Kimongo David Mwangi, Mwai Wangari, Mungai Mbugua Urban Youth Folklore Genres

For some time now urban Kenyan youth have been engaged in Mchongoano fetes. The urban youth use Mchongoano as a form of communication though it is also used in the rural areas. Besides the youth, it is exhibited on television, FM radio stations and even online. This study sought to capture Mchongoano in its context and critically analyse it for its content and style of performance. The study's quest is to arrive at deeper meanings of Mchongoano by undertaking a stylistic analysis of the linguistic choices, content and context of Mchongoano utterances among Kenyan urban youth.
Polly Akankwatsa Mugisha The Socio-Economic Effects of Migration on Places of Origin Polly Akankwatsa Mugisha The Socio-Economic Effects of Migration on Places of Origin Новинка

Polly Akankwatsa Mugisha The Socio-Economic Effects of Migration on Places of Origin

This study investigated the socio-economic effects of migration on places of origin in rural Ankole, Western Uganda in 1990-2000. The study was carried out in the migrants area of origin not migrants area of destination. A sample of 300 households comprised of 2024 people was drawn from two counties (Igara and Ruhinda) of Bushenyi District, Western Uganda. Households with or without people who have migrated were compared to ascertain socio-economic differences in their status. A total of 148 households who have had out migrants and 152 households that have had migrants were compared. The independent variable was migration status of the household (migrant or non migrant) and the dependent variables were education, health, possessions in form of fixed assets, type of housing and affordability of certain food assets. A socio-economic index was computed to analyze expenditure patterns and well-being of the households. This was done because it is difficult to establish income levels of rural people. The socio-economic index shows the socio-economic status between households of migrants and non migrants.
Shaheen Anjum Internal Migrants and Their Economic Activities in India Shaheen Anjum Internal Migrants and Their Economic Activities in India Новинка

Shaheen Anjum Internal Migrants and Their Economic Activities in India

Movement of people have general association with some sort of dissatisfaction of an individual from prevailing conditions at usual place of residence and have expectation that their hopes can be realized at destination. Often it is best explained by push and pull theory of migration. Here present study surpasses that threshold. Data of internal migration in India,concludes that nearly 3/4th of the migrant have rural origin. Usually have little or no knowledge about the type of job kept for them at the place of destination. No doubt decrease has been recorded in agriculture sector with increase in other two sectors of economy but is this shift a positive one and leading to vertical shift in occupational structure of the migrant workers in India? Henceforth,this presentation tries examine some major facts of best known generalization in economics about development which sates that " a fall in the share of the 'primary' sector in the total output and employment and a continued rise in the share of the 'secondary' and 'tertiary' sectors" showing migration as indicator of development and how far is it true in Indian context of internal migration.
Eme Okechukwu Human Cost of Boko Haram Activities in Nigeria, 2004-2014 Eme Okechukwu Human Cost of Boko Haram Activities in Nigeria, 2004-2014 Новинка

Eme Okechukwu Human Cost of Boko Haram Activities in Nigeria, 2004-2014

Terrorism has been a global menace which affects economic, political and social status of the country experiencing it. The political dimension of terrorism and insecurity have been examined in this study which moribund political regime of President Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria. Many lives and properties have been destroyed in Northern Nigeria by the Boko Haram deadly attacks. It is evident from this study that Boko Haram terrorist insurgency invigorated as a result of pronouncement of Goodluck Jonathan as president of Federal Republic of Nigeria. Since the inception of this political regime, Boko Haram has been disrupting and destabilizing government activities mainly in Northern Nigeria. The political implication of terrorism has been deadly in Nigerian democratic governance.
Caroline Lange Der Fluch des Ols in Nigeria Caroline Lange Der Fluch des Ols in Nigeria Новинка

Caroline Lange Der Fluch des Ols in Nigeria

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Afrika, Note: 1,0, Universität Rostock, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In den deutschen Medien, hört man selten etwas von Nigeria. Ab und zu ist die Rede von Anschlägen oder Entführungen, doch auch diese Berichte sind eher selten in den großen Zeitungen und Nachrichten zu finden. Gibt man jedoch beispielsweise bei Google News1 Nigeria in Verbindung mit Anschlägen, Tote oder Gewalt ein, kommt eine Vielzahl von Meldungen, sucht man dazu noch auf Englisch werden noch viele weitere Ergebnisse angezeigt. In Deutschland scheint also nur ein geringes Interesse an Nigeria zu bestehen, dabei ist es einer der größten Öl-Exporteure der Welt und viele deutsche wie auch internationale Firmen sind in Nigeria ansässig und beuten das Land und die vorhandenen Rohstoffe aus.
Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Новинка

Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case

Scientific Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: The main purpose of this essay is to examine the integrations between population variables and rural development in general and food security in particular. A critical review of literature and analysis of secondary data were carried out to understand these dynamic linkages. For all nations, people are the ultimate and the only recipient of development results. Even if the population variables are decisive planning inputs, however, they were ignored and treated as exogenous factors in the process of development planning during the 1950s and 1960s. And so, the resultant problems such as poverty, unemployment, inequality, and other social ills were pervasive and deep-rooted in rural areas of the developing countries. The major reason for this tragedy was belived to be the failure of development theories, policies, and approaches adopted during the 1950s and 60s. It was during the 1970s that the issue of integrating population factors into development planning attracted the attention of some international organizations (such as UN) and vigorously advocated since then. Therefore, so as to balance the pace of the population growth and rural development process, all development actors in Ethiopia should adopt holistic and synergetic approaches in such a way that enhance agricultural productivity and boost investment in rural social a...
Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Новинка

Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education

Half the world's population lives in rural places, but education scholars and policy makers worldwide give little attention to rural of education. Indeed, most national systems, including in the developed world, treat their educational systems as institutions to"modernize" the global economy.The authors in this volume have different concerns. They are rural education scholars from Australia, Canada, the United States, and Kyrgyzstan, and here their focus is the dynamics of social class: in particular rural schools but also in rural schooling as a local manifestation of a national (and the global) system.For the most part, the volume comprises relevant empirical reports, but none neglects theory, and some privilege theory and interpretation. First and last chapters introduce the texts and synthesize their joint and separate meanings. What are the implications of place for social class? How do class dynamics manifest differently in more and less racially homogeneous rural communities? Howdoes place affect class and how might class affect place? How doesschooling in rural communities reproduce or interrupt social-class mobility across generations? The chapters engage such questions more completely than other volumes in rural education, not as afinal word or interm summary, but as an opening to an important lineof inquiry thus far largely neglected in rural education scholarship.
Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Новинка

Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside

Using a compelling mix of theological reflection, sociological analysis, real-life case studies and personal experience this book explores ways forward for mission in a rural context in both traditional and fresh expressions of church.This insightful book looks at current issues in rural England and explores: The nature of mission with special reference to the rural situation; Ways for the Church to engage with rural culture; Examples of rural fresh expressions of church; Identifying and pruning the things which inhibit mission in the countryside; How all forms of church can work together for the glory of God.This compelling book is an essential read for all who seek to minister in a rural context - whether at a local, diocesan or national level.
Suleiman Usman The basic soil problems and possible solutions in agriculture Suleiman Usman The basic soil problems and possible solutions in agriculture Новинка

Suleiman Usman The basic soil problems and possible solutions in agriculture

Document from the year 2011 in the subject Agrarian Studies, University of Greenwich, language: English, abstract: It is widely recognised that environmental problems such as soil degradation (erosion and desertification) affects many agricultural lands globally. These problems have caused soil quality decline, crop yield reduction, economic crisis, poverty, unemployment, and rural urban migration. Soil management practices are considered as the most vital and sustainable possible solution to control soil erosion and desertification. This management include use of organic manure, crop rotation, use of cover crop, intercropping, planting shelter belt and afforestation, provision of water ways, good surface drainage system, restoration of rangeland, regeneration and secondary forest, and political changes.
Okechukwu Asuzu The Taskmasters Okechukwu Asuzu The Taskmasters Новинка

Okechukwu Asuzu The Taskmasters

The project offers considered reasons why there is political leadership failure in Nigeria at a huge national and international cost to humanity. Simply, its supply base: largely Northern Nigeria and her Southern Nigeria collaborators, is not good enough and intentionally so. Find out why!
Khaled Hazaymeh Using GIS for Public Transportation Planning Khaled Hazaymeh Using GIS for Public Transportation Planning Новинка

Khaled Hazaymeh Using GIS for Public Transportation Planning

Urban planning is one of the main applications of GIS. Urban planners use GIS both as a spatial database and as an analysis and modeling tool. The applications of GIS vary according to different stages, levels, sectors, and functions of urban planning such as transportation network. This transportation network can be rightly stated as the lifelines of the people that connect both urban and rural areas.
Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Новинка

Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India

The exploration of rural agricultural labour households believes significance, as they represent a vulnerable section of the rural population, whose percentage has increased drastically in almost all the states in India. An important trend in large number of theoretical and empirical studies on the functioning of rural labour markets has been appeared to explain the patterns of income, employment, extent of earning and indebtedness prevalent among these households. This book analyzes the trend in wages, inter-district and intra-district differences in wage rate and gender differences among the rural agricultural labour households in rural Orissa with a view to understand their livelihood pattern. The book also analyzes pattern of employment, income, extent of indebtedness and earning prevalent among rural landless labourers and agricultural households in rural Orissa. Further, the book discusses the prevailing contractual arrangement of the rural labour market. This book would be very useful for students, academicians, researchers, activists and policy makers for understanding the dynamics of rural labour market, wage determination, livelihood pattern and development.
Donald Nonini M. A Companion to Urban Anthropology Donald Nonini M. A Companion to Urban Anthropology Новинка

Donald Nonini M. A Companion to Urban Anthropology

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A Companion to Urban Anthropology presents a collection of original essays from international scholars on key issues in urban anthropology and broader cross-disciplinary urban studies. Features newly commissioned essays from 35 leading international scholars in urban and global studies Includes essays in classic areas of concern to urban anthropologists such as built structures and urban planning, community, security, markets, and race Covers emergent areas in the field including: 21st-century cities borders, citizenship, sustainability, and urban sexualities

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In the 21st Century, the world will see an unprecedented migration of people moving from rural to urban areas. With global demand for water projected to outstrip supply in the coming decades, cities will likely face water insecurity as a result of climate change and the various impacts of urbanisation. Traditionally, urban water managers have relied on large-scale, supply-side infrastructural projects to meet increased demands for water; however, these projects are environmentally, economically and politically costly. Urban Water Security argues that cities need to transition from supply-side to demand-side management to achieve urban water security. This book provides readers with a series of in-depth case studies of leading developed cities, of differing climates, incomes and lifestyles from around the world, that have used demand management tools to modify the attitudes and behaviour of water users in an attempt to achieve urban water security. Urban Water Security will be of particular interest to town and regional planners, water conservation managers and policymakers, international companies and organisations with large water footprints, environmental and water NGOs, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. Robert C. Brears is the founder of Mitidaption, Mark and Focus, is Director on the International Board of the Indo Global Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture, and a Visiting Fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Conflict Studies at MIIS, Monterey, USA.
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