the economics of supply and demand



Alfred Marshall Elements of Economics of Industry. Being the First Volume of Elements of Economics Alfred Marshall Elements of Economics of Industry. Being the First Volume of Elements of Economics Новинка

Alfred Marshall Elements of Economics of Industry. Being the First Volume of Elements of Economics

British economist ALFRED MARSHALL (1842-1924) was one of the most prominent thinkers of his age on the philosophy of finance, and his groundbreaking Principles of Economics (1890) was for years the standard text on the subject. Here, in Elements of Economics of Industry, he adapts his classic text for students. First published in 1892, it still serves as an excellent primer on such topics as:. economics as part of the study of humanity. the development of economic laws from the beginning of civilization. how capital yields income. how consumer demand creates markets. land, labor, capital, and organization as agents of production. the balance of supply and demand. the interplay of labor and earnings. the impact of trade unions. and much more.
Carl Sutton Mapleton Demand and Supply. 500 Practice Problems Solving for Equilibrium Carl Sutton Mapleton Demand and Supply. 500 Practice Problems Solving for Equilibrium Новинка

Carl Sutton Mapleton Demand and Supply. 500 Practice Problems Solving for Equilibrium

A collection of 500 practice problems involving finding the equilibrium with supply and demand equations. Useful for students and educators.Economics at all levels contains math which some students may not be comfortable with. This basic text provides some practice at the introductory level of economics, where students must solve equilibrium problems presented as a system of equations with supply and demand.
Frank Opuni Fundamentals of Microeconomics. Key Essentials of Demand and Supply Analysis Frank Opuni Fundamentals of Microeconomics. Key Essentials of Demand and Supply Analysis Новинка

Frank Opuni Fundamentals of Microeconomics. Key Essentials of Demand and Supply Analysis

Document from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, grade: 1.0, , language: English, abstract: Fundamentals of Microeconomics is a unique textbook in the field of Microeconomics, which is a core subject for undergraduate and diploma students pursuing courses in Business and various other courses such as engineering, computer sciences, architecture, management and many more. It is specially designed to meet the needs of students studying economics first time at the tertiary level and for non-economists who want to appreciate the subject matter of Microeconomics.This book is the first volume of a series and covers, in the main, the meaning and scope of Economics as a discipline. It goes ahead to treat the key essentials of Microeconomics, ie demand, supply, market equilibrium, elasticity of demand, elasticity of supply and consumer choice theory. The second volume will treat theory of production, Cost theory, theory of the firm-perfect competition, monopoly and monopolistic competition. The rich experience of the writer in the teaching of Economics plays out in meeting the needs of the student throughout the pages of the book. The coverage and structure of the book have been designed taking into account the syllabi of Microeconomics courses prescribed by higher education institutions and universities. It is clearly written in a student-friendly manner, and replete with easy to-do exercises so that the first time learner of Economics can do a self-study with ...
Akampurira Abraham Microeconomics - Development aspects Akampurira Abraham Microeconomics - Development aspects Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Microeconomics - Development aspects

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS.), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, language: English, abstract: Human beings have wants and they are naturally not self sufficient. They therefore haveto produce and exchange what they do not have with those who have what they want.Right decisions have to be made in regard to the quantities to produce and the prices tocharge by firms. This is done through the demand and supply theory. Supply anddemand in most economies face a lot of challenges. Supply challenges range fromsmall firms with structural supply rigidities to huge firms that act as monopolists andcartels that charge exploitative prices on the consumers. These challenges affect thetrading position of several economies in the international trade. Demand is rapidlyincreasing due to the rapid world increase in population. This paper will cover analysisof decisions of a firm, supply and demand of a commodity, price of a commodity andhow the small economic groups and individuals affect the mentioned variables1.1. Objectives of the study.The course will;- Introduce students to important principles of microeconomics so that they areable to take important decisions in life.- Enable students acquire principles that enable them to analyze day todayproblems.
Giovanni Peri ECONOMICS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, THE Giovanni Peri ECONOMICS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, THE Новинка

Giovanni Peri ECONOMICS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, THE

The Economics of International Migration is a collection of the fundamental articles written by Giovanni Peri on the economic determinants and consequences of international migration. These papers have provided the theoretical framework and empirical analysis for a rethinking of the economics of migration, going beyond the Canonical model of labor demand and supply used until the 1990s. Beginning with a simple model that recognizes the differences between immigrants and natives as workers, the articles develop the analysis of complementarity, specialization and productivity effect of immigrants in developed economies. The book then presents a series of papers analyzing and testing the economic motivation for international migration. Finally, the focus is shifted to the effect of immigration policies and their consequences on immigration and the economy.
Nissar Barua Manpower Planning Nissar Barua Manpower Planning Новинка

Nissar Barua Manpower Planning

This book seeks to explore the ambit of manpower planning. It surveys the existing literature on manpower planning and analyses the strength and limitations of the process. A thorough analysis is carried out on the various methods of manpower planning and a rigorous examination is undertaken on the operational techniques of forecasting manpower demand and supply. The inter-industry model is adopted to project the total demand for manpower in Assam and in the process the imbalance between the demand and the corresponding manpower supply is estimated. The objective behind the exercise is to indicate the imbalance between demand for and supply of manpower for different educational categories. This throws light on the surpluses or shortages which exist for different categories of manpower in an economy. The book presents an excellent exposition of the techniques used in the process of manpower planning.
Robert Davis A. Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment. Creating a More Efficient Supply Chain Robert Davis A. Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment. Creating a More Efficient Supply Chain Новинка

Robert Davis A. Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment. Creating a More Efficient Supply Chain

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Remove built-in supply chain weak points to more effectively balance supply and demand Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment shows how companies can support supply chain metrics and business initiatives by removing the weak points built into their inventory systems. Beginning with a thorough examination of Just in Time, Efficient Consumer Response, and Collaborative Forecasting, Planning, and Replenishment, this book walks you through the mathematical shortcuts set up in your management system that prevent you from attaining supply chain excellence. This expanded second edition includes new coverage of inventory performance, business verticals, business initiatives, and metrics, alongside case studies that illustrate how optimized inventory and replenishment delivers results across retail, high-tech, men's clothing, and food sectors. Inventory optimization allows you to avoid out-of-stock situations without impacting the bottom line with excessive inventory maintenance. By keeping just the right amount of inventory on hand, your company is better able to meet demand without sacrificing the cost-effectiveness of other supply chain strategies. The trick, however, is determining «just the right amount»—and this book provides the background and practical guidance you need to do just that. Examine the major supply chain strategies of the last 30 years Remove the shortcuts that prohibit supply chain excellence Optimize your supply/demand balance in any vertical Overcome systemic weaknesses to strengthen the bottom line Inventory optimization is benefitting companies around the world, as exemplified here by case studies involving Matas, PWT, Wistron, and Amway. When inefficiencies are built into the system, it's only smart business to identify and remove them—and implement a new streamlined process that runs like a well-oiled machine. Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment is an essential resource for exceptional supply chain management.
Michail Farmakis Characteristics of the Investment Market for Sustainable Property Investments Michail Farmakis Characteristics of the Investment Market for Sustainable Property Investments Новинка

Michail Farmakis Characteristics of the Investment Market for Sustainable Property Investments

Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,2, EBS European Business School gGmbH (Real Estate Management Institute), language: English, abstract: The penetration of sustainable buildings into the market is a trend of great interest. Some regions see imbalances between the demand for sustainable space and the supply from the real estate market. However, some other markets balance supply and demand well. Especially in Europe, the supply of sustainable property investments is lagging behind demand and needs further attention.Nevertheless, real estate professionals in Europe are slowly becoming aware of the possibilities of this trend. A major contribution to this development is the growing number of certificated buildings across Europe, raising the visibility of sustainabilitySustainable Property Investments 2issues. Many discussions have taken place on the sense and nonsense of sustainability certificates. In spite of this, the number of certified buildings continues to increase and certification systems are continually improved. The Deutsche Bank Towers, for example, are both accredited with two certificates: the LEED and the DGNB certificate.An increasing number of owners and developers choose certificates as an assessment method or benchmark for their building. Sustainability certificates are a testimony to improved building technologies, which are usually difficult to observe. This enhances the transparency of...
Philipp Gauß International Trade China. Coal, Oil and Gas Philipp Gauß International Trade China. Coal, Oil and Gas Новинка

Philipp Gauß International Trade China. Coal, Oil and Gas

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Trade and Distribution, grade: 1,0, European School of Business Reutlingen (ESB), language: English, abstract: China's extremely fast growing economy has made the demand and supply of energy a crucial topic. Today, China is the largest consumer of primary energy and the third largest producer.In the years between 1978 and 2000, the Chinese economy grew by 9% while at the same time the energy demand only grew by 4%. This trend has been turned around in 2001, when growth was stable at 9%, but energy demand grew by 13% a year.While China demanded 10% of the world energy demand in 2001, supporting these demand by 96% of domestic production, in 2007 they already accounted for 15% of the worlds energy demand, making them dependent on imports for coal, oil and gas,due to domestic supply lower 90%.As a result of these movements in the domestic demand and production picture of primary energies, China will have to face growing dependencies on the international energy markets, to secure sufficient energy to industry and population.The purpose of this paper is to show the change of trade flows in China with a focus on the primary energy resource coal, oil and gas. The change of production, consumption,import and export of these as well as related topics as price and transportationwill be identified.Illustrating government involvements and economic players will complete the researchto offer a comprehensive picture.[....
David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply Новинка

David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,7, Berlin School of Economics, course: Economics II, Business Cycles, Employment and Trade, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This essay consists of two topics, both belonging to the field of money supply in the European Union (EU) since the introduction of the Euro 2002. The first part examines the relationship between money supply and inflation rate. Illuminating this relationship, it also explains the monetary policy of the European Central Bank (ECB). The link between its policy and the relationship of money supply and inflation rate will be highlighted by using graphs and current data. The first part ends with a critical view upon the policy of the ECB and the theories regarding the money supply.The second part deals with the role of the ECB in controlling the money supply. It shows which tools central banks have in general at hand to control the money supply, followed by an explanation of how these tools work. Finally, it discusses the development of the ECB and the steps it takes to control the money supply efficiently.
Daniel Linotte, Khaled Menna Employment and Unemployment Issues in Algeria Daniel Linotte, Khaled Menna Employment and Unemployment Issues in Algeria Новинка

Daniel Linotte, Khaled Menna Employment and Unemployment Issues in Algeria

Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Job market economics, , language: English, abstract: This short paper concentrates on employment and unemployment issues in Algeria. In a first part, the economic context is presented, from an historical perspective. It underlines that the country's economy relies excessively on hydrocarbons, which contributes to large economic distortions and has negative impacts on the creation of stable jobs in productive sectors. The second part analyses the labor supply and demand, and the intermediation role of ANEM, the National Employment Agency. Considering labor markets, there is a lack of reliable statistics, the scope and the quality of data on labor supply and demand must definitely be improved. In particular, there is a strong need for a better assessment of the importance of the informal sector, including so-called work at home. Available statistics underline the vulnerability of young generations and women. The role of ANEM is important; however, its performances could still be improved. The third part overviews the roles and impacts of development programs and key-institutions involved in job creation. Here also, improvements are needed. In addition, there is a need for better data and adequate methodology to assess the performance of these institutions.
Tan Kwan Hong ASEAN.s Energy Architecture. An In-Depth Analysis and Forecast on ASEAN.s Energy Supply and Demand Balances Tan Kwan Hong ASEAN.s Energy Architecture. An In-Depth Analysis and Forecast on ASEAN.s Energy Supply and Demand Balances Новинка

Tan Kwan Hong ASEAN.s Energy Architecture. An In-Depth Analysis and Forecast on ASEAN.s Energy Supply and Demand Balances

This report provides an analysis of both the current and forecasted energy supply and demand balances that will accompany ASEAN's growth in the next two decades, and the various implications that will arise due to the supply-demand shift. Contemporary energy issues, such as renewable energy, nuclear energy and climate change, will be evaluated. Policy recommendations to counter national and regional energy challenges will also be discussed.
Irving Fisher Elementary Principles of Economics Irving Fisher Elementary Principles of Economics Новинка

Irving Fisher Elementary Principles of Economics

From America's first celebrated economist comes this 1912 textbook with a succinct yet highly informative introduction to economics as it was understood and practiced in the early 20th century. Fisher provides in-depth discussions of basic topics including:. wealth, property, and income. credit and debt. currency, prices, and monetary systems. supply and demand, capital and labor. poverty. and more.American economist IRVING FISHER (1867-1947) was professor of political economy at Yale University. Among his many books are The Rate of Interest (1907), Why Is the Dollar Shrinking? A Study in the High Cost of Living (1914), and Booms and Depressions (1932)._____________________________ALSO FROM COSIMO: Fisher's The Purchasing Power of Money: Its Determination and Relation to Credit Interest and Crises and Mathematical Investigations in the Theory of Value and Prices and Appreciation and Interest
Debasish Roy Theory of consumer behavior. Types of utility functions and a critical analyses of the theory of demand Debasish Roy Theory of consumer behavior. Types of utility functions and a critical analyses of the theory of demand Новинка

Debasish Roy Theory of consumer behavior. Types of utility functions and a critical analyses of the theory of demand

Academic Paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, , language: English, abstract: The basis of the theory of consumer behavior rests upon the theory of demand. Theory of demand begins with the 'law of demand' which states that the quantity demanded of a commodity varies inversely with its price, ceteris paribus (keeping other factors unchanged, e.g., taste, preference, income etc. of the consumer). Now in the theory of consumer behavior, we assume the consumer is a rational individual who wants to maximize her utility from a basket of consumable goods given her income unchanged.This essay / monograph is written by keeping in mind the major objective of bridging the gap between Bachelor's and Master's levels of studies in the field of Economics and specifically in the area of Advanced Microeconomic theory across the world. The important topic of "The theory of consumer behavior" is discussed in detail with all the major sub-topics and critical analyses.
Etienne Jungbluth Is the Value of the US Dollar Driving Oil Prices. Etienne Jungbluth Is the Value of the US Dollar Driving Oil Prices. Новинка

Etienne Jungbluth Is the Value of the US Dollar Driving Oil Prices.

Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 80, University of Edinburgh, language: English, abstract: As an invoice currency the US dollar is frequently cited to cause changes in real oil prices through a demand and supply channel. The aim of this paper is to shed more light on whether the US dollar is driving oil prices. In order to do so, we incorporate the bivariate relationship in a broader demand and supply framework in which real oil prices are determined by demand and supply factors. We find cointegration among the variables involved and that the value of the US dollar is a significant part in the long-run relationship. The causal links within the long-run relationship are examined using the procedure suggested by Toda & Yamamoto (1995) to test for Granger causality in the presence of I(1) variables. The results show that no causal effect of the US dollar on oil prices can be found. This contradicts the view that the US dollar is driving real oil prices. There is even evidence that none of the fundamentals is causing real oil prices. Moreover, real oil prices are found to have an indirect causal effect on the US dollar. This contradicts standard models such as the Krugman (1983) model which suggest a direct link.
Marcus Fuchs Supply Chain Transparency in the Apparel and Food Industry Marcus Fuchs Supply Chain Transparency in the Apparel and Food Industry Новинка

Marcus Fuchs Supply Chain Transparency in the Apparel and Food Industry

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: Modern consumers are concerned about more than quality and price of the products they purchase. They demand concrete and credible information about the entire procurement process. Unsubstantiated company statements on the sustainability and safety of sourcing processes have proven to be insufficient to meet those demands (Hofstede, 2003). More and more companies increase the transparency of their supply chain (SC). However, in order to reach customers and to fulfill their needs, companies have to effectively communicate supply chain transparency (SCT) to the end consumer (New, 2010).This thesis focuses on transparency in the apparel and food industry because especially here consumers claim insights into the global supply networks (Meise, 2011, p. 138). It analyzes tools to enable SCT and provides an overview of practical methods that are available to the apparel and food industry for communicating transparency to consumers. Moreover, the paper evaluates these methods based on their effectiveness at meeting consumer demand and illustrates how different approaches for enabling and communicating SCT can be combined. The presented information was obtained through extensive literature research and website analyses. An exhaustive review of the particular laws and regulations re...
Justus Kirchhoff Chinese Income Growth and Animal Product Consumption. A Demand Analysis Justus Kirchhoff Chinese Income Growth and Animal Product Consumption. A Demand Analysis Новинка

Justus Kirchhoff Chinese Income Growth and Animal Product Consumption. A Demand Analysis

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 89, Peking University (School of Economics), course: Applied Econometrics, language: English, abstract: In this study, National Bureau of Statistics of China (NBS) data from 1995 to 2012 was used to investigate the link between growing income and rising animal foods demand in China. Due to China's population size, the latter has implications for mankind on a global scale, ranging from the acceleration of climate change to the exacerbation of health risks and threats to food security. It is therefore vital to understand to what extent the increasing prosperity of the world's most populous country connects to higher demand for animal products. Two approaches were chosen to compute income elasticities: an OLS estimator and an Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS), which lead to significantly different results. The AIDS model produced more reliable estimates, indicating a rise of poultry consumption parallel to increasing income, a rising share of income being spent on aquatic products, and decreasing demand for eggs for urban households. Due to the lack of out-of-home consumption data, these results likely understate the real demand.
Denis Stein, Marion Preuß, Nina Höhne Economical implications of shutdowns of nuclear power in Germany Denis Stein, Marion Preuß, Nina Höhne Economical implications of shutdowns of nuclear power in Germany Новинка

Denis Stein, Marion Preuß, Nina Höhne Economical implications of shutdowns of nuclear power in Germany

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Energy Sciences, grade: 1,7, The FOM University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, course: Economics, language: English, abstract: Worldwide nuclear power exerts strong pressure on the economic factor of supply and demand. Nuclear power is a cheap and traditional form of energy. Therefore, there is a large international supply with a strong demand for it. Nevertheless, there are also big risks in the production of nuclear power. Nuclear meltdowns with far-reaching consequences have occurred in the past, e.g. the well-known meltdown at Chernobyl in 1986 and the newest disturbance at the Fukushima nuclear power station in Japan in 2011. These have provoked a major global, public discussion on the future energy supply from nuclear power stations. In Germany, 17 nuclear power stations supply most households and companies with energy, and 7 of the oldest nuclear power stations are temporarily recaptured from the electrical network. An important consideration regarding the economical shutdowns of nuclear power stations in Germany dominates public workaday life. The alternatives are renewable energies. However, they supply only a small amount of energy. If there is a consideration to shut down nuclear power in Germany, it is significant to do so in an economical manner.
Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria Новинка

Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria

Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Agrarian Studies, University of Ibadan, course: Agricultural Economics, language: English, abstract: The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise was investigated in Cross River State. The Multinomial logit model was used to determine the factors affecting farmers demand and participation in credit market, be it formal or informal, or both institutions. Descriptive statistics was carried out for the socio-economic and enterprise characteristic, while the impact of the use of credit on the productivity of the farmers was ascertained using the Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function. Analyses of results from data collated through well structured questionnaires indicated that the factors that affects farmers credit demand and choice includes, socio-economic and enterprise characteristics, indicators from the credit history of the farmer, as well as institutional or policy-based characteristics.Socio-economic and enterprise characteristics such as educational level, gender, farm capacity, and household asset were significant factors that influenced participant choice of credit institution in the study area. Poultry training was also found to be statistically significant. The positive sign associated with training indicates the importance of an increase in the training level of poultry farmers. Again, farmers with high likelihood to economics of scale and increase output have high ...
Mohammad Mohsin Khan, Zareena Kosar, Zara Waqar Health Care Economics Mohammad Mohsin Khan, Zareena Kosar, Zara Waqar Health Care Economics Новинка

Mohammad Mohsin Khan, Zareena Kosar, Zara Waqar Health Care Economics

The text Book of "Health Care Economics" will cover all issues that arise when dealing with the most important -The Economics, 'The Economics of Health Care'.This Text Book split into five units.In these units, we will show how economists have approached the problem of health care. This involves introducing and explaining the economic theory which underpins health economists' Analysis. Much of this theory will look familiar to economics students - scarcity, supply & demand and market failure. But this is not just classroom theory - this is theory applied to actual problems leading to concrete policies. This should bring this textbook theory to life and it will give you a much deeper understanding of the kind of problems and challenges that the modern health service faces.The future of health care and the state of the National Health Service are daily news items. Discussion of health care arouses great passion - who gets health care and how much they get is both a moral and practical challenge to a civilized society and of personal interest to us all. We don't want to get ill and we want to be properly treated if we do.
Peter Antonioni Economics For Dummies Peter Antonioni Economics For Dummies Новинка

Peter Antonioni Economics For Dummies

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Untangle the jargon and understand how you're involved in everyday economics If you want to get to grips with the basics of economics and understand a subject that affects British citizens on a daily basis, then look no further than Economics For Dummies. This easy to understand guide takes you through the world of economics from understanding micro- and macroeconomics to demystifying complex topics such as capitalism and recession. This updated edition walks you through the history, principles and theories of economics as well as breaking down all the complicated terminology, leaving you clued up on economics in no time. Getting to grips – explore the science of economics and how people deal with scarcity Keeping an eye on it – learn all about macroeconomics and how economists keep track of everything Watch patterns emerge – understand why monitoring consumer behaviour is vital and all you need to know about microeconomics Your recession guide – expert advice on recessions and a detailed look at why they occur Open the book and find: Why you should care about economics and how it affects you Tools to help you understand a recession A guide to seductive economic fallacies All you need to know on monetary and fiscal policies How supply and demand can be made easy Why it's vital to track consumer choices An in-depth look at a profit-maximising firm and the core of capitalism Guidance on property rights and wrongs Learn to: Look through economic history and spot the trends Understand micro- and macroeconomics Get to grips with consumer behaviour and its influence on the economy Spot the signs of a recession and see how economic decisions affect you
Bob Oros How to Create Demand for Your Service. Limit the Supply and the Value Goes Up Bob Oros How to Create Demand for Your Service. Limit the Supply and the Value Goes Up Новинка

Bob Oros How to Create Demand for Your Service. Limit the Supply and the Value Goes Up

If there is an unlimited supply your product becomes a commodity. Limit the supply, the demand increases and the value goes up. A restaurant always had a line waiting to get in to eat. When asked why he didn't expand his seating, he said that waiting in line was part of the mystique of eating at his establishment and if that changed, he might lose business. If people think a place is worth waiting in line for, it must be great.
Janna Schubert Retail Performance Management in the Luxury Industry Janna Schubert Retail Performance Management in the Luxury Industry Новинка

Janna Schubert Retail Performance Management in the Luxury Industry

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Controlling, grade: A, European Business School - International University Schloß Reichartshausen Oestrich-Winkel (Marketing & Luxury Strategy), language: English, abstract: In order to supply customers with the growing demand of luxury, luxury retail isgaining importance on a global scale. More and more new luxury companies and retailers enter the global market and thus render it more competitive. Additionally, the financial crisis has struck many luxury companies and retailers that thought themselves safe from market and demand fluctuation very hard - pushing some to the verge of bankruptcy.This increases the necessity to make use of resources as wisely as possible and to control costs and investments. But how does this affect luxury businesses?
Temesgen Mekuriaw, Yohannis Kifle, Yonas Assefa Water Supply Distribution System Design Temesgen Mekuriaw, Yohannis Kifle, Yonas Assefa Water Supply Distribution System Design Новинка

Temesgen Mekuriaw, Yohannis Kifle, Yonas Assefa Water Supply Distribution System Design

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Engineering - Civil Engineering, grade: 1, Arba Minch University, course: water supply and environmetal engineering, language: English, abstract: The provision of clean Water Supply is one of the major factors that greatly contribute to the socioeconomic transformation of a country by improving the health thereby increasing life standard and economic productivity of the society. However, most of the developing countries like Ethiopia still have low potable water supply and sanitation coverage that result the citizens to be suffered from water Shortage, water born and water related diseases. A good water supply distribution infrastructure plays a key role for any kind development for a town. This project examined the theoretical framework for the design of an improved water distribution network for Holeta town. The aim of this water supply project is to provide potable water for present and future demand for targeted Holeta town which improve the existing water supply system of the town. The present and future population of the study area was determined and the water demand per day established. The hydrologic, hydro geologic and topographic data formed the basis of the design while laying emphasis on models and theories of pipe networking and performance. The pipe network layout was analyzed with the use of Epanet2.0 software which is based on Hazen William's equation.Key Words: EPA-NET software, population projection (fore...
Lars Wenzel Optimize visibility of final demand in the supply chain Lars Wenzel Optimize visibility of final demand in the supply chain Новинка

Lars Wenzel Optimize visibility of final demand in the supply chain

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich BWL - Beschaffung, Produktion, Logistik, Note: 1,0, Ernst-Abbe-Hochschule Jena, ehem. Fachhochschule Jena, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The problem in the simulation game "Supply Chain Simulation Module" was that the different players of a chain (supplier, manufacturer, retailer / wholesaler (customer)) communicated exclusively with orders in order to fulfill the given market demand or the needs of their teammates. Due to delays in deliveries, there were increased orders in period three, which already exceeded the final demand as a whole. This led to a chaotic ordering and / or demand behavior. The uncertainties in the demand forecast initially led to bottlenecks. The bottlenecks led to higher safety stocks, which led to overproduction. This led to a negatively evolving supply chain that affected the company. This phenomenon is also referred to as a bullwhip effect.In this assignment, a possible cause, which has strengthened the bullwhip effect, is investigated. The role of the author in order management as well as the presentation topic "Information and Funds Flow in Supply Chains" are taken into account. During the execution of the planning game, the author was free to choose within the order management whether he should initiate an internal production or serve the customer demand from the warehouse. This free decision leaves a very high risk of the bullwhip effect taking place. Decisions are made without knowing...
Неустановленный автор Competitive Business Environments in the global food market Неустановленный автор Competitive Business Environments in the global food market Новинка

Неустановленный автор Competitive Business Environments in the global food market

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1,0, Ashcroft International Business School Cambridge, course: Business Environment, language: English, abstract: This work focusses on the analysis of competitive factors in global market environments. In the first part, the global food market serves as an example for explaining how supply and demand factors influence prices. Furthermore, effects of rising prices are discussed as well as governmental possibilities to limit the impact. The second part consists of a detailed explanation of oligopolies, including characteristics and possibilities to control this type of market structure. Additionally, pricing strategies are discussed in conjunction with the elasticity of demand. The work concludes with an explanation of why companies decide to become multinational using the example of the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation.
Bipasha Dutta Relationship Between Higher Education and Job Market Demand Bipasha Dutta Relationship Between Higher Education and Job Market Demand Новинка

Bipasha Dutta Relationship Between Higher Education and Job Market Demand

If we observe the overall direction, Bangladesh is following a trend to move about to a market based economy. But the pace of privatization has been slow in our country and private sector could not achieve expected level of efficiency and lacked proper direction of development. Among the private sectors, banking and telecommunication sectors have been studied to illustrate the demand scenario of job market and three departments from social science faculty of Dhaka University have been centre of attention of the research to know how they respond to meet the employers' demand. Public administration and Economics departments of Dhaka University show high and low responsiveness to private sector demand respectively. While Sociology department did not respond to private sector demand, rather they have responded to NGO sector demand. Among these three departments Public Administration is not also fully compatible with private sector need. The study argues social science faculty of Dhaka University has not responded significantly to the private sectors' demand because of inefficiencies in the private sector and lack of proper direction of private sector development. This study can help ed
Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance

Script from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS STUDIES AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, language: English, abstract: 1.0.IntroductionThere has been a link between financial development and real growth of economies. Financial development together with growth in banking stimulates entreprenuer action and this transfers resources from the traditional sector to modern sector. This paper is divided into two sections; Section A-Monetary Economics that covers the following topics; Money in the macro economy, Demand for money, Supply for money, Money and Inflation, Central banking and Monetary policy, International Financial Institutions and Policy, Monetary market and the Hansen Hickisian IS-LM curve analysis. Section (B) covers; Public revenue, Tax Burden, Incidence of Taxes, Classification and Choices of Taxes, Public Debt, Public expenditure and Public Budget.Course Objectives:The main objective of the course is to equip learners with analytical skills in understanding the basic concepts of monetary economics in the context of developing countries. It enables students acquire sufficient knowledge of monetary theory and the working of financial institutions that help in carrying out monetary and other macroeconomic policy analysis. The course also equips learners with issues relating to taxation and public expenditure
Michael Decker Last Mile Distribution in Disaster Relief Chains Michael Decker Last Mile Distribution in Disaster Relief Chains Новинка

Michael Decker Last Mile Distribution in Disaster Relief Chains

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 2,3, University of Cologne (Department of Supply Chain Management and Management Science), course: Supply Chain Management, language: English, abstract: Due to the latest catastrophes caused by both man and nature, humanitarian logistics has received increasing interest from academics, practitioners and specialists. These interests are increased as well by an expanding market of disaster relief and by the fact that disaster relief supply chains are complex and dynamic, not to mention that they have a lot of uncertainties that make operations very complicated. Especially in disaster relief, the supply chains have to be fast, agile and flexible in order to rapidly provide the appropriate amount, and type of emergency supplies, to minimize human suffering or death.The last mile distribution is the final stage of the disaster relief supply chain, i.e. the delivery of relief supplies from local distribution centres to beneficiaries affected by disasters. The main problems for the last mile are:• Supplies have to be carried out rapidly in an environment with destabilized infrastructures• Limitations related to transportation resources and emergency supplies• Lack of coordination among relief actors• Insufficient information about demand and need for help To solve these problems, the private sector approaches of the last mile can be conducted and innovative technologies can b...
Adam Smith Wealth of Nations Adam Smith Wealth of Nations Новинка

Adam Smith Wealth of Nations

Adam Smith revolutionized economic theory with his 1776 work An Inquiry to the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. He proposed rules governing labor, supply, and demand; and describes division of labor, stockpiling of wealth, lending, and interest. Smith also discusses how economies lead to opulence. Wealth of Nations also offers a defense for free-market capitalism.This edition of Wealth of Nations is an abridged version edited by Harvard economics professor CHARLES JESSE BULLOCK (1869-1941) and published in 1901 by Harvard Classics, a series that offered the essential readings for anyone who wanted the functional equivalent of a liberal arts education.Any student of economics should be familiar with the concepts and laws that Smith developed, as much of economic theory is still based upon his work.Scottish economist and philosopher ADAM SMITH (1723-1790) helped set standards in the fields of political economics and moral philosophy, playing a key role in the early development of the scholarship of economics. His other writings include Essays on Philosophical Subjects.
Kordula Pfeiffer Volatile Rice Prices Kordula Pfeiffer Volatile Rice Prices Новинка

Kordula Pfeiffer Volatile Rice Prices

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, Humboldt-University of Berlin (Department of Agricultural Economics), course: Open Economy Macroeconomics and International Agricultural Trade, language: English, abstract: This paper describes the impacts of rice price fluctuations and price shocks due to crises on domestic households in Indonesia. In the long term the country was able to reduce poverty and undernourishment, because of its steady and strong economic growth.A typical household spends nearly half of its total food intake on rice. Therefore, high rice prices make especially the poor vulnerable to price increases. In order to estimate how and to which extend rice price volatility affects demand, the daily calorie intake is focused with regard to a price increase of 10 % and 30 %.Based on the assumption that people are food insecure a total calorie intake of 2,100 calories/day/person is taken into account as poverty line. Usually households consume less rice if the price is on a higher level. In Indonesia richer households have a more price-elastic demand if rice prices increases than poor households. On the contrary, those who are net consumers or producers of rice as well as governmental supported poor households have a relatively price-inelastic demand for rice.This fact is different for households which differ in income level and location. This paper comes up with the conclusion that for rich urban households rice is a Giffe...
Mike G. Introduction into Microeconomics Mike G. Introduction into Microeconomics Новинка

Mike G. Introduction into Microeconomics

Abstract from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, grade: 1,3, , language: English, abstract: This text deals with the basic principles and theories of microeconomics. It describes the connection between demand and supply in perfect and imperfect markets to explain different, observed outcomes with the theoretical approaches. It is somewhat advanced to understand, therefore a certain level of knowledge about the market economy is recommended, but not absolutely necessary. In particular, market types like pure-competition, monopoly, and monopolistic competition are mentioned and analyzed as well as cost minimization and profit maximization issues for each type. Various graphs underline the text and help to deliver and understand the message.
James Cooke A. Protean Supply Chains. Ten Dynamics of Supply and Demand Alignment James Cooke A. Protean Supply Chains. Ten Dynamics of Supply and Demand Alignment Новинка

James Cooke A. Protean Supply Chains. Ten Dynamics of Supply and Demand Alignment

Features emerging trends that are shaping supply chain operations worldwide as well as impacting the global business landscape Beginning with the assertion that supply chains are an overlooked factor behind anemic economic growth, Protean Supply Chains: Ten Dynamics of Supply and Demand Alignment provides a comprehensive overview of the developments occurring in the field of supply chain management. A broad range of topics in facility location, inventory, strategic sourcing, and supply chain coordination are addressed in addition to coverage of major developments within the field. The author’s main position is that supply chains must be more than agile or flexible; rather, they must become protean and capable of changing shape in response to a volatile global business landscape. The author, a well-known editor and researcher in the field, presents current real-world examples combined with insights into the impact of recent trends that are expected to affect the global business landscape over the next decade. Highlighting companies with leading-edge supply chains as examples, the book discusses methods to reduce spending, increase revenues, and achieve streamlined productivity in a changing economic climate. The book utilizes further examples from the growth of online retailing and automation in distribution centers, as well as the use of protean supply chains to gain competitive advantages internationally. In addition, the book features the following ten emerging trends, which are shaping supply chain operations worldwide: The rise of regional theatres of supply Global risk management through control towers Customer segmentation Real demand realization Omniichannel retailing challenges Demand swing alignment with production and distribution Customer of one service Sustainability challenges Collaboration vs. competition in the new economy Financial dynamism The book is an ideal reference for professionals and practitioners in operations research, business/management science, applied mathematics, and industrial engineering as well as an appropriate supplement for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in supply chain management.
Branice Ashioya Balanced Scorecard and Supply Chain Perfomance. The Case of the Kenya Nut Company Branice Ashioya Balanced Scorecard and Supply Chain Perfomance. The Case of the Kenya Nut Company Новинка

Branice Ashioya Balanced Scorecard and Supply Chain Perfomance. The Case of the Kenya Nut Company

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, , course: masters in business administration, language: English, abstract: The study sought to determine the Balanced Scorecard measures on supply chain performance at Kenya Nut Company. The objectives of the study were to establish the extent to which the BSC measures have been used at KNC and the challenges faced in implementing the BSC. The research design involved a case study of employees at KNC. Data was collected using a questionnaire that was administered through a drop and pick method. Tables, graphs and regression analysis were used to present the findings. The study established that the BSC measures are greatly used to establish the supply chain performance at KNC. Some of the measures that are extensively used include percentage of sales margin, profit margin, range of products offered, accuracy of forecasted demand, level of partnerships with suppliers among others. It was also established that some critical measures have not been intergrated into the organization. These measures can greatly improve the performance of KNC and overcome its challenges of slow production growth, lack of customer awareness, poor information systems and high processing costs. This measures include return on supply chain assets, cost per operation hour, order lead time, product development life cycle.The study also established some of the challenges faced in implementing the BSC su...
Kinjerovac Tena World Coffee Prices. A Co-integration Analysis Kinjerovac Tena World Coffee Prices. A Co-integration Analysis Новинка

Kinjerovac Tena World Coffee Prices. A Co-integration Analysis

In the world of consumption, coffee is one of the highest rated commodities that is used daily. Different nations and people all ages use coffee as a booster of energy, as a culture of living and as a great communication initiator. Scientifically, based from the economical aspect, the coffee market is inelastic commodity market available for us to explore. Since the process of production is extremely difficult long-term process, the quick changes in the demand and supply are highly unlikely. However, with the market expansion and constant growth of coffee demand, the influence of various external and internal factors always manage to change the course of coffee prices. Interestingly enough, the demand is solely determined by the choice and preference of the end consumers. This short summary is merely and introduction into a magnificent world of the coffee beans and their competitive market. This book gives you a chance to explore which factors influence the demand and supply and how different sorts react on price changes and their market movements.
Adam Smith An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Unabridged Edition) Adam Smith An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Unabridged Edition) Новинка

Adam Smith An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Unabridged Edition)

Adam Smith revolutionized economic theory with his 1776 work An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. He proposed rules governing labor, supply, and demand; and describes division of labor, stockpiling of wealth, lending, and interest. Smith also discusses how economies lead to opulence. Wealth of Nations also offers a defense for free-market capitalism. Any student of economics should be familiar with the concepts and laws that Smith developed, as much of economic theory is still based upon his work.This Cosimo Classic is an unabridged reprint of the 4th edition, published in London in 1786, and contains both Volume I and Volume II together in the same edition.Scottish economist and philosopher ADAM SMITH (1723-1790) helped set standards in the fields of political economics and moral philosophy, playing a key role in the early development of the scholarship of economics. His other writings include Essays on Philosophical Subjects.
Charles Chase W. Next Generation Demand Management. People, Process, Analytics, and Technology Charles Chase W. Next Generation Demand Management. People, Process, Analytics, and Technology Новинка

Charles Chase W. Next Generation Demand Management. People, Process, Analytics, and Technology

3138.26 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A practical framework for revenue-boosting supply chain management Next Generation Demand Management is a guidebook to next generation Demand Management, with an implementation framework that improves revenue forecasts and enhances profitability. This proven approach is structured around the four key catalysts of an efficient planning strategy: people, processes, analytics, and technology. The discussion covers the changes in behavior, skills, and integrated processes that are required for proper implementation, as well as the descriptive and predictive analytics tools and skills that make the process sustainable. Corporate culture changes require a shift in leadership focus, and this guide describes the necessary «champion» with the authority to drive adoption and stress accountability while focusing on customer excellence. Real world examples with actual data illustrate important concepts alongside case studies highlighting best-in-class as well as startup approaches. Reliable forecasts are the primary product of demand planning, a multi-step operational supply chain management process that is increasingly seen as a survival tactic in the changing marketplace. This book provides a practical framework for efficient implementation, and complete guidance toward the supplementary changes required to reap the full benefit. Learn the key principles of demand driven planning Implement new behaviors, skills, and processes Adopt scalable technology and analytics capabilities Align inventory with demand, and increase channel profitability Whether your company is a large multinational or an early startup, your revenue predictions are only as strong as your supply chain management system. Implementing a proven, more structured process can be the catalyst your company needs to overcome that one lingering obstacle between forecast and goal. Next Generation Demand Management gives you the framework for building the foundation of your growth.
Marco Rettig The role of the banking sector in the economic process of Lebanon before and after the civil war Marco Rettig The role of the banking sector in the economic process of Lebanon before and after the civil war Новинка

Marco Rettig The role of the banking sector in the economic process of Lebanon before and after the civil war

Examination Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Business economics - Economic and Social History, grade: 70% / Distinction, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)/ Economics Department), course: Abschlussarbeit zur Erlangung eines MSc Development Economics, 60 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This dissertation assesses the role of the banking sector in the Lebanese economy throughout the country's history with respect to its linkages with the real sector. I thereby focus on the credit market. It is shown that various external and internal factors have led to a credit market development on the supply-side that is not conducive to real sector growth. In particular, the period before the Lebanese civil war is characterised by funds flowing in from other Arab countries, which were not channelled into domestic long term investment but accrued to the trade and services sector or went abroad. Throughout the war and afterwards the share of the private sector in total credit declined substantially as the government crowded out private demand. It is concluded that only a shift of policy with a clear focus on the real sector's needs can bring about the required economic development.
Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security Новинка

Robert Brears C. Urban Water Security

In the 21st Century, the world will see an unprecedented migration of people moving from rural to urban areas. With global demand for water projected to outstrip supply in the coming decades, cities will likely face water insecurity as a result of climate change and the various impacts of urbanisation. Traditionally, urban water managers have relied on large-scale, supply-side infrastructural projects to meet increased demands for water; however, these projects are environmentally, economically and politically costly. Urban Water Security argues that cities need to transition from supply-side to demand-side management to achieve urban water security. This book provides readers with a series of in-depth case studies of leading developed cities, of differing climates, incomes and lifestyles from around the world, that have used demand management tools to modify the attitudes and behaviour of water users in an attempt to achieve urban water security. Urban Water Security will be of particular interest to town and regional planners, water conservation managers and policymakers, international companies and organisations with large water footprints, environmental and water NGOs, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. Robert C. Brears is the founder of Mitidaption, Mark and Focus, is Director on the International Board of the Indo Global Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture, and a Visiting Fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Conflict Studies at MIIS, Monterey, USA.
Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development

There is a link between the financial development and a real growth of economies. Financial development in combination with a growth in banking stimulates the entrepreneur's action, and thus transfers resources from the traditional sector to the modern sector. This paper is divided into two sections. Section A is entitled 'Monetary Economics', and covers the following topics: Money in the macro economy, demand for money, supply for money, money and inflation, central banking and monetary policy, international financial institutions and policy, monetary market, and the Hansen Hickisian IS-LM curve analysis. Section B covers the topics of public revenue, tax burden, and incidence of taxes, classification and choices of taxes, public debt, public expenditure and public budget.
Christin Wessels State intervention in the pricing of the market using the example of milk quota in Germany Christin Wessels State intervention in the pricing of the market using the example of milk quota in Germany Новинка

Christin Wessels State intervention in the pricing of the market using the example of milk quota in Germany

Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, University of applied sciences Dortmund, language: English, abstract: Every person as a member of a national economy gets into contact with economizing things, starting with the purchase of food at the supermarket, the weekly visit of the cinema up to accepting and practicing a profession. These activities have one in common: The goods, which are treated, are traded at markets and are determined by supply and demand. At the same time, we influence the prices by our own images. If we accept a job offer, the conditions are important for us, if we buy food, we are only pay as much as we are willing to pay. With our actions we are part of the economy and the economy is part of our life (see Hartmann 2015, p. 13).The markets adjust themselves but without taking into account vulnerable groups of the population. To compensate the disadvantage of these groups, the government uses different mechanisms (see Mankiw et al. 2012, p.142 ff.). Which mechanisms the government use and what they cause, will be shown in the present assignment using the example of the milk quota.To achieve this, the methodology of the present assignment is described first, before the theory of supply and demand is explained. The equilibrium of both dimensions is expounded and afterwards the possibilities of the government to influence the equilibrium of demand a...
Peter Lund Advances in Bioenergy. The Sustainability Challenge Peter Lund Advances in Bioenergy. The Sustainability Challenge Новинка

Peter Lund Advances in Bioenergy. The Sustainability Challenge

12416.55 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The increasing deployment of bioenergy frequently raises issues regarding the use of land and raw materials, infrastructure and logistics. In light of these sometimes conflicting interests Advances in Bioenergy provides an objective and wide-ranging overview of the technology, economics and policy of bioenergy. Offering an authoritative multidisciplinary summary of the opportunities and challenges associated with bioenergy utilization, with international researchers give up-to-date and detailed information on key issues for biomass production and conversion to energy. Key features: *Discusses different bioenergy uses such as transportation fuels, electricity and heat production. *Assesses emerging fields such as bio-based chemicals and bio-refineries. *Debates conditions for the mobilization of sustainable bioenergy supply chains and outlines governance systems to support this mobilization. * Dedicated chapters to sustainability governance and emerging tools such as certification systems and standards supporting growth of a sustainable bioenergy industry. *Considers the political, environmental, social and cultural context related to the demand for energy resources, the impact of this demand on the world around us, and the choices and behaviours of consumers. This book will be a vital reference to engineers, researchers and students that need an accessible overview of the bioenergy area. It will also be of high value for politicians, policymakers and industry leaders that need to stay up to date with the state-of-the-art science and technology in this area.
Wayne Talley K. The Blackwell Companion to Maritime Economics Wayne Talley K. The Blackwell Companion to Maritime Economics Новинка

Wayne Talley K. The Blackwell Companion to Maritime Economics

16959.48 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The Blackwell Companion to Maritime Economics presents comprehensive and in-depth coverage of the entire scope of issues relating to shipping and port economics. Unprecedented survey of maritime economics provides full coverage of shipping and port economics In depth examinations offer an up-to-date study of the field including all facets of shipping, ports, logistics, and maintenance and topical discussion on security and environmental problems Presents original theories relating to theories for maritime carriers and ports Features contributions from the most respected international specialists in the field
Donald Stengel Managerial Economics. Concepts and Principles Donald Stengel Managerial Economics. Concepts and Principles Новинка

Donald Stengel Managerial Economics. Concepts and Principles

If you have good economic principles, then more than likely, you're makinggood business decisions. Although economics is sometimes dismissedas a discourse of practical relevance to only a relatively small circle ofacademicians and policy analysts who call themselves economists, soundeconomic reasoning benefits any manager of a business, whether they areinvolved with production and operations, marketing, finance, or corporatestrategy. This highly respected text will help you and any business managerwith managerial economics, which is the application of microeconomicsto business decisions.Inside, you'll learn about the key relationships between price, quantity,cost, revenue, and profit, which are detailed for an individual firm in theform of simple conceptual models. The book includes key elements fromthe economics of consumer demand and the economics of production. Italso discusses economic motivations for expanding a business and contributionsfrom economics for improved organization of large firms, as wellas market price-quantity equilibrium, competitive behavior, and the roleof market structure on market equilibrium and competition. It concludesby considering market regulation in terms of the generic problems thatcreate the need for regulation and possible remedies for those problems.
Lina Seil Fashion specific challenges occurring within the supply chain and how these can be approached using Fast Fashion Lina Seil Fashion specific challenges occurring within the supply chain and how these can be approached using Fast Fashion Новинка

Lina Seil Fashion specific challenges occurring within the supply chain and how these can be approached using Fast Fashion

Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 2,0, University of Applied Sciences Hannover, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this chapter is to identify how fashion specific challenges, that occur within the supply chain, can be approached using Fast Fashion. It will be explained what sub strategies Fast Fashion consists of and how these can solve the problems of the fashion industry. The focus is on strategic aspects of Supply Chain Management.First of all the focus of this academic paper lies on the conceptual fundamentals. This chapter will define and discuss the terms Supply Chain, Supply Chain Challenges and Fast Fashion. Secondly, the focus lies on the specific challenges of the fashion industry that occur within the supply chain: Perishability, Demand Volatility and Lead Times. Then Fast Fashion and its sub topics - Quick Response, Sourcing, Supply Chains - will be explained in detail.Following this, a case study of the Spanish fashion retailer Zara is presented to illustrate how Fast Fashion works in practice. This chapter is aimed at recognising how Fast Fashion approaches the fashion specific supply challenges de facto. At the beginning of this chapter, the company Zara will be introduced. Afterwards, a closer look is taken at how Fast Fashion works in practice based on the example of Zara.Finally, the knowledge gained from the academic paper will be summarised in a conclusion.
Christopher Heine Has the Financial Crisis Induced a Credit Crunch for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Germany. Christopher Heine Has the Financial Crisis Induced a Credit Crunch for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Germany. Новинка

Christopher Heine Has the Financial Crisis Induced a Credit Crunch for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Germany.

Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,3, Otto Beisheim School of Management Vallendar, language: English, abstract: The following MBA-Thesis analyses how the financial crisis has affected different pre-conditions for the credit lending behaviour of banks. Additionally the demand for loans of potential borrowers will be considered. A "credit crunch" is defined as a restriction of the credit supply which leads to a mismatch of supply and demand. It will be shown that the financial crisis caused a still ongoing macroeconomic contraction. The macroeconomic contraction has a direct effect on the calculation of rating grades which downgrade. Parameters of credit risk assessments will be analysed and their pro-cyclicality will be tested. Corporate rating grades already downgraded significantly in 2008. The downgrading of firms has an effect on the credit pricing which influences also the credit demand. This effect will be shown by explaining a basic cost-plus loan pricing model. The sensitivity of the loan pricing towards changes of attributed capital, refinancing costs and cost of default will be exemplarily shown. It will be shown that the rating downgrades have a significant effect on the credit price. This price increase which might affect the demand is however per definition not a "credit crunch".The Basel II Accord regulation links the requirements for banks' capital to rating grades. Prior to the...
Eugen V. Bohm-Bawerk, William Smart The Positive Theory of Capital Eugen V. Bohm-Bawerk, William Smart The Positive Theory of Capital Новинка

Eugen V. Bohm-Bawerk, William Smart The Positive Theory of Capital

What is capital? Even economists don't seem to agree on a definition. Here, in this classic primer on the subject, German economist EUGEN V. BOHM-BAWERK (1851-1914) discusses:. the nature of capital. historical development of the concept. competing ideas about capital. the function of capital in production. two conceptions of value. price and the law of supply and demand. loans and interest. and much more.First published in Germany in 1888 and in English in 1891, this intriguing work offers yet another valuable perspective on one of the most basic and yet most debated subjects in economics.
Gustavo Marqués A Philosophical Framework for Rethinking Theoretical Economics and Philosophy of Economics Gustavo Marqués A Philosophical Framework for Rethinking Theoretical Economics and Philosophy of Economics Новинка

Gustavo Marqués A Philosophical Framework for Rethinking Theoretical Economics and Philosophy of Economics

This book sets out to encourage a debate about the role that economic theory and philosophy of economics can play. A good part of economics consists of theoretical developments which describe completely imaginary worlds and have no connections to actual market economies. If the purpose of theoretical and philosophical analysis in economics is to make a contribution to find out how modern market economies work and which kind of theoretical practice will be useful for the implementation of successful economic policies, a shift both in philosophy of economics and economics itself is needed. Exposing the ungrounded pretensions of the mainstream philosophy of economics, Marqués’ carefully argued book is a major contribution to the ongoing debate on contemporary mainstream economics and its methodological and philosophical underpinnings. Even those who disagree with his conclusions will benefit from his thorough and deep critique of the modeling strategies used in modern economics. Lars Pålsson Syll, Malmö University, Sweden Is ‘mainstream philosophy of economics’ only about models and imaginary worlds created to represent economic theories? Marqués questions this epistemic focus and calls for the ontological examination of real world economic processes. This book is a serious challenge to standard thinking and an alternative program for a pluralist philosophy of economics.John Davis, Marquette University, USA and University of Amsterdam In recent decades economists have focused he...
Fe Feltes Should Brand Design using Brand Personality be adapted to the cultural differencesof international markets. Fe Feltes Should Brand Design using Brand Personality be adapted to the cultural differencesof international markets. Новинка

Fe Feltes Should Brand Design using Brand Personality be adapted to the cultural differencesof international markets.

Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, University of Applied Sciences Neu-Ulm (Wirtschaftswissenschaften), course: Brand Management, language: English, abstract: Global brands are probably the most obvious outcome of globalization. Many companies drive a global marketing strategy in order to stay competitive and to address a more diverse customer base. However, little research has been done on Brand Cultures and their personality in the international markets. Global brands are appealing from both the supply side and the demand side perspective.For the supply side for instance, they can create economies of scale, and scope in research and development. Whereas the demand side benefits from worldwide availability. Sony, BMW, Coca-Cola or Mc. Donald´s are only some of the global brands that are known for being successful with their business throughout the whole world.Some of them stick to a more standardized international Brand Personality, which does not change in any way respective the individual markets. Others, like for example Nestlé with its world brand Nescafé, adapt their advertising messages according to the preferences of the country concerned. Both of these strategies seem to be successful. One hardly finds a definite answer to the question, whether to pursue maximum adaption or general standardization, when it comes to the complex task field of internation...
Emmanuel Elakhe Fiscal and Monetary Policy and Economic Growth in Nigeria. A Comparative Analysis Emmanuel Elakhe Fiscal and Monetary Policy and Economic Growth in Nigeria. A Comparative Analysis Новинка

Emmanuel Elakhe Fiscal and Monetary Policy and Economic Growth in Nigeria. A Comparative Analysis

Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 3.67, , course: Development Economics, language: English, abstract: The study examined the impact of government fiscal and monetary policies on economic growth within the period of 33 years (1981-2014). Time series data were derived from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin, while the method of analysis was the Johansen Cointegration test, vector error correction method and the Wald test of coefficient. The result of the findings showed that there is a significant relationship between explanatory variables (government expenditure, interest rate and money supply) taken jointly and the dependent variable (real gross domestic product) in the long run. The coefficient of error correction term is -0.02 showing a 2% yearly adjustment towards the long run equilibrium. This proves that there is a relationship between the dependent variable- real gross domestic product and the independent variables - government expenditure, money supply and interest rate in the long run. The estimated coefficients of the short run model indicate no significant relationship between the dependent variable real gross domestic product and independent variables government expenditure, money supply and interest rates taken together but individually a short run relationship exist between the fiscal variable (government expenditure) and real GDP and between the monetary variable (money supply and interest rate) and rea...
Charles Chase W. Bricks Matter. The Role of Supply Chains in Building Market-Driven Differentiation Charles Chase W. Bricks Matter. The Role of Supply Chains in Building Market-Driven Differentiation Новинка

Charles Chase W. Bricks Matter. The Role of Supply Chains in Building Market-Driven Differentiation

3138.26 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Get proven guidance to build a market-driven supply chain management system Supply chain management processes have gradually shifted from a supply-driven focus to a demand-driven one in order to better synchronize demand and supply signals. Bricks Matter shows you how you can identify market risks and opportunities and translate these into winning tactics. Business cases highlight how business leaders are winning through market-driven approaches. Helps you understand how to apply the emerging world of predictive analytics for the better management of value networks Includes business cases illustrating the market-driven approach Reveals how businesses can identify market risks and translate these into supply-side tactics As companies transition from demand-driven to market-driven approach, the focus in organizations shifts from one of vertical excellence to building strong market-to-market horizontal processes. Improve revenue by increasing market share, improve profit margins, and maintain high levels of customer service with the indispensable guidance found in Bricks Matter.
Lionel Willems On the Supply Chain in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Lionel Willems On the Supply Chain in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Новинка

Lionel Willems On the Supply Chain in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 80.00, Louvain School of Management, language: English, abstract: This paper addresses the question of how the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), defined as the industrial aspect of the fourth industrial revolution, will impact supply chain management (SCM) decisions. With this goal in mind, we first describe the conceptual and historical approaches of both the industry and supply chain management. The question of the legitimacy of a new industrial revolution is answered positively and the supply chain management discipline is organised in a flow-based model of ten managerial categories. A thorough cross-field literature analysis delivers the main changes, opportunities and challenges that the upcoming IIoT will bring to supply chains. A neutral approach is favoured and the generally optimistic literature regarding the IIoT is questioned. Cyber-physical systems will indeed redefine the way we provide goods and services to customers and therefore, the way entire supply chains are managed, strategically and operationally. More information, connectivity and intelligence will optimise operations to enable mass customisation and faster than ever times-to-market. Those changes will gradually transform supply chains into smart supply ecosystems, where inter-company boundaries will fade, and the nature of cooperation will evolve. Nonetheless, there is still a long way t...
Siamak Hadifar The Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory Siamak Hadifar The Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory Новинка

Siamak Hadifar The Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory

Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, grade: 2,0, University of Bratislava, language: English, abstract: The question about how the different economic units such as consumers, governments, and enterprises operate in a competitive markets und make the decisions under conditions of limited amounts of resources is a main subject of studies of the economic science. The lack of resources has turned into a vexed problem in recent years, while people's desires keep increasing.In order to deal with such a conflict, these three basic questions should be answered by economic systems: What services and goods should be produced and in what quantities? How should these services and goods be produced? Who would be the end customers of such services und goods and how should these should be distributed? Microeconomic theory defines and models an economic activity as an interaction of individuals (economic agents) pursuing their private interests.Considering different microeconomic processes for better understanding the principles of the whole economy we are interested in how the goods are distributed among consumers within different markets. What condition markets' outcomes, i.e. prices of goods and services and quantities traded, are agents' behavioral characteristics and the market mechanisms, described of law of supply and demand. It is common to divide two large and groups of agents - households and firms, each of them plays its own role in the ...
Simon Barth Managerial perception and assessment of catastrophic supply chain risks Simon Barth Managerial perception and assessment of catastrophic supply chain risks Новинка

Simon Barth Managerial perception and assessment of catastrophic supply chain risks

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, Maastricht University, language: English, abstract: Purpose - Catastrophic supply chain risks can have severe effects on companies' supply chains. Still, previous supply chain risk management research has predominantly focused on operationalrisks. The purpose of this study is to explore the construct of managerial risk perception and the assessment stage of catastrophic supply chain risks.Design/methodology/approach - A risky decision making model for catastrophic supply chain risks was applied in an explorative multiple case study approach. Interviews served as the mainsource for information.Findings - The degree of supply chain integration was found to be a prime determinant of the potential damage caused by disruptions due to catastrophic supply chain risks. The frequency of catastrophic supply chain events seems to be influenced to some degree by the number of suppliers.It is suggested that managerial perception of catastrophic supply chain risks is formed by the degree of potential damage and past exposure to catastrophic supply chain events. Several barriers to the assessment of catastrophic supply chain risks, such as missing top management priority, low supply chain risk management maturity and lack of obvious return were identified.A combination of "softer" supply chain risk assessment methods, expert opinions and simulation te...
Thomas Wagner Engines and fuels of the future in the automotive industry Thomas Wagner Engines and fuels of the future in the automotive industry Новинка

Thomas Wagner Engines and fuels of the future in the automotive industry

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economy - Environment economics, grade: 1,3, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environment Economics, language: English, abstract: This essay is about the engines and fuels of the future in the automotive industry. It tries to find out whether these technologies are suitable for the purpose to reduce pollutant emissions. Furthermore, it will consider the potential of the engines/fuels which they can contribute to an sustainable energy supply in the traffic sector, independent of the use of crude oil.
Daniel Battu Communication Networks Economy Daniel Battu Communication Networks Economy Новинка

Daniel Battu Communication Networks Economy

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In an increasingly interconnected world, «Communication Networks Economy» provides the rational understanding necessary to provide universal access to communication means in an efficient way. This book presents the principal elements of the economics of a network as it stands today, taking into account experiences of technicians in the field. The author gives a simplified picture of the current situation in terms of structures and architecture of a network, bearing in mind the necessary quality of service and the profitability of investments, accompanied by references to recent economic works. An overview is given on the general themes of regulation and tariff principles, and the relations between supply and demand, from the perspectives of professional and residential users and network operators. Different aspects of the present situations of networks and the incidence of the Internet on the economy are also presented. In conclusion, the reader will obtain an overview of the most significant issues likely to influence the economics of communications networks as they are today.
P. Blumenthal, I. Petersen, T. Schubert Application of Revenue Management to the Manufacturing Industry P. Blumenthal, I. Petersen, T. Schubert Application of Revenue Management to the Manufacturing Industry Новинка

P. Blumenthal, I. Petersen, T. Schubert Application of Revenue Management to the Manufacturing Industry

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 1,0, Technical University of Braunschweig (Institut für Produktion und Logistik), language: English, abstract: Revenue management (RM) is the umbrella term for a set of strategies, tactics andinstruments aiming at the maximization of yield by allocating a company's capacity todifferent customers at different prices. Due to its great success, the application ofrevenue management is widespread nowadays. But as the origin of RM lies in theairline industry, this is still the sector of its main application. Service industries suchas hotels, car-rentals or internet service providers which share the same characteristicsas the airline industry (e.g. fixed capacity and a highly uncertain demand) discoveredquite early the potential of RM. Consequently, they were the first to adoptRM strategies.1 Retailers, broadcasting industries and companies of the energy sectorhave followed lately.The core concept of RM becomes clear, considering the economics of RM (Cross1997, p.73ff): The downward-sloping demand curve (figure 1) shows the number ofunits of a certain product which are sold at a certain price. [...]
Gary Lynch S. Single Point of Failure. The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management Gary Lynch S. Single Point of Failure. The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management Новинка

Gary Lynch S. Single Point of Failure. The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management

2509.98 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Over the past decade organizations have faced relentless customer demand for better value at less cost, individual customization, greater choice, faster delivery, higher quality, exceptional service, and more recently – increased environmental and social consciousness. The organization’s weapon of choice to address this increasing demand has been the supply chain. However, as the supply chain footprint changed (e.g. outsourcing, off-shoring and customer/vendor empowerment) so did the organization’s exposure to uncertainty. Organizations were taken by surprise since this exposure was unanticipated, complex and beyond their ability to manage. As customers become more demanding and change occurs at an even greater pace, supply chain risk continues to propagate like a parasite. Organizations and societies are at much greater risk of systemic failure because of the massive interdependency throughout global supply chains. The priority now is two-fold; play catch-up and address these massive gaps while deploying more intelligent and integrated strategies (i.e. social aware, instinctive, dynamic and predictive) for dealing with continuous change. Single Point of Failure: The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management uses analogies and dozens of case histories to describe the risk parasite that infects all supply chains while revealing methods to neutralize that parasite. The book addresses the questions: What are the «single points of failure»? How exposed are customers, investors, other stakeholders and ultimately the organization? What is the measurable impact (i.e. brand, financial, strategic, and non-compliance)? Who establishes the «risk paradigm»? How does the organization efficiently and effectively allocate precious resources – time, people, management attention, and capital? How is success measured? This book is both technically powerful and effectively realistic, based on today's complex global economy.
Philosophy and Economics Philosophy and Economics Новинка

Philosophy and Economics

Philosophy and Economics studies topics such as rational choice, the appraisal of economic outcomes, institutions and processes, and the ontology of economic phenomena and the possibilities of acquiring knowledge of them.It is useful to divide philosophy of economics in this way into three subject matters which can be regarded respectively as branches of action theory, ethics (or normative social and political philosophy), and philosophy of science.This book is a must read for everyone interested in Economics and its Philosophy.This book is a compilation of high quality articles from the Internet.
Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy Новинка

Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,8, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, language: English, abstract: This Paper aims to explain the effects of money in an economy. The beginning of the Paper analyses the money supply, the money demand and which variables determinate it or how they influence them. Further the paper analyses how the money stock could be used by the central bank and the government as monetary instrument to invent into economy. At certain stages endnotes will refer to the interest rate theory and try to answer, how strong it influences the money amount.

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Features emerging trends that are shaping supply chain operations worldwide as well as impacting the global business landscape Beginning with the assertion that supply chains are an overlooked factor behind anemic economic growth, Protean Supply Chains: Ten Dynamics of Supply and Demand Alignment provides a comprehensive overview of the developments occurring in the field of supply chain management. A broad range of topics in facility location, inventory, strategic sourcing, and supply chain coordination are addressed in addition to coverage of major developments within the field. The author’s main position is that supply chains must be more than agile or flexible; rather, they must become protean and capable of changing shape in response to a volatile global business landscape. The author, a well-known editor and researcher in the field, presents current real-world examples combined with insights into the impact of recent trends that are expected to affect the global business landscape over the next decade. Highlighting companies with leading-edge supply chains as examples, the book discusses methods to reduce spending, increase revenues, and achieve streamlined productivity in a changing economic climate. The book utilizes further examples from the growth of online retailing and automation in distribution centers, as well as the use of protean supply chains to gain competitive advantages internationally. In addition, the book features the following ten emerging trends, which are shaping supply chain operations worldwide: The rise of regional theatres of supply Global risk management through control towers Customer segmentation Real demand realization Omniichannel retailing challenges Demand swing alignment with production and distribution Customer of one service Sustainability challenges Collaboration vs. competition in the new economy Financial dynamism The book is an ideal reference for professionals and practitioners in operations research, business/management science, applied mathematics, and industrial engineering as well as an appropriate supplement for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in supply chain management.
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