theory of optimal tax rate



Giorgio Celant Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs V1. Polynomial Regression and Approximation Theory Giorgio Celant Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs V1. Polynomial Regression and Approximation Theory Новинка

Giorgio Celant Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs V1. Polynomial Regression and Approximation Theory

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This book is the first of a series which focuses on the interpolation and extrapolation of optimal designs, an area with significant applications in engineering, physics, chemistry and most experimental fields. In this volume, the authors emphasize the importance of problems associated with the construction of design. After a brief introduction on how the theory of optimal designs meets the theory of the uniform approximation of functions, the authors introduce the basic elements to design planning and link the statistical theory of optimal design and the theory of the uniform approximation of functions. The appendices provide the reader with material to accompany the proofs discussed throughout the book.
Igor Ushakov A. Optimal Resource Allocation. With Practical Statistical Applications and Theory Igor Ushakov A. Optimal Resource Allocation. With Practical Statistical Applications and Theory Новинка

Igor Ushakov A. Optimal Resource Allocation. With Practical Statistical Applications and Theory

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A UNIQUE ENGINEERING AND STATISTICAL APPROACH TO OPTIMAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION Optimal Resource Allocation: With Practical Statistical Applications and Theory features the application of probabilistic and statistical methods used in reliability engineering during the different phases of life cycles of technical systems. Bridging the gap between reliability engineering and applied mathematics, the book outlines different approaches to optimal resource allocation and various applications of models and algorithms for solving real-world problems. In addition, the fundamental background on optimization theory and various illustrative numerical examples are provided. The book also features: An overview of various approaches to optimal resource allocation, from classical Lagrange methods to modern algorithms based on ideas of evolution in biology Numerous exercises and case studies from a variety of areas, including communications, transportation, energy transmission, and counterterrorism protection The applied methods of optimization with various methods of optimal redundancy problem solutions as well as the numerical examples and statistical methods needed to solve the problems Practical thoughts, opinions, and judgments on real-world applications of reliability theory and solves practical problems using mathematical models and algorithms Optimal Resource Allocation is a must-have guide for electrical, mechanical, and reliability engineers dealing with engineering design and optimal reliability problems. In addition, the book is excellent for graduate and PhD-level courses in reliability theory and optimization.
Shehata Mohammed Time-Optimal Control And Controllability Of n x n Parabolic Systems Shehata Mohammed Time-Optimal Control And Controllability Of n x n Parabolic Systems Новинка

Shehata Mohammed Time-Optimal Control And Controllability Of n x n Parabolic Systems

Optimal control theory has been used in the solution of an enormous variety of problems in physics, engineering, economic and biology. Many of the problem of design in airframe, shipbuilding, electronic, and other engineering fields are in essence, problems of control. The most widely studied type of problem in the mathematical theory of control is the "time optimal" control problem. The aim of control in this problem is to transform any initial state of a dynamic system into a desired stationary state in minimal time.
Randall Berry, Eytan Modiano, Murtaza Zafer Energy-Efficient Scheduling Under Delay Constraints for Wireless Networks Randall Berry, Eytan Modiano, Murtaza Zafer Energy-Efficient Scheduling Under Delay Constraints for Wireless Networks Новинка

Randall Berry, Eytan Modiano, Murtaza Zafer Energy-Efficient Scheduling Under Delay Constraints for Wireless Networks

Packet delay and energy consumption are important considerations in wireless and sensor networks as these metrics directly affect the quality of service of the application and the resource consumption of the network; especially, for a rapidly growing class of real-time applications that impose strict restrictions on packet delays. Dynamic rate control is a novel technique for adapting the transmission rate of wireless devices, almost in real-time, to opportunistically exploit time-varying channel conditions as well as changing traffic patterns. Since power consumption is not a linear function of the rate and varies significantly with the channel conditions, adapting the rate has significant benefits in minimizing energy consumption. These benefits have prompted significant research in developing algorithms for achieving optimal rate adaptation while satisfying quality of service requirements. In this book, we provide a comprehensive study of dynamic rate control for energy minimization under packet delay constraints. We present several formulations and approaches adopted in the literature ranging from discrete-time formulations and dynamic programming based solutions to continuous-time approaches utilizing ideas from network calculus and stochastic optimal control theory. The goal of this book is to expose the reader to the important problem of wireless data transmission with delay constraints and to the rich set of tools developed in recent years to address it.Table of Conte...
Jonathan Vita General theory of anti-avoidance rules Jonathan Vita General theory of anti-avoidance rules Новинка

Jonathan Vita General theory of anti-avoidance rules

First place, in this work the way of scientific investigation is cleared, based always in a plural scientific approach with a strong link to systematic and integrative methods towards various species of science. The first chapter deals with the clarification of the general premises of the work, based on law as a linguistic phenomenon, studied by Language Theories, Law Logics (aggregated on logic-semantic constructivism) and Niklas Luhmann's System's Theory. In the second chapter, avoidance and anti-avoidance rules are shown as general structures of law, in the lights of legal unity and System's Theory. The third chapter deals with the fractal and asymmetric classification of the anti-avoidance rules, adding an example of these rules outside the tax realm. The fourth chapter deals with the specificities of this new approach of the anti-avoidance tax rules and its developments and effects, analyzing also the differences to tax planning and tax evasion. The fifth and last chapter deals with anti-avoidance (especially its criteria) in different legal systems, such as in Brazil, Italy, USA and in international tax law, including the treaties to avoid double taxation and EC law.
Draguna Vrabie Optimal Control Draguna Vrabie Optimal Control Новинка

Draguna Vrabie Optimal Control

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A NEW EDITION OF THE CLASSIC TEXT ON OPTIMAL CONTROL THEORY As a superb introductory text and an indispensable reference, this new edition of Optimal Control will serve the needs of both the professional engineer and the advanced student in mechanical, electrical, and aerospace engineering. Its coverage encompasses all the fundamental topics as well as the major changes that have occurred in recent years. An abundance of computer simulations using MATLAB and relevant Toolboxes is included to give the reader the actual experience of applying the theory to real-world situations. Major topics covered include: Static Optimization Optimal Control of Discrete-Time Systems Optimal Control of Continuous-Time Systems The Tracking Problem and Other LQR Extensions Final-Time-Free and Constrained Input Control Dynamic Programming Optimal Control for Polynomial Systems Output Feedback and Structured Control Robustness and Multivariable Frequency-Domain Techniques Differential Games Reinforcement Learning and Optimal Adaptive Control
Subchan Dr Subchan Computational Optimal Control. Tools and Practice Subchan Dr Subchan Computational Optimal Control. Tools and Practice Новинка

Subchan Dr Subchan Computational Optimal Control. Tools and Practice

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Computational Optimal Control: Tools and Practice provides a detailed guide to informed use of computational optimal control in advanced engineering practice, addressing the need for a better understanding of the practical application of optimal control using computational techniques. Throughout the text the authors employ an advanced aeronautical case study to provide a practical, real-life setting for optimal control theory. This case study focuses on an advanced, real-world problem known as the “terminal bunt manoeuvre” or special trajectory shaping of a cruise missile. Representing the many problems involved in flight dynamics, practical control and flight path constraints, this case study offers an excellent illustration of advanced engineering practice using optimal solutions. The book describes in practical detail the real and tested optimal control software, examining the advantages and limitations of the technology. Featuring tutorial insights into computational optimal formulations and an advanced case-study approach to the topic, Computational Optimal Control: Tools and Practice provides an essential handbook for practising engineers and academics interested in practical optimal solutions in engineering. Focuses on an advanced, real-world aeronautical case study examining optimisation of the bunt manoeuvre Covers DIRCOL, NUDOCCCS, PROMIS and SOCS (under the GESOP environment), and BNDSCO Explains how to configure and optimize software to solve complex real-world computational optimal control problems Presents a tutorial three-stage hybrid approach to solving optimal control problem formulations
Jean-Michel Reveillac Modeling and Simulation of Logistics Flows 1. Theory and Fundamentals Jean-Michel Reveillac Modeling and Simulation of Logistics Flows 1. Theory and Fundamentals Новинка

Jean-Michel Reveillac Modeling and Simulation of Logistics Flows 1. Theory and Fundamentals

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Volume 1 presents successively an introduction followed by 10 chapters and a conclusion: – A logistic approach – an overview of operations research – The basics of graph theory – calculating optimal routes – Dynamic programming – planning and scheduling with PERT and MPM; – the waves of calculations in a network; – spanning trees and touring; – linear programming – modeling of road traffic
Michel Rigo Advanced Graph Theory and Combinatorics Michel Rigo Advanced Graph Theory and Combinatorics Новинка

Michel Rigo Advanced Graph Theory and Combinatorics

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Advanced Graph Theory focuses on some of the main notions arising in graph theory with an emphasis from the very start of the book on the possible applications of the theory and the fruitful links existing with linear algebra. The second part of the book covers basic material related to linear recurrence relations with application to counting and the asymptotic estimate of the rate of growth of a sequence satisfying a recurrence relation.
Carl Bayley How to Save Inheritance Tax 2018/19 Carl Bayley How to Save Inheritance Tax 2018/19 Новинка

Carl Bayley How to Save Inheritance Tax 2018/19

14th edition with almost 300 pages of up-to-date inheritance tax planning advice.Proper inheritance tax planning could save your family hundreds of thousands of pounds. This comprehensive and completely up-to-date book tells you everything you need to know about inheritance tax.It takes a detailed look at both simple and sophisticated tax planning strategies and will help you decide what action you and your family should take now.The author, Carl Bayley, is chairman of the Tax Faculty at the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW).Inheritance tax planning has become more important than ever following the Government’s decision to freeze the £325,000 lifetime exemption, which means inflation is steadily eroding its value every year.Topics covered in the guide include: The very latest changes announced in the two most recent Budgets (including full details of the new residence nil rate band) How to calculate inheritance tax More than a dozen inheritance tax planning techniques for protecting the family home How trusts can be used to slash your inheritance tax bill - with real-life examples How to use Business Property Relief to pass unlimited assets to your family How to gift assets during your lifetime without causing financial hardship to you and your spouse Plus lots more…Dozens of clear real-life examples are used throughout to explain important points.
Ruediger Urbahns Germany.s tax treatment of cross border royalty payments to non-residents Ruediger Urbahns Germany.s tax treatment of cross border royalty payments to non-residents Новинка

Ruediger Urbahns Germany.s tax treatment of cross border royalty payments to non-residents

Document from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: keine, , 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This booklet is specifically addressed to foreign licensors and its tax advisors receiving licence income from German sources and which are faced or threatened with tax deduction in Germany. The intention of this book is to provide you with an adequate but hardly exhaustive understanding of the German tax consequences and also opportunities as a foreign licensor. After reading this book you should have a good understanding of you rights as taxpayer and should be able deal with the main tax issues as foreign licensor in Germany. Important Notice: The Tax Act of 2009 has changed large parts of the section 50a German Income Tax Act and thus the tax withholding procedure. In many cases a deduction of related expenses is now possible at least to a certain extent. Still not so, however, for royalty payments for which reason the domestic withholding tax rate has been reduced to 15% (plus solidarity surcharge), regardless if the foreign licensor is a corporation or other person.
Benjamin Friedrich The Theory of Capital Structure - How theory meets practice in the German market. Benjamin Friedrich The Theory of Capital Structure - How theory meets practice in the German market. Новинка

Benjamin Friedrich The Theory of Capital Structure - How theory meets practice in the German market.

The theory of capital structure is one of the most exciting and complex topics in corporate finance. After many years of debate it is still extremely difficult to provide a conclusive answer to the question which capital structure maximises the value of a company and what factors determine the optimal mix of debt and equity capital.This book provides a comprehensive introduction to capital structure theory and investigates its practical relevance in the German market. The main objectives are to explore the link between capital structure theory and corporate practice and to test determinants of capital structure choice empirically.The book has been written for students, researchers, and academics, but also for practitioners seeking empirical evidence of capital structure theory and an empirical model that can be used to estimate the optimal level of debt for an individual company in relation to an existing industry optimum.
Zakarie Ahmednour Ali The relationship between tax education dimensions and tax compliance behaviour Zakarie Ahmednour Ali The relationship between tax education dimensions and tax compliance behaviour Новинка

Zakarie Ahmednour Ali The relationship between tax education dimensions and tax compliance behaviour

Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: 4, , language: English, abstract: This study investigates the relationship between tax education dimensions and tax compliance behaviour among salaried taxpayers in Mogadishu, Somalia. This study is motivated by low tax compliance and low tax education in Somalia. Specifically, the objectives of this study were to examine the relationships between efforts for tax learning, awareness of tax laws and understanding of tax laws; and tax compliance behaviour among salaried taxpayers in Mogadishu, Somalia. To achieve the research objectives, primary data were collected through administrating survey questionnaires to salaried taxpayers in Mogadishu, Somalia. The data were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The findings of the study indicate that efforts for tax learning had a negative and significant relationship with tax compliance behaviour. On the other hand, the awareness of tax laws and understanding of tax laws had a positive and insignificant relationship with tax compliance behaviour. Efforts for tax learning contributes the most towards tax compliance behavior. Therefore, the policymakers in Somalia should focus more on the most important contributing factor, i.e. efforts for tax learning, to enhance tax compliance and ultimately mitigate the problem of noncompliance in Somalia.
Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria Новинка

Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: M.Phil/PhD, University of Ibadan, course: Economis, language: English, abstract: This study examined the relationship between tax structure and economic growth in Nigeria using annual data between 1970 to 2007. The motivation is to track the impact of the observed change in the tax structure on economic growth in order to inform policy. Two tax structures namely pre Value Added Tax (VAT) and post VAT were identified and their impacts evaluated.The empirical analysis was anchored on the endogenous growth theoretical framework which allowed for linking tax structures to growth. Econometric models were then developed to explore the relationship between the identified tax structures and economic growth. The first model present a growth equation with average tax rate variable, while the second model is where the specific tax variables were included alongside variables in the first model. The third, fourth and fifth models were used to test the robustness of the second model. This was accomplished basically by introducing additional variables. Prior to the empirical estimations, the standard tests of unit root and co-integration analysis were conducted to ascertain the appropriate estimation procedure and technique(s) to use. The unit root test show that all the variables of the models are stationary at the first difference, while the co-integration analysis indicates that one model ...
Отсутствует Wiley Registered Tax Return Preparer Exam Review 2012 Отсутствует Wiley Registered Tax Return Preparer Exam Review 2012 Новинка

Отсутствует Wiley Registered Tax Return Preparer Exam Review 2012

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The most effective system available to prepare for the new Tax Return Preparer Competency Exam In recent years, the role of third party assistance in tax return preparation within the United States has become more significant. To acknowledge this trend, the IRS is strengthening partnerships with tax practitioners, tax return preparers, and other third parties in order to ensure effective tax administration that adheres to professional standards and follows the law. Beginning in 2011, tax return preparers are required to pass a competency test to officially become registered tax return preparers. The Wiley Registered Tax Return Preparer Exam Review Book 2012 has been designed with this in mind and is the perfect guide to help you pass this comprehensive test. The course, complete with extensive exercises and a final exam review, will provide you with a solid foundation on the subject of taxes, and the preparation of an accurate and complete income tax return. Along the way, it covers specific tax issues you need to be familiar with, including tax theory and law; conducting a thorough client interview; and offering tax advice and explanations to clients. Helps you zero in on areas that need work, organize your study program, and concentrate your efforts Provides paid tax return preparers who are not enrolled agents, attorneys, or Certified Professional Accountants (CPAs) with the individual taxation information they need to pass this competency test Covers the major parts of the exam and how to approach each one Informative and insightful, the Wiley Registered Tax Return Preparer Exam Review Book 2012 will put you in the best position possible to pass this important exam.
Hassan Badr M. Pumping Machinery Theory and Practice Hassan Badr M. Pumping Machinery Theory and Practice Новинка

Hassan Badr M. Pumping Machinery Theory and Practice

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Pumping Machinery Theory and Practice comprehensively covers the theoretical foundation and applications of pumping machinery. Key features: Covers characteristics of centrifugal pumps, axial flow pumps and displacement pumps Considers pumping machinery performance and operational-type problems Covers advanced topics in pumping machinery including multiphase flow principles, and two and three-phase flow pumping systems Covers different methods of flow rate control and relevance to machine efficiency and energy consumption Covers different methods of flow rate control and relevance to machine efficiency and energy consumption
Alexander Teepe Corporate Tax Evasion in a Globalized Enivronment Alexander Teepe Corporate Tax Evasion in a Globalized Enivronment Новинка

Alexander Teepe Corporate Tax Evasion in a Globalized Enivronment

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: There are only few results of empirical research about corporate tax evasion and avoidance in comparison to individual tax evasion. One reason is a lack of exact data. Moreover, due to the nature of tax non-compliance it is not easy to calculate its volume. There is set of empirical questions on which we can make progress, such as the determinants of corporate evasion, for example the impact of penalties on corporate tax directors in large enterprises or the size of a company and the owner structure. It is material for policymakers to know which characteristic of enterprises let us assume that a firm evades more or less and which circumstances enhance corporate tax evasion. We suggest that the developments in a more globalized world may change incentives for non-compliance of enterprises and change the options to evade taxes, in particular for import or export firms. The growing importance of transfer prices for tax directors of multinational enterprises may emphasize this assumption. But not only large multinational enterprises have options to evade taxes. Also smaller companies controlled by private owners can misstate import and export invoices in order to shift profits into low-tax countries or tax haven countries or build up capital in the informal economy. We analyze the existing basic theory and provide a critical discussion to it. And we survey the existing empirical literature about corporate tax evasion. Furthermore, we present the results of...
CFR 26, Parts 2 to 29, Internal Revenue, April 01, 2017 (Volume 16 of 22) CFR 26, Parts 2 to 29, Internal Revenue, April 01, 2017 (Volume 16 of 22) Новинка

CFR 26, Parts 2 to 29, Internal Revenue, April 01, 2017 (Volume 16 of 22)

Code of Federal Regulations Title 26, Volume 16, April 1, 2017 contains regulations governing Internal Revenue and may also be referenced as:- Code of Federal Regulations Title 26, Volume 16, April 1, 2017- CFR Title 26- CFR 26, Internal Revenue- CFR 26, Parts 2 to 29, Internal RevenueThis volume contains Parts 2 to 29:- Part 2; MARITIME CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND- Part 3; CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION FUND- Part 4; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER SECTION 954 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE- Part 5; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE REVENUE ACT OF 1978- Part 5c; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE ECONOMIC RECOVERY TAX ACT OF 1981- Part 5e; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS, TRAVEL EXPENSES OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS- Part 5f; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE TAX EQUITY AND FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY ACT OF 1982- Part 6a; TEMPORARY REGULATIONS UNDER TITLE II OF THE OMNIBUS RECONCILIATION ACT OF 1980- Part 7; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE TAX REFORM ACT OF 1976- Part 8; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER SECTION 3 OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER 26, 1974 (PUB. L. 93-483)- Part 9; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE TAX REDUCTION ACT OF 1975- Part 11; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974- Part 12; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE REVENUE ACT OF 1971- Part 13; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE TAX REFORM ACT OF 1969- Part 15; TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS RELATING TO EXPLORATION E...
David Glasser Attainable Region Theory. An Introduction to Choosing an Optimal Reactor David Glasser Attainable Region Theory. An Introduction to Choosing an Optimal Reactor Новинка

David Glasser Attainable Region Theory. An Introduction to Choosing an Optimal Reactor

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Learn how to effectively interpret, select and optimize reactors for complex reactive systems, using Attainable Region theory Teaches how to effectively interpret, select and optimize reactors for complex reactive systems, using Attainable Region (AR) theory Written by co-founders and experienced practitioners of the theory Covers both the fundamentals of AR theory for readers new to the field, as we all as advanced AR topics for more advanced practitioners for understanding and improving realistic reactor systems Includes over 200 illustrations and 70 worked examples explaining how AR theory can be applied to complex reactor networks, making it ideal for instructors and self-study Interactive software tools and examples written for the book help to demonstrate the concepts and encourage exploration of the ideas
Peter Bernstein W. The Ernst & Young Tax Guide 2004 Peter Bernstein W. The Ernst & Young Tax Guide 2004 Новинка

Peter Bernstein W. The Ernst & Young Tax Guide 2004

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". . . The best tax guide of the bunch . . ." -USA Today «. . . Hard to Beat . . .» -Money magazine The Ernst & Young Tax Guide 2004 is the most current, authoritative, and bestselling tax guide on the market. Here is the only guide that provides complete coverage of the new tax law provisions and includes essential forms for the upcoming tax season, plus the IRS's official filing instructions for these forms. Make the most of the new tax law by learning how to save on your taxes with one of America's leading tax and accounting firms, Ernst & Young LLP. SPECIAL FEATURES IN THIS YEAR'S EDITION: * How to make sense of the the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 * IRS Publication 17, «Your Federal Income Tax» * How to determine retirement plan contributions under the new rules * Using Coverdell ESAs and Qualified Tuition (Section 529) Programs * 50 Most Commonly Overlooked Deductions * How the continued phase-in of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 will affect your taxes today and in the years to come PLUS the always popular features: TAXSAVERS-tips to slash your taxes this year and next TAXPLANNERS-strategies to help you prepare for the upcoming year TAXALERTS-pointers on the new tax law changes that may affect you TAXORGANIZERS-reminders that help you keep track of your important tax records Over 450 of them at your fingertips!
Jody Blazek Private Foundations. Tax Law and Compliance Jody Blazek Private Foundations. Tax Law and Compliance Новинка

Jody Blazek Private Foundations. Tax Law and Compliance

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Stay updated on the latest tax regulations with this private foundation tax manual Knowledge of tax regulations surrounding private foundations isn't enough if you're an executive of such an organization or a professional supporting a tax-exempt foundation. Annual changes to IRS rules and increased scrutiny by regulators mean it's necessary for you to keep abreast of myriad changes that come into existence each year. From authors Bruce R. Hopkins and Jody Blazek comes the definitive guide for those responsible for guiding the financial and tax filing operations of private foundations. The complexity of tax regulations related to private foundations extends to a level that is out of proportion to the relatively small number of such entities. Nonetheless, recent statutory requirements that apply solely to private foundations can make untangling filing and reporting activities overly burdensome without a developed knowledge of the underlying theory and practice. To navigate this maze of add-on regulations, Hopkins and Blazek provide background knowledge, in-depth explanations of regulatory changes, and real-world examples to bring as much simplicity to the process as possible. Receive guidance from the 2007 Outstanding Nonprofit Lawyer Award recipient Learn about the details of private foundation taxes from leading experts in the field Make use of checklists and sample documents to prepare organizational filings Utilize line-by-line instructions for completing exemption applications and forms For professionals working closely with private foundations, including accountants, lawyers, and foundation executives, Private Foundations: Tax Law and Compliance, 4th Edition is a welcome resource for keeping your clients or your organization on the right track. Brings clarity, real-world examples, and checklists to help professionals deal with the burdensome process of complying with IRS regulations governing private foundations Clarifies the underlying logic behind statutory tax regulations governing private foundations and the practical implications of maintaining compliance Supplemented annually online to keep subscribers up-to-date on relevant changes in IRS forms requirements, and related tax procedures Includes easy-to-use checklists highlighting such critical concerns as tax-exempt eligibility and tax compliance Offers line-by-line instructions for completing a variety of exemption applications and tax forms Features sample documents, letters of application, completed forms and practice aids summarizing the differences between public and private charitable organizations
Chepurnoi Artem Optimal contracts and CEO pay Chepurnoi Artem Optimal contracts and CEO pay Новинка

Chepurnoi Artem Optimal contracts and CEO pay

Are CEO compensations in modern corporations optimal? This work researches the question. The first chapter contains review of the topic, descriptions of basic concepts and introduction to evolution of compensation models. The second chapter provides an overview of a typical CEO compensation, how is it structured, what are the drivers of its rate and how the process of transferring the compensation utility to the executive officer looks like. In the third chapter optimal compensations for CEOs of studied companies are calculated and compared to their actual compensations. In addition weaknesses of the used model and difficulties associated with its practical application are detected.
Tanko Mohammed Bashir TAX LAW ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURE. Practice Under the Nigeria Laws Tanko Mohammed Bashir TAX LAW ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURE. Practice Under the Nigeria Laws Новинка

Tanko Mohammed Bashir TAX LAW ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURE. Practice Under the Nigeria Laws

Tax Law Enforcement is one of the integral part of the tax administration in the Nigerian tax system given the ingenuity of the taxpayers in keeping aside part of what is due to the government as taxes or not remitting same at all.Tax enforcement has become imperative given the low level of voluntary compliance and the dire need to surge government's dwindling revenue through taxation. It is only through tax enforcement that the offence of tax evasion, non-compliance and corruption in the tax system are detected and the taxpayers are brought into the tax net.
Kathiriya Ankita D. Impact of Dtc on LIC.s Business Kathiriya Ankita D. Impact of Dtc on LIC.s Business Новинка

Kathiriya Ankita D. Impact of Dtc on LIC.s Business

This book contain the new tax system(Direct Tax Code)implemented in India how it will affect to the Insurance sector especially in India Life insurance corporation of India is larger insurance company in India so its compare with the various policy of that company and the preference of the customer for various policy for the tax saving instrument in India as Direct Tax Code implemented in India will make lots of change in the preference of customer for selecting the product of tax saving instrument.
Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes Новинка

Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes

14339.41 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The recent introduction of active and passive structural control methods has given structural designers powerful tools for performance-based design. However, structural engineers often lack the tools for the optimal selection and placement of such systems. In Building Control with Passive Dampers , Takewaki brings together most the reliable, state-of-the-art methods in practice around the world, arming readers with a real sense of how to address optimal selection and placement of passive control systems. The first book on optimal design, sizing, and location selection of passive dampers Combines theory and practical applications Describes step-by-step how to obtain optimal damper size and placement Covers the state-of-the-art in optimal design of passive control Integrates the most reliable techniques in the top literature and used in practice worldwide Written by a recognized expert in the area MATLAB code examples available from the book’s Companion Website This book is essential for post-graduate students, researchers, and design consultants involved in building control. Professional engineers and advanced undergraduates interested in seismic design, as well as mechanical engineers looking for vibration damping techniques, will also find this book a helpful reference. Code examples available at www.wiley.com/go/takewaki
Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes Новинка

Izuru Takewaki Building Control with Passive Dampers. Optimal Performance-based Design for Earthquakes

14475.57 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The recent introduction of active and passive structural control methods has given structural designers powerful tools for performance-based design. However, structural engineers often lack the tools for the optimal selection and placement of such systems. In Building Control with Passive Dampers , Takewaki brings together most the reliable, state-of-the-art methods in practice around the world, arming readers with a real sense of how to address optimal selection and placement of passive control systems. The first book on optimal design, sizing, and location selection of passive dampers Combines theory and practical applications Describes step-by-step how to obtain optimal damper size and placement Covers the state-of-the-art in optimal design of passive control Integrates the most reliable techniques in the top literature and used in practice worldwide Written by a recognized expert in the area MATLAB code examples available from the book’s Companion Website This book is essential for post-graduate students, researchers, and design consultants involved in building control. Professional engineers and advanced undergraduates interested in seismic design, as well as mechanical engineers looking for vibration damping techniques, will also find this book a helpful reference. Code examples available at www.wiley.com/go/takewaki
Benedikt Zinn Tax Accounting in Germany Benedikt Zinn Tax Accounting in Germany Новинка

Benedikt Zinn Tax Accounting in Germany

Book-tax conformity is an old issue in Germany. For decades, the determination of taxable income is characterized by the authoritative principle governing the traditionally close relationship between financial and tax accounting. However, book-tax differences have been growing throughout the last decades. In particular, the German Accounting Law Modernization Act (BilMoG) is seen to set a new cornerstone in the development towards an increasing divergence between financial and tax accounting.Despite the unanimous agreement of growing book-tax differences, little is so far known about the actual relationship between financial and tax accounting in Germany. In contrast to international research that has developed a variety of approaches to measure the reporting gap and investigated the information content of book-tax differences for corporate reporting behavior, empirical research on book-tax differences and their implications is rare in Germany.Based on two unique data samples the author aims to close this gap in research and, for the first time, provide empirically valid estimates of the sources and magnitude of book-tax differences in Germany. In doing so, the author also calls the information content of tax-related disclosure requirements under German GAAP into question and develops reform options that do not only take the German perspective into account, but also consider the ongoing discussion on a Common (Consolidated) Corporate Tax Base for Europe.
NOVA TRIANA TARIGAN Income Tax Issues Arising from Cross Border Employee Stock Options NOVA TRIANA TARIGAN Income Tax Issues Arising from Cross Border Employee Stock Options Новинка

NOVA TRIANA TARIGAN Income Tax Issues Arising from Cross Border Employee Stock Options

Tax Burden!Deterioration of the tax compliance!Tax Deferral Advantegeous! Most wanted global compensation form! These are main issues when started the research for the book. The book is based on the Adv LLM paper by the author submitted in fulfillment of requirements of the Adv LLM in International Tax Law Degree at the International Tax Center Leiden (Leiden University) with supervision of Dr Pasquale Pistone The book brings about an increased awareness of fiscal importance in setting up an employess stock options plans. Explaining briefly the tax considerations of every type of stock option plans including timing of taxation that varies across countries and various characterization of it under each domestic laws of countries have specific tax regulations for it and those do not have such tax regulations. The research concludes that possible solutions for the problem of international double taxation may be done through clarifying the commentaries on article 15, 13(4) and artcile 23 of OECD Model tax Convention as it has been done by the working party of cross border employee stock option plans.
Jimmy Prince B. Tax for Australians For Dummies Jimmy Prince B. Tax for Australians For Dummies Новинка

Jimmy Prince B. Tax for Australians For Dummies

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Take on your tax with confidence and get the most out of your next tax return Do you want to be sure you're getting the maximum tax refund? Of course you do! And Tax For Australians for Dummies, Third Edition is the only resource you need to ensure that you get every cent you deserve. Written by respected tax specialist and CPA fellow Jimmy B. Prince, this book guides you, step by step, through the labyrinthine world of the Australian tax system to help you understand exactly what you can claim. Providing complete coverage of changes to tax legislation for the 2011/12 tax year, including the recently passed climate change tax legislation, as well as proposed changes that haven't quite made into law yet, the book has you covered from every angle. Designed to help you take advantage of everything from investments to kids to government concessions, Tax For Australians for Dummies tells you everything you need to know to beat the taxman at his own game. Designed specifically for Australians Includes everything you need to build your tax knowledge Contains essential new information on claiming home office, work car, and self-education expenses and uses case studies to illustrate your opportunities to save Whether you're an employee, investor, small business owner, retiree, or student, Tax For Australians for Dummies, Third Edition is the easy-to-follow guide that answers all your tax questions.
Steve Hoffman Taxation for Universities and Colleges. Six Steps to a Successful Tax Compliance Program Steve Hoffman Taxation for Universities and Colleges. Six Steps to a Successful Tax Compliance Program Новинка

Steve Hoffman Taxation for Universities and Colleges. Six Steps to a Successful Tax Compliance Program

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The «Tax Translator» offers much needed advice and guidance on tax compliance for institutions of higher learning College and university officials often are unaware of their institutions' tax obligations. Especially for institutions without designated tax compliance officers, the consequences of such ignorance can devastating. Based on its author's decades of experiences as a tax manager at three universities, this handbook was written for all university staff involved with tax compliance—from the account clerk in the Accounts Payable Department, up through vice presidents, controllers, treasurers and directors. Steve Hoffman explains the core principles and practices that inform current tax policy and develops a framework for building a system for effective tax compliance, reporting and filing. Satisfies the urgent demand for timely, authoritative advice and guidance on a area of increasing concern for colleges and universities Sheds new light on the impact of current tax obligations for both four-year and community colleges, which are often left out of the discussion The Federal Government has recently stepped up its enforcement of tax law compliance for colleges and universities
Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving 2016 Cumulative Supplement Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving 2016 Cumulative Supplement Новинка

Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving 2016 Cumulative Supplement

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The classic tax guide for charitable giving, updated and expanded for 2016 The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the leading guide to the rules, regulations, and laws governing charitable gifts, written by one of the most trusted legal authorities on tax-exempt organizations. Completely revised, revamped, and updated for 2016, this invaluable guide provides plain-English explanations and supporting documentation to assist in the decision making process. This supplement includes discussion of the new healthcare tax on investment income of trusts and the impact on pooled income funds, updates to federal estate tax law, and case law on substantiation and appraisal requirements, as well as detailed coverage of new Department of Treasury regulations concerning recordkeeping, an update of law summary for donor-advised funds, and an updated summary of recent legislation's impact on the U.S. tax system. Supporting citations and documentation are provided, and references to rulings, regulations, cases, and tax literature are included throughout. The companion website features appendices, tables, IRS examination guidelines for charitable giving, and more, to help you stay fully up-to-date with the most current tax laws related to charitable giving. Tax law changes continuously, and the rules surrounding charitable gifts are under increasing scrutiny. This book provides clear, easy-to-follow guidance on the latest updates to help ensure complete compliance and well-informed decision-making. Get up to date on the most recent charitable gift regulations Dig deep into healthcare tax, federal estate tax, donor-advised funds, and more Gain access to downloadable tables, IRS guidelines, and other helpful documents Make the right decisions about your organization's fund–development program With comprehensive, authoritative guidance and the most current applicable laws, rules, and regulations, The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is an invaluable resource for any tax-exempt organization.
Dan Busby, Michael Martin, John VanDrunen Zondervan 2017 Church and Nonprofit Tax and Financial Guide. For 2016 Tax Returns Dan Busby, Michael Martin, John VanDrunen Zondervan 2017 Church and Nonprofit Tax and Financial Guide. For 2016 Tax Returns Новинка

Dan Busby, Michael Martin, John VanDrunen Zondervan 2017 Church and Nonprofit Tax and Financial Guide. For 2016 Tax Returns

The Zondervan 2017 Church and Nonprofit Tax and Financial Guide is the most accessible, complete, and easy-to-follow tax and financial guide of its kind, explaining complex tax concerns in plain language.
J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011. For Preparing Your 2010 Tax Return J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011. For Preparing Your 2010 Tax Return Новинка

J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011. For Preparing Your 2010 Tax Return

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America's number one bestselling and most trusted tax guide offers the best balance of thoroughness, organization, and usability For over half a century, more than 39 million Americans have turned to J.K. Lasser for easy-to-follow, expert advice and guidance on planning and filing their taxes. Written by a team of tax specialists, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011 includes all the outstanding features that have made this book the nation's all-time top-selling tax guide. As an added value, you can gain direct access to dozens of bonuses through jklasser.com, including links to the latest tax forms from the IRS, up-to-the-minute tax law changes, small business help, and much more. The book of choice for today's serious taxpayer Your Income Tax 2011 contains Over 2,500 easy-to-use tax planning tips and strategies Easy-to-understand coverage of the year's tax law changes Filing tips and instructions to help you prepare your 2010 return Quick reference section that highlights what's new for 2010 Quick topic index to help pinpoint the biggest money-saving deductions Advice for customers whose use software or CPAs to file their taxes Filled with expert advice and guidance, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011 will help you plan and file your 2010 tax return in the most efficient way possible.
A. Baker J. Optimal Modified Continuous Galerkin CFD A. Baker J. Optimal Modified Continuous Galerkin CFD Новинка

A. Baker J. Optimal Modified Continuous Galerkin CFD

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Covers the theory and applications of using weak form theory in incompressible fluid-thermal sciences Giving you a solid foundation on the Galerkin finite-element method (FEM), this book promotes the use of optimal modified continuous Galerkin weak form theory to generate discrete approximate solutions to incompressible-thermal Navier-Stokes equations. The book covers the topic comprehensively by introducing formulations, theory and implementation of FEM and various flow formulations. The author first introduces concepts, terminology and methodology related to the topic before covering topics including aerodynamics; the Navier-Stokes Equations; vector field theory implementations and large eddy simulation formulations. Introduces and addresses many different flow models (Navier-Stokes, full-potential, potential, compressible/incompressible) from a unified perspective Focuses on Galerkin methods for CFD beneficial for engineering graduate students and engineering professionals Accompanied by a website with sample applications of the algorithms and example problems and solutions This approach is useful for graduate students in various engineering fields and as well as professional engineers.
Nils Guhl An Economic Assessment of Proposed Cigarette Excise Tax Hikes in the State of West Virginia Nils Guhl An Economic Assessment of Proposed Cigarette Excise Tax Hikes in the State of West Virginia Новинка

Nils Guhl An Economic Assessment of Proposed Cigarette Excise Tax Hikes in the State of West Virginia

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: Many states in the U.S., including West Virginia, are recently contemplating increasing the state cigarette excise tax rate in order to alleviate their tense budgetary situation. Two groups have dominated the political process of cigarette tax legislation. The health community contents that smokers impose costs on the society by excessively using the health care system and damaging the health of non-smokers through second hand smoke. Also, youth are unaware of the full risks of smoking and therefore unable to make fully informed decisions. Therefore, the health community demands higher cigarette taxes to deter youth smoking and make smokers bear the costs they impose on the public. The tobacco industry, lobbying for low cigarette taxes, argues that the current cigarette tax is sufficient to compensate for the excess health care costs of smokers. Higher taxes are also said to disturb the free market mechanism by depriving consumers of making free consumption decisions. Most importantly, rising tax differentials between states would lead to a large smuggling problem. In fact, West Virginia’s border states Kentucky and Virginia and nearby North Carolina levy the lowest cigarette excise tax rates in the nation, currently being 3, 2.5, and 5 cents per pack, respectively. A tax hike on top of West Virginia’s current 17 cents per pack may promote tax evasion and thus counteract the fund-raising efforts of the West Virginia State Government. This study careful...
Australia A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act Australia A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act Новинка

Australia A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act

A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 Act No. 55 of 1999 as amended This compilation was prepared on 4 July 2011 taking into account amendments up to Act No. 61 of 2011 As of 15/11/2011 Australia
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP PricewaterhouseCoopers' Guide to the New Tax Rules PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP PricewaterhouseCoopers' Guide to the New Tax Rules Новинка

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP PricewaterhouseCoopers' Guide to the New Tax Rules

* Save for College * Maximize Your Retirement Savings What do the new tax laws mean to you and your money? Keeping up with changing tax laws and rules is always hard. Now it's more complicated than ever. There's the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, the Victims of Terrorism Tax Relief Act of 2002, the Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002, and more. Some new tax rules will be «phased-in» and «phased-out» for years to come. How can you make sense of it all? PricewaterhouseCoopers Guide to the New Tax Rules answers your most frequent questions about the tricky new tax laws. Using plain language everyone can understand, the trusted tax professionals at PricewaterhouseCoopers explain how the new rules affect your personal finances and how you can benefit from the newly available opportunities. They outline the best ways to plan for your retirement, pay for your children's education, maximize tax savings, and much more. The valuable advice in this guide will: * Arm you with unique insights, savvy suggestions, and vivid examples on the new tax provisions for this year * Hand you proven tips, techniques, and methods for taking best advantage of the new tax rules * Help you plan for new rules that don't take effect until 2003 or later * And much more
J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2010. For Preparing Your 2009 Tax Return J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2010. For Preparing Your 2009 Tax Return Новинка

J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2010. For Preparing Your 2009 Tax Return

1253.42 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
America's number one bestselling tax guide offers the best balance of thoroughness, organization, and usability For over half a century, more than 39 million Americans have turned to J.K. Lasser for easy-to-follow, expert advice and guidance on planning and filing their taxes. Written by a team of tax specialists, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2010 includes all the outstanding features that have made this book the nation's all-time top-selling tax guide. As an added value, you can gain direct access to dozens of bonuses through jklasser.com, including links to the latest tax forms from the IRS, up-to-the-minute tax law changes, small business help, and much more. The book of choice for today's serious taxpayer Your Income Tax 2010 contains Over 2,500 easy-to-use tax planning tips and strategies Easy-to-understand coverage of the year's tax law changes Filing tips and instructions to help you prepare your 2009 return Quick reference section that highlights what's new for 2009 Quick topic index to help pinpoint the biggest money-saving deductions Advice for customers whose use software or CPAs to file their taxes Filled with expert advice and guidance, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2010 will help you plan and file your 2009 tax return in the most efficient way possible.
Mivayi Japhet Impact Of Company Income Tax On Revenue Generation Of Federal Inland Revenue Service (Msto) Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria Mivayi Japhet Impact Of Company Income Tax On Revenue Generation Of Federal Inland Revenue Service (Msto) Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria Новинка

Mivayi Japhet Impact Of Company Income Tax On Revenue Generation Of Federal Inland Revenue Service (Msto) Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria

Project Report from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: upper credit, Federal University of Applied Administrative Sciences Haar (adamawa state polytechnic yola), course: accounting and auditing, language: English, abstract: The increasing cost of running a government coupled with dwindling revenue has led various state governments in Nigeria to formulating strategies to improve their revenue. This project shows the impact of company income tax on revenue generation in Nigeria. The method used in collecting data for this research work is through primary, personal observation and secondary data as the major source of information.The researcher administered the questionnaires randomly to the staff of Federal Inland Revenue Services, registered Company Income Tax agents and in some public places in Adamawa State. One hundred (100) questionnaires were generally administered to all the various respondents at the rate of one questionnaire per individual. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. The analysis revealed that there is no any marked difference in the various respondents' general perception of Company Income Tax on government revenue generation and its impacts on living condition of people in Adamawa State. Therefore, based on the findings, the study recommends among others that; the government agency responsible for the collection of companies income tax, the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) should work...
Dana Bell Education Tax Credit Essentials Dana Bell Education Tax Credit Essentials Новинка

Dana Bell Education Tax Credit Essentials

Education Tax Credit Essentials provides details for preparing tax returns with education tax credits such as the American Opportunity Tax Credit. This systematic analysis guides preparers in the steps required to process education credit claims, from researching scholarships and calculating the maximum credit to coordinating with educational savings accounts and Pell grants. Beginning with an overview of education credits it, discusses treasury regulations, types of scholarships, scholarship treatments, and scholarship research. This book also discusses 1098T reporting rules, coordinating tax benefits, and tax planning. Illustrated aids assist in document preparation and student account tabulation with examples of records from two local institutions. The AOTC worksheet included is instrumental in calculating the maximum credit and a collection of tax preparation techniques are discussed to simplify credit calculations based on individual circumstances.
Lex Fullarton The Artful Aussie Tax Dodger. 100 Years of Tax Reform in Australia Lex Fullarton The Artful Aussie Tax Dodger. 100 Years of Tax Reform in Australia Новинка

Lex Fullarton The Artful Aussie Tax Dodger. 100 Years of Tax Reform in Australia

In The Artful Aussie Tax Dodger Lex Fullarton studies the impact of 100 years of taxation legislation in Australia 1915-2016. He finds that despite the lessons of a century of actions and reactions of taxpayers and administrators little changes-despite entering a new century old habits are hard to break.At Federation on January 1, 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was empowered to impose income tax on its citizens. However, it was not until September 3, 1915 that it began a century of 'tax reform' when its first Income Tax Assessment Act was introduced. For 100 years, driven by the winds of various political and social interests, Australia 'reviewed and reformed' its tax legislation. Fullarton studies that transformation.Fullarton's examination considers the oldest of tax planning entities-the British Trust ('received' in Australia at colonisation)-, the introduction of Australia's 'reformed' consumption tax-its VAT, referred to as Goods and Services Tax (GST) in Australia-, an analysis of tax avoidance schemes, and finally government taxation reform activities over the century.Fullarton notes that, just one year into a new century of taxation, the Australian Federal Government put forward a proposal to go forward to the past by repealing certain sections of the Income Tax Assessment Act and transferring Income Taxing powers back to the Australian States, a position which existed prior to 1936.This book looks at how Australia's ta...
Carl Bayley Using a Property Company to Save Tax 2018/19 Carl Bayley Using a Property Company to Save Tax 2018/19 Новинка

Carl Bayley Using a Property Company to Save Tax 2018/19

Publication date: March 2018 – Plain English guide with dozens of examples and tax planning tips.This unique guide tells you EVERYTHING you need to know about using a company to invest in property.The author, Carl Bayley FCA, is chairman of the Tax Faculty at the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW).The potential tax savings are significant. In one case study the author shows that using a company could result in a 66% increase in your after-tax income!Tax relief on mortgage interest is now being restricted for individual landlords but this change does not apply to companies.A recent landmark tax case means that it may be possible to transfer an existing property business into a company and make enormous tax savings (running into hundreds of thousands of pounds in some cases).There are also a number of drawbacks and traps to avoid, so it’s essential to arm yourself with all the relevant facts. This guide looks at the whole picture and explains all the tax consequences of using a property company.The guide is also relevant to those involved in property development and shows how you can keep over 50% more development profit by using a company.All recent tax changes are covered, including the recent freezing of Indexation Relief.
Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation Новинка

Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,7, Technical University of Chemnitz, course: Methoden der Inflationsmessung, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this paper is to give the reader an understanding of Brachingers new developed theory of perceived inflation. Additionally, Brachingers new developed Index of Perceived Inflation is introduced analyzed and critically reviewed. Therefore the term paper is structured as followed:To understand the basic underlying of Brachingers theory, it is necessary to refer to the Prospect Theory, developed by Kahneman and Tversky in 1979. The main focus from Prospect theory is laid on its assumptions. In detail, the first section starts with a brief thought experiment. Afterwards the concept of reference dependency and loss aversion will be introduced. The second part of this paper deals with Brachingers work on the theory as well as on the Index of Perceived Inflation. It is shown how Brachinger derived his index from the general Laspeyres formula by adjusting for several restrictions from the Prospect theory. This chapter closes by presenting Brachingers results of perceived inflation for Germany in comparison to the actual rate of inflation after the currency changeover.The last part of this work deals with the criticism on Brachingers new developed theory. In particular, it is shown that Brachingers assumptions and simplifications are inappr...
Sarah Laing Tax 2010 / 2011 For Dummies Sarah Laing Tax 2010 / 2011 For Dummies Новинка

Sarah Laing Tax 2010 / 2011 For Dummies

Fully updated for the 2010/2011 tax year, this book takes the hassle out of tax Although you can't escape tax, you can make it easier to deal with. Whether you want to work out the taxes on your own business, make tax-efficient investments or simply understand where your money's going, this plain-English guide has it all. Get to grips with the UK tax system and discover how to make potentially significant savings on your tax bill. Tax facts – get the low-down on tax essentials Tax through your ages – find out how to make the most tax-savvy decisions at every stage of your life Pensions and benefits – understand the ins and outs of taxes paid on pensions and state benefits Working for someone else – keep an eye on your pay packet and make the most of incentive schemes Working for yourself – learn how to manage your company's taxes, whether you're just starting out or are a veteran business-owner Open the book and find: Advice on complying with self-assessment regulations Techniques for calculating how much income tax you owe Updates on the most tax-friendly investments for you and your children How to manage property tax, whether you're buying, selling or renting Ways to reduce inheritance tax The best way to pay VAT on your own business The tax benefits of becoming a limited company Day-to-day tax-saving techniques «Tax 2010/2011 For Dummies is expertly written in plain, everyday language that makes a complicated subject easy to understand. It's simple to follow, and full of invaluable tax tips and reminders. Highly recommended for someone looking for a straightforward introduction to the world of tax.» —Mark McLaughlin, CTA (Fellow) ATT TEP, Chartered Tax Consultant, Author and Editor Learn to: Understand your tax status and fulfil your legal obligations Calculate your business taxes Fill out a self-assessment form Make tax-efficient investments
Eden Tate Shipanga The Effects of Exchange Rate Volatility on Exports in Namibia Eden Tate Shipanga The Effects of Exchange Rate Volatility on Exports in Namibia Новинка

Eden Tate Shipanga The Effects of Exchange Rate Volatility on Exports in Namibia

This piece of work try address the volatility impacts on export through an extenvsive analysis. The econometric analysis was employed to exploit the theory of cointegration, given the obvious non- stationarity of the time series. The study used Engle-Granger two step procedures. Three measures of exchange rate volatilities were used and produced mixed results. The mean adjusted relative change (V) as a measure of exchange rate volatility indicated positive and insignificant impact on real exports of Namibia. The moving average standard deviation (MASD) as a measure of exchange rate volatility produced a negative insignificant impact of exchange rate volatility on real exports of Namibia. The last measure of exchange rate volatility was the general autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH), which indicated a positive and significant impact of exchange rate volatility on Namibia's real exports. These results suggest that Namibia should start exploring possibility of macro-economic policy independence and be involved in the determination of exchange rate within the CMA framework.
Diane Kennedy Loopholes of the Rich. How the Rich Legally Make More Money and Pay Less Tax Diane Kennedy Loopholes of the Rich. How the Rich Legally Make More Money and Pay Less Tax Новинка

Diane Kennedy Loopholes of the Rich. How the Rich Legally Make More Money and Pay Less Tax

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Loopholes of the Rich helps Americans from all walks of life use the same tax loopholes that the wealthy use to lower their tax bill. With this handy guide, you won?t need an accountant to find quick and easy ways to pay less. And there?s nothing unethical about these tax loopholes. In fact, the government wants you to take advantage of them! These tax-reducing tactics and strategies can give you the freedom to save for your family?s future or for your own financial independence. Plus, you?ll find a handy checklist of more than 300 business deductions, real-life tax strategy examples, useful sample forms, explanations of IRS codes and rules, and much more.
Darren Gleeson Tax Savings for 201 Employee Occupations Darren Gleeson Tax Savings for 201 Employee Occupations Новинка

Darren Gleeson Tax Savings for 201 Employee Occupations

Tax Savings for 201 Employee Occupations details tax saving strategies and ideas for 201 different employee occupations. It doesn’t matter what the occupation is, there are tax strategies that commonly apply to that occupation.Often employee taxpayers are unaware of all the tax saving strategies that are available. This is understandable as the Australian taxation system is extremely complicated and ever changing. Up to date information is the key to ensuring taxpayers are not paying more tax than necessary.The focus of this book is to educate and enlighten employee taxpayers about legal tax saving strategies that may apply to their specific occupation. Taxpayers should only pay the exact amount of tax they are legally required too and not a dollar more.
Gary Carter W. J.K. Lasser's Taxes Made Easy for Your Home-Based Business. The Ultimate Tax Handbook for the Self-Employed Gary Carter W. J.K. Lasser's Taxes Made Easy for Your Home-Based Business. The Ultimate Tax Handbook for the Self-Employed Новинка

Gary Carter W. J.K. Lasser's Taxes Made Easy for Your Home-Based Business. The Ultimate Tax Handbook for the Self-Employed

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* Completely updated for all the new tax laws * Capitalize on every deduction! * Sole proprietor, corporation, or partnership? The Ultimate Guide to Running a Tax-Efficient Home-Based Business The advantages of operating a home-based business are countless, but what many owners don't realize, and are often not prepared to handle, are the host of complex tax issues surrounding a home-based business. The completely updated Fifth Edition of J.K. Lasser's Taxes Made Easy for Your Home-Based Business clarifies the current tax environment with regard to home-based businesses, and shows you how to make the most of the new tax laws. This perennial guide answers home-based business owners' questions, with a special focus on the changing tax laws and deductions for the home office. Expert advice and in-depth insights will help you avoid costly mistakes and take advantage of opportunities you would otherwise miss. Critical coverage will help you: * Navigate the details of the new tax laws and IRS rules * Increase your knowledge of deductible expenses * Keep your records up to IRS standards * Organize and run a home-based business for maximum tax benefits * Make filing easy by utilizing sample tax forms
Benjamin Mahr Comparison of US, UK and German corporate income tax systems with respect to dividend relief Benjamin Mahr Comparison of US, UK and German corporate income tax systems with respect to dividend relief Новинка

Benjamin Mahr Comparison of US, UK and German corporate income tax systems with respect to dividend relief

Essay from the year 2004 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: Distinction (83%), The University of Sydney (Faculty of Law), course: Comparative Corporate Taxation, language: English, abstract: This essay briefly describes the main different theoretical approaches (tax systems) designed to alleviate the double burden of corporation tax and shareholder income tax under Part 2. Parts 3- 5 explain how the problem of dividend double taxation was tried to be solved in the heterogeneous tax systems of the Germany, the UK and the US. However, the essay will not cover the different double tax avoiding treaties in force in those countries.
J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2012. For Preparing Your 2011 Tax Return J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2012. For Preparing Your 2011 Tax Return Новинка

J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2012. For Preparing Your 2011 Tax Return

America's number one bestselling tax guide offers the best balance of thoroughness, organization, and usability For over half a century, more than 39 million Americans have turned to J.K. Lasser for easy-to-follow, expert advice and guidance on planning and filing their taxes. Written by a team of tax specialists, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2012 includes all the outstanding features that have made this book the nation's all-time top-selling tax guide. It covers some of the most important topics associated with your taxes, from what must you report as income and strategies that will save you on taxes to how much tax you actually owe and what deductions can you claim. As an added value, you can gain direct access to bonus materials through jklasser.com, including links to the latest tax forms from the IRS, up-to-the-minute tax law changes, small business help, and much more. Filled with in-depth insights and timely advice, this is the guide of choice for today's serious taxpayer. Contains over 2,500 easy-to-use tax planning tips and strategies and easy-to-understand coverage of the year's tax law changes Includes filing tips and instructions to help you prepare your 2011 return Comprised of a quick reference section that highlights what's new for 2011 as well as a topic index to help pinpoint the biggest money-saving deductions Offers instruction for customers who use software or CPAs to file their taxes Filled with practical tax guidance you can't find anywhere else, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2012 will help you plan and file your 2011 tax return in the most efficient way possible.
Amy M Wall Virtual Tax 2018 Edition. The taxation of virtual currency Amy M Wall Virtual Tax 2018 Edition. The taxation of virtual currency Новинка

Amy M Wall Virtual Tax 2018 Edition. The taxation of virtual currency

This book, written by a federally licensed tax practitioner, explains the tax implications of buying, selling, earning, spending, giving, donating, inhering and investing in virtual currency. If you are an experienced virtual currency user, this book will answer most of your tax questions. If you are considering investing in virtual currency, read this book first so that you'll understand how tax issues will shape the way you use virtual currency.
Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's 1001 Deductions and Tax Breaks 2019. Your Complete Guide to Everything Deductible Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's 1001 Deductions and Tax Breaks 2019. Your Complete Guide to Everything Deductible Новинка

Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's 1001 Deductions and Tax Breaks 2019. Your Complete Guide to Everything Deductible

1730.28 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A complete list of individual tax relief opportunities J.K. Lasser's 1001 Deductions and Tax Breaks 2019 is the complete and thorough guide to reducing your tax burden. By listing every possible deduction and credit available to individual taxpayers, this book can help you achieve substantial savings on your 2018 tax return. Updated and expanded to cover new and changing tax law, this edition also includes an e-supplement covering the latest developments from Congress and the IRS to keep you fully up-to-date. Stop overpaying and gain peace of mind as you find the answers you need for your specific tax situation. Mine your paperwork for write-off opportunities, and claim your tax breaks correctly; easy-to-follow instructions give you clear guidance through the maze of worksheets to help you reclaim what is legally yours. Echoing cries of «Can I claim…?», «How do I deduct…?», «Where do I find…?» mean it's tax season again, and America's most trusted tax advisor is here to take away the stress. Find answers, save money, and streamline the filing process. Examine your records for deduction opportunities Identify each and every deduction for which you qualify Learn about new or updated deductions for your 2018 return See what types of income are tax free Claim correctly, with the appropriate forms and evidence Deductions and credits were put in place precisely to help everyday people like yourself keep more of their hard-earned money—but only if you claim them. Instead of mounting an expedition into impenetrable tax code, let an expert do the legwork for you: J.K. Lasser's 1001 Deductions and Tax Breaks 2019 gives you the straightforward, no-nonsense information you need to stop overpaying and keep more of what's yours.
Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving Новинка

Bruce Hopkins R. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving

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A completely updated guide to the laws and regulations governing charitable giving This fully updated Fifth Edition of The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the definitive resource for nonprofit lawyers, accountants, and fundraising professionals charged with navigating the increasingly complex maze of charitable giving regulations. This new edition includes: Detailed documentation and citations, including references to regulations, rulings, cases, and tax literature An exhaustive index allowing for quick and easy reference Annual supplements to keep readers apprised of the latest developments affecting tax-exempt healthcare organizations
Thilo Grabo Private Company Limited by Shares Thilo Grabo Private Company Limited by Shares Новинка

Thilo Grabo Private Company Limited by Shares

Document from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, , 140 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The study consists apart from the introduction of five main chapters. In the following Chapter Two of the study, references are outlined for conducting international tax burden comparisons. In the process, not just relevant requirements but also the benefits and drawbacks of each method are described. Subsequently, selection follows of the analysis method to apply herein. This is complemented by an outline of the UK and German tax systems and of key determinants that shape the tax law in each case. Finally valid corporation tax regulations are characterised for the United Kingdom and Germany respectively. This mainly entails a description of individual tax liability and a breakdown of the broad structure of the tax assessment bases. In Chapter Three, comparative examination is conducted of tax assessment bases for selected balance sheet items in the United Kingdom and in Germany respectively. In the first part of the chapter in reference to the authoritative principle under which tax regulations refer to commercial accounting regulations, initially the commercial accounting framework concepts are analysed applicable in the countries. In order to avoid differentiation uncertainties in the second part of the chapter, the general recognition criteria and value measures are discussed for balance sheet items. In the last and most ext...
Liu Xuan Time consistency of optimal policy in a small open economy Liu Xuan Time consistency of optimal policy in a small open economy Новинка

Liu Xuan Time consistency of optimal policy in a small open economy

In this book, I characterize conditions under which optimal monetary and fiscal policy is time consistent in a stylized small open economy with a flexible foreign exchange rate regime. I show that these conditions depend on the way in which leisure is assumed to enter preferences and/or on the process which productivity is assumed to follow. I further argue that these conditions will fail to be sufficient if the small open economy implements a fixed foreign exchange rate regime. Thus, in a small open economy with conventional debt instruments and with households who have preference over consumption, leisure, and real money balances, it is impossible to have the following at the same time: perfect capital mobility, a credible fixed exchange rate, and time consistency of optimal fiscal policy. Finally, I discuss how to understand the long-term stability of monetary unions from the time-consistency perspective.
Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's Online Taxes Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's Online Taxes Новинка

Barbara Weltman J.K. Lasser's Online Taxes

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A FAST, ACCURATE, EASY WAY TO FILE YOUR TAXES The best guide to making tax season and year-round planning easier and cheaper is finally here! With a growing number of taxpayers filing online and the recently passed Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, J.K. Lasser's Online Taxes is the perfect answer for all your online tax filing questions. Whether you're a beginner or experienced online tax filer, this practical guide provides accessible information regarding the best tax resources on the Internet, including the IRS Web site. You will also learn how online tax tools offer practical tax strategies and advice at a fraction of what a consultant would cost. With step-by-step instructions on how to file electronically and helpful tips on the new tax law, this book makes filing your taxes simple. J.K. Lasser's Online Taxes will make April 15th seem like just another day. Critical coverage will help you: * Incorporate the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 into your electronic preparation * Pinpoint tax resources on the Web to minimize the need for a consultant * Compare electronic preparation products, including TurboTax and TaxCut * Download necessary tax forms and file your taxes online * File federal and state returns for individuals and small business owners J.K. Lasser-Practical Guides for All Your Financial Needs Please visit our Web site at www.jklasser.com
Jody Blazek Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, 2017 Cumulative Supplement Jody Blazek Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, 2017 Cumulative Supplement Новинка

Jody Blazek Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, 2017 Cumulative Supplement

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The essential time-saving guide to the latest in nonprofit tax rules, regulations, and procedures Tax rules and regulations change annually, and nonprofit organizations know that staying compliant means staying up to date. But wading through tax code is less than helpful in the field, whereas the clear, practically oriented instruction inside provides the quick reference accountants, lawyers, and executives need. In the latest edition of Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, you'll find straightforward information on changing Unrelated Business Income (UBI) rules, joint ventures, sponsorships, deductions against UBI, preparation of IRS forms, and more. Nonprofit organizations—including health and welfare organizations, colleges and universities, private foundations, churches, libraries, museums, cultural institutions, and other smaller groups—contend daily with the possibility of losing their tax-exempt status. From qualifying and applying for that status, to maintaining and managing it, every nonprofit organization must plan and monitor ongoing procedures, activities, and forms to comply with federal, state, and local regulations. Access easy checklists for reporting, compliance, eligibility, and more Examine sample bylaws, applications, and forms Utilize comparison charts and other visual aids for easy reference Review bullet lists that compare what is and what is not acceptable Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations is an indispensable guide to navigating the complex maze of nonprofit tax rules and regulations.
J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2019. For Preparing Your 2018 Tax Return J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2019. For Preparing Your 2018 Tax Return Новинка

J.K. Institute Lasser J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2019. For Preparing Your 2018 Tax Return

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The nation's most trusted tax guide, updated for your 2018 returns J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2019 is the nation's most trusted tax guide, updated to help you prepare your 2018 return. Step-by-step expert guidance walks you through the forms, calculations, and deadlines to help you file your taxes without the headaches. New changes including tax laws, IRS rulings, court decisions, and more are explained in plain English, backed by examples of how they apply to individual taxpayers like yourself. Explore your options in terms of deductions, income shelters, and planning strategies to maximize your savings and keep more of your money—without wading through volumes of dense tax code. This comprehensive yet accessible guide is your handbook for making your tax filing for 2018 easier than you thought possible. Tax time does not have to be a source of stress and anxiety. With the experts at J.K. Lasser by your side, you can file correctly and on time while paying less than you thought; this book shows you everything you need to know, and gives you the answers you need right at your fingertips. Learn how the latest changes from the IRS affect your return Get trusted advice for maximizing deductions and sheltering income Navigate the many IRS forms with step-by-step guidance Start planning now to streamline next year's filing Keeping up with ever-changing tax laws is a full-time job, decoding incomprehensible IRS forms can be an exercise in frustration, and searching for the answers you need can often leave you with more questions. Americans have been turning to J.K. Lasser for over 75 years to find trusted guidance on critical tax issues. J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2019 is this year's essential guide to taking the stress out of tax time.
Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective Новинка

Samuel Tilahun Tessema Tax Incentives in Africa. A Human Rights Perspective

In a desperate quest for development, many states are granting extremely generous and untargeted tax incentives to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) without any due consideration of the inefficacy or negative spillover effects of such incentives. This is especially true for African countries which are under continuous internal and external political pressure because of their fragile economies and extremely high unemployment rate. Under such conditions therefore the absence of empirical evidence for the economic efficacy of tax incentives does little to quell the political enthusiasm. Then what is the impact of this negligent, if not deliberate, act of African countries on the socio-economic rights of their population? Are tax incentive schemes in compliance with the human rights, particularly socio-economic rights obligations of African countries? How do they affect the socio-economic rights of African people and how can these acts of governments be challenged using the relevant human rights instruments ratified by African countries? are some of the questions that this research tries to seek answer to.

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Stay updated on the latest tax regulations with this private foundation tax manual Knowledge of tax regulations surrounding private foundations isn't enough if you're an executive of such an organization or a professional supporting a tax-exempt foundation. Annual changes to IRS rules and increased scrutiny by regulators mean it's necessary for you to keep abreast of myriad changes that come into existence each year. From authors Bruce R. Hopkins and Jody Blazek comes the definitive guide for those responsible for guiding the financial and tax filing operations of private foundations. The complexity of tax regulations related to private foundations extends to a level that is out of proportion to the relatively small number of such entities. Nonetheless, recent statutory requirements that apply solely to private foundations can make untangling filing and reporting activities overly burdensome without a developed knowledge of the underlying theory and practice. To navigate this maze of add-on regulations, Hopkins and Blazek provide background knowledge, in-depth explanations of regulatory changes, and real-world examples to bring as much simplicity to the process as possible. Receive guidance from the 2007 Outstanding Nonprofit Lawyer Award recipient Learn about the details of private foundation taxes from leading experts in the field Make use of checklists and sample documents to prepare organizational filings Utilize line-by-line instructions for completing exemption applications and forms For professionals working closely with private foundations, including accountants, lawyers, and foundation executives, Private Foundations: Tax Law and Compliance, 4th Edition is a welcome resource for keeping your clients or your organization on the right track. Brings clarity, real-world examples, and checklists to help professionals deal with the burdensome process of complying with IRS regulations governing private foundations Clarifies the underlying logic behind statutory tax regulations governing private foundations and the practical implications of maintaining compliance Supplemented annually online to keep subscribers up-to-date on relevant changes in IRS forms requirements, and related tax procedures Includes easy-to-use checklists highlighting such critical concerns as tax-exempt eligibility and tax compliance Offers line-by-line instructions for completing a variety of exemption applications and tax forms Features sample documents, letters of application, completed forms and practice aids summarizing the differences between public and private charitable organizations
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