sensitivity of bubble detectors to high energy proton radiation



Mohammad Nakhostin Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors Mohammad Nakhostin Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors Новинка

Mohammad Nakhostin Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

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Presents the fundamental concepts of signal processing for all application areas of ionizing radiation This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It puts great emphasis on the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors and offers a full overview on the basic concepts required to understand detector signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors covers all of the important aspects of signal processing, including energy spectroscopy, timing measurements, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination, and radiation intensity measurement. The book encompasses a wide range of applications so that readers from different disciplines can benefit from all of the information. In addition, this resource: Describes both analog and digital techniques of signal processing Presents a complete compilation of digital pulse processing algorithms Extrapolates content from more than 700 references covering classic papers as well as those of today Demonstrates concepts with more than 340 original illustrations Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors provides researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, and medical physics and radiological science, the knowledge to design their own systems, optimize available systems or to set up new experiments.
Peskov Vladimir Imaging gaseous detectors and their applications Peskov Vladimir Imaging gaseous detectors and their applications Новинка

Peskov Vladimir Imaging gaseous detectors and their applications

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Describing advanced detectors and their visualization and investigation techniques, this book presents the major applications in nuclear and high-energy physics, astrophysics, medicine and radiation measurements.
Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells Новинка

Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells

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Proton conduction can be found in many different solid materials, from organic polymers at room temperature to inorganic oxides at high temperature. Solid state proton conductors are of central interest for many technological innovations, including hydrogen and humidity sensors, membranes for water electrolyzers and, most importantly, for high-efficiency electrochemical energy conversion in fuel cells. Focusing on fundamentals and physico-chemical properties of solid state proton conductors, topics covered include: Morphology and Structure of Solid Acids Diffusion in Solid Proton Conductors by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Structure and Diffusivity by Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Mechanical and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Proton-Conducting Polymers Ab initio Modeling of Transport and Structure Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acids Proton-Conducting Aromatic Polymers Inorganic Solid Proton Conductors Uniquely combining both organic (polymeric) and inorganic proton conductors, Solid State Proton Conductors: Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells provides a complete treatment of research on proton-conducting materials.
Todd Pawlicki Hendee's Radiation Therapy Physics Todd Pawlicki Hendee's Radiation Therapy Physics Новинка

Todd Pawlicki Hendee's Radiation Therapy Physics

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The publication of this fourth edition, more than ten years on from the publication of Radiation Therapy Physics third edition, provides a comprehensive and valuable update to the educational offerings in this field. Led by a new team of highly esteemed authors, building on Dr Hendee’s tradition, Hendee’s Radiation Therapy Physics offers a succinctly written, fully modernised update. Radiation physics has undergone many changes in the past ten years: intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has become a routine method of radiation treatment delivery, digital imaging has replaced film-screen imaging for localization and verification, image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is frequently used, in many centers proton therapy has become a viable mode of radiation therapy, new approaches have been introduced to radiation therapy quality assurance and safety that focus more on process analysis rather than specific performance testing, and the explosion in patient-and machine-related data has necessitated an increased awareness of the role of informatics in radiation therapy. As such, this edition reflects the huge advances made over the last ten years. This book: Provides state of the art content throughout Contains four brand new chapters; image-guided therapy, proton radiation therapy, radiation therapy informatics, and quality and safety improvement Fully revised and expanded imaging chapter discusses the increased role of digital imaging and computed tomography (CT) simulation The chapter on quality and safety contains content in support of new residency training requirements Includes problem and answer sets for self-test This edition is essential reading for radiation oncologists in training, students of medical physics, medical dosimetry, and anyone interested in radiation therapy physics, quality, and safety.
Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS Новинка

Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS

The microlithographic process, essential in the fabrication of microdevices, uses high-energy radiation to transfer a pattern onto a thin film of polymer resist. Pattern transfer occurs by modifying the properties (solubility or volatility) of the polymer film exposed to radiation. Poly(olefin sulfones) exhibit a high sensitivity to x-rays, which is a desirable property for polymer resists used in the microlithographic process. The potential utility of these new resins prompted a study of the mechanism of degradation promoted by x-ray radiation. In this study, the effect of x-ray radiation on polysulfones with varied chemical structures was analyzed using x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy and in-situ mass spectroscopy (MS). Interesting differences in the mode of degradation of certain poly(olefin sulfones) was observed. The results provide important groundwork for further studies of polysulfones as x-ray resists.
Fengge Gao Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling Fengge Gao Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling Новинка

Fengge Gao Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling

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The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage and conversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convert the chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) into electricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversion steps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it is considered to be one of the future energy solutions. Among the different fuel cell types, the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell has shown great potential in mobile applications, due to its low operating temperature, solid-state electrolyte and compactness. This book presents a detailed state of art of PEM fuel cell modeling, with very detailed physical phenomena equations in different physical domains. Examples and a fully coupled multi-physical 1.2 kW PEMFC model are given help the reader better understand how to use the equations.
Nikola Tesla The Illustrated Tesla Nikola Tesla The Illustrated Tesla Новинка

Nikola Tesla The Illustrated Tesla

Collected here are twenty of Nikola Tesla's essays, letters, and speeches all with figures. In total there are some 214 figures. Now you can read these famous articles as they were intended to be read. Included are A New System of Alternating Current Motors and Transformers; Experiments with Alternate Currents of Very High Frequency and Their Application to Methods of Artificial Illumination; Experiments with Alternate Currents of High Potential and High Frequency; On Light and Other High Frequency Phenomena; The Problem of Increasing Human Energy, With Special References to the Harnessing of the Sun's Energy; The Disturbing Influence of Solar Radiation on the Wireless Transmission of Energy; Famous Scientific Illusions; Electrical Oscillators; and many many more!
Seema Kumari Radiation induced expression of signaling molecules in mouse splenocytes Seema Kumari Radiation induced expression of signaling molecules in mouse splenocytes Новинка

Seema Kumari Radiation induced expression of signaling molecules in mouse splenocytes

Master's Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Chemistry - Bio-chemistry, , course: M.Sc - Biochemistry, language: English, abstract: The hazards of exposure to ionizing radiation were recognised shortly after Roentgen's discovery of x-rays in 1895. Acute skin cancer, leukaemia and other biological damage were observed in the individuals working with x-ray generator. In the year, 1898 Becquerel performed the first recorded experiment in radiobiology, from this earlier study of radiobiology began. Since that time, a tremendous amount of research has been done attempting to interpret the reactions which take place from the moment that radiation enters a living cell until some permanent damage is produced. From beginning to end, these initial reactions are probably completed in a millionth of a second, making them very difficult to study. For this reason, it is still not known which of the many chemical or biochemical reactions brought about by ionizing radiation are responsible for initiating biological damage.Ionizing radiation is energy transmitted by X-rays, gamma rays, beta particles (high-speed electrons), alpha particles (the nucleus of the helium atom), neutrons, protons, and other heavy ions such as the nuclei of argon, nitrogen, carbon, and other elements. X-rays and gamma rays are electromagnetic waves like light, but their energy is much higher than that of light (their wavelengths are much shorter). Ultraviolet (UV) light is a radiation of intermediate en...
Tomasz Kozak Gamma and Neutron Radiation Monitoring System for Linear Accelerators Tomasz Kozak Gamma and Neutron Radiation Monitoring System for Linear Accelerators Новинка

Tomasz Kozak Gamma and Neutron Radiation Monitoring System for Linear Accelerators

Linear accelerators are used in High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments performed in leading laboratories around the world like Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY). In order to decrease costs some of them, such as the X-Ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) located at DESY research centre, are built in a single tunnel. Therefore, part of the accelerator's control electronics is located next to the main beam pipe and exposed to destructive influence of gamma and neutron radiation. These kinds of radiation are produced as parasitic effects of normal operation of the linear accelerator. Knowledge of the radiation doses absorbed by electronics and dose rate production may help to estimate the lifetime of the control systems, to schedule replacement of the electronic devices and to detect incorrect work of the accelerator. The book describes a development version of the Distributed Radiation Monitoring System capable of measuring neutron and gamma doses in several dozen points of the accelerator tunnel. It also looks into issues connected with radiation influence on electronics, radiation dosimetry and communication interfaces in HEP.
J. Mahan Robert The Monte Carlo Ray-Trace Method in Radiation Heat Transfer and Applied Optics J. Mahan Robert The Monte Carlo Ray-Trace Method in Radiation Heat Transfer and Applied Optics Новинка

J. Mahan Robert The Monte Carlo Ray-Trace Method in Radiation Heat Transfer and Applied Optics

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A groundbreaking guide dedicated exclusively to the MCRT method in radiation heat transfer and applied optics The Monte Carlo Ray-Trace Method in Radiation Heat Transfer and Applied Optics offers the most modern and up-to-date approach to radiation heat transfer modelling and performance evaluation of optical instruments. The Monte Carlo ray-trace (MCRT) method is based on the statistically predictable behavior of entities, called rays, which describe the paths followed by energy bundles as they are emitted, reflected, scattered, refracted, diffracted and ultimately absorbed. The author – a noted expert on the subject – covers a wide variety of topics including the mathematics and statistics of ray tracing, the physics of thermal radiation, basic principles of geometrical and physical optics, radiant heat exchange among surfaces and within participating media, and the statistical evaluation of uncertainty of results obtained using the method. The book is a guide to help formulate and solve models that accurately describe the distribution of radiant energy in thermal and optical systems of practical engineering interest. This important guide: Combines radiation heat transfer and applied optics into a single discipline Covers the MCRT method, which has emerged as the dominant tool for radiation heat transfer modelling Helps readers to formulate and solve models that describe the distribution of radiant energy Features pages of color images and a wealth of line drawings Written for faculty and graduate students in mechanical and aerospace engineering and applied optics professionals, The Monte Carlo Ray-Trace Method in Radiation Heat Transfer and Applied Optics is the first book dedicated exclusively to the MCRT method.
Danny Summers Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere Danny Summers Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere Новинка

Danny Summers Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 199. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere draws together current knowledge of the radiation belts prior to the launch of Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RPSP) and other imminent space missions, making this volume timely and unique. The volume will serve as a useful benchmark at this exciting and pivotal period in radiation belt research in advance of the new discoveries that the RPSP mission will surely bring. Highlights include the following: a review of the current state of the art of radiation belt science; a complete and up-to-date account of the wave-particle interactions that control the dynamical acceleration and loss processes of particles in the Earth's radiation belts and inner magnetosphere; a discussion emphasizing the importance of the cross-energy coupling of the particle populations of the radiation belts, ring current, and plasmasphere in controlling the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere; an outline of the design and operation of future satellite missions whose objectives are to discover the dominant physical processes that control the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts and to advance our level of understanding of radiation belt dynamics ideally to the point of predictability; and an examination of the current state of knowledge of Earth's radiation belts from past and current spacecraft missions to the inner magnetosphere. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere will be a useful reference work for the specialist researcher, the student, and the general reader. In addition, the volume could be used as a supplementary text in any graduate-level course in space physics in which radiation belt physics is featured.
James Martin E. Physics for Radiation Protection James Martin E. Physics for Radiation Protection Новинка

James Martin E. Physics for Radiation Protection

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A practical guide to the basic physics that radiation protection professionals need A much-needed working resource for health physicists and other radiation protection professionals, this volume presents clear, thorough, up-to-date explanations of the basic physics necessary to address real-world problems in radiation protection. Designed for readers with limited as well as basic science backgrounds, Physics for Radiation Protection emphasizes applied concepts and carefully illustrates all topics through examples as well as practice problems. Physics for Radiation Protection draws substantially on current resource data available for health physics use, providing decay schemes and emission energies for approximately 100 of the most common radionuclides encountered by practitioners. Excerpts of the Chart of the Nuclides, activation cross sections, fission yields, fission-product chains, photon attenuation coefficients, and nuclear masses are also provided. Coverage includes: The atom as an energy system An overview of the major discoveries in radiation physics Extensive discussion of radioactivity, including sources and materials Nuclear interactions and processes of radiation dose Calculational methods for radiation exposure, dose, and shielding Nuclear fission and production of activation and fission products Specialty topics ranging from nuclear criticality and applied statistics to X rays Extensive and current resource data cross-referenced to standard compendiums Extensive appendices and more than 400 figures This complete discussion of the basic concepts allows readers to advance their professional skills.
Lim King Chuan, Ahmadi Milad, Ariffin Alawiah The Effect Of Irradiation Annealing Characteristics Of Optical Fiber Lim King Chuan, Ahmadi Milad, Ariffin Alawiah The Effect Of Irradiation Annealing Characteristics Of Optical Fiber Новинка

Lim King Chuan, Ahmadi Milad, Ariffin Alawiah The Effect Of Irradiation Annealing Characteristics Of Optical Fiber

Thermoluminescence flat optical fibers have been proposed as a radiation sensor in the high flux radiation field, e.g. nuclear reactor. It is also used as the medical dosimetry for both diagnostic and radiotherapy applications. Subsequently, a flat optical fiber contains pure silica SiO2 and doped (GeB) optical fibers were selected for this research. The proposed flat optical fibers shows admirable linear radiation response behavior within the medical relevant dose range for all of these energies, high-quality reproductivity, independence of radiation energy and dose rate and exhibits a very low thermal fading. From these results, the proposed flat optical fibers can be used as radiation dosimeter and favorably compares with the widely used of TLD100 dosimeter in medical radiotherapy application.
Motghare Pawan, Bedia Aarti, Bedia Sumit Radiation Protection in Dentistry Motghare Pawan, Bedia Aarti, Bedia Sumit Radiation Protection in Dentistry Новинка

Motghare Pawan, Bedia Aarti, Bedia Sumit Radiation Protection in Dentistry

The benefits from the use of radiation are far greater than the associated biological risks. Because the effects of low radiation dose cannot currently be measured, the basic assumption made is that every dose of radiation is capable of inducing some potential biological damage. Hence it is recommended to keep radiation exposures that are necessary to meet diagnostic requirements to the minimum . Over the years efforts have been made to determine the most appropriate balance between the potential risk and the obvious benefits of radiation in diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases. These efforts to identify the acceptable balance have resulted in establishment of radiation protection standards by various national and international committees on radiation protection and safety and this book is a treatise on the same subject.
Alexander Blecher High energy calibration of scintillating detectors with thermal neutrons Alexander Blecher High energy calibration of scintillating detectors with thermal neutrons Новинка

Alexander Blecher High energy calibration of scintillating detectors with thermal neutrons

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Physics - Nuclear Physics, Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, grade: 2,0, Technical University of Darmstadt (Institut für Kernphysik), language: English, abstract: The NEPTUN tagger is a setup which uses LaBr3 detectors. The calibration of them is challenging since the channel-to-energy relation is not linear and energy drifts can occur. The quality of the calibration increases by using high-energy -ray sources. Neutron capture reactions (n,) with lathanum, bromine and chlorine which provide energies up to 8.5MeV are investigated with experiments and simulations. A moderator can deaccelerate the neutrons and that is why it increases the cross section for these reactions. Therefore the moderator thickness is analysed for an polyethylene exemplary. A thickness between around 5 cm is indicated as best choice. The lanthanum and bromine in the detector provides sharp peaks, as shown in the experiments. Chlorine target adds additional peaks to the spectrum. It is now possible to build an efficient and compact calibration setup.Der NEPTUN-Tagger ist ein Messaufbau, der LaBr 3 -Detektoren benutzt. Die Kalibrierung derer ist herausfordernd, da die Kanal-zu-Energie-Relation nicht linear ist und Energieverschiebungen auftreten können. Die Kalibrierungsqualität kann über hochenergetische γ-Strahlen-Peaks gesteigert werden. Neutroneneinfangreaktionen (n,γ) mit Lanthan, Brom und Chlor, welche Energien von bis zu 8.5MeV liefern, werden ...
Lakew Samuel Tesema Renewable Energy System Modelling and Techno-Economic Analysis Lakew Samuel Tesema Renewable Energy System Modelling and Techno-Economic Analysis Новинка

Lakew Samuel Tesema Renewable Energy System Modelling and Techno-Economic Analysis

The depletion of non-renewable energy resources, the fast growing energy demand of the world and the sky-shooting price of petroleum with the threat of global warming to our planet Earth should be everyone's concern to rely on Renewable Energy Resources. This book deals with the study of available renewable energy resources for the region under consideration. Then area dependent models are developed for potential resources estimation. The electrical power transmission line from the national grid to the area is designed, economically analyzed and compared with the proposed Renewable Energy System of wind turbine/solar PV/diesel generator/boiler. Sensitivity analysis is also made for solar panel and diesel future possible price. As the result dictates, the proposed Renewable Energy System is by far cost effective, insensitive to sensitivity variables, stable and pollution free than any other system presented for comparison in this book.
Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry. Solutions to the Exercises Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry. Solutions to the Exercises Новинка

Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry. Solutions to the Exercises

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Fosters a thorough understand of radiation dosimetry concepts: detailed solutions to the exercises in the textbook «Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry»!
Reza Razeghifard Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis. Solar Power as an Energy Source Reza Razeghifard Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis. Solar Power as an Energy Source Новинка

Reza Razeghifard Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis. Solar Power as an Energy Source

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This technical book explores current and future applications of solar power as an unlimited source of energy that earth receives every day. Photosynthetic organisms have learned to utilize this abundant source of energy by converting it into high-energy biochemical compounds. Inspired by the efficient conversion of solar energy into an electron flow, attempts have been made to construct artificial photosynthetic systems capable of establishing a charge separation state for generating electricity or driving chemical reactions. Another important aspect of photosynthesis is the CO2 fixation and the production of high energy compounds. Photosynthesis can produce biomass using solar energy while reducing the CO2 level in air. Biomass can be converted into biofuels such as biodiesel and bioethanol. Under certain conditions, photosynthetic organisms can also produce hydrogen gas which is one of the cleanest sources of energy.
Moheuddin Ahmed, MD Zahirul Islam Inxga1-Xn Based Multi Junction Solar Cell Moheuddin Ahmed, MD Zahirul Islam Inxga1-Xn Based Multi Junction Solar Cell Новинка

Moheuddin Ahmed, MD Zahirul Islam Inxga1-Xn Based Multi Junction Solar Cell

Photovoltaic (PV) power generation is becoming widespread as a clean and gentle energy source for the earth. The main drawback of currently used photovoltaic cell is its low conversion efficiency and materials with the appropriate band gaps that can perfectly match the broad range of solar radiation. Recently it has been shown that the energy gap of InxGa1-xN alloys potentially can be continuously varied from 0.7 to 3.4 eV, providing a perfect matching to the full-solar-spectrum. Therefore, InxGa1-xN becomes a promising material for very high efficiency multijunction solar cell. Any desired value of bandgap can be obtained from this material choosing the appropriate composition. In this work, InxGa1-xN-based multijunction solar cells have been designed theoretically for high efficiency and the performance of the designed solar cells are evaluated with various parameters.
Czarkowski Dariusz Resonant Power Converters Czarkowski Dariusz Resonant Power Converters Новинка

Czarkowski Dariusz Resonant Power Converters

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This book is devoted to resonant energy conversion in power electronics. It is a practical, systematic guide to the analysis and design of various dc-dc resonant inverters, high-frequency rectifiers, and dc-dc resonant converters that are building blocks of many of today's high-frequency energy processors. Designed to function as both a superior senior-to-graduate level textbook for electrical engineering courses and a valuable professional reference for practicing engineers, it provides students and engineers with a solid grasp of existing high-frequency technology, while acquainting them with a number of easy-to-use tools for the analysis and design of resonant power circuits. Resonant power conversion technology is now a very hot area and in the center of the renewable energy and energy harvesting technologies.
7th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2017) 7th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2017) Новинка

7th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2017)

Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is a novel imaging modality that uses various static and oscillating magnetic fields to image the spatial distribution of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) with high sensitivity, no tissue background, and no ionizing radiation. The method exploits the non-linear magnetization behavior of the SPIOs, and has shown great potential to surpass current in vivo imaging modalities in terms of sensitivity, safety, quantitation, and spatio-temporal resolution. MPI is well suited for clinical applications such as angiography, cancer imaging, and inflammation imaging; as well as research applications such as stem cell imaging and small animal imaging.
6th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2016) 6th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2016) Новинка

6th International Workshop on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IWMPI 2016)

Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is a novel imaging modality that uses various static and oscillating magnetic fields to image the spatial distribution of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) with high sensitivity, no tissue background, and no ionizing radiation. The method exploits the non-linear magnetization behavior of the SPIOs, and has shown great potential to surpass current in vivo imaging modalities in terms of sensitivity, safety, quantitation, and spatio-temporal resolution. MPI is well suited for clinical applications such as angiography, cancer imaging, and inflammation imaging; as well as research applications such as stem cell imaging and small animal imaging.
Alcocer Giovanni X Rays Fluorescence. Theory, Experiment and Statistics Alcocer Giovanni X Rays Fluorescence. Theory, Experiment and Statistics Новинка

Alcocer Giovanni X Rays Fluorescence. Theory, Experiment and Statistics

This book is designed as an advanced guide for experiments in Modern Physics. It covers the X Rays Fluorescence Experiment: theory, x-rays detectors, measurement of the photon energy, data analysis, determination of the energy calibration, interpretation of the lines seen in the energy spectra, the Moseley´s Law, the Statistical Methods: Covariance Ellipse and the Maximum Likelihood Method, etc. It is included the theory and the deduction of many formulas and the statistical analysis in order to clear the concepts and to get the concordance between the theory and the experiment. It is hoped that this book fill all needs of the students to get the fundaments of advanced experiments and to achieve the interest and motivation of the students for the real nature of the Physics.
Ketil Motzfeldt High Temperature Experiments in Chemistry and Materials Science Ketil Motzfeldt High Temperature Experiments in Chemistry and Materials Science Новинка

Ketil Motzfeldt High Temperature Experiments in Chemistry and Materials Science

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Cutting edge high temperature materials include high temperature superconductors, solid oxide fuel cells, thermoelectric materials and ultrahigh temperature construction materials (including metals, cermets and ceramics) and have applications in key areas such as energy, transportation and space technologies. This book introduces the concepts which underpin research into these critical materials including thermodynamics, kinetics and various physical, chemical and modelling techniques with a focus on practical “how to” methods and covers: Introduction to High Temperature Research Basic Design of High Temperature Furnaces Temperature Measurement Radiation Pyrometry Refractory Materials in the Laboratory Vacuum in Theory and Practice The Design of Vacuum Furnaces and Thermobalances With highly detailed instrument illustrations and an emphasis on the control and measurement of the fundamental properties of temperature, pressure and mass, High Temperature Experiments in Chemistry and Materials Science provides a practical reference on high temperature measurements, for researchers, advanced students and those working in academic or industrial laboratories. Introduction to High Temperature Research Basic Design of High Temperature Furnaces Temperature Measurement Radiation Pyrometry Refractory Materials in the Laboratory Vacuum in Theory and Practice The Design of Vacuum Furnaces and Thermobalances
C. Balaji Essentials of Radiation Heat Transfer C. Balaji Essentials of Radiation Heat Transfer Новинка

C. Balaji Essentials of Radiation Heat Transfer

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Essentials of Radiation Heat Transfer presents the essential, fundamental information required to gain an understanding of radiation heat transfer and equips the reader with enough knowledge to be able to tackle more challenging problems. All concepts are reinforced by carefully chosen and fully worked examples, and exercise problems are provided at the end of every chapter.
Roger Prud'homme Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures Roger Prud'homme Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures Новинка

Roger Prud'homme Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures

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This book – a sequel of previous publications 'Flows and Chemical Reactions' and 'Chemical Reactions in Flows and Homogeneous Mixtures' – is devoted to flows with chemical reactions in heterogeneous environments. Heterogeneous media in this volume include interfaces and lines. They may be the site of radiation. Each type of flow is the subject of a chapter in this volume. We consider first, in Chapter 1, the question of the generation of environments biphasic individuals: dusty gas, mist, bubble flow. Chapter 2 is devoted to the study at the mesoscopic scale: particle-fluid exchange of momentum and heat with determination of the respective exchange coefficients. In Chapter 3, we establish simplified equations of macroscopic balance for mass, for the momentum and energy, in the case of particles of one size (monodisperse suspension). Radiative phenomena are presented in Chapter 5.
Saleem Sahrish, Mashiatullah Azhar, Yaqoob Nadeem Radiological Risk Assessment Saleem Sahrish, Mashiatullah Azhar, Yaqoob Nadeem Radiological Risk Assessment Новинка

Saleem Sahrish, Mashiatullah Azhar, Yaqoob Nadeem Radiological Risk Assessment

Radioactivity is related to energy that is released from radionuclides in the form of radiation. Ionizing radiation is produced as electromagnetic rays. These radiations are the cause of genetic, reproductive and cancerous effects in the living organisms.Because of the potential for radiation contamination in the food web to badly influence human and ecological well-being, and also the interest to understand the comparative influences of local and worldwide sources to present and upcoming radionuclide concentrations, many scientific efforts have been started to characterize radionuclides in the marine environment that includes biota, seawater and sediments. Radiological risk assessment is an estimation of the possibility of a lethal cancer over the lifetime of an exposed individual.The present study estimates the radiation dose rate of marine biota using point source distribution and Erica Tool with the measured seawater and sediment activity concentrations at Karachi Coast-Pakistan. The estimated dose rates are compared with the benchmark values for environmental protection from ionizing radiation.
Xavier Calmet, Bernard Carr, Elizabeth Winstanley Quantum Black Holes Xavier Calmet, Bernard Carr, Elizabeth Winstanley Quantum Black Holes Новинка

Xavier Calmet, Bernard Carr, Elizabeth Winstanley Quantum Black Holes

Written by foremost experts, this short book gives a clear description of the physics of quantum black holes. The reader will learn about quantum black holes in four and higher dimensions, primordial black holes, the production of black holes in high energy particle collisions, Hawking radiation, black holes in models of low scale quantum gravity and quantum gravitational aspects of black holes.
Olga Nartova Energy services and competition policies under WTO law Olga Nartova Energy services and competition policies under WTO law Новинка

Olga Nartova Energy services and competition policies under WTO law

Trade in energy and energy services was not a focus of international trade law until recently. This was due, in part, to the high government ownership rate in energy companies, which frequently enjoyed the monopoly rights. Liberalisation of the energy industry in a number of countries together with the increasing number of oil producing countries joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) have changed the landscape and reinforced the need to address a sector which in many countries is still characterised by inefficient monopolies, waste and high levels of subsidization. Energy security concerns, the challenges of climate change and efficient use of energy set the scene for the complex multilateral negotiations.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Isaac Asimov, Theodosius Dobzhansky The Genetic Effects of Radiation U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Isaac Asimov, Theodosius Dobzhansky The Genetic Effects of Radiation Новинка

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Isaac Asimov, Theodosius Dobzhansky The Genetic Effects of Radiation

Nuclear energy is playing a vital role in the life of every man, woman, and child in the United States today. In the years ahead, it will affect increasingly all the people of the Earth. It is essential that all Americans gain an understanding of this vital force if they are to discharge thoughtfully their responsibilities as citizens and if they are to realize fully the myriad benefits that nuclear energy offers them. The United States Atomic Energy Commission provides this booklet to help you achieve such understanding. -- Edward J. Brunenkant, Director, Division of Technical Information
Valentina Zharkova Electron and Proton Kinetics and Dynamics in Flaring Atmospheres Valentina Zharkova Electron and Proton Kinetics and Dynamics in Flaring Atmospheres Новинка

Valentina Zharkova Electron and Proton Kinetics and Dynamics in Flaring Atmospheres

15602.85 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This timely book presents new research results on high-energy particle physics related to solar flares, covering the theory and applications of the reconnection process in a clear and comprehensible way. It investigates particle kinetics and dynamics in flaring atmospheres and their diagnostics from spectral observations, while providing an analysis of the observation data and techniques and comparing various models. Written by an internationally acclaimed expert, this is vital reading for all solar, astro-, and plasma physicists working in the field.
Daniel Lacalle The Energy World is Flat. Opportunities from the End of Peak Oil Daniel Lacalle The Energy World is Flat. Opportunities from the End of Peak Oil Новинка

Daniel Lacalle The Energy World is Flat. Opportunities from the End of Peak Oil

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A stronger, more informed approach to the energy markets The Energy World Is Flat provides a forward-looking analysis of the energy markets and addresses the implications of their rapid transformation. Written by acknowledged expert Daniel Lacalle, who is actively engaged with energy portfolios in the financial space, this book is grounded in experience with the world of high-stakes finance, and relays a realist's perspective of the current and future state of the energy markets. Readers will be brought up to date on the latest developments in the area, and learn the strategies that allow investors to profit from these developments. An examination of the markets' history draws parallels between past and current shifts, and a discussion of technological advancements helps readers understand the issues driving these changes. Energy has always been at the forefront of the economic agenda, being both the key to and a driver for development and growth. Its centrality to the world of finance makes it imperative for investors and analysts to understand the energy markets, irrespective of where on the wide range of energy spectrum observers they fall. The Energy World Is Flat is a guide to the past, present, and future of these crucial markets, and the strategies that make them profitable. These include: Understanding the state of the energy markets, including key developments and changes Discovering the ten pillars of a successful energy investment strategy Reviewing the history of the energy markets to put recent changes into perspective Learning which technologies are driving the changes, and how it will affect investors The recent energy market changes were both unexpected and so fundamental in nature that they represent a true shift in the energy macro- and microeconomic landscape. Investors and analysts seeking a stronger approach to these markets need the expert guidance provided by The Energy World Is Flat.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Your Body and Radiation U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Your Body and Radiation Новинка

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Your Body and Radiation

Nuclear energy is playing a vital role in the life of every man, woman, and child in the United States today. In the years ahead, it will affect increasingly all the people of the Earth. It is essential that all people gain an understanding of this vital force if they are to discharge thoughtfully their responsibilities as citizens and if they are to realize fully the myriad benefits that nuclear energy offers them. The United States Atomic Energy Commission provides this booklet to help you achieve such understanding. -- Edward J. Brunenkant, Director, Division of Technical Information
Jan Sternstein Energy Consumption and Savings in Indonesian Resort Hotels Jan Sternstein Energy Consumption and Savings in Indonesian Resort Hotels Новинка

Jan Sternstein Energy Consumption and Savings in Indonesian Resort Hotels

Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Energy Sciences, grade: 1,3, University of Flensburg (Energy and Environmental Management), course: Energy and Environmental Management - Industrial, language: English, abstract: Energy consultations were conducted in Indonesian resort hotels to get a deep insight into current energy practices and to develop improvement measures on a technical level. Soaring energy prices and a trend towards sustainable tourism in Indonesia make energy consumption an urgent question of business profitability in hotels. The research presents common consumption practices of small to large resorts and points out wasteful processes. As a guide for decision makers and engineers in the hotels a catalogue with improvement measures was developed, fitted to the Indonesian climate and energy market conditions. Energy efficient and renewable warm water supply solutions are assessed with dynamic economic methods and backed with sensitivity analyses, pointing out highly attractive investments and indicating a market for technology suppliers. Further innovative concepts for the exploitation of waste energy or renewable sources in resort hotels are discussed. The research reveals need for action and concludes with a set of key recommendations for decision makers in hotels.
Beckers Benoit Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics Beckers Benoit Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics Новинка

Beckers Benoit Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics

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Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics approaches the topic of projective geometry as it applies to radiation physics and attempts to negate its negative reputation. With an original outlook and transversal approach, the book emphasizes common geometric properties and their potential transposition between domains. After defining both radiation and geometric properties, authors Benoit and Pierre Beckers explain the necessity of reconciling geometry and perception in fields like architectural and urban physics, which are notable for the regularity of their forms and the complexity of their interactions.
Nikola Tesla The Nikola Tesla Treasury Nikola Tesla The Nikola Tesla Treasury Новинка

Nikola Tesla The Nikola Tesla Treasury

Here's the Tesla collection you've been waiting for: 214 figures; 668 pages; and 107 articles, letters to editors, and lectures. All the famous lectures and articles that you'd expect are here, such as A New System of Alternating Current Motors and Transformers; Experiments with Alternating Currents of High Frequency; Experiments with Alternate Currents of Very High Frequency and Their Application to Methods of Artificial Illumination; Experiments with Alternate Currents of High Potential and High Frequency; On Light and Other High Frequency Phenomena; The Problem of Increasing Human Energy, With Special References to the Harnessing of the Sun's Energy; and My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla! You'll also get his many letters to editors, commenting on Marconi, Edison, and many issues of the day. And if that wasn't enough you'll also get other articles that you've heard about but probably never seen, such as Famous Scientific Illusions; High Frequency Oscillators for Electro-Therapeutic and Other Purposes; The Disturbing Influence of Solar Radiation on the Wireless Transmission of Energy; The Wonder World to Be Created by Electricity; A Speech Delivered Before the American Institute of Electrical Engineers; and Electrical Oscillators. This is an amazing collection that will give you the most complete look into the mind of Nikola Tesla, who has been called the most important man of the 20th Century. Without Tesla's ground-breakin...
Harald Mehling Technologies of energy conversion, storage, and transport in the energy system Harald Mehling Technologies of energy conversion, storage, and transport in the energy system Новинка

Harald Mehling Technologies of energy conversion, storage, and transport in the energy system

The necessity to adapt the energy system due to limited energy resources and environmental damage, e.g. climate change, is today widely accepted. To understand, discuss, and manage the adaption a basic knowledge on the technologies used in the energy system is needed.The book tries to give a brief introduction in a way that is suitable for people without a higher scientific or technical education. It focuses on basic effects and general concepts, and tries to explain how things work without complex formulas; only basic physics and chemistry at a high school level is used. Crucial points are illustrated by examples. Additional information given includes sources of short movies in the internet that describe different technologies, often in action, and can be especially helpful for teaching. Further on, sources with a detailed scientific and technical treatment to go beyond a brief introduction are given. The book covers the essentials regarding energy, the different energy technologies, and finally how the different technologies are combined forming the energy system. The essentials introduce and explain the different energy forms, as there are mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetical, chemical, and nuclear energy, the different types of processes of energy conversion, storage, and transport, and the exchange of energy as work and heat. Following the essentials is the description of the individual technologies for energy conversion, storage and transport. For each of them, t...
Samiksha Singh UV-B Radiation. From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth Samiksha Singh UV-B Radiation. From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth Новинка

Samiksha Singh UV-B Radiation. From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth

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Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) is electromagnetic radiation coming from the sun, with a medium wavelength which is mostly absorbed by the ozone layer. The biological effects of UV-B are greater than simple heating effects, and many practical applications of UV-B radiation derive from its interactions with organic molecules. It is considered particularly harmful to the environment and living things, but what have scientific studies actually shown? UV-B Radiation: From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth presents a comprehensive overview of the origins, current state, and future horizons of scientific research on ultraviolet-B radiation and its perception in plants. Chapters explore all facets of UV-B research, including the basics of how UV-B's shorter wavelength radiation from the sun reaches the Earth's surface, along with its impact on the environment's biotic components and on human biological systems. Chapters also address the dramatic shift in UV-B research in recent years, reflecting emerging technologies, showing how historic research which focused exclusively on the harmful environmental effects of UV-B radiation has now given way to studies on potential benefits to humans. Topics include: UV-B and its climatology UV-B and terrestrial ecosystems Plant responses to UV-B stress UB- B avoidance mechanisms UV-B and production of secondary metabolites Discovery of UVR8 Timely and important, UV-B Radiation: From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth is an invaluable resource for environmentalists, researchers and students who are into the state-of-the-art research being done on exposure to UV-B radiation.
Eulitz Jan Simulation of the Proton Therapy Gantry at the Oncoray Dresden Eulitz Jan Simulation of the Proton Therapy Gantry at the Oncoray Dresden Новинка

Eulitz Jan Simulation of the Proton Therapy Gantry at the Oncoray Dresden

Monte Carlo simulations are significantly important in radiation therapy, because the patient cannot be used for experiments. Monte Carlo codes simulate precisely experimental conditions and save beam time. They can be used for a prediction of the delivered dose distribution to the patient, for studying proton beam physics, for designing the treatment head and quality ensurance. The available general purpose Monte Carlo software on the market have been overly complex for the most clinical medical physics. This book studies a new, more user friendly and still flexible, Monte Carlo software named TOPAS and shows its performance in constructing, simulating and scoring of clinical settings.
Daniel Stark A Theory of the Universe and Matter Daniel Stark A Theory of the Universe and Matter Новинка

Daniel Stark A Theory of the Universe and Matter

Scientific Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Physics - Astronomy, , language: English, abstract: This paper presents a new concept for particle physics, which leads to a new concept for the universe and theories in physics. That concept is that the fundamental particle in the universe is a Dark Matter (DM) particle, and our matter consists of excited DM particles. The excited DM particles are theorized as formed in small regions of the universe where DM particles have been concentrated via gravitational attraction, which also acts to concentrate gravitational potential energy. These high-energy DM concentrations energize DM particles, creating the electromagnetic fields, which forms our matter and our sub-universe. The DM particles only interact via a gravitational field; however, the excited DM is theorized to also create the electromagnetic force. The weak and strong nuclear forces are theorized as an edifice of the DM basic bubble like structure. All matter is composed of only two items, DM and energy. All particles are composed of different combinations of these two items. The greater universe is an even distribution of DM particles with all energy stored as gravitational potential. Our sub-universe is a concentration of DM and energy. The energy flows back to lower energy regions in the universe following the same principle as the thermodynamic laws. The energy flows back to the universe's lower energy regions via excited DM particles, creating the appearance o...
Samir Jemei Hybridization, Diagnostic and Prognostic of PEM Fuel Cells. Durability and Reliability Samir Jemei Hybridization, Diagnostic and Prognostic of PEM Fuel Cells. Durability and Reliability Новинка

Samir Jemei Hybridization, Diagnostic and Prognostic of PEM Fuel Cells. Durability and Reliability

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Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. It has a place in the energy mix of the future, especially regarding fuel cells (FCs). This book is an investigation into FCs. Prominence is given to the subject of PEMFCs (proton exchange membrane fuel cells) as they offer interesting perspectives on transport and stationary applications. This being said, a number of technological and scientific obstacles remain to be overcome before an industrial level of development can be reached.
Edward Petersen Single Event Effects in Aerospace Edward Petersen Single Event Effects in Aerospace Новинка

Edward Petersen Single Event Effects in Aerospace

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This book introduces the basic concepts necessary to understand Single Event phenomena which could cause random performance errors and catastrophic failures to electronics devices. As miniaturization of electronics components advances, electronics components are more susceptible in the radiation environment. The book includes a discussion of the radiation environments in space and in the atmosphere, radiation rate prediction depending on the orbit to allow electronics engineers to design and select radiation tolerant components and systems, and single event prediction.
Нели Мельман Radiation and health (second edition) Нели Мельман Radiation and health (second edition) Новинка

Нели Мельман Radiation and health (second edition)

Questions of radiation medicine are practically absent in plans of training of doctors and other health workers. We sought to meet this lack and to give to a wide range of readers an idea as of radiation problem in general, and consequences of her impact on the health of the person, methods of prevention and treatment, an active position of the population.The basis for a reprinting of the real grant was important results of the continuing scientists.The book is written on materials of the analysis of authoritative sources of the world literature and own experience of work in the field of radiation medicine.
Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual Новинка

Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual

X-ray astronomy is an observational branch of astronomy which deals with the study of X-ray observation and detection from astronomical objects. X-radiation is absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, so instruments to detect X-rays must be taken to high altitude by balloons, sounding rockets, and satellites. X-ray astronomy is the space science related to a type of space telescope that can see farther than standard light-absorption telescopes, such as the Mauna Kea Observatories, via x-ray radiation.
Cliff Orori Mosiori, Walter Kamande Njoroge High Speed Semiconductor Physics. Theoretical Approaches and Device Physics Cliff Orori Mosiori, Walter Kamande Njoroge High Speed Semiconductor Physics. Theoretical Approaches and Device Physics Новинка

Cliff Orori Mosiori, Walter Kamande Njoroge High Speed Semiconductor Physics. Theoretical Approaches and Device Physics

Solid state physics is a fascinating sub-genre of condensed matter physics - though some graduate students consider it a very boring and tedious subject area in Physics and others even call it a "squalid state". Topics covered in this book are built on standard solid state physics references available in most online libraries or in other books on solid state physics. The complexity of high speed semiconductor physics and related devices arose from condensed solid state matter. The content covered in this book gives a deep coverage on some topics or sections that may be covered only superficially in other literature. Therefore, these topics are likely to differ a great deal from what is deemed important elsewhere in other books or available literature. There are many extremely good books on solid-state physics and condensed matter physics but very few of these books are restricted to high speed semiconductor physic though. Chapter one covers the general semiconductor qualities that make high speed semiconductor devices effect and includes the theory of crystals, diffusion and ist mechanisms, while chapter two covers solid state materials, material processing for high speed semiconductor devices and an introduction to quantum theory for materials in relation to density of states of the radiation for a black body and ist radiation properties. Chapter three discuss high speed semiconductor energy band theory, energy bands in general solid semiconductor materials, the Deby...
Peter Hoskin Radiation Oncology in Palliative Cancer Care Peter Hoskin Radiation Oncology in Palliative Cancer Care Новинка

Peter Hoskin Radiation Oncology in Palliative Cancer Care

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“This textbook, Radiation Oncology in Palliative Cancer Care, represents the full evolution of radiation therapy, and of oncology in general. ( … ) [It] is an acknowledgment that palliative radiotherapy is now a sub-specialty of radiation oncology. This formally makes palliative radiotherapy a priority within patient care, academic research, quality assurance, and medical education.” – From the Foreword by Nora Janjan, MD, MPSA, MBA, National Center for Policy Analysis, Dallas, TX, USA Palliative Medicine is the professional medical practice of prevention and relief of suffering and the support of the best possible quality of life for patients and their families, regardless of the stage of the disease or the need for other therapies. The most common cause for palliative care referral is terminal cancer, and a large proportion of those referrals include patients who will need palliative radiotherapy during the course of their disease. Still, there are barriers to coordinated care between radiation oncologists and palliative care physicians that differ from one country to another. Until now, one overarching limitation to appropriate concurrent care between the specialties across all countries has been the lack of a comprehensive yet concise reference resource that educates each of the specialties about the potential synergistic effects of their cooperation. This book fills that void. Radiation Oncology in Palliative Cancer Care: Is the first book-length treatment of this important topic available on the market Is authored by world-renowned experts in radiation oncology and palliative medicine Uses a multidisciplinary approach to content and patient treatment Features decision trees for palliative radiotherapy based upon factors such as patient performance status and prognosis Pays careful attention to current best practices and controversies in the delivery of end-of-life cancer care This book is an important resource for practicing radiation oncologists and radiation oncologists in training, as well as hospice and palliative medicine physicians and nurses, medical oncologists, and geriatricians.
Yushan Yan Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells Yushan Yan Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells Новинка

Yushan Yan Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells

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The world's ever-growing demand for power has created an urgent need for new efficient and sustainable sources of energy and electricity. Today's consumers of portable electronics also demand devices that not only deliver more power but are also environmentally friendly. Fuel cells are an important alternative energy source, with promise in military, commercial and industrial applications, for example power vehicles and portable devices. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy. Fuel cells represent the most efficient energy conversion technologies to-date and are an integral part in the new and renewable energy chain (e.g., solar, wind and hydropower). Fuel cells can be classified as either high-temperature or lowtemperature, depending on their operating temperature, and have different materials requirements. This book is dedicated to the study of high temperature fuel cells. In hightemperature fuel cells, the electrolyte materials are ceramic or molten carbonate, while the electrode materials are ceramic or metal (but not precious metal). High operation temperature fuel cells allow internal reforming, promote rapid kinetics with non-precious materials and offer high flexibilities in fuel choice, and are potential and viable candidate to moderate the fast increase in power requirements and to minimize the impact of the increased power consumption on the environment. 'Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. Max Q. Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.
Md. Abdul Muhit, Shamshad Sultana Khanam, Mohammad Ahsanul Akbar Pterospermum acerifolium Md. Abdul Muhit, Shamshad Sultana Khanam, Mohammad Ahsanul Akbar Pterospermum acerifolium Новинка

Md. Abdul Muhit, Shamshad Sultana Khanam, Mohammad Ahsanul Akbar Pterospermum acerifolium

Pterospermum acerifolium belonging to the family of Sterculiaceae has been studied. The work was carried out for isolation of it's secondary metabolites and evaluation of biological activities of it's bark with special emphasis on antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity, and antimicrobial activity The isolated compounds were identified by extensive analyses of their high resolution proton-NMR spectroscopic data.
Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry Новинка

Pedro Andreo Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry

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A new, comprehensively updated edition of the acclaimed textbook by F.H. Attix (Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry) taking into account the substantial developments in dosimetry since its first edition. This monograph covers charged and uncharged particle interactions at a level consistent with the advanced use of the Monte Carlo method in dosimetry; radiation quantities, macroscopic behaviour and the characterization of radiation fields and beams are covered in detail. A number of chapters include addenda presenting derivations and discussions that offer new insight into established dosimetric principles and concepts. The theoretical aspects of dosimetry are given in the comprehensive chapter on cavity theory, followed by the description of primary measurement standards, ionization chambers, chemical dosimeters and solid state detectors. Chapters on applications include reference dosimetry for standard and small fields in radiotherapy, diagnostic radiology and interventional procedures, dosimetry of unsealed and sealed radionuclide sources, and neutron beam dosimetry. The topics are presented in a logical, easy-to-follow sequence and the text is supplemented by numerous illustrative diagrams, tables and appendices. For senior undergraduate- or graduate-level students and professionals.
Abid Hussain, S.R.S Dev, G.S.V Raghavan Microwave Assisted Separation of Eggshell and Membrane Abid Hussain, S.R.S Dev, G.S.V Raghavan Microwave Assisted Separation of Eggshell and Membrane Новинка

Abid Hussain, S.R.S Dev, G.S.V Raghavan Microwave Assisted Separation of Eggshell and Membrane

Eggshell and membranes which are largely disposed of as waste are a reserve of many bioactive compounds with high economic and monetary value which can be extracted by the efficient separation of eggshell and membrane. Hence, this work concentrates on finding a suitable method for separating the eggshell from membrane. First, the effect of microwave treatment on separation of eggshell and membrane was investigated. The response of a material to electromagnetic radiation depends upon its dielectric properties; therefore, the study of the dielectric properties of eggshell and membrane was carried out in the range of 200 MHz to 20 GHz and in the temperature range of 25 0C to 100 0C. In the second part of the study, the effectiveness of microwave treatment on separation of eggshell and membrane was analyzed in terms of reduction in total energy required to separate the eggshell and membrane and was termed as bond energy. For all microwave treatments, three factors with three levels each were considered. A Model for calculating the bond energy between the eggshell and membrane for all microwave treatments was established.
Brandstetter Johannes Muon Detection Efficiencies Brandstetter Johannes Muon Detection Efficiencies Новинка

Brandstetter Johannes Muon Detection Efficiencies

Quarkonium physics is a fundamental field of research to get a better understanding of quantum chromodynamics - the theory of the strong interaction. Quarkonia are bound states of the heavy charm or bottom quark and their respective antiquarks, i.e. charm-anticharm and bottom-antibottom states. The complexity of understanding the quarkonium production mechanism has given rise to various theoretical models. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) reaches unprecedented high collision energies and has already significantly contributed to understanding the experimental side of the quarkonium puzzle. The CMS detector is well suited to study the polarization of promptly-produced charmonium states, using data taken in proton-proton collisions in 2012 at a center of mass energy of 8 TeV. This book describes the general strategy of the analysis, focusing on the most important input parameters, namely the muon detection efficiencies. Single muon detection efficiencies as well as muon pair correlations are presented.
Eglantine Künle Incentives to value the dispatchable fleet.s operational flexibility across energy markets Eglantine Künle Incentives to value the dispatchable fleet.s operational flexibility across energy markets Новинка

Eglantine Künle Incentives to value the dispatchable fleet.s operational flexibility across energy markets

BeschreibungThe work at hand participates with the energy transition toward decarbonized electricity production by providing a method to analyze the incentives for the dispatchable fleet to provide flexibility. It analyzes the signals set by the energy markets to investors and power plant operators regarding flexible power plant operation and the future requirement of thermal plant flexibilisation, with improvement suggestions. A method for the quantitative, long-term, high-resolution techno-economic assessment of an individual power plant's operational flexibility is proposed. It includes the single unit self-scheduling problem of a merchant power plant solved from a price-taker perspective in the day-ahead, intraday and frequency control markets, as well as a parametric power plant model suited for operational flexibility assessments. The retroactive observation of the merchant power plants' operation strategies in these markets is used to identify best practices in terms of market design for flexibility incentives. The value of operational flexibility improvements is quantified using various metrics, for different technologies and market environments. Despite their sensitivity to market design, technologies and cost structures, these results indicate that if investors further expect a three to five-year return on investment, the existing European conventional fleet is unlikely to experience a significant flexibilization.
Andreas Sumper Energy Storage in Power Systems Andreas Sumper Energy Storage in Power Systems Новинка

Andreas Sumper Energy Storage in Power Systems

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Over the last century, energy storage systems (ESSs) have continued to evolve and adapt to changing energy requirements and technological advances. Energy Storage in Power Systems describes the essential principles needed to understand the role of ESSs in modern electrical power systems, highlighting their application for the grid integration of renewable-based generation. Key features: Defines the basis of electrical power systems, characterized by a high and increasing penetration of renewable-based generation. Describes the fundamentals, main characteristics and components of energy storage technologies, with an emphasis on electrical energy storage types. Contains real examples depicting the application of energy storage systems in the power system. Features case studies with and without solutions on modelling, simulation and optimization techniques. Although primarily targeted at researchers and senior graduate students, Energy Storage in Power Systems is also highly useful to scientists and engineers wanting to gain an introduction to the field of energy storage and more specifically its application to modern power systems.
Energy Efficient Vehicles 2015 Energy Efficient Vehicles 2015 Новинка

Energy Efficient Vehicles 2015

Energy efficiency has been a major topic regarding automotive engineering in recent years and will still be of high importance in the following years. Thus, in this book the topic of energy efficient vehicles is discussed with focus on electrified vehicle systems, electric/electronic-architectures, energy management, energetic infrastructure, and traction batteries. Also, the application of new technologies is discussed with a special on public transportation systems. Contents: Ökologie, Ökonomie und Komplexität - Driving Cycle Efficiency Evaluation of a Multi-Phase Drive for Low Voltage High Power Electric Vehicles - A 110kW/L, 200Nm/L Downsized Gasoline Engine with a High-Speed, Permanent Magnet Electric Supercharger - Impact analysis of the electrified auxiliary system on HEV/PHEV energy efficiency - Automated High Voltage Battery Architecture Optimization - A Modular Design and Optimization Framework for Energy Efficient E/E Architectures - Extension of PREEvision models with a physical energetic analysis level using Dymola - Early Energy Estimation of Heterogeneous Embedded Networks within Adaptive Systems - Combined platooning and energy management with high integrity - Power-Trading Strategy for Electrical Loads Control - Optimization-based Energy Management System for Pure Electric Vehicles - Aspects of Power Management in Fleet Charging of EV - Predicting demand of energy consumption in EV charging facilities - Analysis of battery aging as factor of economic efficien...
Min Yao Clinical Radiation Oncology. Indications, Techniques, and Results Min Yao Clinical Radiation Oncology. Indications, Techniques, and Results Новинка

Min Yao Clinical Radiation Oncology. Indications, Techniques, and Results

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This fully updated and enhanced third edition offers a highly practical, application-based review of the biological basis of radiation oncology and the clinical efficacy of radiation therapy. Revised edition of the classic reference in radiation oncology from Dr. C.C. Wang, whose practical approach to clinical application was legendary Includes the latest developments in the field: intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), image guided radiation therapy, and particle beam therapy Includes two brand new chapters Palliative Radiotherapy, and Statistics in Radiation Oncology Features a vibrant and extremely comprehensive head and neck section Provides immediately applicable treatment algorithms for each tumor
Rafique Muhammad, Shafique Bilal Time Based Variability Observations in Indoor Radon Concentrations Rafique Muhammad, Shafique Bilal Time Based Variability Observations in Indoor Radon Concentrations Новинка

Rafique Muhammad, Shafique Bilal Time Based Variability Observations in Indoor Radon Concentrations

Bilal Shafique did his M.Sc. in Physics from University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan in 2011. He worked on Passive Radon/Thoron measurement using CR-39 Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors. He presented his research work in International Symposium on Natural Radiation Exposures and Low Dose Radiation Epidemiological Studies (NARE-2012), Hirosaki, Japan. His presentation there was received well in the research community. In 2014, he did his M.Phil in Radiation Physics from the same institute and carried out a research on Time Series Analysis of Indoor Radon along fault line of Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir. He also presented this work in 59th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society (HPS), Baltimore, Maryland, USA in July 2014. He has teaching and research experience in the relevant field.
John Voeller G. Energy Systems Security John Voeller G. Energy Systems Security Новинка

John Voeller G. Energy Systems Security

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Energy Systems Security features articles from the Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security covering topics related to electricity transmission grids and their protection, risk assessment of energy systems, analysis of interdependent energy networks. Methods to manage electricity transmission disturbances so as to avoid blackouts are discussed, and self-healing energy system and a nano-enabled power source are presented.
Mohammad Abdul Salam Effect of Preservation Methods on Giant Freshwater Prawn Mohammad Abdul Salam Effect of Preservation Methods on Giant Freshwater Prawn Новинка

Mohammad Abdul Salam Effect of Preservation Methods on Giant Freshwater Prawn

Master's Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Biology - Zoology, grade: M SC, Jahangirnagar University (Faculty of Biological Sciences), course: Fisheries (Zoology), language: English, abstract: To inquest a pertinent technology of preservation seasonal (summer, autumn, winter) nutritive values, effects of potassium sorbate, gamma radiation and their combinations preserved at low temperature on sensory, chemical and microbial properties of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii, de Man-1879) as well as isolation and identification of associated micro-flora with their sensitivity to potassium sorbate and gamma radiation were investigated during February 2003 to April 2004. Nutritive analysis marked seasonal and body-part variations in moisture, protein, lipid, ash, calcium and phosphorus contents i.e., summer, autumn and winter as 80.07%, 80.37%, 76.99%; 19.20%, 18.03%, 21.30%; 1.23%, 1.07%, 2.99%; 1.48%, 2.00%, 1.21%; 0.19%, 0.21%, 0.14% and 0.10%, 0.08% & 0.10% in edible-part while 77.27%, 76.27%, 73.34%; 16.45%, 17.03%, 19.79%; 1.40%, 1.02%, 4.33%; 6.60%, 7.33%, 6.25%; 2.24%, 2.78%, 1.67% and 0.17%, 0.15% & 0.21% in head-on respectively. Quality appraisal of treated (potassium sorbate-2%, gamma radiation-2kGy and their combination) and preserved (00C and 40C) samples were done by organoleptic, chemical and microbial evaluation at an interval of 7 days. The shelf life of freshwater prawn at 40C was 14-21 days which was extended to 21-28 days at 00C. Maxi...
Hossam Gabbar A. Energy Conservation in Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Facilities Hossam Gabbar A. Energy Conservation in Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Facilities Новинка

Hossam Gabbar A. Energy Conservation in Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Facilities

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An authoritative and comprehensive guide to managing energy conservation in infrastructures Energy Conservation in Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Facilities offers an essential guide to the business models and engineering design frameworks for the implementation of energy conservation in infrastructures. The presented models of both physical and technological systems can be applied to a wide range of structures such as homes, hotels, public facilities, industrial facilities, transportation, and water/energy supply systems. The authors—noted experts in the field—explore the key performance indicators that are used to evaluate energy conservation strategies and the energy supply scenarios as part of the design and operation of energy systems in infrastructures. The text is based on a systems approach that demonstrates the effective management of building energy knowledge and supports the simulation, evaluation, and optimization of several building energy conservation scenarios. In addition, the authors explore new methods of developing energy semantic network (ESN) superstructures, energy conservation optimization techniques, and risk-based life cycle assessments. This important text: Defines the most effective ways to model the infrastructure of physical and technological systems Includes information on the most widely used techniques in the validation and calibration of building energy simulation Offers a discussion of the sources, quantification, and reduction of uncertainty Presents a number of efficient energy conservation strategies in infrastructure systems, including HVAC, lighting, appliances, transportation, and industrial facilities Describes illustrative case studies to demonstrate the proposed energy conservation framework, practices, methods, engineering designs, control, and technologies Written for students studying energy conservation as well as engineers designing the next generation of buildings, Energy Conservation in Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Facilities offers a wide-ranging guide to the effective management of energy conservation in infrastructures.
Benoit Beckers Solar Energy at Urban Scale Benoit Beckers Solar Energy at Urban Scale Новинка

Benoit Beckers Solar Energy at Urban Scale

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Increasing urbanization throughout the world, the depletion of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have transformed the city into a physical problem of prime importance. This book proposes a multi-disciplinary and systematic approach concerning specialities as different as meteorology, geography, architecture and urban engineering systems, all surrounding the essential problem of solar radiation. It collects the points of view of 18 specialists from around the world on the interaction between solar energy and constructions, combining territorial, urban and architectural scales to better regulate energetic efficiency and light comfort for the sustainable city. The main subjects covered are: measures and models of solar irradiance (satellite observations, territorial and urban ground measurements, sky models, satellite data and urban mock-up), radiative contribution to the urban climate (local heat balance, radiative-aerodynamics coupling, evapotranspiration, Urban Heat Island), light and heat modeling (climate-based daylight modeling, geometrical models of the city, solar radiation modeling for urban environments, thermal simulation methods and algorithms) and urban planning, with special considerations for solar potential, solar impact and daylight rights in the temperate, northern and tropical climates, and the requirement of urban solar regulation. Contents 1. The Odyssey of Remote Sensing from Space: Half a Century of Satellites for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. 2. Territorial and Urban Measurements, Marius Paulescu and Viorel Badescu. 3. Sky Luminance Models, Matej Kobav and Grega Bizjak. 4. Satellite Images Applied to Surface Solar Radiation Estimation, Bella Espinar and Philippe Blanc. 5. Worldwide Aspects of Solar Radiation Impact, Benoit Beckers. 6. Local Energy Balance, Pierre Kastendeuch. 7. Evapotranspiration, Marjorie Musy. 8. Multiscale Daylight Modeling for Urban Environments, John Mardaljevic and George Janes. 9. Geometrical Models of the City, Daniel G. Aliaga. 10. Radiative Simulation Methods, Pierre Beckers and Benoit Beckers. 11. Radiation Modeling Using the Finite Element Method, Tom van Eekelen. 12. Dense Cities in the Tropical Zone, Edward Ng. 13. Dense Cities in Temperate Climates: Solar and Daylight Rights, Guedi Capeluto. 14. Solar Potential and Solar Impact, Frédéric Monette and Benoit Beckers. Appendix 1. Table of Europe’s Platforms (Micro- and Minisatellites) for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. Appendix 2. Commercial Operators of Earth Observation (EO) Satellites (as of January 1, 2012), Théo Pirard. Appendix 3. Earth’s Annual Global Mean Energy Budget, Benoit Beckers.

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Increasing urbanization throughout the world, the depletion of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have transformed the city into a physical problem of prime importance. This book proposes a multi-disciplinary and systematic approach concerning specialities as different as meteorology, geography, architecture and urban engineering systems, all surrounding the essential problem of solar radiation. It collects the points of view of 18 specialists from around the world on the interaction between solar energy and constructions, combining territorial, urban and architectural scales to better regulate energetic efficiency and light comfort for the sustainable city. The main subjects covered are: measures and models of solar irradiance (satellite observations, territorial and urban ground measurements, sky models, satellite data and urban mock-up), radiative contribution to the urban climate (local heat balance, radiative-aerodynamics coupling, evapotranspiration, Urban Heat Island), light and heat modeling (climate-based daylight modeling, geometrical models of the city, solar radiation modeling for urban environments, thermal simulation methods and algorithms) and urban planning, with special considerations for solar potential, solar impact and daylight rights in the temperate, northern and tropical climates, and the requirement of urban solar regulation. Contents 1. The Odyssey of Remote Sensing from Space: Half a Century of Satellites for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. 2. Territorial and Urban Measurements, Marius Paulescu and Viorel Badescu. 3. Sky Luminance Models, Matej Kobav and Grega Bizjak. 4. Satellite Images Applied to Surface Solar Radiation Estimation, Bella Espinar and Philippe Blanc. 5. Worldwide Aspects of Solar Radiation Impact, Benoit Beckers. 6. Local Energy Balance, Pierre Kastendeuch. 7. Evapotranspiration, Marjorie Musy. 8. Multiscale Daylight Modeling for Urban Environments, John Mardaljevic and George Janes. 9. Geometrical Models of the City, Daniel G. Aliaga. 10. Radiative Simulation Methods, Pierre Beckers and Benoit Beckers. 11. Radiation Modeling Using the Finite Element Method, Tom van Eekelen. 12. Dense Cities in the Tropical Zone, Edward Ng. 13. Dense Cities in Temperate Climates: Solar and Daylight Rights, Guedi Capeluto. 14. Solar Potential and Solar Impact, Frédéric Monette and Benoit Beckers. Appendix 1. Table of Europe’s Platforms (Micro- and Minisatellites) for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. Appendix 2. Commercial Operators of Earth Observation (EO) Satellites (as of January 1, 2012), Théo Pirard. Appendix 3. Earth’s Annual Global Mean Energy Budget, Benoit Beckers.
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