x ray spectroscopy insulators and electron phonon coupling



Ntui Ayuk Felix Surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy Ntui Ayuk Felix Surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy Новинка

Ntui Ayuk Felix Surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy

The diverse applications of surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy are well know and understood. X-ray spectroscopy has proven to be one of the most useful tools in the study of thin filmm. The lateral electron density variation within a thin film (measured using x-ray spectroscopy) and the dielectric constant variation of the thin film (investigated using surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy) are however linearly related to one onother. It is in the light of the linearity between these two pyzsical quantities that prompted us to combine both spectroscopic analysis processes in one device. In this way it was posible to use the results obtain from x-ray reflectivity and work back to verify the results obtain from the surface plasmons resonance scans. This was realise for static s well as for dynamic processes within a thin film of polymer.
Rik Brydson Aberration-Corrected Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy Rik Brydson Aberration-Corrected Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy Новинка

Rik Brydson Aberration-Corrected Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy

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The book is concerned with the theory, background, and practical use of transmission electron microscopes with lens correctors that can correct the effects of spherical aberration. The book also covers a comparison with aberration correction in the TEM and applications of analytical aberration corrected STEM in materials science and biology. This book is essential for microscopists involved in nanoscale and materials microanalysis especially those using scanning transmission electron microscopy, and related analytical techniques such as electron diffraction x-ray spectrometry (EDXS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS).
Yang Leng Materials Characterization. Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods Yang Leng Materials Characterization. Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods Новинка

Yang Leng Materials Characterization. Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods

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Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions – in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.
Dermot O'Hare Local Structural Characterisation. Inorganic Materials Series Dermot O'Hare Local Structural Characterisation. Inorganic Materials Series Новинка

Dermot O'Hare Local Structural Characterisation. Inorganic Materials Series

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Inorganic materials are at the heart of many contemporary real-world applications, in electronic devices, drug delivery, bio-inspired materials and energy storage and transport. In order to underpin novel synthesis strategies both to facilitate these applications and to encourage new ones, a thorough review of current and emerging techniques for materials characterisation is needed. Examining important techniques that allow investigation of the structures of inorganic materials on the local atomic scale, Local Structural Characterisation discusses: Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy X-Ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopy Neutrons and Neutron Spectroscopy EPR Spectroscopy of Inorganic Materials Analysis of Functional Materials by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy This addition to the Inorganic Materials Series provides a detailed and thorough review of these spectroscopic techniques and emphasises the interplay between chemical synthesis and physical characterisation.
Lamberti Carlo X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy. Theory and Applications Lamberti Carlo X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy. Theory and Applications Новинка

Lamberti Carlo X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy. Theory and Applications

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During the last two decades, remarkable and often spectacular progress has been made in the methodological and instrumental aspects of x–ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. This progress includes considerable technological improvements in the design and production of detectors especially with the development and expansion of large-scale synchrotron reactors All this has resulted in improved analytical performance and new applications, as well as in the perspective of a dramatic enhancement in the potential of x–ray based analysis techniques for the near future. This comprehensive two-volume treatise features articles that explain the phenomena and describe examples of X–ray absorption and emission applications in several fields, including chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, amorphous and liquid systems, synchrotron radiation, and surface phenomena. Contributors explain the underlying theory, how to set up X–ray absorption experiments, and how to analyze the details of the resulting spectra. X-Ray Absorption and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications: Combines the theory, instrumentation and applications of x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies which offer unique diagnostics to study almost any object in the Universe. Is the go-to reference book in the subject for all researchers across multi-disciplines since intense beams from modern sources have revolutionized x-ray science in recent years Is relevant to students, postdocurates and researchers working on x-rays and related synchrotron sources and applications in materials, physics, medicine, environment/geology, and biomedical materials
Stefan Hau-Riege P. High-Intensity X-rays - Interaction with Matter. Processes in Plasmas, Clusters, Molecules and Solids Stefan Hau-Riege P. High-Intensity X-rays - Interaction with Matter. Processes in Plasmas, Clusters, Molecules and Solids Новинка

Stefan Hau-Riege P. High-Intensity X-rays - Interaction with Matter. Processes in Plasmas, Clusters, Molecules and Solids

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Filling the need for a book bridging the effect of matter on X-ray radiation and the interaction of x-rays with plasmas, this monograph provides comprehensive coverage of the topic. As such, it presents and explains such powerful new X-ray sources as X-ray free-electron lasers, as well as short pulse interactions with solids, clusters, molecules, and plasmas, and X-ray matter interactions as a diagnostic tool. Equally useful for researchers and practitioners working in the field.
С. А. Рябчун Notes on the electron-phonon interaction С. А. Рябчун Notes on the electron-phonon interaction Новинка

С. А. Рябчун Notes on the electron-phonon interaction

These notes are a result of a series of lectures given to the MS and PhD students of the Department of Physics, Moscow State Pedagogical University. They deal with the subject of electron-phonon interaction in pure threedimensional metals. The goal was to show how one could calculate the temperature dependence of the electron-phonon-interaction time from first principles within a simple model. Students wishing to expand their knowledge of the subject of condensed matter are invited to study any book on solid-state physics (for example by J.M. Ziman, or N.W. Ashcroft and N.D. Mermin.
Julian Stangl Nanobeam X-Ray Scattering. Probing Matter at the Nanoscale Julian Stangl Nanobeam X-Ray Scattering. Probing Matter at the Nanoscale Новинка

Julian Stangl Nanobeam X-Ray Scattering. Probing Matter at the Nanoscale

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A comprehensive overview of the possibilities and potential of X-ray scattering using nanofocused beams for probing matter at the nanoscale, including guidance on the design of nanobeam experiments. The monograph discusses various sources, including free electron lasers, synchrotron radiation and other portable and non-portable X-ray sources. For scientists using synchrotron radiation or students and scientists with a background in X-ray scattering methods in general.
Mathur Vishal Review on Material Science Research Characterization Techniques(vol.I) Mathur Vishal Review on Material Science Research Characterization Techniques(vol.I) Новинка

Mathur Vishal Review on Material Science Research Characterization Techniques(vol.I)

The book entitled "Review on Material Science Research Characterization Techniques(Vol.I)" has been written for upcoming research students. The book is enriched with introduction and theory part of promptly used material science experimental techniques like: Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Hot Disc Thermal constant Analyzer, Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer (DMA), Electrometer and optical spectroscope for respective aspects, in brief. The book is saturated with well illustrated diagrams and much needed text. Language of the text is lucid and easy to understand.
Jinghua Guo X-Rays in Nanoscience. Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques Jinghua Guo X-Rays in Nanoscience. Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques Новинка

Jinghua Guo X-Rays in Nanoscience. Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques

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An up-to-date overview of the different x-ray based methods in the hot fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology, including methods for imaging nanomaterials, as well as for probing the electronic structure of nanostructured materials in order to investigate their different properties. Written by authors at one of the world's top facilities working with these methods, this monograph presents and discusses techniques and applications in the fields of x-ray scattering, spectroscopy and microscope imaging. The resulting systematic collection of these advanced tools will benefit graduate students, postdocs as well as professional researchers.
Artur Braun Development and Characterization of Glassy Carbon Electrodes for a Bipolar Electrochemical DoubleLayer Capacitor Artur Braun Development and Characterization of Glassy Carbon Electrodes for a Bipolar Electrochemical DoubleLayer Capacitor Новинка

Artur Braun Development and Characterization of Glassy Carbon Electrodes for a Bipolar Electrochemical DoubleLayer Capacitor

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: The thermal gasphase oxidation (activation) of Glassy Carbon (GC) and bipolar monolithic electrodes as prepared from thermally activated GC were investigated. The goal of these investigations was to understand the thermal activation process and to find a correlation between process parameters plus GC materials properties and the electrode performance. With this knowledge it should be possible to optimize the performance of GC electrodes. Thermal activation creates a porous film on the surface of GC. With proceeding activation the film grows into the GC. The film thickness of various GC plates and sheets was determined with scanning electron microscopy. The microstructure and mesostructure of the samples were investigated with Xray diffraction and Small Angle X-ray scattering. The internal surface area of activated GC samples were determined with gas adsorption measurements and Small Angle X-ray scattering. The electrochemical double layer capacitance and the diffusion resistance of GC samples were determined with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Studies on GC with different temperature of pyrolysis reveal a correlation between pyrolysis temperature and asymptotic active film thickness: The higher the pyrolysis temperature, the smaller the asymptotic film thickness. X-ray diffraction on GC with various pyrolysis temperatures exhibits a correlation between temperature of pyrolysis as well as intensity and full width at half maximum of prominent di...
Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS Новинка

Gina Calderon Wilkinson POLYSULFONES AS X-RAY RESISTS

The microlithographic process, essential in the fabrication of microdevices, uses high-energy radiation to transfer a pattern onto a thin film of polymer resist. Pattern transfer occurs by modifying the properties (solubility or volatility) of the polymer film exposed to radiation. Poly(olefin sulfones) exhibit a high sensitivity to x-rays, which is a desirable property for polymer resists used in the microlithographic process. The potential utility of these new resins prompted a study of the mechanism of degradation promoted by x-ray radiation. In this study, the effect of x-ray radiation on polysulfones with varied chemical structures was analyzed using x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy and in-situ mass spectroscopy (MS). Interesting differences in the mode of degradation of certain poly(olefin sulfones) was observed. The results provide important groundwork for further studies of polysulfones as x-ray resists.
Dilip Nath, Veena Sahajwalla Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Dilip Nath, Veena Sahajwalla Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Новинка

Dilip Nath, Veena Sahajwalla Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes

We produced carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by pyrolysis of composite films of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with fly ash and physically/chemically modified fly ash at 500 °C for 10 min under a nitrogen flow of 2 L/min. Different geometrical structures, e.g.; knotted and twisted, U- and spiral-shaped, bamboo-shaped, rod, fiber and ribbon-shaped CNT materials were observed in the images of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The widths of the CNT ribbons measured in TEM varied in the ranges 18 ~ 80 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed five types of carbon binding peaks, C-C/C-H, C-O-H, -C-O-C, C=O and -O-C=O with different percentages. The ratio of intensities of G and D bands, IG/ID show different values analysed by Raman Spectroscopy in relation with nature of fly ash particles. CNT materials grown on the surface of fly ash have potential for the fabrication of high-strength composite materials with polymer and metal.
Christian Scheuerlein The Influence of an Air Exposure on the Secondary Electron Yield of Copper Christian Scheuerlein The Influence of an Air Exposure on the Secondary Electron Yield of Copper Новинка

Christian Scheuerlein The Influence of an Air Exposure on the Secondary Electron Yield of Copper

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: The influence of different air exposure times on the secondary electron emission of clean copper surfaces as well as on technical copper surfaces has been studied in the context of the phenomenon of multipacting, which can limit the performance of superconducting radio-frequency (RF) cavities for particle acceleration. The copper samples were prepared by heat treatments and in situ sputter-etching and they were investigated with a dedicated instrument for SEY measurements, by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). After short air exposures of some seconds the maximum secondary electron yield dmax of clean copper is reduced from 1.3 to less than 1.2, due to the oxidation of the copper surface. Subsequent air exposure increases the secondary electron yield (SEY) until, after about 8 days exposure dmax is higher than 2. Clean copper samples were also exposed to the single gases present in air to find out the reasons for the dramatic increase of the SEY after long lasting air exposures. Only oxygen and water were found to affect secondary electron emission. An oxygen exposure decreases the SEY, while pure water exposure increases the SEY, but no single gas exposure changes dmax more than 0.2. Different methods have been tried in order to reduce the secondary electron yield of technical copper surfaces. For instance a 5 minutes air exposure of copper at 350 °C followed by a 350 °...
Myer Kutz Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering Myer Kutz Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering Новинка

Myer Kutz Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering

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A multidisciplinary reference of engineering measurement tools, techniques, and applications «When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot measure it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meager and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely in your thoughts advanced to the stage of science.» – Lord Kelvin Measurement is at the heart of any engineering and scientific discipline and job function. Whether engineers and scientists are attempting to state requirements quantitatively and demonstrate compliance; to track progress and predict results; or to analyze costs and benefits, they must use the right tools and techniques to produce meaningful data. The Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering is the most comprehensive, up-to-date reference set on engineering and scientific measurements—beyond anything on the market today. Encyclopedic in scope, Volume 3 covers measurements in physics, electrical engineering and chemistry: Laser Measurement Techniques Magnetic Force Images using Capacitive Coupling Effect Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Measurement of Light and Color The Detection and Measurement of Ionizing Radiation Measuring Time and Comparing Clocks Laboratory-Based Gravity Measurement Cryogenic Measurements Temperature-Dependent Fluorescence Measurements Voltage and Current Transducers for Power Systems Electric Power and Energy Measurement Chemometrics for the Engineering and Measurement Sciences Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy Measurements of Nitrotyrosine-Containing Proteins Fluorescence Spectroscopy X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy Nanomaterials Properties Chemical Sensing Vital for engineers, scientists, and technical managers in industry and government, Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering will also prove ideal for academics and researchers at universities and laboratories.
Vikas Mittal Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites Vikas Mittal Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites Новинка

Vikas Mittal Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites

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With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.
Anne Kelley Myers Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics Anne Kelley Myers Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics Новинка

Anne Kelley Myers Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics

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An introduction to one of the fundamental tools in chemical research—spectroscopy and photophysics in condensed-phase and extended systems A great deal of modern research in chemistry and materials science involves the interaction of radiation with condensed-phase systems such as molecules in liquids and solids as well as molecules in more complex media, molecular aggregates, metals, semiconductors, and composites. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics was developed to fill the need for a textbook that introduces the basics of traditional molecular spectroscopy with a strong emphasis on condensed-phase systems. It also examines optical processes in extended systems such as metals, semiconductors, and conducting polymers, and addresses the unique optical properties of nanoscale systems. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics begins with an introduction to quantum mechanics that sets a solid foundation for understanding the text's subsequent topics, including: Electromagnetic radiation and radiation-matter interactions Molecular vibrations and infrared spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Photophysical processes and light scattering Nonlinear and pump-probe spectroscopies Electron transfer processes Each chapter contains problems ranging from simple to complex, enabling readers to gradually build their skills and problem-solving abilities. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in physical and materials chemistry, this text is uniquely designed to equip readers to solve a broad array of current problems and challenges in chemistry.
Damien Faivre Iron Oxides. From Nature to Applications Damien Faivre Iron Oxides. From Nature to Applications Новинка

Damien Faivre Iron Oxides. From Nature to Applications

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Compiling all the information available on the topic, this ready reference covers all important aspects of iron oxides. Following a preliminary overview chapter discussing iron oxide minerals along with their unique structures and properties, the text goes on to deal with the formation and transformation of iron oxides, covering geological, synthetic, and biological formation, as well as various physicochemical aspects. Subsequent chapters are devoted to characterization techniques, with a special focus on X-ray-based methods, magnetic measurements, and electron microscopy alongside such traditional methods as IR/Raman and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The final section mainly concerns exciting new applications of magnetic iron oxides, for example in medicine as microswimmers or as water filtration systems, while more conventional uses as pigments or in biology for magnetoreception illustrate the full potential. A must-read for anyone working in the field.
Jiajun Zhu Optical and electrical properties of topological insulator Bi2Se3 Jiajun Zhu Optical and electrical properties of topological insulator Bi2Se3 Новинка

Jiajun Zhu Optical and electrical properties of topological insulator Bi2Se3

Topological insulator is one of the hottest research topics in solid state physics. This is the first book to describe the vibrational spectroscopies and electrical transport of topological insulator Bi2Se3, one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed matter physics. In particular, attempts have been made to summarize and develop the various theories and new experimental techniques developed over years from the studies of Raman scattering, infrared spectroscopy and electrical transport of topological insulator Bi2Se3. It is intended for material and physics researchers and graduate students doing research in the field of optical and electrical properties of topological insulators, providing them the physical understanding and mathematical tools needed to engage research in this quickly growing field. Some key topics in the emerging field of topological insulators are introduced.
Emil Zolotoyabko Basic Concepts of X-Ray Diffraction Emil Zolotoyabko Basic Concepts of X-Ray Diffraction Новинка

Emil Zolotoyabko Basic Concepts of X-Ray Diffraction

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Authored by a university professor deeply involved in X-ray diffraction-related research, this textbook is based on his lectures given to graduate students for more than 20 years. It adopts a well-balanced approach, describing basic concepts and experimental techniques, which make X-ray diffraction an unsurpassed method for studying the structure of materials. Both dynamical and kinematic X-ray diffraction is considered from a unified viewpoint, in which the dynamical diffraction in single-scattering approximation serves as a bridge between these two parts. The text emphasizes the fundamental laws that govern the interaction of X-rays with matter, but also covers in detail classical and modern applications, e.g., line broadening, texture and strain/stress analyses, X-ray mapping in reciprocal space, high-resolution X-ray diffraction in the spatial and wave vector domains, X-ray focusing, inelastic and time-resolved X-ray scattering. This unique scope, in combination with otherwise hard-to-find information on analytic expressions for simulating X-ray diffraction profiles in thin-film heterostructures, X-ray interaction with phonons, coherent scattering of Mossbauer radiation, and energy-variable X-ray diffraction, makes the book indispensable for any serious user of X-ray diffraction techniques. Compact and self-contained, this textbook is suitable for students taking X-ray diffraction courses towards specialization in materials science, physics, chemistry, or biology. Numerous clear-cut illustrations, an easy-to-read style of writing, as well as rather short, easily digestible chapters all facilitate comprehension.
Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual Новинка

Basil Kinsler X-Ray Astronomy. Reference Manual

X-ray astronomy is an observational branch of astronomy which deals with the study of X-ray observation and detection from astronomical objects. X-radiation is absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, so instruments to detect X-rays must be taken to high altitude by balloons, sounding rockets, and satellites. X-ray astronomy is the space science related to a type of space telescope that can see farther than standard light-absorption telescopes, such as the Mauna Kea Observatories, via x-ray radiation.
Finizia Auriemma Crystals and Crystallinity in Polymers. Diffraction Analysis of Ordered and Disordered Crystals Finizia Auriemma Crystals and Crystallinity in Polymers. Diffraction Analysis of Ordered and Disordered Crystals Новинка

Finizia Auriemma Crystals and Crystallinity in Polymers. Diffraction Analysis of Ordered and Disordered Crystals

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Provides the tools needed to master and apply the fundamentals of polymer crystallography Using core concepts in physics, chemistry, polymer science and engineering, this book sheds new light on the complex field of polymer crystallography, enabling readers to evaluate polymer crystallization data and determine the best methods to use for their investigations. The authors set forth a variety of tested and proven methods for analyzing ordered and disordered structures in polymer crystals, including X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, and microscopy. In addition to the basics, the book explores several advanced and emerging topics in the field such as symmetry breaking, frustration, and the principle of density-driven phase formation. Crystals and Crystallinity in Polymers introduces two new concepts in crystallinity and crystals in synthetic polymers. First, crystallinity in polymeric materials is compatible with the absence of true three-dimensional long-range order. Second, the disorder may be described as a structural feature, using the methods of X-ray scattering and electron diffraction analysis. The book begins by introducing the basic principles and methods for building structural models for the conformation of polymer crystal chains. Next, it covers: Packing of macromolecules in polymer crystals Methods for extracting structural parameters from diffraction data Defects and disorder in polymer crystals Analytical methods for diffuse scattering from disordered polymer structures Crystal habit Influence of crystal defects and structural disorder on the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric materials Crystals and Crystallinity in Polymers examines all the possible types of structural disorder generally present in polymer crystals and describes the influence of each kind of disorder on X-ray and electron diffraction patterns. Its comprehensive, expert coverage makes it possible for readers to learn and apply the fundamentals of polymer crystallography to solve a broad range of problems.
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives Новинка

Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives

This monograph series provides unprecedented interdisciplinary coverage of research relating to the chemistry and biological properties of alkaloids - a class of biologically active compounds of more than 10,000 members. Timely, comprehensive and authoritative, the series features chapters on chemical properties and structure elucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis, taxonomy, spectroscopy, pharmacology, toxicology, and X-ray crystallography of alkaloids. The chapters are written and reviewed by eminent researchers, all of them acknowledged experts in the field. Subject and organism indexes are included for each volume.
Nouruddeen Bashir High Voltage Transmission Line Ceramic Insulators Nouruddeen Bashir High Voltage Transmission Line Ceramic Insulators Новинка

Nouruddeen Bashir High Voltage Transmission Line Ceramic Insulators

During service, overhead transmission line insulators lose their functionality due to electrical stresses and environmental conditions causing incessant flow of leakage current (LC) on their surface thereby leading to insulator ageing. Ceramic glass insulators are the oldest and the most used type of insulator, some operating for decades and approaching the end of their projected life span. A technique to assess as well as diagnose ageing glass insulators has yet to be proposed. This book, therefore reports a new method of assessing the surface condition of ageing transmission line glass insulators which is cheaper, more efficient and less time-consuming as compared to the traditional methods currently practiced. Insulator surface leakage current (LC) was comprehensively investigated and a strong correlation was observed between the LC frequency components and the surface condition of the ageing insulators. This finding suggests the viability of online monitoring of aged transmission line insulators. This investigation should be useful to the electric utility industry and power engineers.
American Societ Chiropractic Technology Chiropractic X-Ray Part 1 of 3 American Societ Chiropractic Technology Chiropractic X-Ray Part 1 of 3 Новинка

American Societ Chiropractic Technology Chiropractic X-Ray Part 1 of 3

Indiana Licensed Chiropractic X-Ray Tech and Certified Chiropractic Technologist
Eugene Mazzola Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. An Introduction to Principles, Applications, and Experimental Methods Eugene Mazzola Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. An Introduction to Principles, Applications, and Experimental Methods Новинка

Eugene Mazzola Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. An Introduction to Principles, Applications, and Experimental Methods

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Combines clear and concise discussions of key NMR concepts with succinct and illustrative examples Designed to cover a full course in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy, this text offers complete coverage of classic (one-dimensional) NMR as well as up-to-date coverage of two-dimensional NMR and other modern methods. It contains practical advice, theory, illustrated applications, and classroom-tested problems; looks at such important ideas as relaxation, NOEs, phase cycling, and processing parameters; and provides brief, yet fully comprehensible, examples. It also uniquely lists all of the general parameters for many experiments including mixing times, number of scans, relaxation times, and more. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: An Introduction to Principles, Applications, and Experimental Methods, 2nd Edition begins by introducing readers to NMR spectroscopy – an analytical technique used in modern chemistry, biochemistry, and biology that allows identification and characterization of organic, and some inorganic, compounds. It offers chapters covering: Experimental Methods; The Chemical Shift; The Coupling Constant; Further Topics in One-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy; Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy; Advanced Experimental Methods; and Structural Elucidation. Features classical analysis of chemical shifts and coupling constants for both protons and other nuclei, as well as modern multi‐pulse and multi-dimensional methods Contains experimental procedures and practical advice relative to the execution of NMR experiments Includes a chapter-long, worked-out problem that illustrates the application of nearly all current methods Offers appendices containing the theoretical basis of NMR, including the most modern approach that uses product operators and coherence-level diagrams By offering a balance between volumes aimed at NMR specialists and the structure-determination-only books that focus on synthetic organic chemists, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: An Introduction to Principles, Applications, and Experimental Methods, 2nd Edition is an excellent text for students and post-graduate students working in analytical and bio-sciences, as well as scientists who use NMR spectroscopy as a primary tool in their work.
Yahachi Saito Carbon Nanotube and Related Field Emitters. Fundamentals and Applications Yahachi Saito Carbon Nanotube and Related Field Emitters. Fundamentals and Applications Новинка

Yahachi Saito Carbon Nanotube and Related Field Emitters. Fundamentals and Applications

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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have novel properties that make them potentially useful in many applications in nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science. These characteristics include extraordinary strength, unique electrical properties, and the fact that they are efficient heat conductors. Field emission is the emission of electrons from the surface of a condensed phase into another phase due to the presence of high electric fields. CNT field emitters are expected to make a breakthrough in the development of field emission display technology and enable miniature X-ray sources that will find a wide variety of applications in electronic devices, industry, and medical and security examinations. This first monograph on the topic covers all aspects in a concise yet comprehensive manner – from the fundamentals to applications. Divided into four sections, the first part discusses the preparation and characterization of carbon nanotubes, while part two is devoted to the field emission properties of carbon nanotubes, including the electron emission mechanism, characteristics of CNT electron sources, and dynamic behavior of CNTs during operation. Part three highlights field emission from other nanomaterials, such as carbon nanowalls, diamond, and silicon and zinc oxide nanowires, before concluding with frontier R&D applications of CNT emitters, from vacuum electronic devices such as field emission displays, to electron sources in electron microscopes, X-ray sources, and microwave amplifiers. Edited by a pioneer in the field, each chapter is written by recognized experts in the respective fields.
Paul van der Heide X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. An introduction to Principles and Practices Paul van der Heide X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. An introduction to Principles and Practices Новинка

Paul van der Heide X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. An introduction to Principles and Practices

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This book introduces readers interested in the field of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to the practical concepts in this field. The book first introduces the reader to the language and concepts used in this field and then demonstrates how these concepts are applied. Including how the spectra are produced, factors that can influence the spectra (all initial and final state effects are discussed), how to derive speciation, volume analysed and how one controls this (includes depth profiling), and quantification along with background substraction and curve fitting methodologies. This is presented in a concise yet comprehensive manner and each section is prepared such that they can be read independently of each other, and all equations are presented using the most commonly used units. Greater emphasis has been placed on spectral understanding/interpretation. For completeness sake, a description of commonly used instrumentation is also presented. Finally, some complementary surface analytical techniques and associated concepts are reviewed for comparative purposes in stand-alone appendix sections.
Chu Manh Hung Single Semiconductor Nanowires Studied by a Hard X-ray Nanoprobe Chu Manh Hung Single Semiconductor Nanowires Studied by a Hard X-ray Nanoprobe Новинка

Chu Manh Hung Single Semiconductor Nanowires Studied by a Hard X-ray Nanoprobe

The work focuses on the investigation of single Co-implanted ZnO nanowires using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques with a nanometer resolution. The ZnO nanowires (NWs) were grown on Si substrates using VLS mechanism. The synthesized ZnO NWs were doped with Co via an ion implantation process. For the first time, the combined use of these techniques allows us to study the dopant homogeneity, composition, short- and large-range structural order of single NWs. The nano-XRF results indicate the successful and homogeneous Co doping with the desired concentrations in the ZnO NWs by an ion implantation process. The nano-XAS and XRD data analyses provide new insights into the lattice distortions produced by the structural defect formation generated by the ion implantation process. These findings highlight the importance of the post-implantation thermal annealing to recover the structure of single ZnO NWs at the nanometer length scale. In general, the methodologies used in this work open new avenues for the application of synchrotron based multi-techniques for detailed study of single semiconductor NWs at the nanoscale.
Charles Allen Proter The surgical treatment of X-ray carcinoma and other severe X-ray lesions, based upon an analysis of forty-seven cases Charles Allen Proter The surgical treatment of X-ray carcinoma and other severe X-ray lesions, based upon an analysis of forty-seven cases Новинка

Charles Allen Proter The surgical treatment of X-ray carcinoma and other severe X-ray lesions, based upon an analysis of forty-seven cases

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Boston", 1909 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.The surgical treatment of X-ray carcinoma and other severe X-ray lesions, based upon an analysis of forty-seven cases.
Max Diem Modern Vibrational Spectroscopy and Micro-Spectroscopy. Theory, Instrumentation and Biomedical Applications Max Diem Modern Vibrational Spectroscopy and Micro-Spectroscopy. Theory, Instrumentation and Biomedical Applications Новинка

Max Diem Modern Vibrational Spectroscopy and Micro-Spectroscopy. Theory, Instrumentation and Biomedical Applications

10177.5 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Modern Vibrational Spectroscopy and Micro-Spectroscopy: Theory, Instrumentation and Biomedical Applications unites the theory and background of conventional vibrational spectroscopy with the principles of microspectroscopy. It starts with basic theory as it applies to small molecules and then expands it to include the large biomolecules which are the main topic of the book with an emphasis on practical experiments, results analysis and medical and diagnostic applications. This book is unique in that it addresses both the parent spectroscopy and the microspectroscopic aspects in one volume. Part I covers the basic theory, principles and instrumentation of classical vibrational, infrared and Raman spectroscopy. It is aimed at researchers with a background in chemistry and physics, and is presented at the level suitable for first year graduate students. The latter half of Part I is devoted to more novel subjects in vibrational spectroscopy, such as resonance and non-linear Raman effects, vibrational optical activity, time resolved spectroscopy and computational methods. Thus, Part 1 represents a short course into modern vibrational spectroscopy. Part II is devoted in its entirety to applications of vibrational spectroscopic techniques to biophysical and bio-structural research, and the more recent extension of vibrational spectroscopy to microscopic data acquisition. Vibrational microscopy (or microspectroscopy) has opened entirely new avenues toward applications in the biomedical sciences, and has created new research fields collectively referred to as Spectral Cytopathology (SCP) and Spectral Histopathology (SHP). In order to fully exploit the information contained in the micro-spectral datasets, methods of multivariate analysis need to be employed. These methods, along with representative results of both SCP and SHP are presented and discussed in detail in Part II.
Kevin Jensen L. Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission Kevin Jensen L. Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission Новинка

Kevin Jensen L. Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission

10429.11 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A practical, in-depth description of the physics behind electron emission physics and its usage in science and technology Electron emission is both a fundamental phenomenon and an enabling component that lies at the very heart of modern science and technology. Written by a recognized authority in the field, with expertise in both electron emission physics and electron beam physics, An Introduction to Electron Emission provides an in-depth look at the physics behind thermal, field, photo, and secondary electron emission mechanisms, how that physics affects the beams that result through space charge and emittance growth, and explores the physics behind their utilization in an array of applications. The book addresses mathematical and numerical methods underlying electron emission, describing where the equations originated, how they are related, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams. Writing for the beam physics and solid state communities, the author explores applications of electron emission methodology to solid state, statistical, and quantum mechanical ideas and concepts related to simulations of electron beams to condensed matter, solid state and fabrication communities. Provides an extensive description of the physics behind four electron emission mechanisms—field, photo, and secondary, and how that physics relates to factors such as space charge and emittance that affect electron beams. Introduces readers to mathematical and numerical methods, their origins, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams Demonstrates applications of electron methodology as well as quantum mechanical concepts related to simulations of electron beams to solid state design and manufacture Designed to function as both a graduate-level text and a reference for research professionals Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission is a valuable learning tool for postgraduates studying quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, solid state physics, electron transport, and beam physics. It is also an indispensable resource for academic researchers and professionals who use electron sources, model electron emission, develop cathode technologies, or utilize electron beams.
Marco Finazzi Magnetic Properties of Antiferromagnetic Oxide Materials. Surfaces, Interfaces, and Thin Films Marco Finazzi Magnetic Properties of Antiferromagnetic Oxide Materials. Surfaces, Interfaces, and Thin Films Новинка

Marco Finazzi Magnetic Properties of Antiferromagnetic Oxide Materials. Surfaces, Interfaces, and Thin Films

16537.73 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This first focused treatment on a hot topic highlights fundamental aspects as well as technological applications arising from a fascinating area of condensed matter physics. The editors have excellent track records and, in light of the broadness of the topic, retain the focus on antiferromagnetic oxides. They thus cover such topics as dichroism in x-ray absorption, non-magnetic substrates, exchange bias, ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic interface coupling and oxide multilayers, as well as imaging using soft x-ray microscopy. The result is a very timely monograph for solid state physicists and chemists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, physicists in industry, physical laboratory technicians, and suppliers of sensors.
Printio D' x-ray Printio D' x-ray Новинка

Printio D' x-ray

Сумка. A famous painting Gabrielle d'Estrées et une de ses soeurs with some added X-Ray
Norbert Mitzel Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry Norbert Mitzel Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry Новинка

Norbert Mitzel Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry

14228.01 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Determining the structure of molecules is a fundamental skill that all chemists must learn. Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry is designed to help readers interpret experimental data, understand the material published in modern journals of inorganic chemistry, and make decisions about what techniques will be the most useful in solving particular structural problems. Following a general introduction to the tools and concepts in structural chemistry, the following topics are covered in detail: • computational chemistry • nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy • electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy • Mössbauer spectroscopy • rotational spectra and rotational structure • vibrational spectroscopy • electronic characterization techniques • diffraction methods • mass spectrometry The final chapter presents a series of case histories, illustrating how chemists have applied a broad range of structural techniques to interpret and understand chemical systems. Throughout the textbook a strong connection is made between theoretical topics and the real world of practicing chemists. Each chapter concludes with problems and discussion questions, and a supporting website contains additional advanced material. Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry is an extensive update and sequel to the successful textbook Structural Methods in Inorganic Chemistry by Ebsworth, Rankin and Cradock. It is essential reading for all advanced students of chemistry, and a handy reference source for the professional chemist.
Peter Chupas J. In-situ Characterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts Peter Chupas J. In-situ Characterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts Новинка

Peter Chupas J. In-situ Characterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts

11919.69 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Helps researchers develop new catalysts for sustainable fuel and chemical production Reviewing the latest developments in the field, this book explores the in-situ characterization of heterogeneous catalysts, enabling readers to take full advantage of the sophisticated techniques used to study heterogeneous catalysts and reaction mechanisms. In using these techniques, readers can learn to improve the selectivity and the performance of catalysts and how to prepare catalysts as efficiently as possible, with minimum waste. In-situ Characterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts features contributions from leading experts in the field of catalysis. It begins with an introduction to the fundamentals and then covers: Characterization of electronic and structural properties of catalysts using X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy Techniques for structural characterization based on X-ray diffraction, neutron scattering, and pair distribution function analysis Microscopy and morphological studies Techniques for studying the interaction of adsorbates with catalyst surfaces, including infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, EPR, and moderate pressure XPS Integration of techniques that provide information on the structural properties of catalysts with techniques that facilitate the study of surface reactions Throughout the book, detailed examples illustrate how techniques for studying catalysts and reaction mechanisms can be applied to solve a broad range of problems in heterogeneous catalysis. Detailed figures help readers better understand how and why the techniques discussed in the book work. At the end of each chapter, an extensive set of references leads to the primary literature in the field. By explaining step by step modern techniques for the in-situ characterization of heterogeneous catalysts, this book enables chemical scientists and engineers to better understand catalyst behavior and design new catalysts for green, sustainable fuel and chemical production.
Alcocer Giovanni . Spectroscopy. Theory, Experiment and Statistics Alcocer Giovanni . Spectroscopy. Theory, Experiment and Statistics Новинка

Alcocer Giovanni . Spectroscopy. Theory, Experiment and Statistics

This book is designed as an advanced guide for experiments in Modern Physics. It covers the β Spectroscopy Experiment: theory, Fermi function and Kurie plot, experimental setup, data analysis, calibration, spectrum analysis of the electron conversion, background measurement, experimental measurement of some beta emitters, determination of the energy resolution of the detector, determination of the increase relativistic mass Δm / m , activity versus time plot, etc. It is included the deduction of many formulas and the statistical analysis in order to clear the concepts and to get the concordance between the theory and the experiment. It is hoped that this book fills all needs of the students to get the fundaments of advanced experiments and to achieve the interest and motivation of the students for the real nature of the Physics.
Hans Hartnagel Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. Novel Electron Sources and Applications Hans Hartnagel Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. Novel Electron Sources and Applications Новинка

Hans Hartnagel Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. Novel Electron Sources and Applications

11174.05 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Introducing up-to-date coverage of research in electron field emission from nanostructures, Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices outlines the physics of quantum nanostructures, basic principles of electron field emission, and vacuum nanoelectronic devices operation, and offers as insight state-of-the-art and future researches and developments. This book also evaluates the results of research and development of novel quantum electron sources that will determine the future development of vacuum nanoelectronics. Further to this, the influence of quantum mechanical effects on high frequency vacuum nanoelectronic devices is also assessed. Key features: • In-depth description and analysis of the fundamentals of Quantum Electron effects in novel electron sources. • Comprehensive and up-to-date summary of the physics and technologies for THz sources for students of physical and engineering specialties and electronics engineers. • Unique coverage of quantum physical results for electron-field emission and novel electron sources with quantum effects, relevant for many applications such as electron microscopy, electron lithography, imaging and communication systems and signal processing. • New approaches for realization of electron sources with required and optimal parameters in electronic devices such as vacuum micro and nanoelectronics. This is an essential reference for researchers working in terahertz technology wanting to expand their knowledge of electron beam generation in vacuum and electron source quantum concepts. It is also valuable to advanced students in electronics engineering and physics who want to deepen their understanding of this topic. Ultimately, the progress of the quantum nanostructure theory and technology will promote the progress and development of electron sources as main part of vacuum macro-, micro- and nanoelectronics.
Milan Milosevic Internal Reflection and ATR Spectroscopy Milan Milosevic Internal Reflection and ATR Spectroscopy Новинка

Milan Milosevic Internal Reflection and ATR Spectroscopy

Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) Spectroscopy is now the most frequently used sampling technique for infrared spectroscopy. This book fully explains the theory and practice of this method. Offers introduction and history of ATR before discussing theoretical aspects Includes informative illustrations and theoretical calculations Discusses many advanced aspects of ATR, such as depth profiling or orientation studies, and particular features of reflectance
Mark Vitha F. Spectroscopy. Principles and Instrumentation Mark Vitha F. Spectroscopy. Principles and Instrumentation Новинка

Mark Vitha F. Spectroscopy. Principles and Instrumentation

6911.08 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Provides students and practitioners with a comprehensive understanding of the theory of spectroscopy and the design and use of spectrophotometers In this book, you will learn the fundamental principles underpinning molecular spectroscopy and the connections between those principles and the design of spectrophotometers. Spectroscopy, along with chromatography, mass spectrometry, and electrochemistry, is an important and widely-used analytical technique. Applications of spectroscopy include air quality monitoring, compound identification, and the analysis of paintings and culturally important artifacts. This book introduces students to the fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy – including UV-visible, infrared, fluorescence, and Raman spectroscopy – in an approachable and comprehensive way. It goes beyond the basics of the subject and provides a detailed look at the interplay between theory and practice, making it ideal for courses in quantitative analysis, instrumental analysis, and biochemistry, as well as courses focused solely on spectroscopy. It is also a valuable resource for practitioners working in laboratories who regularly perform spectroscopic analyses. Spectroscopy: Principles and Instrumentation: Provides extensive coverage of principles, instrumentation, and applications of molecular spectroscopy Facilitates a modular approach to teaching and learning about chemical instrumentation Helps students visualize the effects that electromagnetic radiation in different regions of the spectrum has on matter Connects the fundamental theory of the effects of electromagnetic radiation on matter to the design and use of spectrophotometers Features numerous figures and diagrams to facilitate learning Includes several worked examples and companion exercises throughout each chapter so that readers can check their understanding Offers numerous problems at the end of each chapter to allow readers to apply what they have learned Includes case studies that illustrate how spectroscopy is used in practice, including analyzing works of art, studying the kinetics of enzymatic reactions, detecting explosives, and determining the DNA sequence of the human genome Complements Chromatography: Principles and Instrumentation The book is divided into five chapters that cover the Fundamentals of Spectroscopy, UV-visible Spectroscopy, Fluorescence/Luminescence Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, and Raman Spectroscopy. Each chapter details the theory upon which the specific techniques are based, provides ways for readers to visualize the molecular-level effects of electromagnetic radiation on matter, describes the design and components of spectrophotometers, discusses applications of each type of spectroscopy, and includes case studies that illustrate specific applications of spectroscopy. Each chapter is divided into multiple sections using headings and subheadings, making it easy for readers to work through the book and to find specific information relevant to their interests. Numerous figures, exercises, worked examples, and end-of-chapter problems reinforce important concepts and facilitate learning. Spectroscopy: Principles and Instrumentation is an excellent text that prepares undergraduate students and practitioners to operate in modern laboratories.
Bob He B. Two-dimensional X-ray Diffraction Bob He B. Two-dimensional X-ray Diffraction Новинка

Bob He B. Two-dimensional X-ray Diffraction

15828.85 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
An indispensable resource for researchers and students in materials science, chemistry, physics, and pharmaceuticals Written by one of the pioneers of 2D X-Ray Diffraction, this updated and expanded edition of the definitive text in the field provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of that analytical method, as well as state-of-the art experimental methods and applications. Geometry convention, x-ray source and optics, two-dimensional detectors, diffraction data interpretation, and configurations for various applications, such as phase identification, texture, stress, microstructure analysis, crystallinity, thin film analysis, and combinatorial screening are all covered in detail. Numerous experimental examples in materials research, manufacture, and pharmaceuticals are provided throughout. Two-dimensional x-ray diffraction is the ideal, non-destructive analytical method for examining samples of all kinds including metals, polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, thin films, coatings, paints, biomaterials, composites, and more. Two-Dimensional X-Ray Diffraction, Second Edition is an up-to-date resource for understanding how the latest 2D detectors are integrated into diffractometers, how to get the best data using the 2D detector for diffraction, and how to interpret this data. All those desirous of setting up a 2D diffraction in their own laboratories will find the author’s coverage of the physical principles, projection geometry, and mathematical derivations extremely helpful. Features new contents in all chapters with most figures in full color to reveal more details in illustrations and diffraction patterns Covers the recent advances in detector technology and 2D data collection strategies that have led to dramatic increases in the use of two-dimensional detectors for x-ray diffraction Provides in-depth coverage of new innovations in x-ray sources, optics, system configurations, applications and data evaluation algorithms Contains new methods and experimental examples in stress, texture, crystal size, crystal orientation and thin film analysis Two-Dimensional X-Ray Diffraction, Second Edition is an important working resource for industrial and academic researchers and developers in materials science, chemistry, physics, pharmaceuticals, and all those who use x-ray diffraction as a characterization method. Users of all levels, instrument technicians and X-ray laboratory managers, as well as instrument developers, will want to have it on hand.
Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh, Shaghraf Javaid Surfactant Controlled Synthesis of Nano-catalysts for Pollutants Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh, Shaghraf Javaid Surfactant Controlled Synthesis of Nano-catalysts for Pollutants Новинка

Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh, Shaghraf Javaid Surfactant Controlled Synthesis of Nano-catalysts for Pollutants

Tin oxide nanoparticles were prepared by hydrothermal method using octadecylamine surfactant as a templating agent. The synthesis was carried out at different concentration of surfactant keeping all other reaction conditions constant i.e time, intensity and temperature. The particle size decreases with the increase in concentration of surfactant up to critical micelle concentration (CMC). After CMC, increase in particle size occured with the increase in concentration of surfactant and this was attributed to the formation of micelles. The nanoparticles were applied as nanocatalyst under UV and visible light for the photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) dye, which is an environmental hazardous material of industrial waste water. The graphs of pseudo first order were plotted as a function of irradiation time to quantify the degradation activity. The nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier Transmission Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and TGA (Thermogravimeteric Analysis).
Shu-Lin Zhang Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures Shu-Lin Zhang Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures Новинка

Shu-Lin Zhang Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures

16884.11 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures is an original and timely contribution to a very active area of physics and materials science research. This book presents the theoretical and experimental phenomena of Raman spectroscopy, with specialized discussions on the physical fundamentals, new developments and main features in low-dimensional systems of Raman spectroscopy. In recent years physicists, materials scientists and chemists have devoted increasing attention to low-dimensional systems and as Raman spectroscopy can be used to study and analyse such materials as carbon nanotubes, quantum wells, silicon nanowires, etc., it is fast becoming one of the most powerful and sensitive experimental techniques to characterize the qualities of such nanostructures. Recent scientific and technological developments have resulted in the applications of Raman spectroscopy to expand. These developments are vital in providing information for a very broad field of applications: for example in microelectronics, biology, forensics and archaeology. Thus, this book not only introduces these important new branches of Raman spectroscopy from both a theoretical and practical view point, but the resulting effects are fully explored and relevant representative models of Raman spectra are described in-depth with the inclusion of theoretical calculations, when appropriate.
Stephan Roche Topological Insulators. Fundamentals and Perspectives Stephan Roche Topological Insulators. Fundamentals and Perspectives Новинка

Stephan Roche Topological Insulators. Fundamentals and Perspectives

15271.2 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
There are only few discoveries and new technologies in physical sciences that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our electronic world. Topological insulators are one of them. The present book for the first time provides a full overview and in-depth knowledge about this hot topic in materials science and condensed matter physics. Techniques such as angle-resolved photoemission spectrometry (ARPES), advanced solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) or scanning-tunnel microscopy (STM) together with key principles of topological insulators such as spin-locked electronic states, the Dirac point, quantum Hall effects and Majorana fermions are illuminated in individual chapters and are described in a clear and logical form. Written by an international team of experts, many of them directly involved in the very first discovery of topological insulators, the book provides the readers with the knowledge they need to understand the electronic behavior of these unique materials. Being more than a reference work, this book is essential for newcomers and advanced researchers working in the field of topological insulators.
Norbert Koch The Molecule-Metal Interface Norbert Koch The Molecule-Metal Interface Новинка

Norbert Koch The Molecule-Metal Interface

10801.58 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Reviewing recent progress in the fundamental understanding of the molecule-metal interface, this useful addition to the literature focuses on experimental studies and introduces the latest analytical techniques as applied to this interface. The first part covers basic theory and initial principle studies, while the second part introduces readers to photoemission, STM, and synchrotron techniques to examine the atomic structure of the interfaces. The third part presents photoelectron spectroscopy, high-resolution UV photoelectron spectroscopy and electron spin resonance to study the electronic structure of the molecule-metal interface. In the closing chapter the editors discuss future perspectives. Written as a senior graduate or senior undergraduate textbook for students in physics, chemistry, materials science or engineering, the book's interdisciplinary approach makes it equally relevant for researchers working in the field of organic and molecular electronics.
Gostar Klingelhofer Mossbauer Spectroscopy. Applications in Chemistry, Biology, and Nanotechnology Gostar Klingelhofer Mossbauer Spectroscopy. Applications in Chemistry, Biology, and Nanotechnology Новинка

Gostar Klingelhofer Mossbauer Spectroscopy. Applications in Chemistry, Biology, and Nanotechnology

13930.46 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Providing a modern update of the field, Mossbauer Spectroscopy focuses on applications across a broad range of fields, including analysis of inorganic elements, nanoparticles, metalloenzymyes, biomolecules (including proteins), glass, coal, and iron. Ideal for a broad range of scientists, this one-stop reference presents advances gained in the field over past two decades, including a detailed theoretical description of Mossbauer spectroscopy, an extensive treatment of Mossbauer spectroscopy in applied areas, and challenges and future opportunities for the further development of this technique.
Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization Новинка

Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization

11174.05 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This monograph for young researchers and professionals looking for a comprehensive reference offers an advanced treatment of the topic that extends beyond an introductory work. As such, it systematically covers the inorganic nanostructures in the breadth needed, while presenting them together with the surface science tools used to characterize them, such as electron spectroscopy and scanning probe techniques. The unique challenges in the fabrication of nanostructures are illustrated, and set into context of controlling structure, dimensionality and electronic properties.
Joachim Burghartz N. Guide to State-of-the-Art Electron Devices Joachim Burghartz N. Guide to State-of-the-Art Electron Devices Новинка

Joachim Burghartz N. Guide to State-of-the-Art Electron Devices

4618.75 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Winner, 2013 PROSE Award, Engineering and Technology Concise, high quality and comparative overview of state-of-the-art electron device development, manufacturing technologies and applications Guide to State-of-the-Art Electron Devices marks the 60th anniversary of the IRE electron devices committee and the 35th anniversary of the IEEE Electron Devices Society, as such it defines the state-of-the-art of electron devices, as well as future directions across the entire field. Spans full range of electron device types such as photovoltaic devices, semiconductor manufacturing and VLSI technology and circuits, covered by IEEE Electron and Devices Society Contributed by internationally respected members of the electron devices community A timely desk reference with fully-integrated colour and a unique lay-out with sidebars to highlight the key terms Discusses the historical developments and speculates on future trends to give a more rounded picture of the topics covered A valuable resource R&D managers; engineers in the semiconductor industry; applied scientists; circuit designers; Masters students in power electronics; and members of the IEEE Electron Device Society.
Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization Новинка

Petra Reinke Inorganic Nanostructures. Properties and Characterization

2107.25 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This monograph for young researchers and professionals looking for a comprehensive reference offers an advanced treatment of the topic that extends beyond an introductory work. As such, it systematically covers the inorganic nanostructures in the breadth needed, while presenting them together with the surface science tools used to characterize them, such as electron spectroscopy and scanning probe techniques. The unique challenges in the fabrication of nanostructures are illustrated, and set into context of controlling structure, dimensionality and electronic properties.
Printio Laboratory x ray Printio Laboratory x ray Новинка

Printio Laboratory x ray

Майка классическая — цвет: БЕЛЫЙ, пол: ЖЕН.
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Футболка с полной запечаткой для мальчиков.
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Printio Laboratory x ray Printio Laboratory x ray Новинка

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Майка классическая — цвет: БЕЛЫЙ, пол: ЖЕН.
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Футболка с полной запечаткой для девочек.
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Фартук с полной запечаткой.
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Provides students and practitioners with a comprehensive understanding of the theory of spectroscopy and the design and use of spectrophotometers In this book, you will learn the fundamental principles underpinning molecular spectroscopy and the connections between those principles and the design of spectrophotometers. Spectroscopy, along with chromatography, mass spectrometry, and electrochemistry, is an important and widely-used analytical technique. Applications of spectroscopy include air quality monitoring, compound identification, and the analysis of paintings and culturally important artifacts. This book introduces students to the fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy – including UV-visible, infrared, fluorescence, and Raman spectroscopy – in an approachable and comprehensive way. It goes beyond the basics of the subject and provides a detailed look at the interplay between theory and practice, making it ideal for courses in quantitative analysis, instrumental analysis, and biochemistry, as well as courses focused solely on spectroscopy. It is also a valuable resource for practitioners working in laboratories who regularly perform spectroscopic analyses. Spectroscopy: Principles and Instrumentation: Provides extensive coverage of principles, instrumentation, and applications of molecular spectroscopy Facilitates a modular approach to teaching and learning about chemical instrumentation Helps students visualize the effects that electromagnetic radiation in different regions of the spectrum has on matter Connects the fundamental theory of the effects of electromagnetic radiation on matter to the design and use of spectrophotometers Features numerous figures and diagrams to facilitate learning Includes several worked examples and companion exercises throughout each chapter so that readers can check their understanding Offers numerous problems at the end of each chapter to allow readers to apply what they have learned Includes case studies that illustrate how spectroscopy is used in practice, including analyzing works of art, studying the kinetics of enzymatic reactions, detecting explosives, and determining the DNA sequence of the human genome Complements Chromatography: Principles and Instrumentation The book is divided into five chapters that cover the Fundamentals of Spectroscopy, UV-visible Spectroscopy, Fluorescence/Luminescence Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, and Raman Spectroscopy. Each chapter details the theory upon which the specific techniques are based, provides ways for readers to visualize the molecular-level effects of electromagnetic radiation on matter, describes the design and components of spectrophotometers, discusses applications of each type of spectroscopy, and includes case studies that illustrate specific applications of spectroscopy. Each chapter is divided into multiple sections using headings and subheadings, making it easy for readers to work through the book and to find specific information relevant to their interests. Numerous figures, exercises, worked examples, and end-of-chapter problems reinforce important concepts and facilitate learning. Spectroscopy: Principles and Instrumentation is an excellent text that prepares undergraduate students and practitioners to operate in modern laboratories.
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